The Collie and its different lines

El Collie y sus diferentes líneas

Content

Meaning of the term Collie

The term Collie It refers to many dog breeds that have originated in Scotland and Northern England. The exact origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it comes from:

  • The term 'Col’ o ‘Coll'of the old Scottish meaning'black’.
  • Or the English 'coal’: 'coal'.
  • Also, It is possible that it is a deformation of the word Colley It was as they called the sheep (face and Black-legged), These dogs pastoreaban.
  • The Anglo-Saxon regional term Collie, which means '[thing] useful’.
  • So it has been called in several ways: Coll, colly, Collie, Colley, Pastor of Scotland

The Shetland Sheepdog, for example, It is erroneously called Collie miniature, While aesthetically (with the exception of the size) they are identical, they are two different races… Although, We should not forget that, the most direct ancestor of the Shetland Sheepdog or "Sheltie" as usually nickname, is the Border Collie.

Collie breed history

The high mountains of Scotland are the natural home of this breed. It is not known if you run Roman blood in his veins, but we do know that the Romans conquered Scotland in the 6th century to. C. Then, the Collie was known for his great abilities of grazing, capable of driving up 500 sheep at a time. Unlike the current Collie, I didn't have such long and beautiful hair. The Collie was crossed with Setter Irish and with the Borzoi, and from there he was getting the characteristics of today's Collie. William Shakespeare wrote about this dog, calling it Collied Ski. The first illustration of this breed dates back to the year 1790.

While collies have used this dog for a long time and since the beginning of the race, as ovejero dog, the different forms varieties were developed in England at the end of the 1800.

The ancient race Collie was referred to as Scottish Collie in the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. Scottish Collie were heavier than the current. Their modern ancestors were exhibited for the first time Scotch Sheepdogs (foresee Scots) in 1860, in Birmingham (England), in a dogshow.

In the 19th century, this breed was not known yet, but with the first dog shows, its popularity began to grow to their highest point. Today remains one of the breeds of dogs most popular. South Africa still used as pastor, but in this case, large flocks of ostriches, his sense of monitoring is very developed.

Lassie, the character of the television that popularized this race, is a Rough Collie.

Collie dog has two varieties. The first is the Rough Collie, more easily recognizable due to its wide use in films and television (e.g.: Lassie). This variety has pretty hair in neck, tail and legs. It has a double cover, with small hairs lining the body. The second variety is the Smooth Collie, It has two coatings but the outer coat is short and smooth.

Collie breed characteristics

Collie dog has long body in relation to height. Its height of cross is of 56 - 61 cm. the male and 51 - 56 cm. females. They weigh in 18 - 29 kg. He has Brown eyes, almendrada and slightly oblique way. Their ears are small and are played back, or forward when the dog is alert. The snout is long and flat, with black truffle. Its tail is long and abundant hair, and the fur is dense, hard to the touch, soft and bright if it is taken care of very well. It can be color caramel and white, tricolor or blue dark. This dog's life expectancy is of 12 years.

Collie dog character

Healthy by nature, It is also known that he has very few known congenital problems. The most delicate part of the body tends to be your eyes, they should be frequently cleaned through a piece of absorbent cotton impregnated simply with warm clean water.

Known to be sweet and protective. They are easy to train due to her intelligence and innate please desire. They develop a very strong bond with their masters. They are excellent foresee dogs, good company for the family and other dogs. They are very loyal and faithful, but distrust of strangers if do not fall them well. They are also very playful and love to children. She loves to charge monitor children. It is sweet, good very attentive and vigilant: a suitable dog to leave a child in his charge. With babies is treated as a stuffed animal, and a baby can learn to walk if he grabs her hair. This dog will be careful to avoid it to fall. In addition, It will avoid that the baby will go with strangers.

On the beach, It will be devoted to monitoring the smallest, and if something happens, They cry or fall, do not hesitate to act. He does not fear nothing. It is not a scary or timid dog. In case of danger, defends the family. And it is able to stay a whole night warning, to pounce to lower noise. Every time that the members of the family discuss, It stands always because he hates disputes.

