Dogo Sardo (Dogo Sardesco, Cane Sardo, Sardinian Shepherd Dog or Sardinian Doge) It is a breed of dog of Italian origin used as a watchdog of properties, livestock guardian dog, combat and working dog, in general.<>
It is a rare breed and quite unknown outside Italy, the Dogo Sardo was developed in the villages of Sardinia as a dog trotting type suitable for all types of work. From an aggressive guardian, an excellent pastor for the protection of livestock and a delicate and careful with their flocks farmer, up a fierce wrestler.
The Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd be really happy sleeping with livestock before that on the couch.
The Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese (Maremma Sheepdog or Maremma Sheepdog-Abruzzese), It is a breed of dog originating in central Italy and used Boyero for centuries by shepherds to protect their flocks from wolves.
The breed is still used, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo where the flocks of sheep vitalize the rural economy and the wolves are protected predators (of the few areas of the planet, Lamentablemente…).
He also descended from Shepherd dogs that once existed in the region of the Tuscan Maremma and the region of Lazio. From 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.
Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Similar to the Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd dogs are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times until today.
Until year 1958, the Maremmano Pastor and Pastor Abrucense were regarded as separate races. The first Canine society of the Pastor Abrucense was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the first Canine society of the Pastor Maremmano.
But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especially after the unification of Italy was "natural melting"” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).
Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, While they continue to be widely utilized by sheep farmers in Italy in areas where predation is common, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.
But, Ironically, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, well Yes, but do not like to hear it, the hand of the man and the ringing has resulted a sinister more: sheep farming has been reduced and the Wolf is almost extinct.
Although it is easier for Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, develop its link with sheep and goats, farmers have found that, also, they are able to develop a protective bond with cows, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. Also, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, owls, etc.).
In Australia, It has a lot bet by Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese. Specifically in the city of Warrnambool, which boasts great natural beauties, and one of them Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese today is a key element for the survival of other species.
Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, recognized as a site of the southern right whale calf. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.
In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, penguins and the common dolphin. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.
There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island had a large colony of penguins. But the uncontrolled presence of foxes brought the number of members of the colony to be reduced significantly. In 2005, There are only four penguins in the colony.
It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, first in the world with these features, several copies of Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese introduced in Middle Island to protect the penguins. This very original and innovative programme has been the cornerstone of the re-establishment of the colony of penguins that year 2009 already had more of 100 Members.
While the use of the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor to protect an endangered species was rare at the beginning, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, It has been shown that the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor along with other breeds of livestock protection dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, as the penguins, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, also, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.
In other countries as Italy, United States and Canada, It has also promoted the use of the dog Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, as well as other types of dogs pastors, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.
The Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd is a dog of large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. It is also harmony on its format (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).
The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.
The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.
The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, and when the dog is alert rises to the line of the spine.
The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.
Height to the cross in the males is of 65 to 73 cm and females is of 60 to 68 cm.. The weight of 35 to 45 kg in males and 30 to 40 kg in females.
Character and skills
Despite its large size, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese may be good companion dog in homes that have open spaces, appropriate to your needs.
Centuries of breeding of Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, today in an animal that adapts very well to home life very much joins his family who protects as if it were a herd, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.
In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.
Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, away from property of the neighbour and traffic lines, It would be an ideal place for this beautiful Shepherd. In this environment, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, is there really happy.
In addition to its extensive use in Italy, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese lives happy to play its protective functions of livestock in Australia, United States and Canada.
Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, is a very versatile dog, and capable of generating a links very, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, but the most common is that they introduce with 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, still of puppies, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.
What more can we say about the nature of the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor?? I believe that the words..., sobran.
Origin: Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, France, Tunisia, Malta
Different Races Hound They are characterized by little ladradoras, extremely clever and agile for hunting.
It is called Hound a type of dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.
The Italian Mastiff It is a versatile and balanced dog that can adapt to all.
Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan Mastiff, the Italian Mastiff (or Cane Corso) It was used in the past not only as dog Boyero but also in the hunt for wild boar, and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog.
Otros nombres:Cane Corso / Italianischer Corso-Hund / Italian Corso Dog / Italian Mastiff
Group 2 / Section 2 – molosoides and mountain dogs.
Dogs breeds: Italian Mastiff
Read all about the race, by clicking on: Cane Corso.
The Bracco Italiano is a friendly dog, energetic and playful to which loves to play.
The Bracco Italiano (Bracco or Italian pointer) It is a breed of dog native of North Italy. There were two varieties, an of the Piedmont and another of Lombardy. Today, the race is one only, and the official standard was published in 1949 for the S.A.B.I. (Società Amatori Bracco Italiano) in Lodi, Lombardy.
