Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)
SuizaFCI 59 . Medium-sized Hounds

Sabueso del Jura

The Jura Hound It is very distant with strangers and needs firm handling if kept as pets.

Content

History

In the year of 1882 set a standard for each of the five existing varieties of the Swiss Hound. In 1909 reviewed these standards confirming the total disappearance of the Thurgau Hound.
The 22 in January of 1933 established a uniform standard for the 4 varieties of the Swiss Hound. The original range of the Jura hound type St. Hubert has now disappeared.

The Jura Hound It is a domestic dog developed in the middle ages for hunting in the Jura mountains, on the border between Switzerland and France.

Ya en la época de los romanos se conocía a estos sabuesos en Suiza.

The Jura Hound He is known for his tracking abilities and like other hounds he has the ability to follow a perfume for miles through the rocky terrain of the border mountains between France and Switzerland.. It is mainly used for the hunting of the Hare.

There are four varieties of Swiss Hound:

La mayoría de los clubs y organizaciones caninas tratan a estas razas como una raza única con múltiples variedades.

Physical characteristics

These dogs have a large skull, so their heads seem to be much larger than its small robust bodies. Their ears are flexible and hang down around their muzzle and eyes, giving it a warm and friendly appearance. Your body has some wrinkles around the chest and neck area. Their bodies are elongated and thin and long tail. They are usually a color dark bronze or a reddish Fawn.

Its size is similar to the Bernese Hound, but it differs in the width of your head, being associated with the St. Hubert Hound.

Their life expectancy is of 12 a 13 years, and can weigh between 15 and 20 kg, with a height of 43 a 58 cm. up the cross.

Character and skills

These dogs can be known as little adventurers. They like to explore new and interesting terrain in which have never been before. Son, final ideal for anyone that loves to go on walks and exercise, Since in that environment be shown fully happy. As good Hound, anything, even if it is in its territory.

Se utiliza principalmente para la caza de la liebre y jabalíes.

They are very protectors and they lash out against anyone trying to do harm to their owners. They are very distant with strangers and need firm handling if kept as pets.

Well trained is a loving, friendly dog with children.

Images “Jura Hound”

Videos “Jura Hound”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds


FCI breed standard "Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)"

FCIFCI - Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)
Hound

Varieties of “Swiss hounds”

The four varieties of Swiss hounds tienen sus propias características de caza específicas:

– The Bernese Hound, with her beautiful throat (“the howler of the Jura”), demanding, mainly used for hares;
– The Jura Hound, an excellent recuperator
– The Lucerne Hound, reminiscent of Small Blue Gascony, he is an active and passionate dog that hunts deer very well;
– The Schwyz Hound, less widespread outside of Switzerland, is reserved for rabbits and hares.

Alternative names:

    1. Bruno Jura Hound (English).
    2. Bruno du Jura (French).
    3. (frz. Bruno du Jura) (German).
    4. Sabujo Bruno de Jura (Portuguese).
    5. Fernando del Jura, Bruno del Jura (español).

Cattle dog
Cattle Dogs according to the FCI

Boyero

Content

Known by the name of Sennenhund dog a number of breeds of dog traditionally have been used for the management and conduct of cattle.

The FCI clasifica las razas de perros boyeros en dos grupos distintos basándose en su fisonomía.
In Group I, Section 2, He placed Sennenhund dogs Lupoid appearance (similar to a Wolf) and in Group II, Section 3, to the trotting of mountain.

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St. Bernard
Suiza FCI 61 - Molossoid . Mountain

San Bernardo

The St. Bernard It is very affectionate and has an innate sense of relief especially in the snow.

Content

History

The St. Bernard It is a breed of dog whose name in other languages: St. Very, Bernhardiner, Chien du Saint-Bernard, Saint Bernard Dog.

Según los historiadores de la raza, the St. Bernard, descended from the ancient molossians Asian, whose ancestral form was and is represented by the Tibetan Mastiff.

