English Springer Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 125 . Flushing Dogs

The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.

Content

History

The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.

Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius described the descendants of these dogs from the Iberian Peninsula in his Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.

However, litters used to be a mix of both types, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; his job was to detect and expel the animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. The current names of the races are derived from these hunts: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel excelled in finding, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.

In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, so that the dog lines differed from region to region. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.

This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, and the breeding program was tightened.

Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other leading organization in America. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. However, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, when they were born almost 13.000 each year.

The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. This number had previously doubled in just a decade, since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.

The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, based on the number of annual registrations in the organization. The UKC also develops a classification based on the number of births reported to it., in which it is among the 20 first.

Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. However, there is a real difference in morphology between the individuals of the lines destined for dog shows and those whose specialty is hunting and field trials: the former are much more massive than the latter

In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.

The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, but now docking is prohibited in most countries.

The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.

The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, but it also protects you from the various thorns and twigs that could injure you in the undergrowth. However, individuals from the working lines generally have shorter hair than those from the beauty lines.-

Their fur is black and white or liver and white, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
    ▷ Female size: 48 – 49 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
    ▷ Female weight: 18 – 19 kg

Varieties:

From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel have tended to distinguish between lines for dog shows and those for hunting or company.

In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, selecting their players either for their aesthetics or for their physical aptitudes.

In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. However, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: no standard distinguishes between show dogs and working dogs.

Character and skills

The English Springer Spaniel he's incredibly sociable, open and loving. They love the company of humans in general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.

On the other hand, You can express your joy at seeing your master come back by peeing on the carpet. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. Therefore, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.

If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. Therefore, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, with whom you can spend hours running and playing in the garden. However, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.

His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Anyone who adopts this dog while having chickens or ducks in the garden will quickly understand why his hunting skills are unanimously recognized.…

To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. One hour of intense physical exercise (footing, Games…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.

Although they have a reputation for being less active, dogs in show lines should also exercise for a minimum of one hour a day.

As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: you better have access to a garden. You better have access to a garden, but it must be well fenced to prevent it from escaping if it sees birds or follows a friendly passerby who gives it some treats. In any case, you should not spend most of your time alone in the garden: its place is inside, with his family.
In addition, physical exercise is not enough to keep you balanced: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, throwing things or digging in the garden.

Dog sports are a great way to keep your dog busy both physically and mentally.. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, crawl and search.

Last but not least, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.

Education

Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, you risk becoming shy or, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.

It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, as well as teaching him not to bark in an untimely way. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.

With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. However, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.

In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, as they could traumatize you. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.

Health

The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.

Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Their undercoat is more or less dense depending on the climate of the region in which they live., and are equally resistant to cold and heat. However, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.

Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
  • Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
  • The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, in most cases, does not affect vision;
  • The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. This problem can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.;
  • Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. However, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
  • Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.

Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina and the very rare and surprising rabies syndrome (not to be confused with rabies disease), When a peaceful dog is suddenly seized by a fit of hyperagression for no apparent reason.

In addition, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.

However, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, most of which are very rare. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.

In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., as well as the data of the administered vaccines, registered in your health or vaccination card.

However, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog ​​with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.

Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. They should be scheduled at least once a year to detect the beginnings of a potential health problem and to make sure your dog is up to date on his vaccinations.

Life expectancy

Of 12 - 14 years

Grooming

The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.

In addition, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, so it may be useful to bathe it after a hunting excursion or a particularly muddy outing in the woods, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Then you have to be careful to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs., at the risk of damaging your skin.

In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.

In addition, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. Therefore, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.

His floppy ears deserve special attention, since this morphological characteristic makes moisture and dirt easily accumulate in them, with an increased risk of infection. Therefore, should be examined and washed at least once a week.

Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, and clean them with a damp cloth if they are not.

Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more frequently.

Last but not least, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, could get in the way of walking, or even break and hurt you, so they need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.

Utility

The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. They are still used to hunt around the world, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.

They are also excellent companion dogs., loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.

His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. However, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.

When not used for hunting, the physical and mental qualities of the English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.

They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.

They are also frequently found as rescue and search dogs for accident victims, either in the mountains or in urban areas.

Last but not least, his closeness to humans and his sociable nature also make him a very good therapy dog, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.

Price "English Springer Spaniel"

The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values ​​that go from about 500 Euros for dogs with characteristics that are far from the standard up to approximately double for those of prestigious ancestry and are intended for dog shows.

The price varies depending on the reputation of the breeder, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all of its intrinsic physical characteristics.

Characteristics "English Springer Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Springer Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "English Springer Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – English Springer Spaniel by Heinz Höfling, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Coffee, English-Springer-Spaniel, 8 Months by photo taken by Heinz Höfling [User:Hhoefling], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A black English Springer Spaniel named Oliver. by racermd5, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – English Springer Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-englisch-springer-spaniel-317039/
5 – Mimi, English Springer Spaniel by Pedro Lopez
6 – Tallinn, Estonia, duo CACIB 2013 August 17-18 by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "English Springer Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"

FCIFCI - English Springer Spaniel
Springer

Alternative names:

    1. Springer Spaniel (English).
    2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
    3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
    4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
    5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (Spanish).

Estonian Hound
Estonia FCI 366 - Medium-sized Hounds

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound they are extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods

Content

History

The history of Estonian Hound (or Eesti Hagijas in the language of your country of origin) begins at the beginning of the 20th century in Estonia, when the crossing of english hounds, Poles and Finns used by local hunters gave rise to a large dog unofficially considered regional and ancestor of the current Eesti Hagijas.

Given the sharp decline in the population of large game and in order to reestablish it, in 1937 a law was passed that prohibited hunting with dogs over 45 cm to the cross, which in fact caused a change of orientation towards smaller animals, like foxes and hares. As a result, Estonian hunters and breeders had to breed smaller dogs than they had then, therefore, the breeding program was introduced Beagles, the Dachshunds and Swiss Hounds.

This law was amended three years later, in 1940: the maximum size was increased to 55 cm., and breeders stopped their efforts to miniaturize local hunting dogs.

In 1947, when Estonia was part of the USSR, the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture decided that all “republics” who made up Estonia had to have a local breed of dog. The Estonian hunting dog population was then estimated at around 900, and the intense selection helped to stabilize the characteristics of the breed that would become the Estonian Hound.

In 1954, the Ministry of Agriculture sent a specialized commission to Estonia to study the 648 specimens submitted by local breeders, and were clearly convinced: the first breed standard was approved by the Ministry a few months later. This year marked the official introduction of the Estonian Hound like a race, whose stamina and formidable nose were immediately emphasized.

After the collapse of the Soviet regime, Estonia gained independence and in 1998 la Estonian Kennel Club, the main canine association in the country, recognized race. Being the only native of the country, it was not surprising that it was granted national dog status.

The organization set out to make the breed known and recognized internationally. His efforts were crowned with success in 2019, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) provisionally accepted the breed and published a standard. Having said that, there is still a long way to go, since it is not recognized, for example, by the prestigious British Kennel Club, nor by American reference organizations such as the United Kennel Club (UKC) o el American Kennel Club (AKC).

The Estonian Hound is popular in an area encompassing Estonia and nearby Russian regions, and its population is estimated at about 1200 individuals. It is still used there as a hunting dog and has also made a place in many homes as a pet.. However, has not yet conquered the rest of the world. Rare in europe, even in the neighboring countries of Estonia, is practically absent from the North American continent.

Photo: Estonian Hound by Marcin Błaszkowski, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Estonian-hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound They are medium-sized hunting dogs that can easily be mistaken for the Beagle, one of the races that helped create them. However, they are bigger than the Beagle and they have a more pointed snout.

