Russkiy Toy
Rusia FCI 352 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Russkiy Toy

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible.

Content

History

The “Russkiy Toy” it is a recent breed of dog, but its history began in the 18th century, in Russia, with the importation of many English Toy Terrier. One of them was even adopted by Emperor Peter I the Great (1672-1725), during the last years of his life and his reign.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the popularity of Toy Terrier rose among the Russian aristocracy. They became an essential element, and at the beginning of the 20th century they had clearly become a symbol of prestige. Participating in cultural events and social gatherings with a well-behaved little dog became the norm of the good society of the time.

Although many of these dogs were imported from Great Britain, most were born in Russia, and a loose breeding program had already begun to gradually differentiate them from their ancestors. Present at Russian dog shows for some time, they began to officially call each other Russian toy terriers at an exhibition held in St. Petersburg in 1907, where they were exposed 11 specimens.

The revolution of 1917 I was going to change things: associated with the aristocracy, the Russian Toy Terrier experienced a sudden and brutal decline, that left him on the brink of extinction. A few breeders tried to preserve the breed, but they faced many difficulties at a time when dog breeding was run by the regime, which instead encouraged the development of dogs that could be used by the military.

The death of Josef Stalin in 1953 eased restrictions and some Moscow breeders, St. Petersburg, Svendlosk and Irkutsk were able to revive the breed. But after 40 years, there were no more specimens with perfectly known ancestry and pure characteristics, so they had to start from scratch, from individuals with characteristics similar to those previously known.

The year 1958 marked a turning point for the breed, when a guy named Chicky was born with long hair and fringed ears and tail. Until then, all representatives of the breed had a smooth and short coat. The breeder Yevghenina Zharova wanted to preserve these characteristics and crossed it with a female with a coat longer than average and started a specific breeding program. His initiative was crowned with success: starting at 1966 and the creation of a specific standard, these dogs were considered as belonging to a breed other than the Russian Toy Terrier and they were called Moscow Long Haired Toy Terrier.

The year 1988 marked another turning point, because the Russian Cynological Federation (RKF), the reference organization in Russia, then decided to unify short hair and long hair again under the same standard, considering them as two varieties of the same breed.

In the following years, after the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the first copies of Russian Toy Terrier They were able to go out to conquer Europe and the breed began to develop, particularly in Finland and the Eastern countries.

However, the opening of the borders also brought about the entry of new breeds into Russia, who replaced local dogs in the hearts of dog lovers. As a result, in the Decade of 1990, this dog was again on the brink of extinction in Russia. However, on the one hand, it had already been imposed abroad and, for another, Russian breeders managed to maintain a sufficient gene pool in their country to keep the breed healthy.

In the first decade of 2000, things sped up. In 2006, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally and gave it the official name of Russkiy Toy, removing the name of Terrier. Two years later, in 2008, a breed club was founded in the United States (Russian Toy Club of America), and that same year the United Kennel Club (UKC) American also accepted the breed. El American Kennel Club (AKC) did the same in 2010 by including it in your Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a step prior to full recognition.

In 2017, the Russkiy Toy obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI, as well as the famous Kennel Club (KC) British. In fact, today it is recognized by most of the large national canine organizations – is the case, in particular, del Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), for example.

Today, the AKC is present in almost all of Europe, but it is still rare in the United States, which explains why the final recognition of the AKC is still pending.

In Great Britain, annual records around the KC have been around 50 since the acceptance of the breed in 2017.

This figure is higher in France, where they were registered between 100 and 150 births in the French Book of Origins (LOF) in 2010, which shows that this dog, although it remains relatively discreet in the country, has managed to find its audience.

Photo: A Russkiy Toy of 20 meses by Skest at German Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Russkiy Toy bears his name well, as it belongs to the smallest dog breeds in the world on the particular sides of the Chihuahua, of which shares several characteristics.

Its square body with a raised belly is higher at the neck than the rump. The extremities, of fine bones and lean muscles, they are quite long, giving the impression that they are high on the legs. The tail is relatively short, carried in the shape of a sickle or saber, and fringed in the case of long-haired dogs. In areas where tail docking is permitted, docked tail is accepted, as long as a stump is left with 2 - 4 vertebrae.

The head is small in proportion to the body, with a clearly marked stop. The muzzle is pointed and ends in a preferably black nose. The eyes are large, round and very expressive. your colour must be as darkest as possible. The ears, which are a distinctive feature of the breed, They are set high and sustained. Big and thin, they form two isosceles triangles in the skull. The long-haired variety is covered with long, thick hair that falls in a plume shape.

This dog has no undercoat. However, upper hair differs from dog to dog, to the point that there are two varieties of the breed: the one with straight hair is short, smooth and shiny, while the one with long hair has a medium length (of 3 - 5 cm.). The latter also have fringes on the ears and on the tail., that cover the entire outside of the ear when mature.

Multiple coat colors are allowed: black and tan, Brown and fire, Blue and fire, lilac and fire, and red with blue, brown or black. There are also some smooth dogs: his fur is red, leonado or cream. The most common color is black and tan.

Last but not least, there is no real sexual dimorphism in this breed: males and females are roughly the same size and appearance.

Size and weight

Size: 20 – 28 cm.
Weight: 1 – 3 kg

Varieties

National and international canine associations usually distinguish between two varieties of Russkiy Toy: the of smooth hair, sometimes called shorthair, and the of Long-haired. Although it is not usual, since the breeders of Russkiy Toy they usually specialize in one or the other, these varieties can be crossed: then mixed litters are obtained, composed of both short-haired and long-haired individuals.

