Hound Spanish
España FCI 204

Sabueso Español

The Hound Spanish is described in the “Book of the Montería” of King Alfonso XI (1312-1350).

The Hound Spanish It is a tracking dog breed originating in the northern end of the Iberian Peninsula, included in Group VI of the classification of the Federation Cynologique Internationale.

It has been being used in these regions for centuries for the hunting of all kinds of animal hair: wild boar, Hare, bear, Wolf, Deer, Fox, Roe deer and chamois. It's a race exclusively for work, dedicated to hunting with firearms.

"The first description of hounds peninsular appears in the"Alfonso XI Montería book”, King of Castile, written during the second half of the s. XIV, in his chapter 39 "speaks of"which doneness should be the hounds and the sabuesas”.

Subsequently various descriptions of Iberian hounds appear in successive treaties of hunting Spanish 15th, 16Th and 17TH: “Tratado of the Montería“,3 “Speech of the Monteria“4 u “Origin and dignity Caça“.

During these centuries the hounds Spanish (We say by having been born in Spain Spanish, not because those dogs were a faithful reflection of the current breed hound Spanish) were used in the hunt for the bear and wild boar in the hunting of Montería. Its use as a dog's blood was very widespread among los monteros dedicated to the art of the crossbows. Also from a very old has been used the hound Spanish in the hunt at traílla to arrange the bears encame, wild boars or wolves.

As firearms and hunting were widespread was declining, the use of the hound in the North of Spain was drifting towards the younger hunt, to the hunting of the Hare “on the return”, but also it has continued being used without interruption in the hunt for wild boar and Roe deer.

Today the recovery of populations of hunting in the North of Spain has done has again returned to using the hound Spanish massively, already standardized and homogenous race from 1982,6 preferably for wild boar hunting, in that tradition Northern montera is called the hunting of wild boar at traílla.

Physical characteristics

It is a medium-sized dog, eumétrico and longuilíneo. Beautiful head and long bell-shaped ears. Highlights the high chest perimeter of the race and longitudinal diameter which far outstrips the appeal to the cross, rounded ribs. Compact skeleton and strong members; fine hair, smooth and stuck. Fresh look, sad and noble. It is affectionate and gentle, However the good examples show great value in the hunting of wild boar.

The overall appearance is that of a strong and sturdy dog, not very high but very rustic. The two colors presents are the red and white, alone or in combination. Noses and supported nails both black as a flesh-colored. The color red can range from a tone very clear (lemon) until a reddish brownish tone.

The race features a large sexual dimorphism, the size of the males ranges from the 52 and 57 cm and females between the 48 and 53 cm..

Initially differed two subtypes in the race: The Hound of monte and the hound lebrero, but were later unified both.

Spanish Hound is a dog of tracking with a great sense of smell, Standing out for its ability to tackle trails of many hours of antiquity; his voice is draft, powerful and serious tones. By his way of modulating the voice we can know the phase in which hunting is: Approach, Levante, persecution, called dead or stand.

In the North of Spain to the Barking Hound for hunting is called “heartbeat” or “llatido”, and the Act of barking as it moves along a track or “demand”: “beat” or “llatir”.

It is widely used in the hunting of the Hare, traditionally raised once Hare the Hound by dint of tenacity and skill was able to make return to the site of the Levant expected, where was awaited by the Hunter with a firearm to reduce her. It is what is known as the Hare hunting “on the return”.

It is also widely used for hunting wild boar in the northern hunting, especially in the so-called mode “to traílla”, the most genuine and traditional, whose origin is lost in time. It consists in seeking the encame of the boar (or other hunting) with the help of a sniffer subject of a strap.

Hunter (call “Montero”) and Hound they follow the trail of the nocturnal wanderings of the wild boar until you reach the place where sleeping during the day, question that ensures the process of making a detour from the stain of monte where lodging is the wild boar. Once assured the encame, the place is surrounded by several hunters and loose some dogs on the trail from the dam to make the jump and drive it towards the hunters. The Hound Spanish is excellent for this type of hunting dog.

Hound Spanish: Standard FCI


HEAD: Harmonica, provided with the rest of the body and long. Divergent skull-facial lines. The joint facial craneo-region viewed from above should be very uniform and elongated, without giving feeling of pointed snout.


  • Skull: Average width, being higher in males. Convex profile. The width of the skull should be equal to its length. Seen from the front, It should be vaulted. Simply marked occipital Crest.
  • Depression links (Stop): Soft, little sharp.


  • Truffle: Large, wet and with wide Windows and wide development. Its color ranges from a light brown to a deep black, always accompanying the color of mucous membranes.
  • Snout: Straight profile, admitting light subconvexidad in the terminal section. Seen from above it appears moderately rectangular, decreasing its width in direction to the truffle.
  • Lips: The superior must cover decidedly lower being loose and detached with moderation. The bottom is marked labial commissure. Mucous membranes must be of the same color that the truffle. Palate of color of mucous membranes with marked ridges.
  • JAWS / Teeth: Scissor bite. Teeth white and healthy; Canine well-developed; There are all the premolars.
  • Eyes: Medium, macaroons, Hazelnut dark color. Sad looking, noble and intelligent. The color of the truffle pigmented eyelids; mucous membranes attached to the eyeball, admitting Dim relaxation resting.
  • Ears: Large, long and falls. Of soft texture, rectangular and round tip; they are inserted below the line of the eyes and hanging freely in ringlet. Without exerting traction have widely exceed the truffle. Venous network visible and a flor de piel.

NECK: Conical trunk, wide and powerful, muscular and flexible. Thick and very loose skin, that is marked and released but not exaggerated dewlap.

