The Bruno Jura Hound It is very distant with strangers and needs firm handling if kept as pets.
In the year of 1882 set a standard for each of the five existing varieties of the Swiss Hound. In 1909 reviewed these standards confirming the total disappearance of the Thurgau Hound. The 22 in January of 1933 established a uniform standard for the 4 varieties of the Swiss Hound. The original range of the Jura hound type St. Hubert has now disappeared.
The Bruno Jura Hound It is a domestic dog developed in the middle ages for hunting in the Jura mountains, on the border between Switzerland and France.
Already at the time of the Romans was known to these Hounds in Switzerland.
The Bruno Jura is known for his tracking skills and like other hounds has the ability to follow a scent to kilometres through the rocky terrain of the border mountains between France and Switzerland. It is mainly used for the hunting of the Hare.
It is one of the four varieties of the Swiss Hound: Bern Hound, Jura Hound, Hound of Lucerne and Schwyz hound or Swiss.
The majority of clubs and canine organizations treat these races as a single race with multiple varieties.
These dogs have a large skull, so their heads seem to be much larger than its small robust bodies. Their ears are flexible and hang down around their muzzle and eyes, giving it a warm and friendly appearance. Your body has some wrinkles around the chest and neck area. Their bodies are elongated and thin and long tail. They are usually a color dark bronze or a reddish Fawn.
Its size is similar to the Schweizer Laufhund, but it differs in the width of your head, being associated with the St. Hubert Hound.
Their life expectancy is of 12 to 13 years, and can weigh between 15 and 20 kg, with a height of 43 to 58 cm. up the cross.
Character and skills
These dogs can be known as little adventurers. They like to explore new and interesting terrain in which have never been before. Are, final ideal for anyone that loves to go on walks and exercise, Since in that environment be shown fully happy. As good Hound, anything, even if it is in its territory.
Used primarily for hunting wild boar and Hare.
They are very protectors and they lash out against anyone trying to do harm to their owners. They are very distant with strangers and need firm handling if kept as pets.
Well trained is a loving, friendly dog with children.
Origin: USA, Switzerland, Belgium, Australia, Portugal
Character: Protector and partner
Known by the name of Sennenhund dog a number of breeds of dog traditionally have been used for the management and conduct of cattle.
The FCI breeds of Sennenhund dogs classified into two distinct groups based on their appearance. In Group I, Section 2, He placed Sennenhund dogs Lupoid appearance (similar to a Wolf) and in Group II, Section 3, to the trotting of mountain.
The St. Bernard It is very affectionate and has an innate sense of relief especially in the snow.
The St. Bernard It is a breed of dog whose name in other languages: St. Very, Bernhardiner, Chien du Saint-Bernard, Saint Bernard Dog.
According to historians of the race, the St. Bernard, descended from the ancient molossians Asian, whose ancestral form was and is represented by the Tibetan Mastiff.
A team of researchers from the University of Manchester, directed by Chris Klingenberg of the Faculty of biological sciences, reviewed 47 skulls of St. Bernard donated by Swiss breeders to the Bern Natural History Museum covering a period of 120 years, from modern copies until those old dogs of the time that was initially defined the standard of the breed. It was found that the traits stipulated in the breed standard of the St. Bernard have become more exaggerated over time, as breeders chose dogs who had desired physical attributes.
Compared to their ancestors, the St. Bernard modern has the widest skull, the angle between the nose and the forehead more pronounced, and also a more significant bump over the eyes. These changes are described exactly as desired in the breed standards. Clearly, not due to other factors such as overall growth, that they do not provide any physical advantage to the animal, so we can be sure of have evolved only by selective breeders considerations.
This research shows how the selection, either natural or in this case artificially influenced by the man, It is the fundamental driving force behind the evolution of life on the planet.
In the year 923 was born Bernard of Menthon in Menton, region of Savoy (France), which he became Archdeacon of Aosta, in the Italian Alps, dedicated to spreading the Christian faith among the inhabitants of the Alps. In one of these Alpine passes was founded in the year 1049 the Hospice of the Gran San Bernardo, to help, help and shelter to hikers who were the step. The Holy, Catholic scholar and theologian, He was part of the Cistercian order or better known as Trappist, as fellow (the Trappist monks) in Switzerland they had as a companion a dog of this breed around the 16th century.