The long-haired variety, with its specific fringes on the ears, is the most sought after by fans, and also the most common. It has a semi-long coat (between 3 and 5 cm.) in the body, while the tail and ears are covered with a long and thick fur that forms characteristic fringes.

The straight hair variety, on the other hand, has a short smooth shiny looking top coat. Historically, the first representatives of the breed were all short-haired.

None of the varieties of Russkiy Toy has undercoat. In general, apart from its fur, are perfectly identical in character and physical characteristics.

Character and skills

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible. Your attachment can even turn into possessiveness and, if i wasn't well socialized, can be overtly threatening (insofar as your size allows) towards those who get too close to their master. He also tends to distrust strangers, at least at the beginning: if you see that they are invited to the house, quickly curious to know more about them.

If you are able to stay alone for a few hours, will quickly become anxious if absent for a long time (especially if this happens almost every day) and can then behave destructively. The presence of a small companion in the home can be a pertinent solution to help you not see time pass when your master is at work and reduce the risk of separation anxiety.. Usually, your pet will get along with other animals, already be partners, cats, rodents or reptiles, and this is usually the case even with those who do not live in your house. However, be careful not to be disturbed or scared by this barking and hyperactive puppy. And don't forget that a cat is usually much bigger, quick and better armed in case of discussion…

In any case, lives perfectly in an apartment, as long as your need for exercise is met. The latter is also relatively consistent due to its size., since it is necessary to travel it at least half an hour a day. In other words, carry you in a bag, in a dog stroller or even in the arms of its owner is not the best gift that can be given, since you need to stretch your legs. However, if you live in a house with a garden in the country, it can be dangerous to leave it alone in the garden, because its size makes it a potential prey for many wild animals: birds Raptors, foxes, weasels…

Like other miniature dog breeds, not really aware of the latter, so it is able to put itself in dangerous situations. No doubt, for example, to provoke a dog that weighs more than 20 times its weight, without worrying about the possible consequences. Therefore, it is better to lead him on a leash when he goes out and teach him to curb his burning.

To the smart Russkiy Toy he likes to be stimulated intellectually. Dog games and puzzles can be a great way to keep him busy while his owners are out and about., and loves to learn new tricks. You can also participate in dog sports such as obedience and agility, but its small size makes it difficult to compete.

On the other hand, not recommended for families with young children. In effect, its small size and its fragility mean that it can be easily mistreated by the little ones, and the accident risks are very real – for the two protagonists, In addition. You can be seriously injured by a small car thrown at you in a moment of anger, just as he can respond by biting if his tail or ears are pulled. In addition, a dog should never be left alone unsupervised with a young child, and that is valid whatever your race.

Last but not least, the Russkiy Toy barks often. Its high-pitched voice is an excellent alarm in case of threat, but it is also likely to quickly anger the neighbors.

Education

Like all its fellow men, the Russkiy Toy needs to be socialized from the first weeks. This is all the more important as you tend to be cautious: only successful socialization can allow you to become a sociable and balanced adult. Therefore, need to meet many people (family, friends…) but also other animals, be it dogs, cats or rodents.

The fact that he is intelligent and likes to be liked greatly facilitates his education. Learning to clean and remember orders is usually not a problem. If the family is patient and firm, it is possible to go much further, since they can also learn many tricks.

Positive reinforcement is the best method to reach and educate the best possible Russkiy Toy. The moods, caresses and treats are real motivations for him, and quickly learns to do everything possible to satisfy his Master.

In fact, the Russkiy Toy It is a breed of dog adapted for a beginner, but his master must never forget that a dog needs a leader to direct it. This role of leader, it is he who must exercise it. Your partner needs limits, which must be immutable, taxes from a very young age and consistent over time, as well as from one family member to another. If he is allowed to do what he wants when he is little, or if the rules are different depending on the day of the week or the person, you don't know what to expect and your behavior is affected.

It is about the famous “the small dog syndrome”, common to all miniature breeds: little by little adopts unacceptable attitudes (do not leave space on the sofa, growl at his master, steal food…) but ignored by their master, who remains hypnotized by his little one and “beautiful” partner. As nothing stops you, this laxity encourages you to push the limits further and further, to the point of gradually taking control of the house. The longer the owner waits to take control of the situation and allow bad habits to take root, the harder it will be to put your partner back in order. To avoid this, rules should be clear and instilled from the start, and then apply in all circumstances, without exception. In the same logic, it is not advisable to hold him in your arms too often, especially if it comes to moving with him when he could also walk next to his master, because not only does it not help him to live his dog life and spend, but it can also provoke a tendency to dominate.

Health

The Russkiy Toy is particularly robust and poses little risk of disease.

However, It is sensitive to extreme temperatures and must be protected from both heat and cold. When the thermometer is rising, you should limit your activities to the coolest hours and not let it stay too long in the sun, while adog coatnot too much when you have to go out in cold weather., has no vocation to spend most of his time outdoors: its natural place is inside the house.

Among the conditions that can affect the breed, the most commons are:

  • impacted tooth, when a baby tooth does not fall out and therefore does not give way to a growing adult tooth.This is a fairly common problem, which is solved without great difficulty by a veterinarian;
  • the patellar dislocation, a kneecap problem: leaves its position and forces the dog to limp to move.This problem is relatively common in all small dogs and, sometimes, requires surgery;
  • the progressive retinal atrophy, degeneration of eye tissues leading to total blindness It is an inherited disease and carriers are normally excluded from reproduction, so it's still pretty rare;
  • the Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which attacks the hip and causes necrosis that causes stiffness and pain., this disease is very rare and can be operated on to relieve pain caused.

