Flat-coated Retriever
Inglaterra FCI 121 . Retrievers

Flat-coated Retriever

The Flat-coated Retriever should be rediscovered as a companion dog and also for work, because it is still preferred to Labrador Retriever and to a lesser extent to Golden Retriever

Content

History

The Flat-coated Retriever was born during the 19th century in Scotland. He is a member of the great family of the Retriever, with whom you share many physical and mental characteristics. Therefore, is a close cousin of Labrador Retriever, the Golden Retriever, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, the Curly-coated Retriever and the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

Scottish game wardens developed the Flat-coated Retriever from crosses between the Irish Setter, st john's dogs (already extinct) and the Newfoundland. These last two races, originating from the island of Newfoundland, had been imported by Canadians a few decades earlier, in 1814. These marriages gave rise to Retriever-type canines that could easily evolve both on land and in water.. In particular, hunting guard J. Hull got two dogs named Old Bounce and Young Bounce (father and daughter, respectively), distinguished by their physical and mental abilities. They were used as models to establish the general traits of the breed, so they played a great role in its creation. Although the resulting dogs had wavy hair - they were called Wavy-Coated Retrievers-, the crossing with the Collie and the Labrador Retriever was softening the coat of this dog.

The first representatives of the breed as we know it today were born in the decade of 1860, and many other breeders contributed to its development. We can mention in particular Sewallis E. Shirley, Ettington breeder and founder of The Kennel Club, the british canine club. In the Decade of 1880, established the physical traits of the breed and drew up its official standard. We can also mention a breeder named Braisfort who, in 1869 in Birmingham, was the first to exhibit a representative at a dog show.

The Flat-coated Retriever was first used to help fishermen, recovering fish or objects that have fallen into the water instead. In the 19th century it was especially popular with cod fishermen. However, with the evolution of fishing techniques, professionals gradually began to dispense with their services, but then they were recovered by the hunters. The latter also appreciated his swimming skills, since it was able to bring back the birds that had fallen into the water after the shots of their owner.

The Flat-coated Retriever it was a very popular hunting dog until the end of the First World War, especially for hunting, both on land and in the water. However, the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever they came to dethrone him, causing a great decrease in the number of specimens of the breed in the interwar period and causing it to be in danger of extinction at the beginning of the decade of 1960. The work of the breed's enthusiasts was not enough to restore its reputation: at the end of the decade, was once again present in large numbers in the country, though it never regained its former popularity. In fact, the number of breeders interested in him remained limited, even at that time, but this not only had disadvantages: some believe it helped them retain many of the historical qualities of the Flat-coated Retriever, starting with his great capacity for work, his intelligence and his gentle and calm character. Its official recognition by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), that came a few years before (in 1954), also helped to regain its reputation.

Worldwide, this dog is still relatively underrepresented. In United States, for example, although it is recognized by the American Kennel Club for more than a century (more specifically since 1915, when you were in decline in your home country) and by the United Kennel Club from 1984, it only ranks slightly higher than 100 in the breed ranking according to the number of annual registrations in the organization. His position there is quite stable, contrary to what is observed in France, where it is getting more and more popular. In fact, yes at the beginning of the years 80 less than 10 births per year in the Société Centrale Canine, this figure suddenly increased to 35 in 1987 and then increased almost continuously to about 200 births per year in the early 1990s 2000 and overcome the 300 about fifteen years later.

However, it is not surprising that their presence is greater in their country of origin, with an average of 1.200 births registered each year in The Kennel Club, the British organization of reference. The trend has been stable in the last ten years.

Photo: A “Flat-coated Retriever” liver colored by Fesoj-wr, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

At first sight, you might think that the Flat-coated Retriever it seems like a Golden Retriever black or brown. In fact, the two breeds are so similar that in the past the second was presented at dog shows as a variety of the first. In fact, they are two different races, but the Golden Retriever descends in part of the Flat-coated Retriever and, like this, developed as a hunter for land and water game.

The Flat-coated Retriever they are medium sized dogs, harmonious and with a lively and intelligent expression. The male is usually more imposing than the female, measuring up to about 5 cm taller and weighing up to ten kilos more than the female.

His body is harmonious and well proportioned. The chest is wide and deep, and the spine is short and quite square. The legs are muscular and of solid bones. They are straight when viewed from the front and lead to strong round legs with tight toes.

The tail is quite short, straight and well placed. Always carries it high, but never over the back and hardly ever stops wiggling.

The head is rather long and the skull is rather flat. The jaws are long and strong, capable of carrying medium-sized game animals, such as hares or pheasants. They are shaped like a scissor and cover the teeth firmly implanted in the gums. The ears are quite small, drooping and well positioned on top of head. The eyes are medium in size and hazel or dark brown..

As the name suggests, the fur of the Flat-coated Retriever It is smooth. Black or dark brown, it is also dense and of medium length. This protects the Flat-coated Retriever of all kinds of weather conditions, from water and dirt. His hair is longer in his ears, the chest, the belly, limbs and tail. Males also have longer and more abundant hair on their necks., that resembles a mane.

Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 58 - 61 cm.
    ▷ Female size: Of 56 - 59 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 27 - 36 kg
    ▷ Female weight: Of 25 - 32 kg

Character and skills

The Flat-coated Retriever It is part of the large family of Retrievers and is particularly close to the Golden Retriever, both physically and in terms of temperament. However, one of the main differences is that they generally mature more slowly than other dogs and have a puppyish exuberance throughout their lives, which is why they are sometimes called the “Peter Pan from the Retrievers”. This great energy and vitality make him a wonderful and endearing companion., especially for children. On the other hand, It also implies that a certain amount of patience is necessary in their education.

In fact, although he likes to please, the Flat-coated Retriever it can also be somewhat stubborn. This is partly because he loves to entertain himself., but sometimes this means ignoring or disobeying your master. That Yes, they are usually good students and are sensitive to reprimands. This sensitivity also means that overly strict and rigid training methods are not likely to suit you., as they can steer you in the wrong direction and make you even more stubborn. Therefore, it is better to favor a dog training method based on positive reinforcement, namely, in the reward of good behavior; is the case of clicker training, for example. Food in particular can do wonders for this dog, since it represents an important motivation for him. The Flat-coated Retriever It is an extremely greedy dog, and you can also remember it outside of work sessions: at the slightest drop in attention from its owner, is capable of stealing any food you have on hand, wherever you are. Therefore, it is advisable to be careful not to leave food lying around for this dog who seems to be always hungry.