His powerful and muscular body is very long. Its solid bone legs are straight and almost half the size at the withers.. Saber-shaped tail flicks when in motion and remains fairly low, no higher than back level.

The head is quite wide at the level of the skull and the long muzzle ends in a very black nose. His slightly oblique eyes are more or less dark brown, while her long, thin ears fall along her cheeks.

The coat of the Estonian Hound is short, rough and shiny, with a moderately dense undercoat. Their fur is usually tricolor, with black spots with more or less wide red edges on a white background. However, the standard accepts bicolor individuals with completely red spots, without any trace of black. In all cases, the tips of the legs and tail should be white, as well as the throat and chest.

Sexual dimorphism is marked, the female being slightly longer than the male, which is taller in the legs and wider.

Physical characteristics

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound he is particularly devoted to his family, who likes to spend time with. They are a breed of dog especially recommended for children: they love to interact with them and are very patient with them, they even accept having their tails or ears pulled. However, you should remember that interactions between a young child and a dog of any breed must be under the supervision of an adult.

This strong attachment to his family makes him not like loneliness, which can lead to separation anxiety. If you are often left home alone for long periods of time, not surprisingly you may experience destructive behavior.

A solution for a caregiver who is absent regularly during the day may be to provide a playmate. Made to hunt in a pack, the Estonian Hound they enjoy the company of other dogs. If they are used to its presence from an early age, They can also make friends with any feline in the house. On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, should not live with rabbits or other rodents.

Rather shy and not fond of novelty, the Estonian Hound they tend to bark at strangers and then observe their master's behavior from a distance. If he invites the newcomer to the house, comes to greet you politely, but stay reserved.

Extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods, they need a lot of exercise to expend their great energy: a daily walk of one hour is a minimum for them. It is recommended to always keep it tied during these outings, as your excellent sense of smell often allows you to find an interesting track that you are likely to want to follow for hours, ignoring withdrawal orders. A dog owner who still wants to let him walk freely at this time should equip him with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily get your hands back on it if it disappears.

The Estonian Hound you can live in an apartment as long as you are outdoors often enough to satisfy your need for exercise, but he is much happier when he has a garden where he can patrol and play. However, this outdoor space must be well fenced to eliminate the risk of escape if you see potential prey to pursue.

A peculiarity of this dog is its need for routine and its aversion to novelty, which makes their behavior sometimes compared to that of domestic cats. This is not at all an appropriate choice for a master who wants to take their dog on vacation.: he is a poor traveler, you get stressed out when you get in the car and you don't like spending time in a place you don't know at all.

Last but not least, it is a breed of dog that barks often and forcefully. For the peace of the neighborhood, it is necessary to teach him from a young age not to bark for any reason and to shut up when ordered to do so.

Education

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

Like all its fellow men, the Estonian Hound must be socialized from an early age. This requires spending as much time with him as possible so that he meets all kinds of people (neighbors, family, friends, strangers…) And animals, but also so that you get used to the situations that you may face later.

This need to become very quickly acquainted with the outside world is all the more pronounced as it is fearful by nature. In particular, to prevent future vet visits from becoming a nightmare to handle, it is recommended to get used to traveling by car as soon as possible.

Addressing the barking issue at an early age is also imperative, so that you understand that it is not necessary to bark for hours at every unfamiliar noise.

It is also important to teach your dog to remember to bark, as you will not hear any more commands once you have sniffed the trail of a game animal and go in pursuit. Hunting instinct is well established in this breed, so it does not require any specific training to be able to follow a trail for hours and be an excellent hunter.

Relatively independent and headstrong, the Estonian Hound require patience to be trained, but they like to please their master and usually end up listening to him. If necessary, be firm to assert your dominant position and show your dog who is the master, traditional training methods should be avoided, at the risk of damaging the relationship of trust. It is preferable to opt for a learning technique based on positive reinforcement.

Health

As the Estonian Hound it is a relatively new breed and not very widespread, there is still no real and in-depth study of their possible health problems. However, looks quite robust, undoubtedly thanks to a reasoned breeding program that has prioritized the personality and abilities of individuals over their appearance.

However, you have probably inherited from Beagle and the Foxhound a certain predisposition to the following diseases:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a breakdown of the eye tissue that can eventually lead to blindness;
  • entropion and ectropion, problems with the eyelids that cause itching and / or irritation of the eye, but that can be surgically corrected;
  • dislocation of the patella, which affects the kneecap and causes walking difficulties. It can also be responsible for premature arthritis;
  • Elbow or hip dysplasia, that can cause lameness.
  • In addition, the Estonian Hound is sensitive to allergies and sinusitis. These ailments are not serious in themselves, but they can cause a certain amount of stress to the dog, as this breed relies heavily on its sense of smell. Therefore, a temporary loss of your sense of smell is likely disorienting you.

    At last, like most hunting dogs, the Estonian Hound have a ferocious appetite that can lead to overweight or even obesity if they don't get enough exercise.

    Grooming

    Despite her short hair and sparse undercoat, the Estonian Hound require some maintenance. Brushing twice a week is recommended to remove dead hairs and avoid finding them all over the house. This also helps to distribute sebum on the skin to better protect it against infectious agents..

    During shedding periods, in autumn and spring, it is even necessary to opt for a daily frequency, to cope with the large amount of hair she loses during this period.

    On the other hand, it is only necessary to bathe your dog when it is particularly dirty, for example, if he has rolled in the mud.

    Besides keeping your coat, it is recommended to check your teeth once a week to make sure there are no cavities, and wipe your eyes with a damp cloth to remove any dirt that may cause an infection.

    Weekly ear care is especially important: like any dog ​​with floppy ears, the Estonian Hound are at increased risk of ear infections and infections.

    Buy a “Estonian Hound”

    The price of a puppy Estonian Hound is of some 700-800 euros in your country of origin, and there is no price difference between male and female puppies.

    However, it is difficult to find outside of Estonia, but the situation may change rapidly after the breed is recognized by the FCI in 2019.

    Characteristics "Estonian Hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Estonian Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Videos "Estonian Hound"

    Estonian Hound / 99+1 Dog Breeds
    ESTONIAN HOUND PUPPIES / ESTONIAN HUNDRED PUPPIES

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.


    FCI breed standard "Estonian Hound"

    FCIFCI - Estonian Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. (Estonian: eesti hagijas) (English).
      2. eesti hagijas (French).
      3. (estnisch: Eesti hagijas), Estnische Bracke (German).
      4. Eesti hagijas (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador estonio (Spanish).

    English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 13 . Toy Terriers

    English Toy Terrier

    In Great Britain they are increasingly rare and in the rest of Europe they are disappearing.

    Content

    History

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) is closely related to the Manchester Terrier. It was originally called Black and Tan Terrier and was usually even larger than current specimens. They deliberately mated with him Italian Sighthound and only the smallest dogs were used for breeding.

    They were originally kept in London as rat catchers. Due to its size, they were often put in the pocket of a purse or coat, where they should protect themselves from pickpockets. In the time of Queen Victoria it was very popular as a lap dog.

    Physical characteristics

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) he is a well balanced dog, elegant, compact, sharp and clean construction.

    Has a body weight of about 3,6 kg. The height of his body is about 30 cm.. With this size, the English toy terrier It is one of the smallest representatives of the group of terriers. Therefore, falls in section 4 “Terriers enanos”.