However, the main risk to the health of the Russkiy Toy comes from its small size and fiery character, which can be the cause of many fractures. Falling a book on its legs, A career that ends in a collision with a chair or an agitated argument with a larger fellow can end in the emergency room., your family must be constantly vigilant.

Another risk you are particularly exposed to is obesity, and once again only your master can help you.You need to monitor your weight regularly and act at the first signs of overweight, adjusting both your portion sizes and your activity level.

As with any race, the adoption of a creator of Russkiy Toy serious and responsible greatly increases the probability of obtaining a healthy puppy The professional must provide a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, present the medical history or vaccination record, in which the vaccines administered to the animal are recorded, and make available the results of genetic tests performed to parents. a small one.

Of course, this does not guarantee that you will stay healthy for your entire life To maximize the chances of this being the case, prevention is essential: it is advisable to wear regularly (At least once a year) take your dog to the vet for a routine checkup.This not only identifies the beginning of a possible problem, it also ensures that you don't miss your shot reminders.

Life expectancy

12 - 13 years

Grooming

Either for the straight-haired variety or for the long-haired variety, the maintenance of the coat of the Russkiy Toy is simple. In effect, a weekly brushing is enough to avoid knots and remove possible dirt. Muda little, but it may be helpful to increase brushing frequency to 2 or 3 times a week when applicable, in spring and autumn.

How he tolerates the bathroom well, clean it every 1 or 2 months to rid it of all impurities and make sure it doesn't mess up the house is usually not a problem either. You just have to make sure to use a specific shampoo for dogs, and in no case a product made for humans.

The rest is a matter of course. For example, your weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to check and clean your eyes and ears with a damp cloth. This will prevent debris and dirt from accumulating, thus reducing the risk of infection.

You should also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth with a special toothpaste for dogs, although twice a week (or even daily) is even better. This will help prevent tartar buildup., that can cause bad breath, cavities and other problems.

Last but not least, although it has gone out enough, their claws tend to grow faster than they wear out. For this reason, they need to be trimmed with a simple nail clipper when they have become too long, to prevent them from getting in the way or even breaking. A monthly cut is usually sufficient. The first time, you can learn how to do it with a vet or a groomer, to avoid doing it wrong.

Food

The Russkiy Toy perfectly fits commercially available industrial dog foods. You just have to be careful to choose a product adapted to dogs of this size, especially if you eat kibble. You also have to choose food of sufficient quality and establish an adapted daily ration to provide it with all the nutrients it needs., especially considering your activity level and your age.

In any case, cat food, although it certainly is the perfect size for its size, not at all adequate. Too rich, are likely to cause rapid and dangerous weight gain.

This is especially true since obesity is a very real problem for this breed whose needs are often much lower than their family thinks.. It is necessary to scrupulously follow the daily rations recommended by the manufacturers or the veterinarian, and regularly weigh your dog to quickly detect too large a variation. A weight gain of 200g is negligible for a human, but for a Russkiy Toy this is around the 10% of their normal weight.

In case of unjustified weight gain, it is advisable to react without delay, adjusting both the dog's daily ration and activity level. If this doesn't help, a visit to the vet is necessary to explore the possibility of a disease and to develop a more appropriate diet if this is not the problem.

Last but not least, like all dogs, the Russkiy Toy you should always have access to a bowl of fresh water, so you can quench your thirst whenever you want.

Use

The Russkiy Toy is above all – and also always – a companion dog, made to spend most of his time with his family. Playful and affectionate, perfectly capable of apartment living, represents an ideal option for those who have little space to offer their dog, but on the other hand they may be available to dedicate time.

His affectionate character also makes him a very good therapy dog, able to spend hours by his master's side if he needs it, and to help you with your mere presence.

His natural distrust of the unknown and his propensity to bark make him an excellent alert dog., but its size prevents it from being a true watchdog, though his bravery is not questionable.

Last but not least, it is common to find it at dog shows, where your success is not denied. They can also participate in dog sports competitions, like obedience, but its small size is definitely a disadvantage.

How much does a "Russkiy Toy"?

The price of a puppy Russkiy Toy is of some 1500 EUR, but this average hides great disparities. In effect, depending on the reputation of the kennel, of the prestige of their ancestors but also and above all of their intrinsic physical characteristics, can go from 800 euros for the copies with some small defects up to almost 4000 euros for those intended for breeding and / or exhibitions. On the other hand, there are no big differences in price according to sex.

Characteristics "Russkiy Toy"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Russkiy Toy” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Russkiy Toy"

Photos:

1 – “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Russkiy Toy” Puppy, 4 months old by Shamanofthistown, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Russkiy Toy” Smooth-haired, smooth coat, brown and tan by NiaNike, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Short hair “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Two “Russkiy Toy”, one with short hair and one with long hair by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Russkiy Toy” Daniel, Rostov del Don by Sofiya357, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Russkiy Toy"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


FCI breed standard "Russkiy Toy"

FCIFCI - "Russkiy Toy"
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, Toychik (English).
    2. Toychik, Toy-chic (French).
    3. Russischer Zwergspaniel, Moskauer Langhaariger Toy Terrier (московский длинношерстный той-терьер) (German).
    4. (em russo: Русский той-терьер) (Portuguese).
    5. Miniatura ruso, Toy Terrier ruso (Spanish).