Tolerant and friendly, loves everyone, even the smallest. Combined with your enthusiasm, these traits even make it an ideal breed of dog for children. However, children must be a certain age: with young children, their exuberance and high energy could lead to unwanted jostling and tail bumps. His rather easy-going and very friendly personality also makes him a good companion for young retirees., provided they can take him out for a regular walk and meet his significant physical exercise needs.

In general, loves human company, has strong ties to your family and needs your attention. Loves to play for hours and especially thrives in a large family.

His good understanding with humans extends to those he does not know. If he barks when a visitor arrives, is to inform his master, and not because he considers any stranger a threat. Very welcoming and friendly, he tends to quickly like any new person who meets him - especially if that person is nice to him- and enjoy the visits, it's made for anything but guard. On the other hand, its great closeness to humans and its great need for attention make it a dog that does not tolerate loneliness well. If he lives in a family too small for him, runs the risk of being unhappy and developing destructive behaviors.

Living with other dogs does not usually pose problems. Can also get along very well with a cat, provided adequate socialization work has been done. On the other hand, it is better to avoid the idea of ​​living with birds or rodents, since his hunting instinct would lead him to chase them.

In addition, though it's pretty quiet inside, not really suitable for apartment living. He's a hunter at heart, who likes to exercise in spacious environments that give them the opportunity to run or swim. He is also one of the best swimmers and loves the water, never seems happier than when rolling around in puddles, jump in the fountains or just take long dips in the lakes, rivers and other bodies of water that it encounters in its path. You need to spend at least an hour and a half each day to feel good on your legs and on your head. Therefore, who thinks about adopting a Flat-coated Retriever you must ensure that it can provide you with living conditions that are compatible with your needs, because if you can't exercise enough, can quickly develop behavior problems, like stress or aggression.

Education

The Flat-coated Retriever learn very fast, but it is very sensitive: whatever happens, you must be careful not to punish your dog too often or too harshly, as you will remember it and could become resistant to work sessions. On the other hand, the use of a dog training method based on positive reinforcement - and, Therefore, in the use of rewards- like clicker training, for example, it comes in handy. It must be said that for him food is an important source of motivation that it would be a shame not to use during work sessions.

The fact that he is late to maturity sometimes complicates his education a bit.. Therefore, it is advisable to just be patient and calm, and above all show great coherence, because this intelligent dog does not stop interpreting every movement and every word of his master. With everything, it is quite simple to train, and the time spent on short work sessions from an early age is a profitable and long-lasting investment in a compliant adult partner.

In addition, as with any dog ​​of any breed, early socialization can only be beneficial in every way. The Flat-coated Retriever is spontaneously very sociable and open to changes in his environment, and quality socialization, through exposure to all kinds of people, animals, sounds and situations, reinforces these traits, making it even more balanced and perfectly suited to evolve in the midst of humans. In particular, can be especially helpful to avoid confusing cats, birds or rodents with the game.

Health

First of all, It should be noted that the Flat-coated Retriever takes some time to reach full physical maturity and, like all large dog breeds, is especially fragile during its growth period. Depending on the individual, the growth period lasts until 12 or 15 months. Therefore, even if it is a breed with a great need for exercise, avoid any excessive exercise during this phase, at the risk of damaging your joints, often irreparably. In particular, stairs and activities that involve jumping should be avoided. You should also avoid excessively long walks: prior to the 3 months, are enough of 5 - 10 minutes, then it should not exceed half an hour until it has completed the 10 months.

In addition, black individuals are especially sensitive to high temperatures. It is advisable to watch out for any signs that suggest heatstroke during the hottest seasons., as the dog's body can quickly overheat.

Having said that, the Flat-coated Retriever is generally in good health. However, like all races, may be subject to certain problems, some of which are hereditary: hip dysplasia. When adopting a Flat-coated Retriever of a breeder, It is advisable to find out about the tests carried out on breeders and their young, as this will help rule out certain diseases.

For this reason, sometimes have a patellar dislocation, namely, a knee slipping out of place, what causes lameness. Long-term, friction caused by this dislocation can also lead to arthritis problems in the dog. Depending on the severity of the dislocation, surgery may be necessary.

Like most large dogs, the Flat-coated Retriever you also have an increased risk of hip dysplasia: the femur does not fit perfectly into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Some individuals may experience pain and lameness in one or two of the hind legs., but others show no symptoms. However, as the dog ages, osteoarthritis problems may appear. How this disease is hereditary, dogs that test positive for hip dysplasia are excluded from breeding. This is at least what every serious breeder of Flat-coated Retriever, and it is advisable to make sure of this when adopting a puppy from a breeder, asking parents' test results.

Another problem to which the Flat-coated Retriever is the dilation-torsion of the stomach. This serious and life-threatening syndrome affects large dogs with deep chests.. Air or gases build up in the dog's stomach, that twists and does not allow its evacuation. Even worse, compresses the surrounding veins, thus interrupting blood flow. No immediate veterinary care, the animal dies very quickly.

The different types of dog cancer also especially affect this breed.

Osteosarcoma, for example, especially affects large dogs, and the Flat-coated Retriever is no exception. It is a fairly aggressive bone cancer, which initially causes lameness. This disease usually leads to amputation of the affected limb and heavy chemotherapy. Unfortunately, it is very rare for a dog to survive this disease, as the problem is often diagnosed too late. Depending on the case and once identified, those affected may live between 9 months and 2 years longer than if they had not been treated, thanks to adapted treatments.

Another form of cancer to which this dog is more exposed is malignant histiocytosis. Although this form of cancer is rare, it is the most commonly observed in this breed, and is usually contracted from 6 years of age. Appears as a localized mass, most often in the elbow or knee, and progresses very quickly once it appears. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but healing changes are usually small.

The Flat-coated Retriever you can also get lymphosarcoma, one of the most common cancers seen in dogs of all breeds. It can appear in various parts of the body, like spleen, the gastrointestinal tract, lymph nodes, liver and bone marrow.

In this dog it is also more subject is hemangiosarcoma. This form of malignant cancer is found in the lining of blood vessels and in the spleen.. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but also in this case the affected animal has little chance of recovery.

Grooming

Contrary to what her long dark hair might suggest, the Flat-coated Retriever it is an easy-care breed.

His coat requires weekly brushing, or even a little more if you are regularly abroad. Some homeowners go so far as to brush it every day to prevent their long, shedding hair from falling all over the house.. Longer hairs can also be cut, namely, those with the ears, the feet, belly and tail; this prevents dirt from accumulating on rides.

