Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan Mastiff, the Italian Corso Dog (or Italian Mastiff) It was used in the past not only as dog Boyero but also in the wild boar hunting, and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog. It was widespread throughout the southern Italian region, and even more so in Calabria, Lucannia, Pugglia, and Sannia, until end interrelating so with history, the tradition, and local legends that, the Royal lottery game, corso was assigned the number 22.
Both fierce and determined appearance, as its imposing structure of all the molossians, They seem to be on the agenda of its name, therefore means powerful Corso, robust, strong, and these are, without a doubt, its main characteristics.
Others attribute the etymological origin of the word into Latin “Cohors” or save more of the body or to the Greek 'kortos', referring to the fact that he kept and watch people and animals during periods of transhumance. At last, others see the name associated with the island of Corsica. The truth is that out of Italy is known very little about the Italian Corso Dog and that even in their country of origin, for years, the race has remained forgotten and ignored. He took that in 1973 Professor Giovanni Bonatti refer to the presence in the province of Puglia in a “molosser dog for short hair, different from the Neapolitan Mastiff, similar to the Bullmastiff and similar to the dog's Presa Mallorquin” for a group of enthusiasts put hands to work and were recovering it and to introduce inside and outside the country.
In fact its official recognition from the ENCI (Ente Nazionale di Cinophilia Italian) has only taken place in January of 1994, Once the table of work of the società Amatoria Cane Corso (SACC) provide sufficient documentation, photos, data and a large group of copies typical to defend their existence and ancient origin.
It is almost always difficult to make history in the history of a breed of dog, but in the case of the Italian Corso Dog had enough documentation that revealed its presence from very old in the southern part of what is today Italy. Certainly had to be traced back to many centuries ago, Learn about the legends of the inhabitants of the Mezzogiorno, investigate its folklore and more ingrained traditions, Learn about its history, the superstitions of an entire people, but, At last, After many years of intense and arduous research, Professor Fernando Casolino, of the SACC, He managed to gather enough data to this impressive animal because they have been many, many written and pictorial references that have been found on this dog. It should be noted some dating as far back as the 15th and 16th centuries, such is the case of the burlesque poems written in Italian mixed with Latin of the Benedictine Friar Folengo or citations in the “Of Quadrupelibus“, the renowned physician and naturalist Gessner, known as the “German Pliny”, without forgetting the very detailed description of the ínclito Valvassone, that showed his power and the strength of their jaws in the “Poem of the head”.
In the 18th century, the count of Leclerc, Georges Buffon, mentioned you in your “Natural history” as well as did Oronzio Costa in his Treaty on “The fauna of the Kingdom of Naples”, published in 1839. Thirty years later Palumbo wrote also about our protagonist in his “List of mammals of Sicily”.
Quotations continued to be frequent and already in 1900 Spalikowski mentioned him in his work “Evolution of the dog in the human society“, of essential reading for all lovers of dogs; much closer in time are articles and works published by Fiorenzo Fiorone, Danilo Mainardi, Bonatti Mizzoli and how does not, my good friend Mario Perricone, who in the “Great encyclopedia of the dog” published by Agostino in 1987, He wrote widely on race, which is considered the most important monographic article on Cane Corso. Recently also of Priscus and Johson cite you in the “Canine Lexicon” referring to him as “a recreation of the old Marcellaio Cane”, under the heading of “Sicilian Branchiero”, explaining that exist exclusively in Sicily and was known for his particular way of moving with the herd, so according to the authors could have even related to the German bullenbeiser and “on the island, it worked like a dog of butcher and a driver of flocks of unique skills” What, at a time “He could participate in bulls fighting just as did it other dogs of butchers in the continent”.
Priscus and Johson they also claim that in the eighties they arrived to the United States.UU. the first puppies imported by a Sicilian farmer who died shortly afterwards and the little basis for breeding in that country.
They have been missing many years of work and staff of a few efforts to again talk of Italian Corso Dog, race so ancient and so deeply linked to the traditions and the history of the South of Italy and properly recover virtually from scratch. There was, in fact, many contradictions about what dog really resembled and locked up in itself the very essence of Italian Corso Dog and took many discussions and much discussion to finally reach agreement on that copy should settle the bases of the new breeding lines.