Petit Brabançon
Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

Petit Brabançon

The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

Content

History

The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Petit Brabançon it is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Shelter:

The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

Weight:

of 3,5 - 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. Neither shy nor aggressive.

Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “"Petit Brabançon"“

Photos:

1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Swedish Fair from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “"Petit Brabançon"“

Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.

Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

FCIFCI - "Petit Brabançon"
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
    2. Petit brabançon (French).
    3. Petit brabançon (German).
    4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
    5. Petit brabançon (Spanish).

Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia . Little Lion Dog

Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Content

History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and claims that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it is descended from dogs that came from Tibet through Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics states that his name is not a reference to the king of the animals., but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought after companion dog in the Middle Ages. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

Thus, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. However, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen that we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

However, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. However, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. However, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the back line, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top coat. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog he can perfectly maintain his long hair all over his body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last but not least, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ Female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. However, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. Therefore, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. However, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. In addition, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy delights singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and boundless attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him -, and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. To do this, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

However, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

In addition, If you can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then you will have to lift a skin in a lion's mane, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out over the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • Congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 - 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush him every two to three days to keep his beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, being careful to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

In addition, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so you can wear the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. However, It should be remembered here that the dog's coat allows it to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

However, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last but not least, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “"Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"“

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-l%C3%B6wchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos “"Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"“

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Löwchen (English).
    2. Löwchen (French).
    3. Petit chien lion (German).
    4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
    5. Löwchen (Spanish).

Pudelpointer
Alemania FCI 216 . Braque Type

Pudelpointer

The Pudelpointer has a great passion for water and swimming, which probably comes from the Poodle's influence on his selection.

Content

History

It was the German Baron Von Zedlitz, a real foodie, who created the Pudelpointer towards the end of the 19th century.

The Pudelpointers are Pointing Dogs hard hair, whose genetic origins can be traced back to a cross between a English Pointer and Pudelhund, without any other race of Pointing Dogs. Although the Poodle it was only used to create the first strains, his qualities as a hunter have been preserved until today.

The first crossing of a Pudelhund and English Pointer to establish the new breed took place in Germany in 1881. The father was a English Pointer property of Kaiser Federico III called tell and mother, a Poodle named molly, belonged to a famous Teutonic author on the subject of hunting dogs, Hegewald.

The genes of Poodle, like race, seemed to have been more dominant in the broadcast. To alter this, many more were introduced Pointers What Poodles in the breeding program to get to what the Pudelpointer is today. During the first 30 years of parenting, they only used 11 Poodles instead of more than 80 Pointers. After that initial time period, only the occasional reintroduction of the Pointer. After WWI and WWII, the breed was severely reduced and the reintroduction of the English Pointer became important to rebuild the brood.

The first Pudelpointers in North America were imported into 1956. After the foundations of the breed were laid, in 1977 The Club of the Pudelpointer from North America.

Combined with the exceptional abilities of the English Pointer to work on the plains, namely, a fine and receptive nose even at a distance, a quick search that covers a lot of ground and firm stops, we have created a versatile and genetically strong hunting dog that meets the requirements of hunting.

Germany is very careful in preserving the health of the breed, with increased vigilance against hip dysplasia and epilepsy. In addition, the Pudlepointers currently play an important role in hunting events, since only dogs that have participated successfully in them are registered in the pedigree registry.

Photo: Pudelpointer by https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/pudelpointer/

Physical characteristics

The Pudlepointer It is a breed of dog weighs between 20 and 30 Kg., measured between 53 and 66 cm.. on the shoulder and comes with liver colored fur, brown and occasionally black. The ideal coat is hard, lean and dense.

The Pudelpointer it is a large hunting dog that weighs between 20 and 30 Kg and measures between 53 and 66 cm.. The ideal type has the construction of a heavy pointer. The tail extends the rump in a regular line without breaking. The tail can be shortened for hunting and, if the law allows it, the length must reach the lower edge of the vulva in females or cover the testes in males. The length of the skull is equal to that of the muzzle. The ears are medium in size, hanging ears are high and close to the head. The tip of the ear is slightly rounded. Located on the sides, eyes are large and dark amber.

Covering the whole body, medium length hair is rough, close and close to the body, with a thick undercoat. The head has a beard and a toupee with curly highlights. The hair must provide protection against the cold, water and injuries. The coat is solid black, brown or dead leaf. White spots are allowed. These dogs shed very little hair.

Character and skills

Of the English Pointer, inherited the subtle nose, the burning and the lively gait. The Poodle gave him the liveliness of the spirit, the talent of transporter and the taste of water.

Energetic dog, very enthusiastic tracker and retriever at work, is comfortable on all terrains and can tolerate all weather conditions quite easily.

Health

Germany, the country of origin of the Pudelpointer, attaches special importance to the health status of the breed with special emphasis on the prevention of hip dysplasia (HD) and epilepsy in the breed. Some dogs may face these health challenges in their lives, but most of the Pudelpointers they are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, prospective owners can get the education they need to learn about specific health concerns within the breed.

Grooming

The Pudelpointer has a close layer, flat, hard and rough of medium length with a dense undercoat; as a result, seasonally shed. Beyond regular weekly grooming, the occasional bath will keep you clean and looking your best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog..