The bath should not be prescribed too regularly, but it can be useful in case the dog with long enough hair gets too dirty, for example, as a result of an excursion in a muddy environment. In all other respects, bathe the dog in 2 - 3 times a year is more than enough to keep their coat in good condition, in addition to weekly brushing.

If you come across a water point during one of your walks, the Flat-coated Retriever often tempted to take a dip. If this happens, it is advisable to rinse the Retriever once it has come out of the water, especially if the water is chlorinated, is salty or contains algae, in order to prevent any skin problems and keep it clean.

It can also be helpful to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month.. Contrary to what you might think with such an active dog, natural wear and tear is usually not enough, since its claws grow quite quickly.

In addition, as in the case of any dog ​​with floppy ears, it is necessary to clean them weekly to avoid any risk of infection.

The weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to take care of your eyes, to make sure there are no problems (tearing, Red eyes…) and to clean the contours with clear water.

It is also necessary to take advantage of this time to clean the teeth. Brushing your dog's teeth helps prevent tartar buildup and the problems that come with it, starting with strong breath.

To avoid any uncomfortable reaction due to its size, it is advisable to get used to being handled as soon as possible, either by his master or by a third person. Learn to take care of the puppy, the noises, the smells and the manipulations involved, should be an integral part of your education.

Use

Used for over a century as a hunting dog, the Flat-coated Retriever continues to excel in this role today. They are suitable for all types of hunting, but they are especially good at tracking smaller animals. They are especially appreciated for their great ability to recover birds that have fallen into the water.

It is also a perfect companion dog, especially for a sports master or family. Anyone who dreams of going for a run with their dog - or even taking long walks- you will find in him an ideal companion, and also excels in dog sports that take advantage of their physical qualities, like agility, the cani-cross or the flyball.

On the other hand, even if you are the first applicant and have a great need for exercise, do not forget that it takes time to reach full physical maturity and that, in the meantime, you have to save him. For example, an excess of exercise could cause deformities or alter the proper development of your joints, often with lifelong consequences.

Price

Although less common than some of its Retriever cousins, find a Flat-coated Retriever in Europe it does not present any special difficulties, Unlike, for example, of United States, where months of waiting may be necessary.

The cost of adopting a puppy from Flat-coated Retriever of a quality breeder ranges from 900 and 1200 EUR. Obviously, depends more or less on the quality of your lineage and the reputation of the breeder, as well as their physical qualities. There are no price differences depending on the sex of the puppy.

Characteristics “Flat-coated Retriever”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Flat-coated Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Flat-coated Retriever”

Photos:

1 – Flat Coated Retriever by I, Gunnandreassen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Flat-coated Retriever” by https://pixabay.com/photos/flatcoated-retriever-flat-coated-4219166/
3 – “Flat-coated Retriever”, 8 years by Pdusschooten, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Flat-coated Retriever” llamado Molly by Flickr users David and Lynne Slater, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Flat-Coated Retriever black by Berthold Werner, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Yellow Flat Coated Retriever by Dancer9, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Flat-coated Retriever”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 121
  • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
  • Section 1: Retrievers. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard “Flat-coated Retriever”

FCIFCI – “Flat-coated Retriever”
FCI straight hair collector

Alternative names:

    1. Flatcoat, Flattie, Flatte (Sweden), flatt (Sweden) (English).
    2. Flat-Coated Retriever (French).
    3. Flat Coated Retriever (German).
    4. Flat-coated retriever (Portuguese).
    5. Retriever de pelo liso, (en inglés Flat-coated retriever) (Spanish).

Stabyhoun
Holanda FCI 222 . Spaniel type

Stabyhoun

The Stabyhoun is very similar to the Dutch Partridge Dog, but smaller. It is practically unknown outside the Netherlands.

Content

History

The Stabyhoun, o Stabijhoun, it is one of the five rarest dog breeds in the world. Created in the 19th century, is recognized as the national treasure of the Netherlands. How could it be otherwise with just 1.000 live specimens? It comes from the forest lands of Friesland. Poor farmers, they couldn't afford more than one dog, they really needed a versatile worker. From hunting to livestock surveillance and protection, it was also able to eliminate rodents. In fact, could do almost anything.

It is possible that it descended from Spaniels imported to the Netherlands by the Spanish and crossed with the Dutch Partridge Dog. He would also have family ties with him Small Münsterländer.

It is very little known outside its country of origin.

Photo: “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhounlayingingrass.jpg

Physical characteristics

The Stabyhoun has a robust complexion and beautiful black fur, brown or orange, sometimes with white markings. The straight hair is of medium length, smooth and silky to the touch. They are medium-sized dogs.

Height and weight

    Male size: Of 53 - 53 cm.

    Female size: Of 50 - 50 cm.

    Male weight: Of 15 - 20 kg

    Female weight: Of 14 - 20 kg

Character and skills

If you are lucky enough to meet a Stabyhoun, you will surely appreciate his docile character. Calm and patient, they are intelligent dogs that can sometimes be stubborn. Extremely patient with children and other animals, this breed is, with the proper education, both obedient and loyal to its owner. Although the Stabyhoun has a calm temperament on the inside, requires a lot of exercise and physical activity.

They are distrustful of strangers, but they are not aggressive by nature. His education is easy to work with because he is obedient in nature. However, it must be started from its first months with benevolent and consistent methods.

The Stabyhoun he is a dog very close to his master, making it hard for him to bear loneliness. Periods of loneliness can cause anxiety and lead to behavioral disorders such as destruction or barking. He is also a loud dog that barks regularly., which can lead to neighborhood problems.

With his hunting instinct he can be a fugitive to follow a trail, if your property is not properly fenced.

Health

The Stabyhoun it is a strong and robust dog that is not affected by any particular pathology. However, fear heat and should not stay in a shady spot during a heat wave, as you are at risk of severe heat stroke.

Grooming

The Stabyhoun it is a resistant dog that does not require much maintenance. Its coat should be brushed regularly to avoid knots.

Looking at your eyes and ears, they must be cleaned regularly, especially if it is a dog that lives abroad.

Characteristics “Stabyhoun”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Stabyhoun” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Stabyhoun”

Photos:

1 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun.jpg
2 – 10 month old adolescent Stabij by Molliever, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A picture of a stabyhoun wetterhoun pup for the stabyhoun wiki page by Daisai Gaming, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Stabijs – world dog show 2010 by MJ Klaver
5 – “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Binky_Stabyhoun.jpg
6 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun_with_11_puppies.jpg

Videos “Stabyhoun”

Stabyhoun puppy, mum and Welsh Springer Spaniel playing
Working Stabyhoun

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 222
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • AKCHound
  • FSSFoundation Stock Service
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Stabyhoun”

FCIFCI – “Stabyhoun”
Frisian loser FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Stabij, Beike, Stabijhoun, Fryske Stabij (English).
    2. Stabyhoun (French).
    3. Stabijhoun (German).
    4. (em alemão: stabyhoun) (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de muestra frisón, Perro de muestra de Frisia (Spanish).