    This breed is characterized by a slim body. All four legs are straight and very delicate. However, at the same time, the representatives of these Terriers are sporty and muscular, so they can easily accompany you on long walks.

    At first sight, the little dog's large, upright ears stick out. The dog's muzzle is long and reminiscent of larger terriers. The eyes of the English toy terrier they are alert and awake. All the Toy Terriers ingleses they have the hair pattern “black and tan”, what does black and tan mean. Most of the coat is black, but there are tan marks on some parts of the body. So the dog always has tan marks on his face and chest. The coat of a English toy terrier it's short and smooth.

    Character and skills

    Today the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) belongs to the rare breeds and there are only a few breeders. And that, although this little terrier can be kept well even in city apartments. He is very close to his family and continues to be a good guardian, but tends to bark a little. He usually gets along well with children and is a tireless playmate. The little terrier also gets along with other dogs.

    To the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) loves long walks and ball games. It can even be a good companion for shorter and not too fast jogging rounds.

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) still show typical terrier characteristics. They are brave, testy, lively, alert and cheerful. They learn quickly, but they also need some consistency up front. They still have a hunting instinct, so from the beginning you must work to direct this instinct in an acceptable way.

    Health and life expectancy

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) tend to be a bit nervous, but otherwise they are quite healthy dogs. They can come to live off 13 - 15 years.

    Similar breeds and relatives

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) es similar al Manchester Terrier, the Italian Sighthound, the German Pinscher and the Doberman.

    English Toy Terrier Care

    This little terrier has an easy-care coat that never really needs to be washed. Once your English Toy Terrier has been lying, you can wash it with clean water. You should only use a dog shampoo if it is very dirty. Too frequent use of shampoos destroys the natural protective layer of the coat, what can cause skin diseases.

    Its English toy terrier he is a robust dog that does not normally need a jacket. In very cold temperatures it may be useful to protect your dog with a well-fitting jacket. Especially very small dogs are hypothermic when they are in the snow for a long period of time. The jacket should fit well and not get in the way of your dog when he runs and plays.

    Check your teeth English Toy Terrier regularly. Tartar can form here, which in the long run can lead to painful inflammation of the teeth. Care, a soft dog toothbrush can be used for brushing. A toothpaste for dogs is harmless and usually tastes quite good to animals.. Make sure to accustom your English Toy Terrier slowly and gently to brushing its teeth.

    The correct nutrition of the English Toy Terrier

    The English toy terrier it is a very robust breed that gets along with most foods. Due to its small body size it is important to provide the English toy terrier of enough energy. To do this, for example, you can choose a type of food specially developed for small breeds. Small dogs have a higher energy turnover than large dogs. Another way of feeding is to give the dog fresh food or homemade food. Here too care must be taken to ensure sufficient calorie intake.

    Feed your English toy terrier several times a day, since the small dog can only absorb small amounts. Although healthy dogs usually have good teeth, the food components should not be too large.

    Because the English toy terrier he is an adorable dog, many people tend to pamper him. However, many human foods are not suitable for dogs. Therefore, their English toy terrier should only be fed with food scraps if it does not contain sugar or spices.

    Suitable accessories for the English Toy Terrier

    You don't need many accessories for your English toy terrier for everyday use. For food and water your dog needs at least two bowls. The water bowl should always be full and accessible to your dog.

    As the Toy Terriers ingleses they are very delicate animals, you should buy a well fitted harness. It is also important to use a light lead line. Traction lines are less suitable if your dog has not yet learned not to pull on the leash. A good alternative is to use a lightweight traction strap, that gives your dog freedom of movement.

    To the playful English toy terrier loves to learn. So you can do many sports with it which are also suitable for very small dogs. Dummies and other recovery toys are good for training. In addition, you English toy terrier will have a lot of fun with chew toys, that also support dental health.

    Last but not least, but no less important, should provide your English toy terrier a comfortable dog bed. There are several dog beds, almost all of them suitable. Whether your terrier is allowed on the couch or in bed, you can also give him a dog blanket there.

    It is very important that you secure your English toy terrier in the car. An adapter for the belt buckles can be attached to the harness. This prevents skipping while driving and reduces the risk to your dog in the event of an accident. An alternative is to accustom your dog to a transport box. You can also take him on the train in a transport box if he is used to it.

    Images "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"

    Photos:

    1 – ENGLISH TOY TERRIER, NO JV-14 NO UCH X-Pected Dine Mites X-Factor by Swedish Fair from Sweden / CC BY
    2 – English Toy Terrier (Black & So) by AkselHelp / CC BY-SA
    3 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
    4 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
    5 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
    6 – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    6 – English toy terrier by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/883104

    Videos "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 3 – Section 4 Toy Terriers.
    • ​KC – Toy Group


    FCI breed standard "English Toy Terrier (black and tan)"

    FCIFCI - English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
    Terrier

    Alternative names:

      1. ETT, English toy terrier (English).
      2. Toy terrier anglais noir et feu (French).
      3. English Toy Terrier (German).
      4. English Toy Terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Terrier miniatura negro y fuego, English toy terrier, Toy Terrier inglés, TERRIER INGLÉS DE JUGUETE NEGRO Y FUEGO (Spanish).

    English Pointer
    Gran Bretaña FCI 1 - Pointer

    Pointer Inglés

    The English Pointer It is a dog of great kindness and loyalty to its owner and docile.

    Content

    History

    The first records of Pointers in England they date from around 1650. The breed is believed to be the result of a cross between Spanish pointers, the English Foxhound, Greyhounds, St. Hubert Hound, Bulldog and various breeds of Setter.

    The objective of the breeders was to develop an animal that combined the qualities of these different breeds, in particular the developed sense of smell and the physical constitution of the St. Hubert Hound; speed, the elegance and grace of Greyhound; the well-developed rib cage of the English Foxhound, as well as its resistance and ease of maintenance. Later, various breeds of Setters to improve the psychological characteristics of the English Pointer, since the first specimens were described as fierce.

    Until the 18th century, this dog was used to search, locate and mark small game, like the rabbit, the hare or the fox. He worked in tandem with the Greyhounds and other racing dogs, which in turn were in charge of catching and killing prey.

    At the beginning of the 18th century, with the development of the use of firearms for hunting birds, the hunters realized that the English Pointer stood out in the search, signaling and recovery of game birds, thanks mainly to its speed and its great resistance. Therefore, was used primarily for this purpose.

    The international diffusion of English Pointer

    The English Pointer began to spread abroad in the second half of the 19th century.

    It is especially at this time that the first specimens were imported to France by lovers of hunting dogs., like the gentlemen Merle, Bailly, Mayaudon, Caillard y Lambertye.

    Although it is possible that the first specimens were imported much earlier by the colonists, the first official import of a English Pointer in the United States it dates from 1876. From England and with a white and lemon coat, the apt name of Sensation became the emblem of the famous dog show of the Westminster Kennel Club, which was founded the following year and is still today one of the most prestigious dog shows in the world. The breed quickly gained popularity among hunters for hunting quail.

    In 1878, just two years after arriving in the United States, was accepted by the National American Kennel Club, the predecessor of the American Kennel Club (AKC). The English Pointer was one of the first nine breeds recognized by the AKC when it was founded in 1884. The other reference organization in the country, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized the breed in the early 20th century. However, was not up 1963 when the breed was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which oversees the national organizations of a hundred countries (including France, Belgium and Switzerland).

    Physical characteristics

    The English Pointer it is a large dog with a harmonious appearance, flexible and elegant. His body is well proportioned and his muscles well developed.