Strong and fast growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or nail polisher to avoid overgrowth, breakage and cracking. Ears should be checked regularly to avoid build-up of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Exercise

The Pudelpointer, as a hunting breed, need regular exercise. Exercise options may include backyard playtime, preferably fenced, or be taken for walks several times a day. Exercise can also be done in the form of indoor activities, like the hideout, chase a ball rolling on the ground or learn new tricks. Certain outdoor activities such as swimming, hiking or retrieving balls or flying discs can provide a good outlet for expending energy.

Note: He Pudelpointer absolutely love water! Training for dog sports such as agility, obedience, and the rally can also be a great way to give your dog exercise.

Characteristics "Pudelpointer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pudelpointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “"Pudelpointer"“

Pudelpointer – TOP 10 Interesting Facts
Martha the Pudelpointer – Deliver to Hand

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 216
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • CKC Grupo 1 – Sporting Dogs
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard "Pudelpointer"

FCIFCI – "Pudelpointer"
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Alternative names:

    1. Pudelpointer (English).
    2. Pudelpointer (French).
    3. Pudelpointer (German).
    4. Pudelpointer (Portuguese).
    5. Pudelpointer (Spanish).

Small swiss hound
Suiza FCI 60 . Small-sized Hounds

Small Bernese hound
Small Bernese hound

The dog Small swiss hound, little stimulated, often becomes an annoying pet that can be difficult to train.

Content

History

In the early 20th century, hunting began to change in Switzerland. Private hunting grounds were introduced and the standard size of the Swiss Hound he was too fast and enthusiastic to hunt properly within these smaller hunting grounds. The hunters decided to develop a different breed of hunting that could hunt efficiently and effectively within the closed private hunting grounds.. Many people think that Small swiss hound it's just a smaller version of the Swiss Hound. While this is partly true, They are a different race that originated from crossing the Swiss Hound with the Basset Hound. The ultimate goal was to develop a breed that was shorter and smaller., but also had the same four color variants as the Swiss Hound. The resulting dogs were expected to have a strong sense of smell for nose work and a melodious voice to sound the alarm when hunting..

The Small swiss hound He is an outstanding hunter and has the ability to track scents for miles over rough terrain. The Small swiss hound became the hunting dog of people hunting on private land.

The United Kennel Club recognized the Small swiss hound in 2006. The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) accepted them and adopted the official breed standard under the name Schweizer Niederlaufhund in 2015.

The Small swiss hound still a popular hunting companion in his native Switzerland.

Photo: Small Bernese Hound Smooth-coated male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

In proportion smaller than the Swiss Hound. Its body shape is rectangular, moderately long, and strong conformation. Medium size head, thin, elegant, with friendly facial expression
and attentive. His ears are very long, low insertion, and he wears them folded. Thin and strong limbs. When walking calmly, he has his tail hanging, in activity bends it slightly upwards.

The Small swiss hound comes in four different varieties. The only difference between the varieties is the color, but each variety has its own name.

Variants Small swiss hound

Small Jura houndSmall Bernese houndSmall Schwyz houndSmall Lucerne hound
Small hound of Juraequeño de Jura
Small Jura hound
Small Bernese hound
Small Bernese hound
Small Schwyz hound
Small Schwyz hound
Small Lucerne hound
Small Lucerne hound
  • The Small Jura hound has a smooth coat that is black with tan markings found over the eyes.
    The Small Jura hound has only one coat and may only have a small amount of white on its body.
  • The Small Bernese hound has two types of fur:
    the smooth coat and the rough coat.
    The rough coat has a single hard coat and a small beard.
    The Small Bernese hound it's black and white with fiery marks over its eyes; many call it tricolor.
  • The Small Schwyz hound has a smooth, unique coat that is predominantly white with yellow-red spots; orange-red spots are also acceptable.
  • The Small Lucerne hound has a smooth and unique coat that is predominantly white but speckled with black or gray giving the illusion of a blue body. They have black spots with tan markings over their eyes.

  • Photos:

    1 – Small Bernese Hound Smooth-coated male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Jura low-run dog by Bhv The Max
    3 – This dog is a small Schwyz Hound by pets.ch
    4 – Little Lucerne Hound by carlosh catalog

    Character and skills

    When he's hunting, the Small swiss hound is tireless and relentless, exhibiting impressive endurance and strength of character. They tend to be lively and excitable, eager to do their job. The majority of the Small swiss hound they are happy to hunt regardless, without any royal order from his master.

    Despite being bred to hunt, most breed members can transition from working hound to family pet easily and are generally affectionate and demonstrative of their owners. They are good friends with children and other dogs, but they cannot be trusted with small animals, including cats and rabbits.

    Individual temperaments vary, and while some may be quiet and peaceful guests of the house, others may be excitable and jumpy. Dogs with more energy can often be taught to settle indoors once they have been properly exercised.. Ideally, the exercise should be done in the form of hunting, as this not only burns excess energy but also occupies your inquisitive mind. The dog Small swiss hound, little stimulated, often becomes an annoying pet that can be difficult to train.

    Not being an aggressive dog, the Small swiss hound should not be used as a guard dog as it does not tend to scare off intruders and does not usually feel the need to guard your property.

    Training “Small swiss hound”

    The phrase “the small dog syndrome” can be mentioned when talking about Small swiss hound, as they have a reputation for acting like large dogs in small dog bodies. Full of confidence, lively and independent, this is not a breed for the novice trainer. Obedience work can be a particular challenge, as they have a free-spirited character and a mind of their own.