French Spaniel
Francia FCI 175 . Spaniel type

French Spaniel

Very gentle nature, courteous and intelligent, the French Spaniel is eager to learn.

Content

History

The origins of the French Spaniel are very uncertain and many hypotheses have been raised.

Its name would come from Spain or from the old French espaigner, that means “lie”. He is also considered the ancestor of the “Pointing Dogs”.

According to the most probable hypothesis, the French Spaniel it would be the descendant of the Oysel dogs described by Gaston Phoebus and used in the Middle Ages.

The French Spaniel is at the origin of the different varieties of hunting spaniels. By selecting, became the elegant and athletic breed of the type of the “Pointing Dogs” very firm that today shines in work competitions.

The first standard was written in 1891 by James de Connick, and later it was reworked and adapted to the different developments of the breed.

Photo: “French Spaniel”, from the group of Pointing Dogs franceses by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Hair: Plano, silky and dense. Slightly wavy behind the neck, above the tail set over the ears. Short and fine on the head but longer on the ears.

Its color: White and Brown (cinnamon to dark liver), with regular spots, little or moderately mottled.

His head : worn with pride, with well marked reliefs, medium length and width. The stop is moderately steep.

Ears : laid back, pulled forward, with more or less long and wavy fringes.

Eyes : So big, oval, tan to brown in color, according to the coat. Soft and intelligent expression.

Her body : slightly longer than the height at the withers. The top line is straight, always well supported, the cross is dry and wide, the back is broad and muscular, the rump is rounded and harmoniously sloping, the chest is divided and the sternum region wide and curved.

Tail : Thick at the base and tapers towards the tip. It is below the top line, carried more or less curved, provided with long and silky hair, slightly wavy.

Height and weight

▷ Male size: Of 56 - 61 cm.

▷ Female size: Of 55 - 59 cm.

▷ Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg

▷ Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg

Character and skills

Very gentle nature, elegant and smart, the French Spaniel is eager to learn. Although hunting is his main vocation, his sociability and sweetness make him a dog that adapts to all styles.

Balanced and frank, they are calm and docile dogs that are willing and eager to hunt, during which they are flexible and robust.

Very attached to their master, its deep sensitivity requires gentle training.

They do not tolerate loneliness and require regular outings.

How to take care of your “French Spaniel”: your needs

As a hunting dog, the French Spaniel you need to exercise and, therefore, needs wide open spaces. However, as it adapts very well to all environments, it can live very well in the city as long as its master takes it out regularly. Must be able to take long walks, if possible also in the forest or on a wooded area. It is a dog that loves water.

Regarding maintenance, the French Spaniel it should be brushed once or twice a week to detangle its fur.

The diet “French Spaniel”

Like other hunting dogs, the French Spaniel you only need one meal a day as an adult, preferably at night. You don't need any special food. It just has to be of good quality, varied and adapted to their age, state of health and physical exercise.

Health “French Spaniel”

The French Spaniel is in fairly good health. However, can be the target of certain diseases such as cataracts, hip dysplasia or eczema. It is also advisable to monitor and clean your ears regularly.

Price of a puppy “French Spaniel”

The price of a puppy French Spaniel it will depend on the sex, the pedigree of the parents, compliance with breed standards, etc.

Average price of a male of French Spaniel: 625€.
Average price of a female of French Spaniel: 625€.

Characteristics “French Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “French Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “French Spaniel”

Photos:
1 – “French spaniel” by Vertwatt94, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “French Spaniel” by Tux-Man, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Une femelle épagneul français à exposition by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “French Spaniel” by http://epagneul-francais-buck.e-monsite.com/
5 – “French Spaniel” by https://www.perdrioles.com/produit/chiots-epagneul-francais-2/
6 – “French Spaniel” https://chiens.photos/epagneul-francais-chiot/

Videos “French Spaniel”

Epagneul français
Haniel & Cloé in the garden

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 175
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • CKCMiscellaneous
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “French Spaniel”

FCIFCI – “French Spaniel”
Spaniel francés FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Canadian Setter, French Setter (English).
    2. Épagneul français (French).
    3. Epagneul Français (German).
    4. (em francês: epagneul français) (Portuguese).
    5. Epagneul Français (Spanish).

French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size
Francia FCI 133 . Braque Type

French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size

Some even say that the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size it is a dog that was born trained.

Content

History

The type French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size grew up in the region of Gascony which bears his name. He is a direct descendant of the oldest known race of pointing dogs already described by Gaston PHEBUS, Count of Foix. This excellent pointing dog has managed to preserve its stamina. In the same way, It has maintained the efficiency of the days when dogs were raised only for the services they provided.

Photo: Pyrenean Pointer at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Nose and muzzle
Has a big brown nose. Has a wide muzzle, rectangular, sometimes slightly convex.

Eyes
Has a frank look. Your brown or dark yellow eyes are wide.

Ears
The ears of the brave French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size they go well up to the tip of your nose. Slightly bent, turn round at the tip.

Hair
His hair French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size it is very thick. Their head and ears have finer hair.

Their fur can be brown, Brown and white, mottled or spotted brown and white or brown with tawny markings above the eyes, lips and limbs.

Tail
The French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size has a generally docked tail, follows well the prolongation of the convex line of the croup. A long tail is not considered a defect, as long as it is well managed; neither the short tail of
birth

Character and skills

Smart, obedient and very attached to their master, the kind dogs French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size they are soft and calm. Some even say it is a dog that was born trained.

Your training will be smooth and early, since it is a very sensitive dog, even shy, and you have to get used to city noises very quickly. Let's not forget that you are an athlete and that you need “Unburden” regularly. Soft and calm, adapts very well to the city, as long as you get used to it at a young age. The French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size must live with his caregiver and is very affectionate with children.

Education

The reputation of French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size is well established. Like his cousin, the Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) , “born trained”, say his followers. Intelligent and very attached to his teacher, he will know how to learn all the tricks of a good education.

It is a sensitive dog with which you must use gentleness. This dog must understand the commandments to assimilate them. One of the reasons why coercive methods should be banned. This is also true for all dog breeds.

The French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size can be perfectly adapted to living in the city. However, will have to be introduced to noise and crowds at a very young age.