In the great Mount St mountain pass. Bernhard, to 2.469 meters above the sea level, monks founded in the 11th century, a hospice for travellers and pilgrims. There they raised, Since the mid-17TH century, big mountain dogs for guard and surveillance. The existence of those dogs is documented graphically from 1695 written in a chronicle of the Hospice from the year 1707.
These dogs were soon used as guard dogs and, especially, as rescue dogs for travellers lost in the fog and snow.
There are Chronicles published in many languages over the many lives were saved by these dogs in the “White death” and stories of soldiers who crossed the mountain pass with Napoleon Bonaparte to 1800, in the 19th century, they spread the dog's fame for St. Bernard all over Europe.
Already known at the time “Barry Hund“, and the legendary “Barry” He became the symbol of the dog rescue. The direct ancestors of the dog of St. Bernard were the very widespread oversized dogs, peasants of the region. These large dogs became only a few generations, an ideal pattern, in the current race.
Following a Congress held international cinológico the 2 in June of 1887, the dog of St. Bernard was officially recognized as a Swiss breed and the breed standard became mandatory. Since then St. Bernard dog was converted in the “Swiss national dog”.
Heinrich Schumacher Holligen, was the first, in 1867 creating genealogical documents for their dogs. In February of 1884 opened the “Schweizerische Hundestammbuch” (Swiss races book, SHSB). The first entry was that of St. Bernard “Leon”, followed by other 28 annotations also of dogs of St. Bernard. The 15 in March of 1884 was founded the “Schweizerische St. Bernhardsclub” (Swiss Dog Club St. Bernard) in Basel.
The Saint Bernard, is classified in the Group 2: Dog type Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molosoides and mountain dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs, and other races; section 2; Molossoid, 2.2 Type mountain (without working trial). Of the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale).
There are two varieties of the dog St. Bernard:
The variety of short hair (Double hair, Stockhaar).
The long-haired variety.
Two varieties are of great stature and of a noble general appearance; they have a vigorous body, robust, harmonic and muscular, as well as an imposing head with expression of the face care.
The cross appeal is, minimum of 70 cm for males and 65 cm for females. The FCI standard sets a maximum of 90 cm for males and 80 cm for females (dogs exceeding the maximum height is not devaluarán if its general aspect is harmonic and its proper motion).
In general the size is defined as:
“Very large“, to be optimal in San Bernardo, When exceeds the 86 cm in males and the 80 cm in females.
“Large” When going from 82 to 86 cm in males and 75 to 80 cm in females.
“Media” When going from 78 to 82 cm in males and 70 to 75 cm in females.
“Small” When going from 70 to 78 cm in males and 65 to 70 cm in females.
"In the"golden period of St. Bernard” (1920-1940) were very rarely seen in exposures lower males to 80 Switzerland cm, of Germany, in the Netherlands and the subjects were not so rare above the 90 cm..
Also currently a good San Bernardo for access to the Championship should never be - with some exceptions- below the 80-82 cm and abundant exceed such limit to reach above if possible the maximum of the German Doge and of the Irish Wolfhound but with greater volume, greater length of the trunk and heavier, course.
Character and skills
The dog's St. Bernard radiates calm and tranquility. It is balanced and self-confident. Despite its imposing size, it is sensitive and has a gentle nature. Its “obstinacy” is typical of this breed, not only in appearance. The St. Bernard is trustworthy and kind, even with strangers. There is hardly a dog that has such a tolerant and balanced nature. Quietly he lets himself be caressed and understood by children he does not know. There is hardly a dog as fond of children as the St. Bernard. Nothing seems to bother him.
However, has an alert protective instinct. Defends his family and territory inflexible and extremely effective. A St. Bernard healthy and well socialized never loses control. It is not a barking dog and will stop any intruder quietly and abruptly. How do you like to live outside, still suitable as a guard and protection dog – but it is not in any way a dog to be in a kennel. The basis of this is the close connection with your human family, who should be the center of attention. Because he is affectionate and needs a lot of contact with humans as well as with other dogs.. After all, the close connection with his master is the decisive basis of his education.