A team of researchers from the University of Manchester, directed by Chris Klingenberg of the Faculty of biological sciences, reviewed 47 skulls of St. Bernard donados por criadores suizos al Museo de Historia Natural de Berna que abarcan un período de 120 years, from modern copies until those old dogs of the time that was initially defined the standard of the breed. It was found that the traits stipulated in the breed standard of the St. Bernard have become more exaggerated over time, a medida que los criadores seleccionaban a los perros que tenían los atributos físicos deseados.

Compared to their ancestors, the St. Bernard modern has the widest skull, the angle between the nose and the forehead more pronounced, and also a more significant bump over the eyes. These changes are described exactly as desired in the breed standards. Clearly, not due to other factors such as overall growth, ya que no proporcionan al animal ninguna ventaja física, so we can be sure of have evolved only by selective breeders considerations.

This research shows how the selection, either natural or in this case artificially influenced by the man, It is the fundamental driving force behind the evolution of life on the planet.

In the year 923 was born Bernard of Menthon in Menton, region of Savoy (France), which he became Archdeacon of Aosta, in the Italian Alps, dedicated to spreading the Christian faith among the inhabitants of the Alps. In one of these Alpine passes was founded in the year 1049 the Hospice of the Gran San Bernardo, to help, help and shelter to hikers who were the step. The Holy, Catholic scholar and theologian, He was part of the Cistercian order or better known as Trappist, as fellow (the Trappist monks) en Suiza tenían como compañero un perro de esta raza alrededor del siglo XVI.

In the great Mount St mountain pass. Bernhard, a 2.469 meters above the sea level, monks founded in the 11th century, a hospice for travellers and pilgrims. Allí se criaron, Since the mid-17TH century, big mountain dogs for guard and surveillance. The existence of those dogs is documented graphically from 1695 written in a chronicle of the Hospice from the year 1707.

These dogs were soon used as guard dogs and, especially, as rescue dogs for travellers lost in the fog and snow.

There are Chronicles published in many languages over the many lives were saved by these dogs in the “White death” and stories of soldiers who crossed the mountain pass with Napoleon Bonaparte to 1800, in the 19th century, they spread the dog's fame for St. Bernard all over Europe.

Already known at the time “Barry Hund“, and the legendary “Barryse convirtió en el símbolo del perro de rescate. The direct ancestors of the dog of St. Bernard were the very widespread oversized dogs, peasants of the region. These large dogs became only a few generations, an ideal pattern, in the current race.

A raíz de un congreso cinológico internacional celebrado el 2 in June of 1887, the dog of St. Bernard was officially recognized as a Swiss breed and the breed standard became mandatory. Since then St. Bernard dog was converted in the “Swiss national dog”.

Heinrich Schumacher Holligen, was the first, in 1867 creating genealogical documents for their dogs. In February of 1884 opened the “Schweizerische Hundestammbuch” (Swiss races book, SHSB). The first entry was that of St. Bernard “Leon”, followed by other 28 annotations also of dogs of St. Bernard. The 15 in March of 1884 was founded the “Schweizerische St. Bernhardsclub” (Swiss Dog Club St. Bernard) in Basel.

Physical characteristics

The Saint Bernard, is classified in the Group 2: Dog type Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molosoides and mountain dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs, and other races; section 2; Molossoid, 2.2 Type mountain (without working trial). Of the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale).

There are two varieties of the dog St. Bernard:

  • The variety of short hair (pelo doble, Stockhaar).
  • The long-haired variety.

Two varieties are of great stature and of a noble general appearance; they have a vigorous body, robust, harmonic and muscular, así como una imponente cabeza con expresión de atención en la cara.

The cross appeal is, mínimo de 70 cm for males and 65 cm for females. The FCI standard sets a maximum of 90 cm for males and 80 cm for females (dogs exceeding the maximum height is not devaluarán if its general aspect is harmonic and its proper motion).