    His tail is rather short, thick at the base and thin towards the tip. It is straight and follows the line of the back. When on the move, beats from side to side.

    His head is flat and rests on a long, muscular neck. Profile, the length of the skull and muzzle are approximately equal.

    The ears are medium in size, drooping and just above the eyes. They are slightly pointed and thin, with visible veins.

    The eyes are oval in shape, with a hazel color in light-coated individuals, brown on others. In all cases, give the dog a lively look.

    The nose is generally black, but may be lighter in dogs with lemon and white fur. In all cases, their nostrils are wide open.

    The coat of the English Pointer is short, dense, smooth, straight and shiny. Their fur is usually bicolor, mixing white and another color: lemon, orange, brown or black. Unicolor or tricolor individuals are rarer, but they are also recognized by the standard.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is quite marked in this breed: males are larger and above all more massive than females.

    Height and weight

      ▷ Male size: Of 63 - 69 cm.

      ▷ Female size: Of 61 - 66 cm.

      ▷ Male weight: Of 20 - 30 kg

      ▷ Female weight: Of 18 - 28 kg

    Character and skills

    The English Pointer he is a gentle companion, loyal and affectionate with his family. Get along especially well with children old enough to have learned to interact with animals, and is a tireless playmate for them. He is also very patient and gentle with them, even when they are unruly or even bullying you. However, it is much less suitable for young children due to its large size, since you can easily push them unintentionally. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a very young child without adult supervision.

    The English Pointer not only does he get along very well with family members, but also with other dogs of the same breed.

    Sharing your everyday life with one of them is a great way to avoid boredom when your child is away from home.. In fact, they have a hard time tolerating loneliness: if left alone too often or for too long, they are very likely to develop separation anxiety, with destructive behavior as a consequence. Whether you share your home with another animal or not, only suitable for a master who generally spends most of his days away from home.

    If you like to be around your family, the Pointer, on the other hand, is much more reserved and distant with strangers. Without showing aggressiveness towards them, does not deprive himself of barking when he perceives danger or a stranger approaches his place of residence. However, although their barking and large size can be a deterrent, his ability to attack when necessary is limited, which does not make them good guardians. On the other hand, is an effective warning dog. Living with a cat or a rodent is possible, as long as they have been raised together or are used to living with other animals from a young age. Otherwise, it is better to avoid taking the risk, since his marked hunting instinct could lead him to consider newcomers as prey. This is also how you see pet birds and small animals that you do not know, whether they cross your path during a walk or venture into your garden.

    This temperament is obviously a good thing if employed as a hunter., but it also implies that he must be kept on a leash during walks as long as he does not obey when asked to return, otherwise it will start chasing small animals that pass. Having said that, even with a good recovery workout, cannot be completely trusted: your instincts can get stronger at any time. For this reason, It makes sense to invest in a GPS-connected collar, so you can easily locate it if it goes out to sea, especially since then it can get far away, but not necessarily find my way back.

    In any case, the fear that he may be deceiving his masters is no reason to limit his outings, since the remedy would be worse than the disease. In effect, to be balanced, the English Pointer must be able to dedicate at least one hour a day, for example through two or three walks and / or play sessions.

    It is too active to be suitable for an elderly and / or very sedentary person, but its incredible speed and endurance make it a perfect companion for a very active master. It is a pleasure to accompany you on jogging sessions, bike outings or long walks.

    His curiosity and high intelligence also make physical activity not enough: to feel good both in your head and in your body, must also be intellectually stimulated. Ideally, you have a job to do or a mission to accomplish as often as possible.. Hunting and dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally are, Therefore, great ways to allow you to exercise both physically and mentally.

    In any case, your activity level makes you unsuitable for apartment living, since it needs to be able to run freely at all times in a wide space to expend its excess energy. Therefore, needs a house with a garden, but the garden must be well fenced, given his unbridled temper. Using an underground electric fence would not be an effective solution, because their determination is much stronger than the discomfort felt by electrical impulses, especially when he has sniffed a prey and goes after it.

    And just because a dog likes to play in the garden doesn't mean he has to spend most of his time there., away from his family. To be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family. In addition, once your needs are met, he is quite calm and enjoys spending time with his masters, for example lying on the sofa receiving pampering.

    Education

    As in any race, Socialization should be one of the pillars of the education of the English Pointer and start at a young age, when it is most malleable and adaptable. Therefore, you need to get used to being exposed to all kinds of different situations and environments, but also and above all to regularly meet other animals and new people. This is all the more necessary since he tends to be spontaneously shy around strangers..

    The other way, to avoid any hyperapego to their owners, you should also teach your dog to tolerate loneliness. Otherwise, it can be especially difficult to cope with your absences.

    The intelligence of English Pointer makes you able to learn quickly. This does not mean that he is willing to comply with all the wishes of his master.: has a strong character and can be very stubborn, so sometimes it's hard to make him obey.

    Therefore, to achieve your goals - and, in particular, to get your dog to obey you- his master must be firm in his education and not let anything pass from the beginning, at the risk of ending up with a difficult partner. Pay special attention that the rules are clear from the start, but also constant over time and from one person to another, which requires good cooperation between family members.

    In general, the ideal is to start learning as soon as you get home, opting for the dog training method based on positive reinforcement. In fact, not receptive to reprimands, and responds much better to stimuli and treats.

    However, the different smells and sounds that you perceive around you also interest you very much, and soon catch your attention during training sessions. Therefore, it is better to opt for frequent sessions, short and varied, in order to keep you focused on tasks at all times.

    Difficulties in achieving what is expected of him make it not really recommended for an inexperienced person, since it would soon be difficult for him to get it right.

    In any case, given his strong hunting instinct, remembrance is one of the most important teachings you should receive. Prevents him from constantly chasing animals he considers prey and disregarding his master's orders. Although it is still difficult to hope that his burning will be curbed in the 100% of the cases, it must be kept on a leash during walks as long as this order is not properly assimilated.

    Health

    The English Pointer It, in general, a robust and healthy animal, and their life expectancy, of 12 - 15 years, is rather in the high range of the average for dogs of this size. They can withstand the heat without difficulty, but their short fur makes them especially sensitive to cold and humidity. For this reason, it is advisable to cover him with a dog coat when temperatures are low. In any case, not suitable for living in a region where the climate is especially cold for much of the year.

    Although in good general health, like any race, you can suffer from various more or less serious illnesses throughout your life. Those that predispose the most are :
    • The Hip Dysplasia, a joint malformation whose appearance may be favored by a hereditary predisposition. Produces pain and lameness that worsens over time, and favors the appearance of osteoarthritis as the animal ages;
    • The metaphyseal osteopathy (or hypertrophic osteopathy), a bone disease that usually manifests itself as the animal grows and progresses rapidly. Besides lameness, can cause various symptoms such as high fever, anorexia or abnormal fatigue. The vital prognosis is good in mild forms of the disease, but much more reserved for the most serious cases;
    • Chondrodysplasia (or dwarfism), a genetic disease that causes underdevelopment of bones and cartilage. The latter makes the front and rear limbs shorter than normal.. There is no cure for this disease, but medication can ease the pain, and surgery may be suggested for more severe cases to correct any deformation of the bones and vertebrae;