Characteristics “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size”

Braque Francais-type Gascogne
Braque Francais-type Gascogne

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 133
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type

FCI breed standard “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size”

FCIFCI – “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size”
French arm type Gascony FCI

Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size)
Francia FCI 134 . Braque Type

Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size)

The Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) he is sensitive and loving, he likes children and feels comfortable both in the city and in the country.

Content

History

The origins of the Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) are the same as the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size. They are the best representatives of the old lines of Brachets and “Braques” southerners.

Already in the fifteenth century, the “Braque Francais” can be found on canvases depicting venus scenes. It is scattered throughout French territory during the French Revolution, and the regionalization of breeding allows the appearance of races such as the Ariège Pointer or the Auvergne Pointer.

A breed that was abandoned in favor of British dogs, the breeding of the Braque Francais was revived between the two wars, when the two guys became different. Developed in the Pyrenees, the race descends from the old Spanish Braque and of the now extinct Southern Hound.

A more elegant version than the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size, the Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) has legs about 12,5 cm shorter than Gascony.

Photo: Un braque francais, type pyrénées by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) presents the same proportions and gender characteristics of the type French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size, only that its dimensions are smaller and its body structure is lighter. The differences are as follows:

  • It is a rustic dog, not heavy, but muscular enough. His skin is more stretched than the "Gascony" type.
  • The lips are less drooping than those of the "Gascony" type or less convex.
  • The forelimbs are lighter than those of the “French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type, larger size”
  • Finer and shorter hair than the Gascony type.
  • Character and skills

    Sensitive and affectionate, He is affectionate with children and feels comfortable both in the city and in the country.

    Your education should be smooth and early, because the Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) he is a very sensitive dog, even shy. Therefore, must get used to city noises very quickly.

    Has a natural gift for hunting and very good stamina.

    He cohabits easily with his companions and can stay alone for a day. Fits well with apartment living, as long as you get used to it from a young age. However, you need to exercise very regularly.

    Some say he was born trained.

    Low maintenance required.

    Characteristics “Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) ”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) ” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) ”

    Braque Francais Type Pyrenees NAIBE MIRA MAYA
    Vidéo Braques Francais Du Milobre de Bouisse

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 134
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type

    FCI breed standard “Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) ”

    FCIFCI – “Braque français, type Pyrénées (French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type, smaller size) ”
    FCI Pyrenees French Pointer

    Finnish Hound
    Finlandia FCI 51 - Medium-sized Hounds.

    Finnish Hound

    The Finnish Hound he is friendly, calm and never aggressive. He is energetic in hunting and is a versatile tracker.

    Content

    History

    As its name implies, the Finnish Hound It is a breed of dog native to Finland. His story is the same as that of many other hounds, as it was developed in response to the need for a hunting dog perfectly adapted to its environment.

    It is the result of a breeding program started in the early 19th century by various breeders who used the English Foxhound and several hounds, as well as French and German hunting dogs. The aim of these crosses was to create an animal capable of withstanding the extreme temperatures of Finnish winters, with excellent resistance in mountainous terrain, a trumpet bark to alert hunters and a particularly developed sense of smell that would allow it to excel at tracking hares and foxes. This breeding program was a success, and the bitch he gave birth to, call Suomenajokoira, quickly gained popularity thanks to his admirable hunting skills and friendly temperament.

    When it was founded Suomen Kennelliitto, Finland's leading dog organization, in 1889, his first initiative was to develop a standardized hound breed from Finland. Many breeders came forward to try to get their production recognized as the standard to follow. Three dogs were selected in the organization's first dog show in 1891, and eight more were added the following year. The first breed standard of Finnish Hound It was established in 1893 based on these individuals. It was decided, among other things, accept only fawn as coat color. However, this color did not completely stabilize, and the individuals of successive litters very often had coats of other colors, like black and white. This forced the Kennelliitto to also recognize a tricolor coat (Griffon, black and white) early twentieth century, which finally became the norm. The standard evolved again in small touches later, but in its main lines it has remained the same since 1932.

    The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed in 1954, but it didn't have many emulators. For example, it wasn't until more than 40 years later, in 1996, that the United Kennel Club (UKC) he did the same. The other reference organization in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC), has not yet taken the step.

    In fact, just like the prestigious British Kennel Club or the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC), for example, most national organizations do not yet recognize the Finnish Hound.

    Outside Finland, the Finnish Hound remains totally unknown to the general public.

    On the other hand, the Finnish Hound is much more popular in his native Finland, to the point of appearing in the Top 10 of the most common breeds in the country, which makes it the most widespread national breed. However, with about 1.000 births per year registered in Suomen Kennelliitto, has been in free fall for several decades. In fact, at the dawn of the 21st century the number was more than 2500, and at the end of the 90 even exceeded 4000. This sharp decline is due to increasing urbanization and the decline in hunting activities.

    The same development can be found in the other Scandinavian countries that have adopted the Finnish Hound, namely, Sweden and Norway. In the first, the number of births registered each year in the Svenska Kennelklubben is now within 400, compared with more than double at the end of the 1990. The number of births registered in the Svenska Kennelklubben is now little more than 150 by year, compared to more than triple that number in the late 1990s.

    The Finnish Hound still commonly used as a hunting dog in Finland, Sweden and Norway, but they are practically unknown outside the Scandinavian region.

    Photo: Finnish Hound by RemoteFly, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Finnish Hound”

    Athletic, resistant and strong, the Finnish Hound he has a robust and muscular silhouette and a medium size. His body is rectangular, with a deep chest and well sprung ribs. The tail is carried low; is wide at the base and tapers to a point at the end.

    The head is well proportioned in relation to the body and slightly domed. A characteristic detail of the breed is the upper lip, that falls to the sides of the mouth forming an N-shaped curve when viewed from the front. His eyes are dark brown with a calm expression. The ears are large, plan, falls and not very long.

    The Finnish Hound have a double coat consisting of a short undercoat, dense and smooth in texture and a medium length top coat, straight and quite hard. The coat is tricolor, mixing black, fawn and white. Specifically, the fur is black, while the head, the outer parts of the legs and shoulders are tawny. At the same time, white markings are generally present on the muzzle, the neck, the chest, the belly, the feet and the tip of the tail.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is only slightly marked in this breed, since the females are on average barely 3 cm smaller than males.

    Character and skills “Finnish Hound”

    The Finnish Hound it is above all a true working dog with a highly developed predatory instinct and a strong character.

    Decades of independent hunting have caused them to be stubborn and stubborn. For this reason, not recommended for a novice teacher: only an experienced and firm owner can establish and maintain the appropriate level of authority to elicit acceptable behavior from him.