Before a rebuke sometimes it can be susceptible, and away to a corner to grumbling. But if the owner gets to look for him there is nothing spiteful: jump to your arms. It is active and disciplined. You must be educated with affection and without resorting to force.

Collie breeds ancestry

There are many breeds of dog with ancestry in Collie, as for example, to get an idea…:

  • Australian dog: used in Australia for livestock. Dogs of this type are also known as Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler. Heeler, means "talonero".
  • Australia Collie or “Bordaussie”: It is not really a recognized breed, but a cross between two popular breeds: Australian Shepherd and Border Collie.
  • Australian Kelpie: Developed in Australia from Collie dogs brought from Scotland and Northern England. Erect ears, Smooth-haired, usually black, black and brown or red and Brown and white feet.
  • Australian Shepherd: Developed in United States, with crossing of British dogs, German and Spanish, but they are in other parts of the world (including Australia).
  • Stumpy Tail: Used in Australia for livestock. Erect ears, Smooth-haired, mottled grey or red without white. With a very short tail or no tail.
  • Bearded Collie: Now largely animal home and exhibition, but they are still used as working dogs on farms. Long and silky hair (included in the face and legs), Black, grey or beige, and white on the shoulders.
  • Blue Lacy: Grey, Smooth-haired, drooping ears. Derived in part from English Pastor, with other races that descend from the Collie but aren't Collie.
  • Border Collie: The most famous race for grazing sheep around the world. Originally developed in Scotland and Northern England. According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Border Collie is the No. 1 from the list.
  • Cumberland Sheepdog: An extinct breed similar to the Border Collie and, possibly, absorbed by this race. An ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. Ears erect or semi-erectas, dense fur, Black with white only on the face and chest.
  • English Shepherd: Developed in United States from a farm Collie originating in Great Britain. It should not be confused with the old English Pastor.
  • Farm Collie or farm Collie: It was any dog grazing is encuontraba for farming in Britain or United States (descendants of British dogs), and perhaps in other places.
  • German Collie: Developed in Australia, probably from British Collie dogs, but they may have included Germany and Spain dogs. The name of “German Collie” also applies to a cross between a German Shepherd and Border Collie).
  • Huntaway: New Zealand developed from a mixture of races, probably including some Collie – but it is not a breed of the Collie type. It is larger and more full-bodied than most of the Collie.
  • Warren hound: It is not a race, but a Collie cross (or other grazing or Terrier dog) with a hound or Greyhound. Obtained in a traditional way for poaching, with the speed of a hound, but more obedient and less visible.
  • McNab Shepherd: Developed in United States from British Collie dogs. Ears of variable size, upright or semi-erectas, Smooth-haired, black or red, usually with some white on the face and chest.
  • Old English Pastor: Derivative of the ancestors of the Collie Barbudo. They are larger than most of the Collie, with a lack of tail, hair is long and silky (included in the face), usually grey and white. It should not be confused with the English Shepherd.
  • Scottish Collie, in its two varieties, Rough Collie and Smooth Collie: They were created by crossing dogs working with other races Collie (especially dogs Borzoi).
  • Shetland Sheepdog: comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
  • Smithfield: a breed of British dog that has been terminated, It was like a great Collie, strong, white or black and white color that is used to guide cattle in South East England, especially the Smithfield market (an area of the city of London).
  • Welsh Sheepdog: a native of Wales. Ears erect or semi-erectas, short or silky hair, red, black, black and fire or Blackbird, usually with white over shoulders.

Lines Collie dog breed

According to the type of fur have born different lines of Collie, among them are:

1 Bearded collie

Breeders of bearded Collie or Bearded Collie in Spain

The Bearded collie It is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.