    • The stomach dilation-torsion syndrome, which occurs when the stomach swells and folds in on itself, blocking the evacuation of gases and interrupting blood circulation. Unless a vet intervenes quickly, it is usually fatal, so it is a vital emergency;
    • The Addison's disease, an endocrine disorder that is sometimes inherited and is caused by destruction or atrophy of the adrenal glands. This gives rise to various symptoms that may suggest other pathologies: vomiting, diarrhea, dejection, weightloss, anorexia, tremors… The acute form gives the animal little chance of survival, while a lifelong treatment helps fight the chronic form;
    • The Hypothyroidism, a hormonal disease that causes a decrease in metabolism. Hypothyroidism is a hormonal disease that causes a decrease in metabolism and gives rise to various symptoms that vary from one individual to another.: exhausted, damaged fur, breathing difficulties, overweight… Requires lifelong treatment to alleviate or even prevent these symptoms;
    • The Epilepsy, a chronic disease of the nervous system that causes seizures whose manifestations can vary depending on the moment and the individual. Although there is no cure, various treatments can reduce the intensity or number of seizures to such an extent that most people with this disease can lead normal lives;
    • Aortic stenosis, a congenital and probably inherited heart defect that causes heart failure. This anomaly is incurable, and the risk of syncope or heart attack in the affected animal is not negligible. However, there are medications to counteract the effects of heart failure and the risk of sudden death;
    • Demodechia, dermatological disease due to overgrowth of Demodex Canis mites. Hairless spots may appear, itchy redness, blackheads and dandruff. The localized form usually heals itself, but if necessary -or in the case of a generalized form- medication and skin care can help;
    • Allergies, whether they are respiratory, food, skin or contact. Symptoms and treatments depend on the type of allergy in question;

    Congenital deafness, which mainly affects white-coated dogs. Whether it affects one or both ears, is irreversible;

    The ear infections, that are common in any dog ​​with floppy ears.

    The English Pointer it is also especially prone to various eye diseases:
    • Progressive retinal atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that causes retinal degeneration. Causes progressive loss of vision, first at night and then during the day;
    • The gland prolapse nictitante (or cherry eye), which corresponds to an inflammation of this lacrimal gland. The most common signs are the appearance of a small red ball in the inner corner of the eye and tearing. Can be treated with surgery;
    • The entropion, which is a curvature of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye. It can be hereditary and causes pain, irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva from repeated rubbing of the eyelashes and / or hairs on the fragile parts of the eye. This can be remedied with surgical intervention.;
    • The waterfall, which mainly affects the elderly and corresponds to a clouding of the lens. If nothing is done, leads to progressive loss of vision, up to total blindness. However, an operation can allow the animal to regain correct vision.

    In addition, When the English Pointer used for hunting, you are obviously exposed to the risks that this activity implies – particularly that of injuries.

    Having said that, although the list of conditions the breed is predisposed to may seem frightening at first glance, keep in mind that its prevalence remains low, so most of its representatives live in perfect health. This is confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, which showed that old age is the main cause of death in this breed. Old age alone accounts for a quarter of deaths, while cancers rank second and are implicated in around the 20% of the cases.

    However, it is true that a large part of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, which justifies favoring a serious breeder of English Pointer. In effect, not content with offering puppies quality socialization from their first weeks of life, a professional worthy of the name takes care that they do not suffer from a hereditary defect transmitted by their parents. To avoid this, has various genetic tests performed routinely on individuals you plan to breed, to avoid the transmission of a hereditary pathology and, of course, rule out those at risk. In addition to the test results in question, must be able to present a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccines administered, registered in the animal's sanitary or vaccination registry.

    Once adopted, It is necessary to ensure that the animal does not make any excessively long or intense physical effort during its growth, which usually lasts until 18 months. In effect, your bones and joints are then especially fragile; would run the risk of injury or developing malformations, with sequels that could last a lifetime. For example, this could lead to the development of Hip Dysplasia, to which you are predisposed.

    Last but not least, throughout his life, the English Pointer must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete health check. This appointment is also an opportunity to carry out any necessary vaccine withdrawals.. At the same time, to prevent risks related to parasites (worms, ticks…), your owner must make sure to renew your deworming treatments whenever necessary.

    Life expectancy

    Of 13 - 14 years

    Grooming

    The English Pointer it is an easy breed of dog to take care of, and this is especially true for their fur. Brushing once a week with a special glove or a rubber brush is enough to remove dead hairs and spread the sebum all over his coat.. If rubbed gently with a chamois or soft cloth, will be bright. It is also the occasion to detect possible skin problems, that are frequent in him.

    During your seasonal molt, in spring and autumn, hair loss is still moderate, but brushing frequency should be increased. Ideally, do it two or three times a week.

    When properly cared for, the fur of the English Pointer does not get very dirty and rarely smells bad. Therefore, no need to wash frequently: once or twice a year is enough, unless, of course, is dirty or smells bad. In any case, a mild shampoo designed specifically for dogs should always be used, to avoid damaging your skin with an unsuitable product. In fact, the pH of dog skin differs from that of human skin.

    Pay special attention to their floppy ears, since this morphological peculiarity increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, not only do they have to be inspected and cleaned at least once a week, but also spend time drying them every time they have been in contact with water or have spent a long time in a humid environment, to prevent moisture build-up.

    The maintenance of your dog's ears and also the opportunity to check his eyes and clean them if necessary, in order to avoid the risk of infections.

    In addition, teeth should also be cleaned at least once a week with dog toothpaste and a toothbrush or pad. This helps limit the formation and accumulation of tartar., that favors the development of bad breath and various oral diseases. Ideally, brush your teeth several times a week or even daily.

    Looking at its claws, the activity level of the English Pointer makes natural wear and tear normally enough to file them. However, as you age or are no longer as active as before, they can get too long and end up annoying or even hurting you. Therefore, they should be examined regularly and cut with a file or nail clipper as needed. This is the case as soon as a kind of rattling sound is heard when walking on hard ground.

    Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, do not hesitate to ask for the help of a professional (vet or groomer) to know the proper care of the English Pointer. It is also advisable to accustom your pet to being handled from a young age.

    This facilitates not only grooming sessions, but also to be able to examine it easily every time you return from a long stay abroad, for example during a hunting day. In effect, this is important to make sure that he is not injured or that there are no parasites or barbs stuck in his fur.

    Food

    As in the case of any race, the diet of English Pointer should fit your size, age, health and level of physical activity, both in terms of the choice of products and the amount of food that is given each day. To maximize the chances of keeping your dog healthy, it is recommended to feed him with high quality croquettes or hamburgers that provide him with all the nutrition he needs.

    Nutrient intake can vary significantly throughout the year. If used as a hunter, will use more energy during certain periods of the year, so your daily rations should be modified and increased, since the diet of a hunting dog is not the same as the usual. However, it is important to return to a normal amount of food once the season is over to avoid any risk of overweight in dogs.

    In fact, but the English Pointer are not predisposed to obesity, it is advisable to monitor your weight every month to ensure that everything is fine at that level. This is even more important if you have been sterilized, since the risk is then higher. In case the magnification is prolonged or even increased during several measurements in a row, it is necessary to take him to the vet to find out the cause of the problem and thus know how to remedy it. In any case, your diet and activity level may not be the cause, for example if weight gain is a symptom of an underlying disease.

    In any case, diet is especially important when the dog is small and growing. Feeding them too much and / or giving them too much food can cause them to grow too fast, which can cause not only injuries, but also long-term problems with bones and joints, as deformities. On the other hand, improper nutrition can also cause potentially very damaging stunting.

    Regardless of age, the ideal is, as with any dog, divide your daily ration into several meals. This is all the more essential since it is predisposed to the dilation-torsion of the stomach., which often follows the rapid absorption of a large amount of food. In addition, to avoid the latter, meals should be eaten in a quiet place and one hour away from any strenuous physical activity.

