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Dogue de Bordeaux
Francia FCI 116 - Molossoid - Dogo

Dogo de Burdeos

The Dogue de Bordeaux It is very faithful to its owner and loving with children.



The Dogue de Bordeaux, it is a medium to large size molossian from France. The Molossoid type has been known since ancient times and played a considerable role in various cultures of the ancient world.. The Babylonians carved their molosser out of granite. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs. Molosses are strong and heavy dogs. They have a commanding head with a short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molossian have remained essentially the same for thousands of years.

The range of their tasks in the service of man has also remained constant for a long time. The ancestors of the Dogue de Bordeaux served as a hunting dog for large, well-fortified game, especially as a saupacker. They had to catch and corral the dangerous boar until the hunter could kill it with the boar feather, a special spear. This required speed, resistance, much courage and strength. The Dogue de Bordeaux served and continues to serve today as a guard and protection dog. In the Middle Ages it was used for the arenas of animal fighting. Large and small mollusks have always been scattered across Europe. The Dogue de Bordeaux was created as an independent breed with the emergence of modern dog breeding as a separate breed of dog. In 1863 The first French dog show was held at the Paris Acclimatization Garden.

The Dogue de Bordeaux it was already shown there under its current name. The name must be derived from the fact that these dogs were most often seen in the butcher shops of the city of Bordeaux.. At that time the Dogue de Bordeaux they were not so big however, heavy and as wrinkled as today. The monochromaticity required today was also missing. The award-winning male in Paris in 1883, “Battle”, he had a wrinkle-free head with a black mask. The Dogue de Bordeaux often had to suffer the political turmoil of mankind. During the French Revolution in 1789 was almost exterminated, because he was considered the dog of the rich. During the two world wars, the dogs had to suffer so much that their breed was endangered after the wars. Since the decade of 1960 has been experiencing a new boom. To revive the race, it is said that they were crossed with the St. Bernard shorthair.

Physical characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux It has an impressive appearance, despite or perhaps because it is not as big and heavy as a Mastiff or Saint Bernard. But, you can see the power it presents in majestic serenity. The standard establishes a height at the withers of 60 to 68 cm for males and 58 to 66 cm for females. The weight of the males is of “at least 50 kg” and that of the females of “at least 45 kg”. Unfortunately, the standard does not provide an upper weight limit. So today we see specimens with 70 kg and more.

Especially such gigantism is at the expense of dogs' fitness and health.. Belgian Earl Bylandt gives 1894 as weight for the male 54 – 60 kg. German cynologist Richard Strebel reports in 1905 of 54 – 55 kg as the best weight for a male and 45 – 46 kg for a female. Such a weight would also do the current Dogue de Bordeaux very well.. The coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux must be thin, short and soft to the touch. Should be “solid in all fawn color tones from mahogany to Elizabethan”. White spots on the chest and extremities of the limbs are allowed when they are not very extensive. This color restriction is also not very beneficial for the gene pool of the Dogue de Bordeaux. All this leads to the fact that today the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the most ephemeral dogs..


serious and sure of himself, but with an underlying sense of humor, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a vigilant and brave companion. It has several personalities: distant, outgoing, funny, sweet, wrestler, quick to learn, each one belongs to a different dog.

In the best case, the Bulldog is calm and gentle, but it can also be stubborn. When a dog this size is stubborn and wants to get away with it, can be difficult to treat. The Dogue de Bordeaux Must have early and extensive socialization combined with strong leadership from its owner, or it can become aggressive towards other dogs, smaller animals or even people. If you want to live with a Dogue de Bordeaux, you must be willing to learn to work with him, to control it and earn its respect.

A Bulldog who has an owner whom he respects is a wonderful family dog. Enjoy spending time with them, even in bed and sofa. It is not an active dog and is content to be in the house, making sure everyone is safe. Short walks and game moments are just your speed. But don't be fooled. If someone approaches the door, the Dogue de Bordeaux is there to protect you from harm.

With young children, is loving, Protector, gentle and tolerant. Unlike many large breeds, they can be too rowdy with young children, the Bulldog is usually careful with them. But, large dogs are not appropriate for childcare, and all interaction between the two must be supervised.