As historical information is important to remember the work done by the leading breeder and international judge of dogs, Knight and Commander Paolo Ciceri, who before World War II (and subsequently to it) He made a thorough job with the race to maintain the standard of this. Paolo Ciceri, He was President and one of the founders of S.A.B.I and considered the father of the Italian Braco. Many books were written by this man and until his death, His kennel dogs, “Dei Ronchi”, they were considered the standard of the breed. Some of them were even introduced to America by his son Giancarlo Ciceri.
Braco Italian originated in Italy, and there are writings on race dating back to the 4th centuries and V before Christ. It is believed that it is a cross between an Italian hound and an Asian Mastiff. Others claim that the breed can be traced back to the Bloodhound.
There were two variants of the race. The first originated in Piedmont, and for that reason known as the Piedmont Braco. The other originated in Lombardy, and it was known as the Braco in Lombardy:
The Braco of Piedmont was lighter in body, probably due to the mountainous terrain there, the color of the coat is smooth.
The Braco in Lombardy was dark and thicker body. He settled well in the middle ages. The Braco flourished during the Renaissance and was raised by the Medici and Gonzaga families.
They were dogs sought after by the aristocracy, and were used to hunt birds. Late 19th century and early 20th century the breed nearly became extinct. Lately, has done everything possible to keep the race, above all by the combined efforts of Italian Ferdinando Delor, Ferrabouc breeder, and the work developed by Paolo Ciceri during the first and second world war.
Today, It is a rare dog in his native country and is virtually unknown in other countries.
Did You Know?
In Italian, Bracco is the plural of Bracchi.
Braco Italian should be athletic and powerful in its appearance, more like a cross between a German Shorthaired Pointer and a hound, but in matters, differs much from the race mentioned.
It has hanging upper lips and long ears that create a serious expression. His body should be “almost square”, which means that its height to the cross should be almost the same as the length of his body. However, It should not be actually square as this would lose much of its powerful grace. The tail can be can be cut, Although this is controversial in Italy.
The fur is short, dense and glossy. The texture must be pretty hard, Although somewhat softer in the head, the neck, the ears, legs and feet. Moulting occurs twice a year, and brushing helps in the Elimination of dead hairs layer.
The fur consists of the different combination of three colors: white, Orange and Brown, years. At that time, You can find copies of the following keys: White and orange, Orange and Brown, Brown with patches of another colour (white or orange) in the face, the ears, the base of tail and body. The black color is not supported.
The weight of the Italian Braco is of 25 to 40 kg. The height at the cross in the males is of 58 to 67 cm. and in the females of 55 to 62 cm..
Character and skills
It is a dog friendly, energetic and playful. She loves other dogs, loves to play, is an active race, is necessary to carry out physical exercise, to feel happy and have a balanced mind. They get along well with children.
The training of a Bracco requires patience and a quiet nature, next to the coach.
Other British breeds of show are more likely to search for the presence of prey with high speed, However the Bracco Italiano is slower, but on the other hand it can be used on any type of terrain, both mountainous and plain. It is very smart with a surprising ability to learn.
It can be an excellent pet, because of its docile nature.
Ratings Bracco Italiano
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Plantearte before acquiring a dog race “Bracco Italiano” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Cane Corso It is a versatile and balanced dog that can adapt to all.
Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan Mastiff, the Cane Corso (or Italian Mastiff) It was used in the past not only as Cattle dog but also in the wild boar hunting, and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog. It was widespread throughout the southern Italian region, and even more so in Calabria, Lucannia, Pugglia, and Sannia, until end interrelating so with history, the tradition, and local legends that, the Royal lottery game, corso was assigned the number 22.
Both fierce and determined appearance, as its imposing structure of all the molossians, They seem to be on the agenda of its name, therefore means powerful Corso, robust, strong, and these are, without a doubt, its main characteristics.
Others attribute the etymological origin of the word into Latin “Cohors” or save more of the body or to the Greek 'kortos', referring to the fact that he kept and watch people and animals during periods of transhumance. At last, others see the name associated with the island of Corsica. The truth is that out of Italy is known very little about the Italian Corso Dog and that even in their country of origin, for years, the race has remained forgotten and ignored. He took that in 1973 Professor Giovanni Bonatti refer to the presence in the province of Puglia in a “molosser dog for short hair, different from the Neapolitan Mastiff, similar to the Bullmastiff and similar to the dog's Ca de Bou” for a group of enthusiasts put hands to work and were recovering it and to introduce inside and outside the country.