    In addition, the fact that it is not especially prone to obesity does not justify giving it food intended for humans (for example, table scraps), without ensuring that you can effectively meet your nutritional needs. Otherwise, it would be more harmful than beneficial, especially, of course, if the food is popular with humans but toxic to dogs.

    Last but not least, water should be available throughout the day and should be changed regularly to keep it fresh. If used for hunting, it is better to carry enough than to let him drink standing water.

    Use

    Before the 18th century, the English Pointer it was mainly used as Pointing Dogs for small game, like the rabbit, the hare or the fox. For this reason, cared for possible prey and worked with racing dogs, who were in charge of hunting and catching them.

    With the arrival of firearms in his native England in the early 18th century, began to be used more to target and retrieve game birds, function in which he stood out.

    Even today, are still highly prized by hunters, who use it mainly as Pointing Dogs.

    They are also found as pets. Its sweetness and affectionate character make the Pointer a very endearing companion, as long as his family can meet his great need for exercise and they are sufficiently present for him.

    Their loyalty to their owners and their aloof and aloof demeanor with strangers, without depriving yourself of barking loudly when they approach, make it an excellent warning dog. However, its ability to act as a watchdog is limited by its lower propensity to attack in danger.

    It is also a good companion for dog sports. Its competitive character and its resistance allow it to distinguish itself in disciplines such as canicross, el cani-VTT, obedience, the rally and agility.

    Last but not least, his elegance and his desire to please his masters also make him a sure value in canine beauty contests. In fact, He was already seen often in dog shows of the 19th century.

    Price

    The price of a puppy English Pointer varies between the 450 and 1.200 EUR, and the average is around 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females. There are many breeders throughout Europe.

    On the other hand, in Canada remain rare, so the number of individuals offered each year is quite limited. The amount requested usually ranges from 1200 and 3000 canadian dollars. Therefore, the most pertinent option may be to buy in the United States, where a puppy can be acquired for between 1000 and 1500 USD. Then, you must ensure that you adhere to the regulations regarding the importation of a dog into Canada and note that transport and administrative costs are added to the purchase price.

    Regardless of the country, price differences from one individual to another are explained by their own characteristics (and in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the breed standard), but also by the reputation of the lineage from which they come, as well as the prestige of the breeding.

    Characteristics "English Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “English Pointer”

    Videos “English Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 2: Continental Pointing Dogs. 2.1: Pointer
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "English Pointer"

    FCIFCI - English Pointer
    Pointer

    Alternative names:

      1. Pointer (English).
      2. Pointer (French).
      3. Englische Pointer (German).
      4. (em inglês: English Pointer), Pointer (Portuguese).
      5. Perdiguero inglés (Spanish).

    English Shepherd
    Estados Unidos UKC - Herding Dog Group

    Pastor Inglés

    The English Shepherd It resists the pressure of long demanding hours.

    Content

    History

    The race English Shepherd It is extremely versatile as a working dog. It is a line of Collie developed in the United States from farm dogs brought by the English and Scots in the early history of the country.

    Should not be confused with Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail).

    The English Shepherd is very smart, able to bring forward any dog on the farm and used in varied pastoral work (beef, sheep, goats, pig), monitoring, hunting, eradicator vermin and rodents and company for children. Possibly it's one of the most common breeds during the 19th century as the pedigree was given the importance to the present day.

    Many farmers appreciated this race for its versatility and not on their standard of appearance, being raised according to their abilities and not for exhibitions.

    Physical characteristics

    The English Shepherd is similar in appearance to Border Collie and to the Australian Shepherd. Although it is less rounded than the last head, nor do they tend to have the mantle of merle color, something common in the Australian Shepherd, they have not so square body.

    The English Shepherd is usually larger than the Border Collie, are easier to distinguish from Border Collie what of Australian Shepherd.

    The English Shepherd is a medium-sized dog, usually a little longer than high. Its weight is situated in 20 - 30 kg and is balanced in proportions. As a small farms working dog, has been selected to meet a variety of needs and that has resulted in a wide range of regional variations, appearance on.

    The mantle is of average length and can be smooth, wavy or curly. It often has fringes on legs and the tail. As in all working dog, the hair should be easy to maintain, they require very little preparation. Dirt tends to be repulsed by the fur.

    The English Shepherd It, generally, a healthy dog.

    The colors of the layer can be sable & white, tricolor, black and white, or black and Tan. Other variants, such as solid colors (any), Red and atigrados also exist but are not common.

    Character and skills

    The temperament of English Shepherd is the defining characteristic of the breed, has one great intelligence and, often a single type of goodness for your family, both animals and people.

    Often, is a independent worker, but always attentive to its own. They adapt easily and quickly learn routines.

    Some may be distrustful with strangers and they are dogs of a single person. However, Once you agree to another adult (or other pets) or children, the converted part of his flock, and, with children especially, from that moment on it will be difficult to find a better caregiver than a English Shepherd, to be aware of their children.

    Images "English Shepherd"

    Videos "English Shepherd"

    English Shepherd Puppies of Forrest Run Farm Registered family raised April 2010
    English Shepherd pups at 4 wks  old
    Patient English Shepherd
    Walnut Ranch English Shepherd puppies

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION UKC: Herding Dog Group

    • Alternative names:

        1. Farm Collie, Farm Shepherd, Old Farm Collie (English).
        2. English Shepherd (German).

    English Setter
    Gales Inglaterra Reino Unido francia FCI 2 - Setter

    Setter Inglés

    By your selection, the English Setter it's mostly a hunting dog, so you need activity

    Content

    History

    The origins of the English Setter they are quite confusing, but they seem to date back to the Middle Ages. It is believed to be descended from the Oysel Dog and ancient Spanish flagger breeds that were brought to England.. The breed settled around 1860 thanks to the work of Edward Laverack and after R. Purcell Llewellin, two breeders who established a selective breeding program to stabilize English setters.

    Laverack he bred a practically pure line of very willful and elegant dogs. Llewellin crossed the Laverack dogs with the English Setter and then with him Setters Gordon. From these crosses a strain especially competent for hunting emerged.

    It was at this time that the English Setter began to be recognized internationally. Came to france, and more generally to continental Europe, in 1880. However, was not up 1963 when the breed was officially recognized by the FCI.

    Its great hunting qualities make it the most widely used pointer in France today.. He usually wins national and international hunting contests. However, it is also appreciated for its beauty, and is featured frequently at dog shows. Therefore, we distinguish between lines of beauty and lines of work, depending on the use made of the animal.

    Physical characteristics

    The English Setter is the type of Pointing Dogs medium in size with a solid and compact body.

    Its coat is flexible and smooth, with fringes on the ears, the chest, legs and tail. Five coat colors are allowed: black and white, Orange and white, lemon and white, brown and white and tricolor.

    The tail is of medium length, carried low and placed on the back.

    Size and weight

      ▷ Male size: Of 65 - 68 cm.

      ▷ Female size: Of 61 - 65 cm.

      ▷ Male weight: Of 18 - 23 kg

      ▷ Female weight: Of 18 - 22 kg

    Character and skills

    The English Setter he is a very friendly partner, even with children or other dogs. However, living with small animals requires early socialization so you don't see them as prey.

    It is an excellent companion dog, easy to live with and completely devoted to his family, which he will cover with affection. Intelligent, friendly, Tender, quiet, playful and faithful, will brighten up your home. Sensitive and very attached to his master, can't stand loneliness.