The perfect Dogue de Bordeaux not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, is not trained or is not supervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Don't wait until you have 6 months to start train or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. But, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Dogue de Bordeaux, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

Dogue de Bordeaux fitness

The Dogue de Bordeaux it is somewhat more demanding in its maintenance. Not suitable for an apartment. Although it is not a very agitated dog, he really likes having a little freedom of movement, for example in a garden. Here he likes to spend several hours sleeping and watching. You need a lot of space, because he wants to be able to move freely. Appreciate long walks and short bike rides. You need your daily exercise, but she is not an athlete. Physical and mental exertion should be avoided in hot weather. Also keep in mind that dogs as large and strong as the Dogue de Bordeaux in our current society, supposedly animal friendly, often meet with great rejection, sometimes aggressive. Some people simply fear him out of ignorance. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city.. One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet bills.

Dogue de Bordeaux Education

The Dogue de Bordeaux can be trained very well, in regards to the basic rules of behavior. He must also be well educated from the age of a puppy to be able to always run this center of power.. She does not like to learn tricks whose meaning is not clear to her. Even more than with most other dogs, an intimate relationship of trust with your master or lover is the basis for a successful education. There are also consequences, because the Dogue de Bordeaux is intelligent, he notices every little discrepancy and knows how to use it for his own purposes. The Dogue de Bordeaux it is also very sensitive. Do not forget the injustices. Always keep in mind that the leash of these dogs is only a symbolic control. The Dogue de Bordeaux he would easily have the power to maneuver the other end of the leash at will, If I wanted. But it doesn't.

Health Dogue de Bordeaux

Like any giant breed with a short snout, the Dogue de Bordeaux have health problems. The breed's limited gene pool creates a dog susceptible to extreme temperatures, to heart diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy and aortic stenosis, and ectropion, a condition in which the eyelid fades out. Dogue de Bordeaux is also prone to foot pad hyperkeratosis.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict if an animal will be free of these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Dogue de Bordeaux at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Dogue de Bordeaux grooming

The short coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux it is easy to care. Brush it once a week with a rubber brush to remove dead hair..

But there is more to grooming than caring for the coat. The Dogue de Bordeaux you have wrinkles and need special care to avoid becoming infected. Clean them with a damp cloth or baby wipe, and then dry the folds thoroughly to avoid skin infections.

Bring a hand towel to clean your wrinkled face after every meal or drink of water. When he shakes that big head, throw chunks of slime everywhere. It also comes off a lot, so you will spend a lot of time sweeping and vacuuming.

The rest is basic care. Check ears weekly and clean if necessary, brush your teeth as often as possible, and cut your nails regularly, usually every few weeks.

Nutrition / Food

As with all these heavy dogs, especially in the growth phase, diet and composition must be carefully considered. Later this is not problematic. The risk of stomach torsion must be taken into account.

The life expectancy of the Dogue de Bordeaux

The average life expectancy of Dogue de Bordeaux It, Unfortunately, extremely low, of 6 to 8 years. It would be good for the race to do everything humanly possible to correct this.

Buy a Dogue de Bordeaux

A puppy should only be purchased personally from a reputable breeder.. This can be planned for a few 1.500 – 2.500 EUR. You should look closely at the litter and parents, as well as obtain information about the ancestors. You must pay attention to the age of the ancestors, and that they are not too heavy or too wrinkled.

Characteristics "Dogue de Bordeaux"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dogue de Bordeaux" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Dogue de Bordeaux"


1 – Dogue de Bordeaux puppy 10 weeks old by publicdomainpictures.net
2 – Dogue de Bordeaux Harley by publicdomainpictures.net
3 – Bordeaux is comfortably in the garden by publicdomainpictures.net
4 – Portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux by publicdomainpictures.net
5 – A portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) by spaceodissey from Parma, Italy / CC BY
6 – Harley and Doutzen – Dogue de Bordeaux and bulldog playing together by publicdomainpictures.net

Videos "Dogue de Bordeaux"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog

  • FCI breed standard "Dogue de Bordeaux"

    FCIFCI - Dogue de Bordeaux

    Alternative names:

    1. Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff, Bordeauxdog (English).
    2. Dogue de Bordeaux (French).
    3. Dogue de Bordeaux (German).
    4. Mastim francês (Portuguese).
    5. Dogo de Burdeos (español).

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