The Bearded collie is one

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2 Border Collie

Border Collie

The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of smarter dogs que existe

The Border Collie It takes its name

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3 Rough Collie

Rough Collie

The Rough Collie he is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

The Rough Collie is one of

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4 Smooth Collie

Smooth Collie

The Smooth Collie, today is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as United States and Canada

The Hair Collie

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Shetland Sheepdog
Escocia FCI 88

Pastor de las Islas Shetland

The Shetland Sheepdog is very familiero, lovely with children, intelligent and loyal.

The Shetland Sheepdog, comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, seems to be a copy of Rough Collie miniaturized, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.

Read all about the race by clicking on: Shetland Sheepdog.

  • Otros nombres: Shetland Sheepdog / Shetland Collie / Dwarf Scotch Shepherd / Toonie dog / Apartment Collie / Miniature Collie / Sheltie / Berger des Shetland.
  • Group 1 / Section 1 – Sheepdogs.

Dogs breeds: Shetland Sheepdog


Deerhound

Deerhound

The Deerhound or Scottish Deerhound, It is a traditional dog belonging to the Scottish Highlands, It also appears in the old portraits, sleeping at the foot of great lords. When became fashionable with shotgun deer hunting, This race was on the verge of extinction, but the enthusiasm of their breeders has achieved this canine Aristocrat to survive to the present day.

Read full information on the race, by clicking on: Scottish Deerhound.

Deerhound

Gato Highland Fold

Item is crossings made between Scottish Fold and the Exotic, Although the long hair is a gene already ported by the Scottish Fold.

The medium to long hair, not woolly, It allows short hair on the face and legs, “pants”, “tail fan”, Tufts on the feet and ears and necklace clearly visible.

Pets allowed all colors except Lavender, chocolate, Himalayan or combinations of these colours with white. Eyes open with a sweet expression, large, well rounded and separated by a wide nose. The color of the eyes correspond with the colour of the fur. The head is round and bent ears increased the effect of roundness.

Highland Fold is a sweet and lovely breed, It is easy live and care for cat, loving that you feel comfortable with all the members of his family. Its tail must be planed with care. You need a bit of interactive game with his owner in order to maintain in good condition.

Longevity rank : 7-12 years.

Scottish Terrier

Terrier Escocés

The Scottish Terrier (Scottish Terrier), It is a breed of dog known for its distinctive profile and great loyalty.

They were originally bred in Scotland (its original name was the of Aberdeen Terrier) at the beginning of the 18th century, but had reached final size and shape before 1890. The Scotties are "natural diggers", like other Terrier, whose name is derived from the same root as "terre","French for"Earth"".

Read more about the race in: Scottish Terrier.

Dogs breeds: Scottish Terrier


Scottish Terrier
Gran Bretaña Escocia FCI 73 . Small sized Terriers.

The Scottish Terrier is independent, self-confident, joyful, intelligent and stubborn bastabte.

Content

History

The Scottish Terrier, also known as the Aberdeen Terrier, and popularly as "Scottie", It is one of the high Terrier breeds that were grouped under the name of Skye Terrier, It is one of the five breeds of Terrier that originated in Scotland, the other four are the modern Skye Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and West Highland White Terrier.

The real origin of a race as old as Scottish Terrier it's dark and undocumented. The first written records about a dog with a similar description to those of the Scottish Terrier was in 1436, When Don Leslie described them in his book the history of Scotland 1436-1561.

Two hundred years later, Sir Joshua Reynolds painted a portrait of a young woman stroking a dog similar in appearance to the Scottish Terrier of nowadays. King James VI of Scotland was an important historical figure accompanying the history of the Scottish Terrier. In the century 17, When King James VI became James I of England, sent six Terrier – believes that the precursors of the Scottish Terrier- a French monarch as a gift. His love and adoration for the race, It is said that you increased its popularity around the world.

In the century 19, in the Highlands of Scotland, including the Isle of Skye, the Terrier were abundant, originally known by the generic term “short hair” or ” Skye Terrier“. Towards the end of the century 19, It was decided to separate these Scottish Terrier and develop lines of pure blood and specific breeds.