    By your selection, it's mostly a hunting dog, so you need activity. A house with a garden in the country is ideal for him. However, an urban life in an apartment is possible, as long as it provides you with enough opportunities to exercise: two outputs of 30 minutes a day is a minimum. He will also be happy to accompany his master on bike rides or jogging. In any case, It is not a recommended dog for an elderly or very sedentary person.

    Last but not least, hunting instinct is generally highly developed in the English Setter. If it is intended for this use, it is advisable to adopt a puppy from a line of work. In fact, the beauty lines are selected with aesthetic criteria and, Therefore, are potentially less effective. But, in any case, it is a breed that tends to dig and chase prey: fencing your ground is strongly recommended to prevent any dog ​​escape.

    Education

    Very intelligent, the English Setter has a good aptitude for dressage. However, need a gentle education (although not without firmness), because his sensitivity does not admit brutality. The brutality would make him fear.

    Like any hunting dog, learning to remember will be essential so that you do not get carried away by your instincts.

    Health

    The English Setter is in fairly robust overall health.

    However, their floppy ears make them prone to canine ear infections, especially because they are dogs that do not hesitate to get into the water. It can also be affected by skin diseases such as atopy.

    Last but not least, this breed has a predisposition to congenital deafness, thyroid problems or hip dysplasia. The latter being partially hereditary, it is advisable to check the health of the stallions with the breeder of English Setter.

    Grooming

    The English Setter requires weekly brushing. During the molting period, which takes place twice a year, should be even daily. In addition, your hair fringes need to be trimmed to maintain their signature look. This operation can be done at home or entrusted to a dog groomer.

    Under normal circumstances, it is not necessary to bathe the dog. However, when hunting, the English Setter does not hesitate to get into the water, sometimes muddy: in this case, you may want to provide a dog shampoo to help restore its whiteness.

    In addition, check their floppy ears after every outing, especially if the dog has been swimming, to avoid any ear infection.

    Use

    The English setter is originally a hunting dog (Pointing Dogs). Today, it is also highly appreciated as a companion dog.

    In addition, its beauty and elegance make it a recognized show dog.

    Life expectancy

    14 years

    Characteristics "English Setter"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Setter" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "English Setter"

    Photos:

    1 – English Setter, Dogs Show Racibórz RAVEN WHITE Magenta by I, Lilly M, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – English Setter in Tallinn, duo CACIB, 17-18 Aug 2013 by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – English setter working in the field by Dmitry A. Mottl, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – English Setter Puppy at 2 and a half months of age by Immotilla, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – English Setter by Villa16, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Liver belton English Setter. by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "English Setter"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 2: Continental Pointing Dogs. 2.1: Pointer
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Sports
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "English Setter"

    FCIFCI - English Setter
    Setter

    Alternative names:

      1. Lawerack, Llewellin (or Llewellyn) Setter (English).
      2. Setter Laverack (French).
      3. Englischer Setter (German).
      4. (em inglês: English Setter) (Portuguese).
      5. Setter Llewellin (o Llewellyn), Setter Lawerack (o Laverack) (Spanish).

    Estrela Mountain Dog
    Portugal FCI 173 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Estrela Mountain Dog

    The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, the rough lines and powerful appearance

    Content

    History

    The Dog of the Sierra de la Estrela (Cão da Serra da Estrela) It is a breed of dog native of Portugal, in the mountainous region that bears the same name. It has all the qualities required in this wild region, is intelligent, loyal and brave.

    Some argue the theory that were introduced in Portugal by the Visigoths and slowly to various parts of Europe. The Estrela Mountain Dog was used –mainly- in mountainous areas to accompany shepherds and flocks on their annual migrations, defending the wolves and thieves.

    It is believed that the two varieties of existing hair: short hair and Longhair, they are due to regional variations. Contrary to what might be expected, the warmest region, the region of Manteigas, This is where you may find long hair dogs, While short hair varieties were most frequent in the North, in Gouveia e Seia. Crosses between these two varieties were frequent.

    In 1934 the standard of the breed was drafted, It was established according to its two varieties of coat. From this point, the cross between two varieties became undesirable. The publication of the rule in 1966 and the recognition of the breed by the FCI, they have not brought more popularity to the race. Over the years 60 and 70, the Portuguese emigrated looking for escape from the regime of poverty. The population of dogs Serra da Estrela declined drastically in that period, but the dedication of some breeders allowed the continuity of the breed.

    Today, the Estrela Mountain Dog is highly requested, especially the variety of long hair. While the variety of short hair was more numerous at the beginning of the last century, is the variety of long hair that stands out, especially for being more eye-catching, stylish, with a larger. This made the breeders will focus primarily on the variety of long hair. Today the variety of short hair is particularly vulnerable and rare.

    Physical characteristics

    The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, the rough lines and powerful appearance. The head is huge, rounded and with a stunning skull. It has oval eyes, very expressive, Smart and serene.
    The ears they are small and pendants, covered with a soft skin.

    Molosser mastiff type, Estrela mountain dog has a broad chest and a slightly falling rump. The members are strong and muscular. The tail is long, thick and slightly fall.

    There are two varieties of Estrela Mountain Dog: long hair and short hair. The hair is strong, thick, but not too rough. In some regions it is longer than others, especially in the queue, around the neck and back.

    Only allowed the tawny colors, Lupine and yellow, monochrome or marbled.

    Comments

    Estrela Mountain Dog is a healthy dog, due to the strong natural selection which was exposed. However, There are some diseases of large animals with a higher incidence in this breed. The Dysplasia is one of them, especially that of hip. Due to this trend, owners must use quality diets, not exercise too your dog when he is young, avoid the steep stairs, breaks and slippery floors.

    The variety of long hair they require more maintenance: brushed daily to untangle hair.
    The variety of short hair only needs weekly brushings. Bathing should only be administered, only, When cannot be avoided,Since the protective greasiness of the skin can be damaged by cleaning products.

    Character and skills

    The Estrela Mountain Dog has always been kept with the sheep, While pastor was away from his flock the dog developed an independent organization and this led to his character of excellent guard dog.

    It is also used for self defense and as a dog shot.

    The Estrela Mountain Dog, due to its isolation and difficult to access, It has become the home of this breed of dog. His hard hair helps you survive the harsh winters of the region. Each race has its specific character developed throughout its existence, of their own history.

    This more or less independent nature makes this breed adapts well to modern times, where instead of caring won, waiting for their owners to return from work at the end of the day. They have lot patience.

    The beauty of this dog, his intelligence and strength, they are the features that allow you to be in addition to an excellent guard, a good family dog and very tolerant with children.

    Habitat Estrela Mountain Dog

    The Estrela Mountain Dog it's a big dog with a big boost. Therefore, an apartment in the city is not ideal for him. Fluctuations of time and temperature do not bother him much, so you prefer to spend the day outdoors. Therefore, the ideal is a house with a large patio or garden where you can move freely. In addition, does not want to do without his long walks. For many other canine sports, requiring reliable obedience, it is, however, hardly adequate due to its obstinacy.

    Nutrition Estrela Mountain Dog

    The Estrela Mountain Dog requires a correspondingly large serving of food, which should also be considered when buying it. Proper dog feeding helps keep it healthy for a long time. Whether one wants to use dry or wet food is a matter of personal preference. In particular, nutrition during growth, especially in large dogs, sets the course for later life.

    While puppies and adult dogs need enough energy, young dogs need an adapted diet, rich in protein, to ensure that your muscles and skeleton grow evenly. If the young dog grows too fast with food too rich in energy, there is a risk of permanent joint problems and malpositions. In addition, It should be noted that all large breeds of dogs are at risk of stomach upset if the daily ration is administered at one time.. Therefore, it is better and healthier to divide the food into at least two servings in the morning and at night and then give the animal a break for digestion.