    This does not detract from its formidable hunting qualities., an activity in which he is alert, energetic and durable. It is mainly used to hunt hare, fox and sometimes wildcat. Regardless of weather and terrain, is always there and never spares his efforts, able to follow a trail for hours in terrible weather conditions – aided by his highly developed sense of smell. He is also a very vocal hunting dog., appreciated for its characteristic barking, who plays a key role in allowing his master to follow him even when he is out of sight, and to alert of the presence of hunting.

    To counteract your boundless energy while hunting, the Finnish Hound is generally calm and friendly during rest periods, especially when they are at home.

    Once trained and socialized, the Finnish Hound blends surprisingly well into family life. They are known to be very affectionate and are constantly in search of human companionship., forming extremely close ties with their owners. He is also a dog that loves children. However, they must be taught to interact with him appropriately and to respect him, since they may not appreciate being mistreated. In any case, a young child should never be left alone with a dog, regardless of race.

    His good relationships with humans are not limited to his family circle. He is usually very nice to strangers. In other words, though his thunderous barks might suggest he's a good watchdog, this is not the case at all.

    The Finnish Hound is also sociable with other hounds, especially if they have been well socialized from a young age. Therefore, it is perfectly conceivable to adopt a second dog to keep him company.

    This is all the more true since his closeness to his masters easily makes him suffer from separation anxiety when left alone for too long., since it needs a lot of attention. The presence of a small playmate can help alleviate the problem.

    In any case, it must not be a cat, rodent, bird or any other small animal. In fact, even if you are used to being around him, it is clear that I would not be safe in their presence, because the predatory instincts of the Finnish Hound they can take control at any time. In addition, it is recommended to always keep it on a leash during your daily walks, to prevent him from rushing in pursuit of small animals that would pass.

    The Finnish Hound it is very resistant and extremely active, so you need a lot of exercise every day. In the days when you used to hunt, your tracking activity should be an appropriate amount of exercise. The rest of the time, need at least one hour of vigorous exercise a day: run, long walks, etc.

    Keeping an active mind is also very important, so it is advisable to train him regularly to follow the tracks or play ball. This helps maintain your mental well-being., in addition to your physical health.

    To be happy, the Finnish Hound needs constant access to a sufficiently large outdoor space in which to run freely. It is essential that the area is fenced in to prevent the Finnish Hound chase the surrounding animals. Not suitable for a small house without a garden or in an apartment. Wherever i live, his hunting nature causes him to bark a lot and can be a source of tension with potential neighbors.

    Education “Finnish Hound”

    The Finnish Hound he's smart and energetic, but it's a difficult breed to train. Accustomed since its creation to hunt alone, over time has developed a strong character, independent and stubborn. He needs to have in front of him a master who is at least as determined, namely, experienced, able to show your dog that he makes up his mind and to keep a firm hand in his education throughout his life. Therefore, not recommended for a beginning teacher, over the one who would soon win the hand. In addition, if it is important that the rules are clear and defined from the beginning by the master, it is equally important that they are constant over time and consistent from person to person, namely, that all members of the house enforce them to the letter.

    The Finnish Hound it's hard to handle, but it shows real sensitivity, as evidenced by his closeness to his family. Therefore, punishments can affect you emotionally; it is preferable to take a positive approach to educate him, using positive reinforcement techniques and therefore the use of rewards: candies, petting, stimuli…

    In any case, hunting practice and the ability to follow a trail require very little training, since they are things that he knows how to do instinctively.

    However, is strongly inclined to want to use his hunting skills in circumstances that do not lend themselves to it, for example, rushing potential small prey on walks. Teaching your dog to remember is therefore of particular importance with the Finnish Hound. However, this can be difficult, because once he's thrown on a track, can be very reluctant to abandon it, completely ignoring the orders of its owner. Feel free to begin and perfect your workout in a secure, enclosed space such as your home or garden before attempting outdoor exercise..

    In addition, It must be remembered that this breed has been encouraged from its beginnings to bark frequently and loudly. If it's not meant to be used for hunting, it is possible to try to teach your dog to refrain from barking. However, although the latter can be reduced through specific training started at a very early age, it is impossible to hunt completely naturally, namely, make them disappear completely.

    At last, like any dog, benefits from being socialized from their first months, to become a balanced adult who knows how to be among humans. In addition to confronting him with a wide range of situations and stimuli (noises, smells, etc.), it should be introduced without delay to the people you will meet later in life (family, friends, neighbors, veterinary, etc.), as well as getting used to crossing all kinds of humans, congeners and representatives of other species. Given their hunting instinct, this last point is not unimportant: the more accustomed you are to the presence of other animals, less likely to hunt them later.

    Health “Finnish Hound”

    The Finnish Hound is generally robust and healthy.

    Its dense coat provides excellent protection against cold and weather, but also against the heat. Although they need shade or even air conditioning in hot weather, the Finnish Hound is generally able to adapt to almost any climate.

    The main health problems the breed is most prone to are:

    • Ataxia cerebelosa, generally hereditary, which affects coordination of movements and prevents affected puppies from moving. Then it is necessary to euthanize them;

    Certain heart diseases:

    • Valvular disease, heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) and cardiomyopathy;
    • Lymphoma, a type of cancer that affects lymphocytes, white blood cells that help the immune system fight infection. Symptoms depend on the location and stage, but the most common are lack of appetite, weight loss, general weakness and lethargy, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. Treatment with chemotherapy and radiation therapy is usually started, but relapses are common;
    • Hip and elbow dysplasia, orthopedic conditions marked by a hereditary predisposition, where the bones don't fit well. This leads to movement difficulties (limp, etc.);
    • Ear infections (ear infections, etc.), favored by the drooping shape of their ears;
    • Black hair follicular dysplasia, a rare dermatological condition that causes black hair loss in the first weeks of a puppy's life, to the point that it usually disappears before their first birthday. It does not usually affect the health of the dog, but it can irritate the skin and make it susceptible to infection;
    • Atopic dermatitis, an inflammatory skin condition caused by an allergy. It usually has a genetic cause and is manifested by itching, systematic scratching and licking of the paws, armpits and face.

    In addition, an individual used for hunting is also more exposed to the risk of injury, parasites, thorns… It is highly recommended to check it every time you return home, to make sure everything is okay.

    Adopting a breeder Finnish Hound serious and responsible (breed club member for example) normally allows the best guarantees regarding the present and future good health of the animal. Must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, the history of the vaccines administered and the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents and / or the puppy in relation to diseases that may have a hereditary dimension.