Gone are all agreed on a male name “Dauno” He summed up the essence of the breed and it charted the path should follow those, with a passion beyond doubt wore years looking for precisely this path. It was decided to locate up to three subjects closely blood to determine the characteristics of the breed, as the teachers Ballota had described, Bonatti and Casolina.
After exhaustive research studies and, at the end, not without major sacrifices, the recovery programme was gradually bearing fruit. In 1988, the Board of Directors of the ENCI decided that it had time to gather the largest number of copies, produced by people not linked to that society both the scope of the SACC, and carry out a pilot trial in order to check homogeneity of type, construction and character and its similarity to the characteristics described in the draft standard to the SACC had submitted them. In three exhibitions-Bari, Florence and Milan- the judges Morsiani, Perricone and Vandoni examined fifty copies; then, in the autumn of that same year the SACC presented the ENCI the outcome of the first census carried out by the Lords Bruno and Indiveri which is didn't data out of a total of 57 copies perfectly typical and rustic already registered.
As result of this effort the ENCI promulgated the opening of a “Open book” in which all adults who had been duly tattooed could register, and therefore recognized as conforming with the standard project and in just four years became part of the same over 500 dogs, so it became clear that the recovery programme had been successful.
Such results finally gave rise to the official recognition of the race in January of 1994.
Modernity and the decline of the work for which it was intended, they have not prevented this race keep their characteristic qualities. It continues to be a dog with tenacious temperament but that it does not bite for anything. It is one of the best races of property protection. If you are very fond with the owner can be very sensitive to your mood.
Its skin is thick enough, with tissue limited connective and therefore virtually glued to the subcutaneous tissues of each region. The neck does not present practically double chin. The head does not have to submit wrinkles. The pigment of the mucous and the esclerosas has to be black. The pigment of the soles and nails must be dark.
The coat is short but not satin, glass texture, gleaming, bright, adherent, serious, very dense, with a mild layer of sub-pelo which is accentuated in winter, without that never reaches to emerge on the hair of coverage. His medium-length is 2/2′ 5 cm.. On the cross, the rump, and the subsequent edges of the thigh and on tail reaches the 3 cm., without ever giving rise to fringes. On the nose hair is private, smooth, adherent and not more than 1/1′ 5 cm..
It may be black, grey lead, Slate gray, light grey, Griffon clear, Red cervato, Dark tawny and striped (stripes against a background of Griffon or grey colour of various shades). A black or grey mask whose length must not exceed the line of the eyes is present in the Griffon and atigrados subjects. Admitted a small white patch on the chest, at the tip of toes and on the nasal helm.
The height the cross in the males is of 64 to 68 cm., in the females of 60 to 64 cm.. With tolerance of 2 cm more or less. The weight in the males is of 45 to 50 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,71 kg per cm). And in the females of 40 to 45 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,68 kg/cm).
His character affable and faithful with their own. His psychological balance and extreme functional versatility that allows you to adapt to everything, He is doing to gain more followers and indeed again used you in grazing and foster as old tasks, and also in the hunt, Although slowly gains a privileged position as a pet and in what has been called the therapy with pets (“pet therapy”).
However, for its size and extraordinary force Cane Corso owner should be able to educate from the first moment to always have it under control, in such a way that never conflicts surprises or, It must learn from puppy what is right and what not, What is prohibited and what is allowed, so that later there will be no setbacks, recommending further vocational training of certain circumstances, provided that the dog has acquired a certain degree of maturity, Therefore we must not forget that, in the case of molossians, his psychological development is always slower than the physical.
Aware of its size and appearance, corso usually does not express nervousness and willingly accepts to any person that his own master will accept either. When he is assigned the custody of a property his balanced temperament allows her always from a background, with great discretion, and only in the case of real necessity, acts and attacks. We can thus conclude that the Cane Corso is an impressive animal, balanced and effective in any task requiring him. There is a legend made reality.
- Otros nombres: Mastín Italiano / Italianischer Corso-Hund / Italian Corso Dog / Italian Mastiff
- Group 2 / Section 2 – molosoides and mountain dogs.
Dogs breeds: Italian Corso Dog