In general the size is defined as:

  • Very large“, to be optimal in San Bernardo, When exceeds the 86 cm in males and the 80 cm in females.
  • Grand” When going from 82 a 86 cm in males and 75 a 80 cm in females.
  • Media” When going from 78 a 82 cm in males and 70 a 75 cm in females.
  • Small” When going from 70 a 78 cm in males and 65 a 70 cm in females.

En el “golden period of St. Bernard” (1920-1940) were very rarely seen in exposures lower males to 80 Switzerland cm, of Germany, in the Netherlands and the subjects were not so rare above the 90 cm..

También actualmente un buen San Bernardo para acceder al campeonato nunca tendría que estar -salvo algunas excepciones- below the 80-82 cm y exceder abundante tal límite para alcanzar por arriba si es posible los máximos del German Mastiff and of the Irish Wolfhound but with greater volume, greater length of the trunk and heavier, course.

Character and skills

The dog's St. Bernard radiates calm and tranquility. Es equilibrado y seguro de sí mismo. Despite its imposing size, it is sensitive and has a gentle nature. Its “obstinacy” es típica de esta raza, not only in appearance. The St. Bernard is trustworthy and kind, even with strangers. There is hardly a dog that has such a tolerant and balanced nature. Quietly he lets himself be caressed and understood by children he does not know. There is hardly a dog as fond of children as the St. Bernard. Nothing seems to bother him.

However, has an alert protective instinct. Defends his family and territory inflexible and extremely effective. One St. Bernard healthy and well socialized never loses control. It is not a barking dog and will stop any intruder quietly and abruptly. How do you like to live outside, still suitable as a guard and protection dog – but it is not in any way a dog to be in a kennel. The basis of this is the close connection with your human family, who should be the center of attention. Porque es cariñoso y necesita mucho contacto con los humanos así como con otros perros. After all, the close connection with his master is the decisive basis of his education.

Due to its size and strength, a St. Bernard a dog is not for beginners. What's more, its maintenance is – as with all big dogs – very complex. If you want to buy a dog from St. Bernard, You must first be clear about some basic things:

The extreme dimensions bring with them quite practical problems. This starts with the car. ¿Y qué pasa si el gigante adulto está enfermo o no puede caminar por un tiempo debido a la edad? The St. Bernard not a dog for an apartment. The floor of the house should not be slippery. El perro no debería tener que subir las escaleras con frecuencia. To the St. Bernard he likes to travel; not an athlete, and take it easy. En interés de su estado físico, uno debe asegurarse de que se ejercite al aire libre todos los días. Lo ideal sería que un St. Bernard stay in the field.

St. Bernard Education

To have fun with your dog St. Bernard, consistent education from the puppy's age is a basic requirement. 60 and more kilos of stubbornness, reluctantly following instructions, it's not a fun thing. Also keep in mind that the St. Bernard It, in case of doubt, much stronger than any well-trained man.

Un profundo e íntimo vínculo con su cuidador es la base de la educación, never difficulties or coercion. As puppies it must be carried with a stoic consistency. In his youth, the St. Bernard suelen ser muy vivaces y desafían el liderazgo de sus humanos. However, the dog of St. Bernard can be well educated. His calm and kind nature even forgives this or that mistake. But a solid education foundation with clear rules for daily life is an absolute prerequisite for your future attitude..

St. Bernard health and care

Coat care is simple. Regular brushing is enough. During the change of coat, twice a year, everything is a little more complex.

The main health problem of St. Bernard es la cría extrema, la cría para el gigantismo. Puppies and young dogs of such breeding already grow too fast. Therefore, it's about body coordination problems. Epilepsy and other diseases accompany the giant that is becoming. Life expectancy decreases dramatically. El enorme crecimiento y el rápido aumento de peso asociado son un desafío extremo para todo el cuerpo. The dog's fingerprint is not designed for such giants. the heads, for more “típicas” they seem, they have also been raised to be unhealthy and powerful, which can cause problems at birth.