    Education and care

    Due to the close connection of the Estrela Mountain Dog with humans and their good understanding, good conditions are created for purposeful education. However, the race's own head should not be underestimated. The Hound of the Sierra de la Estrela dog stubbornly reacts to too much hardness in training and the orders he considers meaningless. As a result, the right key to a successful workout is patience, empathy and a consistent hand. During training special attention should be paid to the tendency to dominate, especially in males.

    Although this is rarely directed against humans, but mainly against other big dogs, can disturb harmonious interaction and, above all, The walking. Ideally, great importance should be given to socialization already in the breeder. You should also practice meeting other dogs as soon as possible after your dog has moved.. You can learn that other dogs are an enrichment and not a danger and that dominant behavior is not tolerated. In a good dog school you will receive many tips when in doubt, which will facilitate the management of your Dog from the Sierra de la Estrela.

    A lot brushed in the change of coat

    The Estrela Mountain Dog has a dense coat with a lot of undercoat, that adapts to weather conditions. The change of coat is therefore strong in this breed. To facilitate this process for the animal and reduce the amount of dog hair at home, should be brushed sufficiently and correctly, especially during the period. Ideal for this purpose are the special brushes, they can comb the bottom layer. Outside the change of coat phase, brush once a week.. The rest of the preparation is limited to a minimum. Especially if the dog is outside and a lot in the meadows and forests, should be checked regularly for parasites. If required, claws must be shortened with claw pliers.

    Typical health and diseases

    The Estrela Mountain Dog It is a very robust animal that does not have to fight with the typical diseases of the breed. However, being a very large breed, you may suffer from dysplasia of the hip joint. FCI-recognized breeders only use parents who are not affected by this disease for breeding purposes., which also greatly reduces the risk to offspring.

    Estrela Mountain Dog life expectancy

    As a healthy race, the Estrela Mountain Dog reaches an age of 10 - 12 years without difficulty and generally without many visits to the vet. Proper nutrition and parenting are the prerequisites for a long and healthy life.

    Photos Estrela Mountain Dog

    Videos Estrela Mountain Dog

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC – The AKC does not have its own standard and instead is linked to the FCI

    FCI breed standard "Estrela Mountain Dog"

    FCIFCI - Estrela Mountain Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Portuguese Shepherd (English).
      2. Chien de montagne portugais (French).
      3. Serra da Estrela Berghund (German).
      4. Perro de la sierra de la Estrela (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de la Sierra de la Estrela (Spanish).

    English Cocker Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 5 . Flushing Dogs

    Cocker Spaniel Inglés

    The English Cocker Spaniel he is a sweet and affectionate dog. Excellent guard and loving with children.

    Content

    History

    The term spaniel it applied to any dog ​​that hunted game birds and pulled. Usually they distinguished by their size or the way they work. For example, had spaniels land and spaniels water. Woodcock hunting dogs were known as Cockers, while the larger spaniels that “drew” hunting cover to the flush is known as Springers. At any given time, different types could be born in the same litter, but eventually they separated in races: Cocker Spaniels and English Springer Spaniel.

    In the United States and Britain, the Cocker They developed a different aspect, while began to be considered separate races. The Club of the English Cocker Spaniel America was formed in 1935 for people who appreciate the look and the different skills of the English Cocker. The American Kennel Club recognized him as an individual race 1946. The American Cocker It became more popular, but fans of the English Cocker consider their dogs a well kept secret. Today, the English Cocker ranks 66 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The English Cocker Spaniel, It has the benefit of having many coat colors, and each can have their favorite color. However the selection of the color does not have any influence or precedent on health.

    There are two varieties of Cocker Spaniel, the English Cocker Spaniel, from Wales and the American Cocker Spaniel, It is resulting from the adjustment of the English Cocker Spaniel to United States.

    The English Cocker Spaniel It is a strong dog, Atlético, Compact and balanced, they weigh in 12 - 15 Kg. In them, the extent of the ground to the cross (39 - 41 cm.) and this at the tail is equal, approximately. The body of the dog is compact, with a well developed chest and possess a slight tilt from the back to the tail.

    The legs are strong and muscular, especially the rear. The wide head, Lightweight aspect, with a large truffle. The English Cocker Spaniel ears are lobular shape and low insertion, at the height of the eyes. It has large eyes. They tend to be Brown, almost dark, although some Cocker they have clear.

    The expression of eyes is intelligent, alert, bright and cheerful. You can see this dog in multiple colors. Copies of solid color only allows a white patch on the chest.

    Character and skills

    The English Cocker Spaniel, He is currently a very popular dog as a pet of company, for those who enjoy the countryside. To develop this race in Wales were persecuted to get a dog that correteara the redfish herding them from their hiding places in the bushes. Its versatility grew up and went when they realized that this dog was happy in a different position and was also able to swim.

    They enjoy playing with children (especially the females) provided that these comply, It should educate the can so that it does not jump on infants.

    While they are dogs that like to play is recommended to be very careful in dealing with these animals due to his hyperactive character.

    It is a sweet and affectionate dog. Excellent guard and loving with children. Although it is sometimes dominant. Why should be severe education from the beginning. It is a very active dog, cheerful and curious. He likes to be in family or accompanied by. It is a very sensitive breed, If it is many hours alone will be sad. You need love, care in your coat if you want to leave the long skirt.

    Grooming

    Your fur needs cut and this must be done by a professional, or the owner can acquire appropriate equipment and learn to do it himself, on the instructions of the breeder. Depending on each country, There are generally different options of professionals specialized in the grooming of pets in each city, and usually they also provide the service to pick them up and bring them back home when the Cocker It is elegantly trimmed.

    The upper teeth are closed on the bottom and are square in the jaw, and they must be cleaned regularly. Nails should be cut as required. The long ears should be revised weekly and special attention, cleaning up any dirt, grass, seeds, excrement, and other waste that have been able to adhere to the same, Since as you said, they are very susceptible to suffering otitis by his excessive Seborrheic secretion. It is also common to have lot of warts.

    Health

    All purebred dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential for inherited diseases. Flee from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, I say that race has no known problems, or keep the cubs isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and incidence occurring with.

    The English Cockers They have some health conditions that may be of concern. They include progressive retinal atrophy, the patellar luxation, cataracts, hemolytic anemia mediated immune system, ear infections, kidney failure juvenile onset, Hypothyroidism and, in particular, hearing loss.

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy to your home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a English Cocker with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Advantage to the maximum their preventive abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Characteristics "English Cocker Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Cocker Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "English Cocker Spaniel"

    credits:

    1. An English Cocker Spaniel at a dog show by Pleple2000, corected by Torn
    2. Cocker Spaniel Inglés by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1204664
    3. English Cocker Spaniel, 8 months old by John / CC BY
    4. English Cocker Spaniel by Loyalty4life / Public domain
    5. English Cocker Spaniel by https://www.needpix.com/photo/983524/cocker-spaniel-english-cocker-spaniel-coker-spaniel-dog-doggy-it-lies-resting-their
    6. A red and white ticked male English Cocker Spaniel. by eNil / CC BY

    Videos "English Cocker Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

    FCI breed standard "English Cocker Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - English Cocker Spaniel
    Cocker

    Alternative names:

      1. Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (English).
      2. Cocker anglais (French).
      3. English Cocker Spaniel (German).
      4. English Cocker Spaniel (Portuguese).
      5. Cocker spanie, Cocker (Spanish).