Originally, the races were separated into two categories – Dandie Dinmont Terriers and Skye Terrier (Noel Skye Terrier that is known today, but a generic name for a large group of the Terrier with different all features, It came from the Isle of Skye).

The written history and initial development of the race began at the end of 1870 with the development of dog shows. The exhibition of dogs required compared to a standard of the race and therefore the appearance and temperament of the Scottie was written for the first time.

At last, The Skye Terrier were divided into what is known today as the Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, West Highland White Terrier and the Cairn Terrier.

Captain Gordon Murray and Shirley were responsible for establishing the type in 1879. Shortly after, in 1879, the Scottie were first exposed at Alexander Palace in England, While the following year they began to be classified in much the same way as is done today. The first written breed standard was written by JB Morrison and DJ Thomson gray and appeared in Vero Shows illustrated book of The Dog, published in 1880. The standard describes the color of the breed as “grey, greyish or Brindle “.

In 1881, the “Scottish Terrier England club” It was founded, being the first club dedicated to the race.

The Scottie is the only breed of dog that has lived in the White House more than three times.

In May of 2007, Carnegie Mellon University, used the image of a Scottish Terrier as your official pet.

It is a small Terrier breed with a distinctive shape and it has had many roles in popular culture.

They have been owned by a variety of celebrities, including to the President 32 of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Scottie “Fala” It includes Franklin Delano Roosevelt in a statue in Washington, DC, as well as the 43 Th President of the United States George W.. Bush . They are also well known for being a piece to play in the Board game Monopoly.

Described as a territorial dog, wrestler, they can be a good guard dog and tend to be very loyal to his family.
Scottish Terrier may be more prone to clotting disorders, joint disorders, autoimmune diseases, allergies and cancer than other breeds of dog and not a disease is the name of the race called Scotty cramp. Is also a most successful breeds of dogs at the Westminster Kennel Club show of dog with a better show in 2010.

Physical characteristics

The Scottish Terrier It small but resistant, they have short legs, It Chunky and robust complexion, with one long head in proportion to its size. The Scottish Terrier must have large legs adapted for digging.

Their ears they are erect and the tail It is one of the outstanding characteristics of the breed. Their eyes they are small, bright and dark brown or almost black and almond-shaped.

The height at the withers for both sexes should be approximately 25 cm., and the length of the back from the cross until the queue is of approximately 28 cm.. In general, is a well balanced dog, It must weigh 8.5 - 10 kg and a female 8 - 9,5 kg.

Scottish Terrier often has a hard mantle, rough, long, the inclement weather-resistant, an outer layer and a soft, dense layer attached to the skin. Combined, with a long beard in layer, the eyebrows, the legs and lower part of the body. The head, the ears, the tail and back are traditionally short, are the parts included in the haircut of the Scottish Terrier.

The the Layer palette It ranges from dark gray to Jet Black, or ” Brindle “(a mixture of black and Brown).

The color may appear “wheat” (straw to nearly white), but it should not be confused with the Cairn Terrier or West Highland White Terrier .

Character and skills

The breed is known to be independent and self-confident, joyful, intelligent and has been dubbed the “Hard to peel”. They are described as very affectionate, they have also described as stubborn. It is sometimes described as a distant race, Although it has been observed that they tend to be very loyal and affectionate to its family.

The fourth Earl of Dumbarton nickname the race “the uncompromising“. The modern race said that it was able to trace their lineage to a single female, call splinter II.

It has been suggested that the Scottish Terrier can be a good watchdog, due to their tendency to bark only when necessary and that it tends to be reserved with strangers. The Scottish Terrier they were bred to hunt and fight badgers.

Therefore, the Scottie is prone to digging, as well as Chase small vermin, as the squirrels, rats and mice.

The Scottie are territorial, they are always warning, they are fast and energetic in their movements, perhaps even more than other Terrier breeds.

With regard to health, the Scottish Terrier have a higher chance of developing some types of cancer, with regard to other Thoroughbred.