One should pay attention to the eyes: El ojo caído o el párpado colgante es un problema generalizado, especially with particularly powerful heads, that requires lifelong care and can seriously damage the eyes. Professor Distl of the Hannover University of Veterinary Medicine considers the St. Bernard como una de las razas en las que la epilepsia es más común. Various types of cancer such as osteosarcoma also appear to be common in St. Bernard. The breed is strongly affected by dysplasia of the hip joint, así como por otras enfermedades esqueléticas.

Nutrition / Food

Puppies and young dogs, they grow very fast, requieren una guía experta para una nutrición adecuada. At the same time, attention should be paid to controlled exercise, neither too much nor too little. In the adult Saint Bernard there is a risk of stomach torsion. Otherwise, as with any big dog, the same applies to food: good and hearty.

The life expectancy of a St. Bernard

The legendary Barry tenía 14 years, 10 of which he spent them on active rescue service in the Gran San Bernardo. Today is different, made by the man. Today, the St. Bernard is one of the dogs with the lowest life expectancy. Los colosos de hoy en día alcanzan sólo de 6 a 8 years. Only very rarely does he reach an age of 10 years or more. On the other hand, a St. Bernard raised healthy with a weight lower than 70 kg is a robust dog and, a pesar de su tamaño, very frugal, without problems can live 10 years.

Buy a St. Bernard dog

Before buying a St. Bernard, deberías comprobar muy cuidadosamente si realmente tienes todos los requisitos para poder pasar muchos años maravillosos con este gigante. Only when all this clears up, a breeder must be found and contacted long before purchase. Special importance must be given to the fact that the breeder avoids exaggeration. Dogs in your kennel should not be large or too heavy. Also the heads should not be too powerful. What's more, make sure that no epilepsy occurred in the ancestors. In any case, it should be clear that a puppy is only bought directly from a serious breeder. Better pay a few hundred euros more for a puppy from a serious breeder. These euros have a good opportunity to become the best investment of your life. Coming from a serious upbringing, a puppy of St. Bernard costs between 1.500 and 2.000 EUR.

Characteristics "St. Bernard"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "St. Bernard" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

St. Bernard Images

St. Bernard Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Workgroup
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Workgroup
  • ​KC – Workgroup
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "St. Bernard"

FCIFCI - St. Bernard
San

Alternative names:

    1. St. Bernhardog, Bernhardinner, Alpine Mastiff (archaic), Saint, Saint Bernard (English).
    2. Grand-Saint-Bernard (French).
    3. St. Bernhardshund, Chien du Saint-Bernard, Saint Bernard Dog, Perro San Bernardo (German).
    4. Cão de São Bernardo (Portuguese).
    5. Gran San Bernardo (español).

White Swiss Shepherd Dog
Suiza FCI 347 - Sheepdogs.

Pastor Blanco Suizo

The White Swiss Shepherd Dog is a dog of great temperament, attentive and guardian and never nervous.

Content

History

The White Swiss Shepherd Dog a breed of dog is pastor of Swiss origin. Comparte orígenes con el Pastor Alemán, but has been recognized provisionally as a breed apart by the FCI.

The 3 in April of 1899, the first dog German Shepherd, tal como lo conocemos hoy en día, It was officially registered. This dog was a completely white male which was used by ranchers and sheepherders for grazing because it was very easy to distinguish it from the wolves.

The first news about a hatchery White Swiss Shepherd Dog are earlier than the year 1900 and its origin is found in Alsace-Lorraine, to be more exact in the Royal Court of the Habsburgs. En su recinto tenían un criadero de pastores blancos de pura raza.

After the creation of the race German Shepherd, all colors were accepted. It was in the first decades of the 20th century, When were the white copies excluded, Therefore, persecuted and almost wiped out in Europe.

Back in the years 70, Suiza había importado los primeros ejemplares de pastores blancos, mientras en Alemania -como decíamos más arriba- como estos perros no cumplían el estándar del Pastor Alemán tal y como lo conocemos hoy en día, White shepherds were almost wiped out.