    Coaches must be firm and inflexible, keeping your training sessions short and interesting to keep the dog's interest. How this breed likes to assume a dominant position in the home, he should be taught his place from an early age, to avoid any bad behavior.

    Most dogs Small swiss hound are still used as hunting dogs in Switzerland today, meaning your exercise requirements are easily met during hunting season. In the case of non-working dogs, or when the hunting season is over, owners should take time to meet the needs of this active hound.

    A rural setting is the ideal place for Small swiss hound, who needs wide terrain to explore and does not enjoy being confined. It is essential that your property is securely fenced to avoid solo adventures.

    Health “Small swiss hound”

    There are not many diseases that affect the Small swiss hound more than other races, but there are a handful of conditions that should be watched in individuals:

    Ear infections

    Hanging ears are prone to developing ear infections, particularly if a dog spends a lot of time outside wet and muddy. Keeping your ears clean can prevent this from becoming a problem.

    Hip Dysplasia

    Malformed hip joints can lead to lifelong discomfort and reduced mobility. X-rays of the hips (a process called “hip score”) should be performed when a breeding dog is over one year of age to ensure that its hips are of good enough quality to be passed on.

    Grooming “Small swiss hound”

    Although there are a number of different hair types within the breed, all are easy to maintain and need little in the way of grooming. Weekly brushing will suffice. The Small swiss hound you will only need to be bathed a few times a year. If owners feel the need to disguise their “odor to dog” they can use dry shampoo, avoiding the risk of drying out their skin and coat.

    Ears of the Small swiss hound should be cleaned weekly and ideally should be checked daily for signs of infection. They must be completely dried after getting wet.

    Characteristics "Small swiss hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Small swiss hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “"Small swiss hound"“

    Swiss low-legged dog + Schweizer Laufhund + Orange hound
    Schweizer Laufhund CERVA

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 60
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.3: Small-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard "Small swiss hound"

    FCIFCI – "Small swiss hound"
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    Alternative names:

      1. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (English).
      2. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (French).
      3. Schweizer Niederlaufhund (German).
      4. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (Portuguese).
      5. (en suizo, Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund) (Spanish).

    Small Blue Gascony
    Francia FCI 31 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Small Blue Gascony

    The Small Blue Gascony, in general, they are considered docile and very attached to their master, very friendly with children and sociable with other dogs.

    Content

    History

    The Small Blue Gascony is a short legged version of the Great Gascony Blue, his ancestor. However, although the history of the latter extends deep into the history of all of Europe and even the United States, their history has remained closely linked to their country of origin, France.

    Its appearance dates back to the end of the Middle Ages, and more precisely to the sixteenth century. The development of the breed is not the result of crossing the Great Gascony Blue with smaller dogs, but simply a true selective breeding program that consists of selecting and raising the smallest individuals, generation after generation. Although they were very efficient at hunting wild boar and large game in herds, the Great Blue was nevertheless a heavy hound, and was not entirely satisfactory in tracking small game in the high forests.

    The Small Blue Gascony was therefore developed for the specific purpose of hunting rabbits, hares and other small game animals. Faster than its predecessor, inherited its tracking and exploration skills from its predecessor. Its use spread in France beyond its region of origin, Gascony (in the southwest of the country). Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were decimated during these periods, did not suffer much with the French Revolution and the two World Wars. Thanks to his skill in hunting rabbits, has been able to get through these clashes in French history without too many losses, and continue to be present in relatively constant numbers despite events.

    However, despite this resistance and its renowned performance in hunting small game, very little was exported, unlike his older brother, that set foot in the United States as early as the 18th century. This is mainly due to the fact that Small Blue, raised in herds, it was much less profitable to hunt than the Great Blue, that it was able to attack larger prey and thus provide more food. However, in France, despite this disadvantage, became progressively more popular than with hunters and families.

    However, gained visibility on the international scene in 1963, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) officially recognized the breed. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) did the same in 1991. However, you still have a long way to go in this regard, as they have not been emulated by many other major organizations. For example, so far, nor the other great American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), nor his neighbor the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC), nor the prestigious British Kennel Club, they have taken the step.

    In fact, the Small Blue Gascony today is still mainly present in its country of origin. It has even become increasingly popular there in recent decades.. This was particularly surprising in the 1990s. 1980, when it happened 50 annual entries in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) in the early years of the decade to more than 200 at the end, namely, quadrupled. The trend increased in the early 1990s 1990, and the number stabilized at around 450 per year from 1993. There is a new rise at the dawn of the 21st century, when the 550 registrations per year. From 2006 there is a steep decline, so that by the end of 2010 there are only a few 350 births per year. However, this is still more than four times the number of its predecessor, the Great Gascony Blue, can boast.

    Photo: Small Blue Gascony Hound, male “Brigand od Smutne ricky” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Small Blue Gascony”

    The Small Blue Gascony has an appearance very close to that of his ancestor, the Great Gascony Blue, and even its size is not that far from the latter, whatever his name is. In fact, with a height of 50 - 58 cm to the cross, is actually a medium-sized dog. The term “small” is more suitable to describe the size of the fighter for which it was designed.

    The Small Blue Gascony has a noble and proud appearance and a rather gentle general expression. His body is well supported by his back, no excess length, with a slightly sloping croup and a long, open chest that falls to elbow height. Its front legs are powerful and its shoulders are muscular. In general, has a balanced musculature and bone structure, without excess. Its tail is thin and carried like a saber blade.