Characteristics "Scottish Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Scottish Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Scottish Terrier”

Videos “Scottish Terrier”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
  • AKC – Terriers
  • ANKC – Terriers
  • CKC – Terriers
  • ​KC – Terriers
  • NZKC – Terriers
  • UKC – Terriers


FCI breed standard "Scottish Terrier"

FCIFCI - Scottish Terrier
Scottish

Alternative names:

    1. Scottie, Aberdeenie (English).
    2. Scottish terrier (French).
    3. Scottish (German).
    4. Scottish Terrier (Portuguese).
    5. Scottie, Aberdeen terrier, Terrier escocés (Spanish).

Cairn Terrier
Gran Bretaña FCI 4 . Small sized Terrier

Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier It was originally bred as a hunting dog, to kill rats, Badgers, foxes

Content

History

The Cairn Terrier It is one of the oldest breeds of Terrier, originating in Scotland and recognized as one of the first Scottish working dogs. It was created for hunting and the prey's burrow. The Cairn Terrier are buzzards. In Scotland they hunted rats and other rodents.

In our country house, will do the job of a cat, often hunting mice, rabbits and squirrels.

Cairn Terrier belongs to the family of the Scottish Terrier. They are five:

The characteristics of the current breed are carefully modeled on his ancestor, the Terrier of the Isle of Skye 17th century. It is believed that this dog was the basis for developing races such as the lion and the Scottish.

The history of the Cairn Terrier is reinforced by the fact that the modern Cairn is an attempt to preserve the typical form of the Terrier of the old days, a dog of work of the Isle of Skye. Known in his native Scotland for more than 500 years, It is believed that it is the oldest of the Terrier.
Cairn Terrier was originally bred as a hunting dog, to kill rats, Badgers, foxes, weasels, and other small insects. He is a native of the Isle of Skye, but to avoid confusion with the current Skye Terrier, He was appointed Cairn Terrier, in honor of rock piles and where used to search for their prey in their Scottish lands.

Did You Know?

Is the most famous of all Cairn? That would be Toto in “The Wizard of Oz”.

Physical characteristics

These dogs of short legs have a countenance of stooped appearance. Its thick cloak of hair is usually greyish in colour, light brown or sand, Although they are allowed all colors other than white.

A notable feature of Cairns Terrier is the change in color of the fur throughout his life. Is not uncommon to its striped pass to be increasingly more grey or silver, as you age. The fur has two layers, a soft, dense stuck to the skin, and other hard and rough, external. It is the smallest of the Terrier (the largest is the Scottish), its weight is of 6 - 7,5 kg. And its appeal is in 28 - 31 cm..

Many times, is defined to the Cairn Terrier as a “big dog trapped in the body of a small dog”, is an ex-officio adventurer, Intelligent, strong, loyal and hard, It is not at all a delicate and lap dog.

Character and skills

Are commonly active, resistant, they are always on alert and cheerful, they are prized as pets because they are relatively easy to train and adapt well to small houses or apartments that do not require more than one vigorous hike per day.

As most of the Terrier, they love to dig looking for real or imagined prey. Therefore, If you want to keep your lawn in conditions, It is not advisable to leave it many hours only.

Usually, they mix well with other dogs, But if there is possibility of confrontation they will defend their territory, they can't go back and face whatever lack. With the family they are very protectors and they usually get along with children, Although they do not hold any gross game, as pulling of ears, Rabo…

Walking is an excellent exercise for Cairns and their owners. It is advisable to give long daily walks.

The life expectancy of these dogs is of 12-14 years, they tend to have the fairly delicate skin (and as they grow older, even more).

Characteristics "Cairn Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Cairn Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cairn Terrier Images

Cairn Terrier videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Cairn Terrier"

FCIFCI - Cairn Terrier
Cairn

Alternative names:

    1. Cairn Terrier (English).
    2. Cairn Terrier (French).
    3. Cairn Terrier (German).
    4. Cairn Terrier (Portuguese).
    5. Cairn (Spanish).