    In addition, as with all dogs, must be taken at least once a year to a veterinarian for a complete health check. This will ensure that you stay up-to-date on your vaccinations and can lead to early detection of any problems.. At the same time, it is important to make sure that you renew your deworming treatments whenever necessary. This is even more important since you spend a lot of time outdoors..

    Use of “Finnish Hound”

    The Finnish Hound is a renowned hunting dog in his homeland, where has always been, and it still being, used to hunt rabbits, foxes, wildcats and sometimes even moose. They prefer to work alone and are particularly good at following tracks in the air or on the ground., barking loudly.

    Although the main purpose of breeding this breed has never been to make a pet, fits surprisingly well into family life and can sometimes be kept just for that purpose. However, only suitable for an experienced teacher, who lives in a house with a large garden, often present, and able to meet your high physical activity needs.

    Last but not least, the Finnish Hound is loyal, Gentile, loving and affectionate with their owners: all the qualities that can make him a good psychological support dog for his owners. Their sensitivity and close bond with their owners allows them to react intuitively to their owners' emotions and offer them comfort when they notice something is wrong..

    Buy “Finnish Hound”

    In finland, the purchase price of a puppy of Finnish Hound it is usually between 600 and 800 EUR. The amount charged depends on the prestige of the calf, the lineage from which the animal descends, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, especially physical, so there may be price differences within the same litter.

    As the breed is very difficult to find outside of Scandinavia, importing from abroad is often the only option. In this case, transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price, not to mention the cost of possible registration in the national registry of the adopted country. In addition, It is important, of course, ensure that the regulations for importing a dog from abroad are followed.

    Characteristics “Finnish Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Finnish Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Finnish Hound”

    Finnish Hound

    Finnish Hound

    Photos:

    1 – Finnish hound by https://pixabay.com/fi/photos/koira-n%C3%A4lk%C3%A4-pelko-vihainen-5317972/
    2 – Finnish hound by https://www.hankikoira.fi/koirarodut/suomenajokoira

    Videos “Finnish Hound”

    Suomenajokoira ajaa kettua

    Finnish Hound / Finnish Hound

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 51
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.

    FCI breed standard “Finnish Hound”

    “Finnish Hound” FCI Finnish hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Finnish Bracke (English).
      2. Chien courant finnois (French).
      3. (Suomenajokoira, Finnenbracke, Finsk Stövare) (German).
      4. (em finlandês: Suomenajokoira) (Portuguese).
      5. (en finlandés: Suomenajokoira) (Spanish).

    French White and Orange Hound
    Francia FCI 316 - Large-sized Hounds

    French White and Orange Hound

    It is a very unusual breed, practically unknown outside of France.

    Content

    The French White and Orange Hound is a competent olfactory hound of French origin. It was developed specifically for hunting in large herds and today this breed is acquired exclusively for hunting. Despite her fabulous work skills, it can be found very rarely not only in European countries but also in its native France.

    History French White and Orange Hound

    The French White and Orange Hound is one of the three “French Scent hounds“, along with the French Tricolour Hound and the French White and Black Hound. All these dogs are olfactory dogs that hunt in large herds and listen to a hunter to orient themselves.

    It's a race of recent creation; among its ancestors is undoubtedly the Billy, but we don't know exactly which dogs were used in their selection. Of the three French Hounds, the French White and Orange Hound is one of the rarest.

    Physical characteristics French White and Orange Hound

    The French White and Orange Hound is a distinguished French dog that gives a rustic impression. His eyes are big, brown and dark. Located slightly below the eyeline, your ears are flexible, fine, slightly screwed and reach the tip of the nose. Your walks are easy, adopts a light and sustained gallop.

    Her hair is short and thin, lemon white or white-orange, as long as the orange isn't too dark, tending to red.

    SIZE:

    Height to the cross: 62 - 70 cm.. With 2 cm tolerance for maximum size.
    Weight: A 30 Kg.

    Character and skills French White and Orange Hound

    The sole function of French White and Orange Hound is hunting, so it's hard to generalize about your patterns of behavior and temperament in a home environment. However, it is not necessary to suggest that a socialized specimen can become an educated and well-rounded family pet. As most scent hounds are friendly to children and like to be part of their exciting activities. This dog is probably too energetic and playful to be a suitable companion for a child.

    The French White and Orange Hound tends to become somewhat distant and reserved in the presence of strangers. However, he will never show open aggression unless he suspects that something or someone threatens his family. Some of these dogs are vigilant enough to perform surveillance duties. This sociable and caring breed will make a terrible guardian, that he would rather greet an intruder by wagging his tail than resorting to necessary actions.

    Canine aggressiveness is considered a major defect in the temperament of hounds, that were developed for herd hunting. For this reason, members with the slightest hint of this undesirable trait are immediately excluded from the breeding program. The French White and Orange Hound is known for its exceptional tolerance towards other canines. Despite its excessively peaceful nature, also requires early socialization in this regard. It is worth remembering that the breed has a very powerful drive to hunt down and kill other species of animals., especially stray cats. You can get along with individual family pets if you have been raised with them since your puppy.

    Health of the French White and Orange Hound

    The most common problems for the breed include:

    – canine hip dysplasia;
    – elbow dysplasia;
    – eye problems;
    – sarna demodex;
    – skin infections;
    – skin allergies;
    – chronic ear infections;
    – bloodhound ataxia.

    Caring for the French White and Orange Hound

    The French White and Orange Hound Needs a negligible amount of maintenance. Regular brushing will be enough to keep his short, graceful coat in reasonably good condition..

    The ears of this breed are highly susceptible to irritation and infections, so its systematic examination and cleaning should become an essential part of care routines.

    French White and Orange Hound Training

    The training of the French White and Orange Hound poses a considerable challenge. The breed is a natural hunter and requires basic training in all that concerns its original hunting duties.. Unfortunately, his persistence in the search for prey turns into stubbornness in training. In addition, can't focus on the same boring task for a long time and is easily irritated by its multiple repetitions.

    The best training strategy for this dog should include abundant rewards in the form of praise and tasty treats.. Negative reinforcement doesn't work with French White and Orange Hound and must be avoided at all costs.

    Exercise with the French White and Orange Hound

    The French White and Orange Hound it is an athletic and robust hunting dog, easily adapts to extremely strenuous physical activity. As a minimum, should be taken on a quick walk of 45 minutes a day. You should always wear a leash when you are outside, as it is very difficult to call you back once you have been lured by some interesting trail.