    Head is slightly domed when viewed from the front, and the forehead is full. The stop (distance between the two eyes) it is little accentuated. The eyes are brown. The nose is very black and wide, and the nostrils are wide open. The whisker pads are not very thick and quite long: the upper lip falls back covering the lower lip. The snout (upper part of muzzle) is the same length as the skull; is strong and slightly arched, which contributes to giving it a noble look. The ears are moderately thin, dangling and curly. Very long, can reach the end of your nose, or even lower.

    The skin of the Small Blue Gascony it is flexible, black or very mottled with black spots, and in any case never completely white. Their mucous membranes are also black. Its pelage is short, semi-thick and well furnished. Its fur is completely mottled, black and white, with a slate bluish glow, Hence its name.

    In addition, may have more or less numerous and more or less large blackheads. For example, at head level, usually has two black dots that are not on the top of the skull but that surround its eyes and cover its ears. At the top of the skull there is a white spot with a small oval black dot, typical of the breed. The upper part of the eyebrows are marked with more or less bright tan spots. Traces of tan are also found on the cheeks, the chops, inside the ears and sometimes on the legs and under the tail.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are generally very similar in size and dimensions.

    Character and skills “Small Blue Gascony”

    The Small Blue Gascony he is a dog with a pleasant character, calm and affectionate. It is a very good companion dog, but requires a lot of physical exercise and wide open spaces. Your ideal space is a house with land. It is necessary to take them out for a daily walk outside of hunting season. Dogs are generally very attached to their master. They are also kind to children and sociable with other animals. (dogs, cats…).

    It is a hunting dog that runs well, very diligent in his hunting style, ideal for running after hare. It also shows good qualities for hunting big game, for example wild boar hunting. At last, the Small Blue Gascony has a great voice and a fine sense of smell.

    Hygiene and health of the “Small Blue Gascony”

    Grooming

    The Small Blue Gascony often lives outdoors and requires only rudimentary grooming. If you live in the house, weekly brushing is recommended. It may also be useful to bathe him when he returns from hunting…

    Care

    When you come back from hunting or walking, inspect his feet and ears Small Blue Gascony looking for thorns (herbs that get into the skin causing pain and infections). Your droopy ears can be prone to ear infections. It is advised to examine and wash them once a week.

    Health

    The Small Blue Gascony he is a robust dog. You may suffer from otitis. The itchiness or odor should alert you. The Small Blue Gascony you can also be injured while hunting. A fracture immediately leads to a loss of pressure in the affected limb. Skin tears may be more inconspicuous in the coat. Inspect his wound carefully when you return from the hunt.

    Food

    The dog's diet will depend on both its breed and weight and its lifestyle. The one with Small Blue Gascony must consider, among other things, your activity.

    How much cost a “Small Blue Gascony”

    The price of a puppy Small Blue Gascony often haunt them 650 EUR, but it can reach the 1000 euros for the best subjects.

    As in any other race, the price charged depends on the prestige of the kennel, the lineage from which the dog descends and its intrinsic characteristics and, in particular, of its conformity with the standard. This explains why there may be price differences between puppies from the same litter.

    In any case, the Small Blue Gascony it is difficult to find outside of France, and this is particularly true in North America, despite its recognition by the American UKC. In the case of an import from France, transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price. In addition, it is necessary, of course, respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad.

    Images “"Small Blue Gascony"“

    Photos:

    1 – Little Gascony Blue Hound by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, “Bella, Baron i Brigand od Smutne ricky” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from husbandry “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, male “Car z Beckova” from kennel “Od Smutné říčky”, Czech. The owner – Slavomír Hanáček by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “"Small Blue Gascony"“

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    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 31
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds
  • Central Canine Society
  • FCI breed standard "Small Blue Gascony"

    "Small Blue Gascony" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Petit bleu de Gascogne (English).
      2. Petit bleu de Gascogne (French).
      3. Petit bleu de Gascogne (German).
      4. Petit bleu de Gascogne (Portuguese).
      5. Petit bleu de Gascogne, Sabueso azul de Gascuña (Spanish).

    Petit Gascon Saintongeois
    Francia FCI 21 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Petit Gascon Saintongeois

    The Petit Gascon Saintongeois was destined, in its origins, mainly hunting the hare.

    Content

    History

    Of French origin, named after the provinces of Gascony and Saintonge.

    By mid-century 20, some large game hunters in the Southwest selected the smallest specimens from their litters of Gascon Saintongeois and they fixed this variety, destined, in its origins, mainly hunting the hare.

    Photo: Little Gascon de Saintonge by Jérôme BARDIAU, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    Medium-sized dog, well proportioned and distinguished.

    Size:

    Males: 56 - 62 cm..
    Females: 54 - 59 cm..

    Character and skills

    Multi-purpose dog used for rifle hunting. Because of its origin it hunts especially the hare, but it is also very good for hunting big game.

    Videos "Petit Gascon Saintongeois"

    Petit Gascon Saintongeois
    Little Gascon Saintongeois

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 21
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.1: Large sized hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard "Petit Gascon Saintongeois"

    "Petit Gascon Saintongeois" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Poitevin hound
    Francia FCI 24 . Large-sized Hounds

    Poitevin hound

    In the past, the Poitevin hound was also used as a wolf hunter.