In fact its official recognition from the ENCI (Ente Nazionale di Cinophilia Italian) has only taken place in January of 1994, Once the table of work of the società Amatoria Cane Corso (SACC) provide sufficient documentation, photos, data and a large group of copies typical to defend their existence and ancient origin.
It is almost always difficult to make history in the history of a breed of dog, but in the case of the Cane Corso had enough documentation that revealed its presence from very old in the southern part of what is today Italy. Certainly had to be traced back to many centuries ago, Learn about the legends of the inhabitants of the Mezzogiorno, investigate its folklore and more ingrained traditions, Learn about its history, the superstitions of an entire people, but, At last, After many years of intense and arduous research, Professor Fernando Casolino, of the SACC, He managed to gather enough data to this impressive animal because they have been many, many written and pictorial references that have been found on this dog. It should be noted some dating as far back as the 15th and 16th centuries, such is the case of the burlesque poems written in Italian mixed with Latin of the Benedictine Friar Folengo or citations in the “Of Quadrupelibus“, the renowned physician and naturalist Gessner, known as the “German Pliny”, without forgetting the very detailed description of the ínclito Valvassone, that showed his power and the strength of their jaws in the “Poem of the head”.
In the 18th century, the count of Leclerc, Georges Buffon, mentioned you in your “Natural history” as well as did Oronzio Costa in his Treaty on “The fauna of the Kingdom of Naples”, published in 1839. Thirty years later Palumbo wrote also about our protagonist in his “List of mammals of Sicily”.
Quotations continued to be frequent and already in 1900 Spalikowski mentioned him in his work “Evolution of the dog in the human society“, of essential reading for all lovers of dogs; much closer in time are articles and works published by Fiorenzo Fiorone, Danilo Mainardi, Bonatti Mizzoli and how does not, my good friend Mario Perricone, who in the “Great encyclopedia of the dog” published by Agostino in 1987, He wrote widely on race, which is considered the most important monographic article on Cane Corso. Recently also of Priscus and Johson cite you in the “Canine Lexicon” referring to him as “a recreation of the old Marcellaio Cane”, under the heading of “Sicilian Branchiero”, explaining that exist exclusively in Sicily and was known for his particular way of moving with the herd, so according to the authors could have even related to the German bullenbeiser and “on the island, it worked like a dog of butcher and a driver of flocks of unique skills” What, at a time “He could participate in bulls fighting just as did it other dogs of butchers in the continent”.
Priscus and Johson they also claim that in the eighties they arrived to the United States.UU. the first puppies imported by a Sicilian farmer who died shortly afterwards and the little basis for breeding in that country.
They have been missing many years of work and staff of a few efforts to again talk of Italian Corso Dog, race so ancient and so deeply linked to the traditions and the history of the South of Italy and properly recover virtually from scratch. There was, in fact, many contradictions about what dog really resembled and locked up in itself the very essence of Italian Corso Dog and took many discussions and much discussion to finally reach agreement on that copy should settle the bases of the new breeding lines.
Gone are all agreed on a male name “Dauno” He summed up the essence of the breed and it charted the path should follow those, with a passion beyond doubt wore years looking for precisely this path. It was decided to locate up to three subjects closely blood to determine the characteristics of the breed, as the teachers Ballota had described, Bonatti and Casolina.
After exhaustive research studies and, at the end, not without major sacrifices, the recovery programme was gradually bearing fruit. In 1988, the Board of Directors of the ENCI decided that it had time to gather the largest number of copies, produced by people not linked to that society both the scope of the SACC, and carry out a pilot trial in order to check homogeneity of type, construction and character and its similarity to the characteristics described in the draft standard to the SACC had submitted them. In three exhibitions-Bari, Florence and Milan- the judges Morsiani, Perricone and Vandoni examined fifty copies; then, in the autumn of that same year the SACC presented the ENCI the outcome of the first census carried out by the Lords Bruno and Indiveri which is didn't data out of a total of 57 copies perfectly typical and rustic already registered.
Did You Know?
The Cane Corso is also known as Dogo di Puglia, that means “Dog Puglia”.
As result of this effort the ENCI promulgated the opening of a “Open book” in which all adults who had been duly tattooed could register, and therefore recognized as conforming with the standard project and in just four years became part of the same over 500 dogs, so it became clear that the recovery programme had been successful.
Such results finally gave rise to the official recognition of the race in January of 1994.
Modernity and the decline of the work for which it was intended, they have not prevented this race keep their characteristic qualities. It continues to be a dog with tenacious temperament but that it does not bite for anything. It is one of the best races of property protection. If you are very fond with the owner can be very sensitive to your mood.