Due to its size and strength, a St. Bernard a dog is not for beginners. In addition, its maintenance is – as with all big dogs – very complex. If you want to buy a dog from St. Bernard, You must first be clear about some basic things:
The extreme dimensions bring with them quite practical problems. This starts with the car. And what if the adult giant is sick or can't walk for a while due to age? The St. Bernard not a dog for an apartment. The floor of the house should not be slippery. The dog should not have to climb the stairs frequently. To the St. Bernard he likes to travel; not an athlete, and take it easy. In the interest of your physical condition, one should make sure that they exercise outdoors every day. Ideally, a St. Bernard stay in the field.
St. Bernard Education
To have fun with your dog St. Bernard, consistent education from the puppy's age is a basic requirement. 60 and more kilos of stubbornness, reluctantly following instructions, it's not a fun thing. Also keep in mind that the St. Bernard It, in case of doubt, much stronger than any well-trained man.
A deep and intimate bond with your caregiver is the foundation of education, never difficulties or coercion. As puppies it must be carried with a stoic consistency. In his youth, the St. Bernard they are usually very lively and challenge the leadership of their humans. However, the dog of St. Bernard can be well educated. His calm and kind nature even forgives this or that mistake. But a solid education foundation with clear rules for daily life is an absolute prerequisite for your future attitude..
St. Bernard health and care
Coat care is simple. Regular brushing is enough. During the change of coat, twice a year, everything is a little more complex.
The main health problem of St. Bernard is extreme breeding, breeding for gigantism. Puppies and young dogs of such breeding already grow too fast. Therefore, it's about body coordination problems. Epilepsy and other diseases accompany the giant that is becoming. Life expectancy decreases dramatically. The tremendous growth and associated rapid weight gain are an extreme challenge for the entire body.. The dog's fingerprint is not designed for such giants. the heads, for more “typical” they seem, they have also been raised to be unhealthy and powerful, which can cause problems at birth.
One should pay attention to the eyes: Droopy eye or drooping eyelid is a widespread problem, especially with particularly powerful heads, that requires lifelong care and can seriously damage the eyes. Professor Distl of the Hannover University of Veterinary Medicine considers the St. Bernard as one of the breeds in which epilepsy is most common. Various types of cancer such as osteosarcoma also appear to be common in St. Bernard. The breed is strongly affected by dysplasia of the hip joint, as well as other skeletal diseases.
Nutrition / Food
Puppies and young dogs, they grow very fast, require expert guidance for proper nutrition. At the same time, attention should be paid to controlled exercise, neither too much nor too little. In the adult Saint Bernard there is a risk of stomach torsion. In all other respects, as with any big dog, the same applies to food: good and hearty.
The life expectancy of a St. Bernard
The legendary Barry had 14 years, 10 of which he spent them on active rescue service in the Gran San Bernardo. Today is different, made by the man. Today, the St. Bernard is one of the dogs with the lowest life expectancy. The colossi of today reach only 6 to 8 years. Only very rarely does he reach an age of 10 years or more. On the other hand, a St. Bernard raised healthy with a weight lower than 70 kg is a robust dog and, despite its size, very frugal, without problems can live 10 years.
Buy a St. Bernard dog
Before buying a St. Bernard, you should check very carefully if you really have all the requirements to be able to spend many wonderful years with this giant. Only when all this clears up, a breeder must be found and contacted long before purchase. Special importance must be given to the fact that the breeder avoids exaggeration. Dogs in your kennel should not be large or too heavy. Also the heads should not be too powerful. In addition, make sure that no epilepsy occurred in the ancestors. In any case, it should be clear that a puppy is only bought directly from a serious breeder. Better pay a few hundred euros more for a puppy from a serious breeder. These euros have a good opportunity to become the best investment of your life. Coming from a serious upbringing, a puppy of St. Bernard costs between 1.500 and 2.000 EUR.
Reviews St. Bernard
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “St. Bernard” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
– FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. ⓘ
– AKC – Workgroup ⓘ
– ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs) ⓘ
– CKC – Workgroup ⓘ
– KC – Workgroup ⓘ
– NZKC – Utility dog ⓘ
– UKC – Guard dog ⓘ
FCI Standard St. Bernard breed
1. St. Bernhardog, Bernhardinner, Alpine Mastiff (archaic), Saint, Saint Bernard (English). 2. Grand-Saint-Bernard (French). 3. St. Bernhardshund, Chien du Saint-Bernard, Saint Bernard Dog, Perro San Bernardo (German). 4. Cão de São Bernardo (Portuguese). 5. Gran San Bernardo (Spanish).