    The French White and Orange Hound behaves calm and relaxed once exercise requirements have been fully met. Keep in mind that a little exercised dog will gradually develop behavioral problems as unpleasant as continuous barking, internal hyperactivity or destruction. This breed is best suited for suburban life in the house with a large, secure yard.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 316
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.1: Large sized hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard French White and Orange Hound

    French White and Orange Hound FCI French White and Orange Hound FCI

    Photo: petpaw

    French White and Black Hound
    Francia FCI 219 - Large-sized Hounds

    French White and Black Hound

    Of the three French Scent hounds, the French White and Black Hound, is the best known.

    Content

    The French White and Black Hound is a competent olfactory hound of French origin. It was developed specifically for hunting in large herds and today this breed is acquired exclusively for hunting. Despite her fabulous work skills, it can be found very rarely not only in European countries but also in its native France.

    History

    Before the french revolution, hunting with large packs was one of the favorite entertainments of the French nobility. In addition, it also offered the opportunity to establish business relationships and resolve global political and economic issues. Unfortunately, the demise of the French upper class during times of political upheaval also meant the disappearance of numerous varieties of sniffer hounds. After Napoleon's defeat, monarchical power was rebuilt and hound hunting regained its popularity. Thanks to technological advances in maritime traffic, Dog breeding became a much less difficult task and many British hounds were sent to France during the period from 1815 and 1900.

    The true ancestry of the French Hound will likely never be discovered as most early breeders did not bother to keep any breeding records. However, it can be stated with quite certainty that the breed was created by mixing live and now extinct breeds of French and English hounds. The Saintongeois, Gascon Saintongeois and Poitevin hound were the main ancestors of the French White and Black Hound. It is commonly believed that other breeds were used to a fairly limited extent in their breeding program.

    The French Scent hounds was kept solely for hunting in large herds. Its largest quarry were large wild animals such as deer, the wolf and the boar. A group of several hounds detected the scent trail of one of these mammals and chased it, barking loudly so the hunter could go after them. Depending on the type of animal pursued, the dogs were to corner him or kill him immediately.

    The number of specimens of this breed of hound drastically decreased after two world wars. French hunting enthusiasts managed to save her, although many unique French breeds were lost to the world during these terrible times. In 1957, the French Hound was fully recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). However, FCI recognition hardly increased the international awareness of this dog, so it did not win the appreciation of hunters from other countries. In addition, currently their breeding and therefore their population are supported solely by the French hunting community. In general, the future of French White and Black Hound you will be fairly insured as long as there are fans of dog hunting in your homeland.

    Physical characteristics French White and Black Hound

    The French White and Black Hound is a big dog, distinguished and well balanced. His dark eyes give him a smart and confident look. Quite large at birth, her tail is carried high enough.
    These dogs are highly prized in many deer crews for their qualities: fineness of nose, application, seriousness, throat. dog friendly, close to man; easy in the kennel.
    Has short hair, quite strong and close.

    COLOR : The coat should be black and white with a more or less extensive black coat or patches, which may show black or bluish spots, or even small tan marks, but these only in the limbs. A pale tan patch over each eye, as well as a pale tan on the cheeks, under the eyes, under the ears and at the base of the tail. The “deer mark” on the thigh is quite common.

    SIZE :
    Males: 65 - 72 cm.
    Females: 62 - 68 cm.

    Character and skills French White and Black Hound

    The sole function of French White and Black Hound is hunting, making it difficult to make a generalization about their behavior patterns and temperament in a home environment. However, it is not necessary to suggest that a socialized specimen can become an educated and well-rounded family pet. Like most trail hounds he is gentle with children and likes to be a part of their exuberant activities. This dog is probably too energetic and playful to be a suitable companion for a child.

    The French White and Black Hound tends to become somewhat distant and reserved in the presence of strangers. However, he will never show open aggression unless he suspects that something or someone threatens his family. Some of these dogs are vigilant enough to perform surveillance duties. This sociable and caring breed will make a terrible guardian, that he would rather greet an intruder by wagging his tail than resorting to necessary actions.

    Canine aggressiveness is considered a major defect in the temperament of hounds, that were developed for herd hunting. For this reason, members with the slightest hint of this undesirable trait are immediately excluded from the breeding program. The French White and Black Hound is known for its exceptional tolerance towards other canines. Despite its excessively peaceful nature, also requires early socialization in this regard. It is worth remembering that the breed has a very powerful drive to hunt down and kill other species of animals., especially stray cats. You can get along with individual family pets if you have been raised with them since your puppy.

    French White and Black Hound Health

    The most common problems for the breed include:

    – canine hip dysplasia;
    – elbow dysplasia;
    – eye problems;
    – sarna demodex;
    – skin infections;
    – skin allergies;
    – chronic ear infections;
    – bloodhound ataxia.

    Caring for the French White and Black Hound

    The French White and Black Hound Needs a negligible amount of maintenance. Regular brushing will be enough to keep his short, graceful coat in reasonably good condition..

    The ears of this breed are highly susceptible to irritation and infections, so its systematic examination and cleaning should become an essential part of care routines.

    French White and Black Hound Training

    Education of French White and Black Hound poses a considerable challenge. The breed is a natural hunter and requires fairly basic training in all that concerns its original hunting duties.. Unfortunately, his persistence in the search for prey turns into stubbornness in training. In addition, can't focus on the same boring task for a long time and is easily irritated by its multiple repetitions.

    The best training strategy for this dog should include abundant rewards in the form of praise and tasty treats.. Negative reinforcement doesn't work with French White and Black Hound and must be avoided at all costs.

    Exercise with the French White and Black Hound

    The French White and Black Hound it is an athletic and robust hunting dog, easily adapts to extremely strenuous physical activity. As a minimum, should be taken on a daily brisk walk of 45 minutes. You should always wear a leash while away, as it is very difficult to call you back once you have been lured by some interesting trail.

    The French White and Black Hound behaves calm and relaxed once exercise requirements have been fully met. It must be borne in mind that a poorly exercised dog will gradually develop such unpleasant behavior problems as continuous barking, internal hyperactivity or destruction. This breed is best suited for suburban life in the house with a large, secure yard.

    French White and Black Hound Videos

    Chien Français Blanc et Noir ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??
    French White and Black Dog & Puppies information Video – Animal Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 220
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.1: Large sized hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard French White and Black Hound

    French White and Black Hound FCI French White and Black Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chien Français Blanc et Noir (English).
      2. Français blanc et noir (French).
      3. Français blanc et noir (German).
      4. Français blanc et noir (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso francés blanco y negro (Spanish).

    Photo: https://www.centrale-canine.fr/le-chien-de-race/francais-blanc-et-noir

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