Its skin is thick enough, with tissue limited connective and therefore virtually glued to the subcutaneous tissues of each region. The neck does not present practically double chin. The head does not have to submit wrinkles. The pigment of the mucous and the esclerosas has to be black. The pigment of the soles and nails must be dark.
The coat is short but not satin, glass texture, gleaming, bright, adherent, serious, very dense, with a mild layer of sub-pelo which is accentuated in winter, without that never reaches to emerge on the hair of coverage. His medium-length is 2/2′ 5 cm.. On the cross, the rump, and the subsequent edges of the thigh and on tail reaches the 3 cm., without ever giving rise to fringes. On the nose hair is private, smooth, adherent and not more than 1/1′ 5 cm..
It may be black, grey lead, Slate gray, light grey, Griffon clear, Red cervato, Dark tawny and striped (stripes against a background of Griffon or grey colour of various shades). A black or grey mask whose length must not exceed the line of the eyes is present in the Griffon and atigrados subjects. Admitted a small white patch on the chest, at the tip of toes and on the nasal helm.
The height the cross in the males is of 64 to 68 cm., in the females of 60 to 64 cm.. With tolerance of 2 cm more or less. The weight in the males is of 45 to 50 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,71 kg per cm). And in the females of 40 to 45 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,68 kg/cm).
Salud de Cane Corso
Some of the health conditions that have been in the Cane Corso are the Hip Dysplasia, eye problems such as Entropion or ectropion, demodectic mange and the tendency to bloat.
Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Cane Corso maintain an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
Character and skills
His character affable and faithful with their own. His psychological balance and extreme functional versatility that allows you to adapt to everything, He is doing to gain more followers and indeed again used you in grazing and foster as old tasks, and also in the hunt, Although slowly gains a privileged position as a pet and in what has been called the therapy with pets (“pet therapy”).
However, for its size and extraordinary force Cane Corso owner should be able to educate from the first moment to always have it under control, in such a way that never conflicts surprises or, It must learn from puppy what is right and what not, What is prohibited and what is allowed, so that later there will be no setbacks, recommending further vocational training of certain circumstances, provided that the dog has acquired a certain degree of maturity, Therefore we must not forget that, in the case of molossians, his psychological development is always slower than the physical.
Aware of its size and appearance, corso usually does not express nervousness and willingly accepts to any person that his own master will accept either. When he is assigned the custody of a property his balanced temperament allows her always from a background, with great discretion, and only in the case of real necessity, acts and attacks. We can thus conclude that the Cane Corso is an impressive animal, balanced and effective in any task requiring him. There is a legend made reality.
The Cane Corso Ratings
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Plantearte before acquiring a dog race “Cane Corso” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid, Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs. / Section 2.1 –> Molossoid breeds, doge type. With working trial
federations: FCI ⓘ, AKC ⓘ, ANKC ⓘ, CKC ⓘ, UKC ⓘ
FCI Estádar the Cane Corso breed
1. Italian Mastiff, Italian Corso Dog, Cane Corso Italiano (English).
2. Cane Corso Italiano, Chien de Cour Italien (French).
3. Cane Corso, ITALIENISCHER CORSO-HUND (German).
4. Mastim Italiano (Portuguese).
5. Mastín italiano (Spanish).
Mau is an Egyptian word for "cat", and all existing races, the mau is probably which bears more resemblance to domestic cats of ancient Egypt. This appearance is not due to recreation detailed with various races or varieties, but to the descendants of the race of Egyptian Street cats that may have lived in the same region and have been essentially equal for millennia.
If the appearance of this variety is taken as the date of the race, It is by far the oldest in the world. More recently, the mau as breed of pedigree is the creation of Nathalie Troubetskoy, exiled Russian living in Italy since the second world war, it imported cats of Cairo. Reproduced them and showed the resulting kittens in Europe, and in United States recorded, where is installed in 1956. The full recognition of the breed took another twenty years, and much more in Great Britain, where was delayed because of the confusion with the atigrados spotted cats similarc: formerly called maits and were part of the oriental short hair, and by its similarity to the Ocicat.
The mau is very similar to the cats represented in walls and Egyptian scrolls, with a long body, adético and patches that do not follow any discernible pattern. Also has a 'belly flap' of skin on the back of the abdomen, an unusual feature that gives him great mobility and considers that it contributes to the incredible acceleration of the mau.
There is the only other race who has this tab is the American keuda.
Eyes differ from the old images, It shows close eyes, wild look; the mau are wide, rounded and concerned look. Breeders have worked to give the mau docile temperament worth cats today, but it remains independent, Smart and a fierce Hunter. If deprived of entertainment or freedom you can devote to pursue and destroy whatever.