The first Club of White Swiss Shepherd Dog was founded in the decade of 1970 in United States. For which reason, the race returned to appear in Europe. At first in Switzerland and Denmark, and later in Germany. Little by little, European Cynological societies began to open their stud books for the White Swiss Shepherd Dog.

A dog born in 1966, it was the first White Swiss Shepherd Dog which was registered in Europe, in Switzerland.

The breed was recognized in Switzerland of 1991, seguido de los Países Bajos en 1992. La República Checa, Austria and Denmark, They also recognized the breed.

Switzerland, a pesar de la poca popularidad que tenía esta raza, He recovered the race and also assumed the same motherhood, so in the 26 in November of the year 2002 the Federation Cynologique Internationale acknowledged - on a provisional basis- to the White Swiss Shepherd Dog, as a separate breed.

Physical characteristics

The White Swiss Shepherd Dog, a simple vista y en lo que concierne a lo físico, He is a German Shepherd in all rule, It is only slightly more elongated and less angular.

According to him standard, the White Swiss Shepherd Dog, is a dog from size medium, powerful, muscular and robust. Según el estándar los machos deben tener una tall cross ranging from 60 a 66 cm., las hembras son ligeramente más pequeñas su estatura se sitúa de 55 a 61 cm..

It has the ears large, straight and triangular. The tail scimitar-shaped, is low and at rest reaches the Hock.

It is the eyes they are fed and slightly oblique tend to be of color dark brown or purplish-brown fire.

And perhaps, la característica más destacada de este precioso can es su white mantle of double layer and medium long length. Dense and well separated hair.

The colour of the mantle is white. The nose, the lips and pads are absolutely black.

In the year 1933, el color blanco de la capa fue señalado como un defecto que debía ser eliminado por el Club del Pastor Alemán de Alemania, of America and Canada.

Incluso hay teorías, in the news, que continúa sosteniendo el color blanco se debe a un defecto físico, a una patología pero ese tipo de teorías carecen de fundamento y la primera prueba de ello, It is a very healthy dog.

Its white color comes from a simple recessive gene that both parents must be carriers to continue the color, that is the reality.

Character and skills

The German Shepherd, not only the color of the mantle but also in its character differ.

While it is a dog of great temperament he displays never nervous, But if attentive and vigilant. It tends to be suspicious with strangers but never aggressive.

It is a dog friendly, very Intelligent and learn with ease.

It´s fair a su familia y -como decíamos-puede ser cauteloso con los extraños, pero nunca debe mostrará un comportamiento tímido o temeroso y menos agresividad. Algunas personas piensan que el Lobo del Ártico se mezcló con la raza, y de allí sale su cautela, but that only a legend.

It is a balanced dog, muy buen guardián e incluso en ocasiones ha sido entrenado como perros guía.

It is a great companion for everything ejercicio físico that is its scope, loves to play with sticks, balls, run…

While its origin speaks of a shepherd dog, hoy en día a pesar de que en algunos países se sigue utilizando en tales labores, es ampliamente aceptado como perro de compañía.

It adapts perfectly to the home, fond of children but remember that need exercise like all dogs, This always necessary if we want to keep happy balanced our puppies. No olvidemos que es un perro de trabajo que necesita retos físicos y mentales.

The White Swiss Shepherd Dog gets along well with other dogs and, as well, It is usually good in agility competitions, búsqueda, rescue and obedience. They are also used as assistance dogs.

The character of White Swiss Shepherd Dog it is softer than the German Shepherd, But if you take genius to protect his family, will not hesitate it to.

White Swiss Shepherd Dog Images

White Swiss Shepherd Dog videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog


FCI breed standard "White Swiss Shepherd Dog"

FCIFCI - White Swiss Shepherd Dog
Pastor

Alternative names:

    1. Berger Blanc Suisse, White German Shepherd (English).
    2. berger blanc (French).
    3. Berger Blanc Suisse (German).
    4. Pastor branco suíço (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de pastor suizo blanco (español).