BODY: Strongly rectangular, very strong and robust, a great chest perimeter which must be superior in 1/3 to the height at the withers: height at the withers 3, thoracic perimeter 4.

  • Top line: Straight with slight concavity on the back and convexity on the spine, characteristics of the breed, but not ensillamiento.
  • Cross: Ahead and simply marked.
  • Back: Powerful, Broadband, accused length.
  • Pork loin: Very long, width, powerful and slightly raised.
  • Rump: Powerful, Broadband. With a tendency towards horizontal. The height at the Croup should be equal to or less than the height at the withers: taking into account the existing racial trend to be elevated, will be allowed slightly.
  • Breast : Highly developed, width, deep and high, widely reaching the elbow. Tip of the sternum marked. Ribs with intercostal of broad and rounded spaces, you are home a large rib cage.
  • Belly and flanks: Little collected belly, very notable and descended flanks and ample sidewalls.

TAIL: Thickness birth and average insertion. Strong and full of very short hair forming a small brush at the tip. At rest, your port is light, curved and low beyond the Hock; in work and movement, is high in Sabre without excess and mostra a continuous lateral movement of jig. Never straight up or resting on the rump.


PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Perfectly Plumb, straight, parallel; giving sense of short films and can be seen clearly muscles and tendons. The length of the forearm must be equal to the shoulder.

  • Strong bone; with powerful Metacarpus and well bonded to the thorax elbows.
  • Shoulder: Oblique scapula, rounded, muscled and similar to the arm length. Scapular-humeral angle close to 100 degrees.
  • Arm: Strong.
  • Elbows: Glued to the chest. Humeral-radial angle close to one hundred twenty degrees.
  • Forearm: Straight, short and well poised. Strong bone.
  • Metacarpus: Strong bone and powerful. Seen little laterally inclined.
  • Previous feet: CAT. Tight toes, high and strong phalanx. Hard and strong nails; spacious, resistant pads. Interdigital membrane moderate and provided with fine hair.

LATER MEMBERS: Powerful, muscular and excellent angles. Correct limbs, hocks without deviations, long metatarsus and strong feet. Provide your pet force, agility and thrust required for slopes land very rough and with notable drop-offs.

  • Thigh: Strong and muscular. Coxal-femoral angle close to 100 degrees.
  • Leg: Half length, muscular. Stifle-tibial angle close to fifteen hundred grades.
  • Hocks: Well marked, with clear appreciation of the tendon. Angle of the open Hock, close to one hundred twenty degrees.
  • Back feet: CAT, slightly oval. More elongated than the previous feet. Presence or not of spurs that are usually simple, rarely double, admitting your amputation.

MOVEMENT: Preferred movement is the trot, still a long, sustained and economic, without any tendency to laterality or amble.

Particular attention to elbows and hocks will be presented during the movement. Exist during the March natural trends in the race walking sniffing with low head.

SKIN: Highly elastic, thick, pink, by all zones, forming sometimes frontal wrinkles in head position low.


HAIR: Bushy, short, fine and glued. Distributed by the body to interdigital spaces.

COLOR: White and orange, with a predominance of one or another color and distributed in well-defined irregular spots and no speckle. The orange color can range from a tone lighter (lemon) to the strong reddish brownish.

SIZE: Seen in this race a high index of sexual dimorphism that is reflected in the difference in size between males and females, being females significantly more low and less girth.

Height to the cross:

  • Males: of 52 to 57 cm..
  • Females: of 48 to 53 cm..

One centimeter of tolerance on the lift for copies of excellent proportions is supported.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the seriousness is considered the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Profile of the acarnerado snout, but without excess.
  • Bite in clamp; absence of a premolar.
  • Eyelids so relaxed cause little visible conjunctiva.
  • Top line weak and distorted during operation.
  • Elevation of the region of the spine, Although permitted, It should not be never exaggerated.


  • Frail.
  • Snout blunt or pointed in excess.
  • Moderate upper prognathism. Absence of canine or Premolar, not due to trauma.
  • Entropion or ectropion.
  • Amputated ear.
  • Top line built.
  • Height at the Croup very higher than the height at the withers.
  • Scarce thoracic perimeters.
  • Too high or resting on the rump tail. Amputated tail.
  • Wrong limbs, weak or deviant.
  • Outgoing elbows during the March or in station.
  • Cow hocks.
  • Lateral braceos during operation.
  • Wavy hair, hard or mediumlength.
  • Barks.
  • Unbalanced character, excessive shyness, nervousness or aggressiveness.


  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Longitudinal diameter equal to or less than the height at the withers.
  • Split nose.
  • Excessive upper prognathism. Any degree of lower prognathism.
  • Hard or long hair. Woolly hairs indicating miscegenation.
  • Copies tri-color or with brands heat in beak and members.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

N.B.: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

Character and skills

This dog has a strongly independent character have been selected to hunt alone or accompanied only by one or two hounds more, Therefore it is not strictly a dog Pack.

Also you need a firm education management to make it work only traces of the hunting species you want to hunt its owner.

It's a dog of trace generous when it comes to the voice, very resistant and worker who, It tends to pursue their prey over much distance, not being rare persecutions carried out by a single dog which last more than 4 or 5 hours.

It is not suitable for the life of the pet dog. It requires plenty of space and plenty of exercise, Apart from being unjust to deprive him of his greatest passion: hunting.

But if gives you exercise, space and good careers chasing vermin, will be a great pet, affectionate, loving, sweet and quiet.

Images of the Spanish Hound
The Spanish hound videos

  • Otros nombres: Spanischer Laufhund / Spanish Scenthound / Spanish Hound / Chien Courant Espagnol.
  • Group 6 / Section 1.2 – Medium-sized hounds.

Dogs breeds: Hound Spanish

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