    Content

    History Poitevin hound

    The most widespread hypothesis about the origin of this breed of dog is that it was Viscount Émile de La Besge who began to breed the Poitevin hound in the first half of the 19th century. Their dogs, that he had received as a gift from an uncle, were the result of a union between Chiens Blancs du Roi and Larryes. The viscount did not breed any other dogs until rabies killed him in 1842. He lost all his animals except two bitches.

    To restore its population, Émile de La Besge had six dogs brought to him from England (probably English Foxhound). However, then tried to roll back his influence by strict inbreeding. This is how the two males were born, Talbot and Rochester, and the two females, Tartane and Turbulente. Talbot and Turbulent They had a daughter, Dashing, who became famous for her particularly fine nose and speed. Mated with Traveller, an English male bred by him Conde Le Couteulx and gave birth to puppies of exceptional quality. It is assumed that Poitevin today are all descendants of Fringante and Traveller. However, a certain earl Henri de La Porte claimed that his uncles Auguste and Paul they had already begun to fix the race in 1835, and that at the beginning there were quite a few others, namely, the male Ténor and the female Ravissante.

    The Poitevin hound was not accepted as a purebred dog for a long time. In the famous French hunting manualParforce, published in 1890 by the count Le Couteulx de Canteleu, they only mentioned “bastards of Haut-Poitou“, although the ability of dogs to hunt wolves was certainly appreciated. Besides the royal white dogs and the English Foxhound, it is said that the disappeared Larryes and Céris contributed to the creation of the breed. It was a Scent hound medium size white and orange. It is said that he looked like greyhounds and was a very good hare hunter. Perhaps it is from him that the special elegance of the Poitevin hound. Some cynologists also believe that it comes from Larrye, who is said to have had greyhounds in his ancestral line.

    Photos:

    1 – A Poitevin by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics Poitevin hound

    The coat of these pedigree dogs is short and shiny. Dogs are usually tricolor and have black fur or large black spots. Some specimens can also be two-tone orange and white or wolf-colored.. In general, the physique is powerful and elegant. The expressive dark eyes give the Poitevin a serious look.

    Height to the cross: For males between 62 and 72 cm., for females 60 - 70 cm..

    Weight: Approx.. 30 kg.

    Character and skills Poitevin hound

    The character of Poitevin hound is characterized by its resistance and toughness. This pedigree dog is not deterred even by rugged terrain. The race Poitevin is brave. He's kind to humans.

    Dogs of this breed were bred for hunting and, usually, they are not satisfied with a life as a couch dog. Ideally, these dogs should be hunters. If you want to have a dog of this type, but do not use him to hunt, you must offer these animals a suitable occupation and sufficient exercise.

    Aptitudes

    In the past, the Poitevin hound he specialized mainly in hunting wolves. He was tirelessly in the path of his difficult prey. But today this beautiful hunting dog, that is strong, elegant and light at the same time, can be used for hunting all animals. The forest of La Moulière, where did he born Poitevin hound ago 150 years under the aegis of the Viscount of La Besge, it was not easy terrain. Dogs had to be able to roam through dense, thorny undergrowth without hesitation and were not allowed to be disturbed by overhanging branches., gorse and the like. And to this day the breed has retained its special resistance and tenacity, allowing you to complete a task in any circumstance.

    Poitevin hound
    Poitevin hound

    In addition, the Poitevin hound I needed a proper portion of courage, because I had to put the wolf, also, and it was much bigger than his own Poitevin. The Poitevin they even had to chase especially robust wolves, sometimes almost 100 km. During the night they and the dogs rested, but the next morning the Poitevin they had to be able to follow the trail again. For this they needed an extremely pronounced sense of smell.

    Has been used to living in a kennel for a long time, so this is still the ideal way to keep the Poitevin hound. However, the kennel should be so large that the dogs that live in it have enough space to vent. One should strictly pay attention to the hygiene and cleanliness of his place.

    Also outside the hunting season the Poitevin hound needs plenty of space and enough opportunities to run and play, a park would be ideal. If dogs live in a kennel, visit them as often as possible, because the relationship with humans should not be neglected.

    Poitevin hound health and care

    The Poitevin is considered a dog with robust health. Little maintenance required. The short coat can be brushed from time to time. The ears should be checked regularly for parasites and cleaned. Dog owners who want to cover themselves as best as possible are advised to have medical insurance for dogs and liability insurance for dogs.

    Poitevin hound Nutrition

    This dog eats for two, especially during hunting season. But he is not very picky and is satisfied with simple food. Daily 200 g of vegetables with 200 g of dog or rice flakes and 400 g of meat. Offal like liver, the kidneys and heart are particularly suitable. Especially for puppies and young dogs. Eggs also contain many valuable nutrients. They can be fed both cooked and raw. In certain circumstances, even with the shell. During hunting season, which is very hard for dogs, you must feed them fatty bacon. Of course, the dog must always have fresh water available. An automatic irrigation system is recommended here.

    Where to buy a Poitevin hound

    If you are interested in this breed of Scent hound and are looking for the right Poitevin hound breeder, you may need to plan a little more time for the search. These French hunting dogs are not very common outside their country of origin. For this reason, interested parties should look for a breeder in France.

    Videos "Poitevin hound"

    Poitevin hound ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??
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    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 24
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.1: Large sized hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard "Poitevin hound"

    "Poitevin hound" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Haut-Poitou (English).
      2. Chien du Haut-Poitou (French).
      3. Haut-Poitou (German).
      4. Pictava (Portuguese).
      5. Poitevino (Spanish).