The White Swiss Shepherd Dog is a dog of great temperament, attentive and guardian and never nervous.
The White Swiss Shepherd Dog a breed of dog is pastor of Swiss origin. Share origins with the German Shepherd, but has been recognized provisionally as a breed apart by the FCI.
The 3 in April of 1899, the first dog German Shepherd, as we know it today, It was officially registered. This dog was a completely white male which was used by ranchers and sheepherders for grazing because it was very easy to distinguish it from the wolves.
The first news about a hatchery White Swiss Shepherd Dog are earlier than the year 1900 and its origin is found in Alsace-Lorraine, to be more exact in the Royal Court of the Habsburgs. On its campus were a breeding ground for white shepherds of pure breed.
After the creation of the race German Shepherd, all colors were accepted. It was in the first decades of the 20th century, When were the white copies excluded, Therefore, persecuted and almost wiped out in Europe.
Back in the years 70, Switzerland had imported the first copies of white shepherds, While in Germany - as mentioned above- as these dogs they did not meet the standard of the German Shepherd as we know it today, White shepherds were almost wiped out.
The first Club of White Swiss Shepherd Dog was founded in the decade of 1970 in United States. For which reason, the race returned to appear in Europe. At first in Switzerland and Denmark, and later in Germany. Little by little, European Cynological societies began to open their stud books for the White Swiss Shepherd Dog.
A dog born in 1966, it was the first White Swiss Shepherd Dog which was registered in Europe, in Switzerland.
The breed was recognized in Switzerland of 1991, followed by the Netherlands in 1992. The Czech Republic, Austria and Denmark, They also recognized the breed.
Switzerland, Despite low popularity had this race, He recovered the race and also assumed the same motherhood, so in the 26 in November of the year 2002 the Federation Cynologique Internationale acknowledged - on a provisional basis- to the White Swiss Shepherd Dog, as a separate breed.
The White Swiss Shepherd Dog, at a glance and in regards to the physical, He is a German Shepherd in all rule, It is only slightly more elongated and less angular.
According to the standard, the White Swiss Shepherd Dog, is a dog from size medium, powerful, muscular and robust. According to the standard males must have one tall cross ranging from 60 to 66 cm., females are slightly smaller than his stature is situated in 55 to 61 cm..
It has the ears large, straight and triangular. The tail scimitar-shaped, is low and at rest reaches the Hock.
It is the eyes they are fed and slightly oblique tend to be of color dark brown or purplish-brown fire.
And perhaps, the most striking feature of this precious can is his white mantle of double layer and medium long length. Dense and well separated hair.
The colour of the mantle is white. The nose, the lips and pads are absolutely black.
In the year 1933, the white color of the layer was identified as a defect that should be removed by the Club of the German Pastor of Germany, of America and Canada.
There are even theories, in the news, continue holding the white color is due to a physical defect, to a pathology but such theories lack Foundation and the first test, It is a very healthy dog.
Its white color comes from a simple recessive gene that both parents must be carriers to continue the color, that is the reality.
Character and skills
The German Shepherd, not only the color of the mantle but also in its character differ.
While it is a dog of great temperament he displays never nervous, But if attentive and vigilant. It tends to be suspicious with strangers but never aggressive.
It is a dog friendly, very Intelligent and learn with ease.
It´s fair his family and - as we said - be cautious with strangers, but never should show a timid or fearful behavior and less aggressiveness. Some people think the Arctic wolf is mixed with the race, and there goes your caution, but that only a legend.
It is a balanced dog, very good keeper and even occasionally has been trained as dogs Guide.
It is a great companion for everything physical exercise that is its scope, loves to play with sticks, balls, run…
While its origin speaks of a shepherd dog, today that in some countries is still used in such work, It is widely accepted as a companion dog.
It adapts perfectly to the home, fond of children but remember that need exercise like all dogs, This always necessary if we want to keep happy balanced our puppies. Let us not forget that it is a working dog that needed physical and mental challenges.
The White Swiss Shepherd Dog gets along well with other dogs and, also, It is usually good in agility competitions, Search, rescue and obedience. They are also used as assistance dogs.
The character of White Swiss Shepherd Dog it is softer than the German Shepherd, But if you take genius to protect his family, will not hesitate it to.