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Alemania FCI 190 - Molossoid . Mountain


The term Hovawart derived from medieval german, in which -hova- meant "cut" and -wart-, "guardian".



The dog as guardian of the house and the courtyard has an ancient tradition in the history of humanity. Maybe thousands of years ago, private ownership of the house and yard, goods and workshops could only be established with the help of the protective role of dogs. The four-legged court guards were already highly regarded by the Teutons, which is reflected in the various laws of the last Teutonic. Of the 24 articles of the Law of Baiuvariorum, an entire article is dedicated only to dogs. Here, plus a dozen other dog breeds, the court dog is explicitly mentioned as "Houvavart". The Houvavart was valued at 3 shillings. It was a huge amount, considering that in the same body of law a "mediocre" horse was valued at only half a shilling. The Hovawarts are also mentioned in various writings from the Middle Ages.

The Hovawart Today is in the intellectual and functional tradition of these old court dogs. Regarding their genetic offspring, will not be more or less related to them than the other breeds of guard dogs and native dogs. Building a direct line of descent to the old Hovavart would not be permissible, especially since it is not known at all what these dogs looked like.

After 1910 the Hovawart but without a description of the appearance. Over the years 20 established itself as a breed of dog.

In the FCI breed standard of 1998 It is said that:

"From 1912 the reproduction of this breed has been using similar type dogs that are still in farms to restore the breed. apart from this, at the beginning of the crossing, you cross them with German shepherds, Newfoundland, Leonberger and other races were admitted. In addition to the strict measures taken in the breeders, the type of job was obtained again.”

It also, crossed the hungarian watchdog Kuvasz, what is important to understand the nature of Hovawart. After having almost died out, after the first world war, the breed was recovered by the kinophile K. F. König. In a span of time, what had been done very successfully thousands of years before was rebuilt here. Like, but mostly of the nature the right dogs were mated. The decisive criterion was performance for the intended purpose, so to speak, the work championship. It is quite possible that the Hovawart current look like the old ones Hovawart of our ancestors by this procedure of appearance and nature, but that is speculation. Only in 1944 breeding book closed. So a vast gene pool was created as the basis for this breed of dog., which is still very useful for your health and fitness today.

Physical characteristics

The Hovawart is a big dog, strong and at the same time quite thin. With the Hovi nowadays three strokes of color are allowed: Rubio, black marks (black with gold brown markings) black and white. Males have a height to the cross of 63 to 70 cm.. Considering its type and size, the Hovawart is thinner than it appears underneath its medium long wavy coat. So, a weight of 30 to 45 kg is considered normal for males. Despite this not so high weight, it is a very powerful and strong dog. Only for its strength and size it belongs to a hand with experience in dogs. The Hovawart he's a working dog, Guard and protection.

Character and skills

The character of Hovawart demands a person with a strong dog mind. He has a strong will, a head of its own and is very independent. Probably an heir to the pack guard dog, Kuvasz, who is one of his ancestors. He is self-assured and self-assured at the same time. The “desire to please” is not as strong in him as in many other working dog breeds.. Your master or caretaker still has to work and earn it. then a Hovawart well educated he is an extremely efficient off-roader and a lovely friend. Master the role of companion dog suitable for everyday life, as well as your challenges in dog sports or even as a rescue and tracking dog. He has a very good nose. Yes, and the Hovawart it is also an excellent watchdog and protection dog.

He is a defensive protector of his family and diligently protects his territory. He moves silently on the ground and faces an intruder suddenly but persistently. With built-in yard dog, the Hovawart not fully occupied, especially since today you have to monitor hardly a large enough area. He is intelligent and seeks true association with his caregiver. At the same time it is affectionate and sensitive and at the same time it radiates something primitive, archaic.

Wants and seeks connection with family. Like a well-behaved and demanded working dog, the Hovawart it is also an excellent family dog. Often rejoices with petting and hitting like a little lapdog. He is very friendly and gentle with the people he has taken to his heart. Once you meet them, will never forget them. When he is young he shows his affection sometimes very stormy.

The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Apart from the change of coat, it does not need to be brushed every day., because her coat doesn't tend to tangle due to the small amount of undercoat. Well educated and managed he is an excellent companion. But, cannot be recommended as a family dog ​​without further ado. If you are thinking of having a puppy Hovawart for the first time, must first consider practical challenges, they are only related to their strength and size. Not a beginner dog.

Hovawart Education

The Hovawart develops creativity and perseverance to realize his ideas about the world and its order. Here the owner of the dog is challenged with all the consequences, but paired with patience and empathy. And this already with the puppy. Hardness alone does not help the Hovawart at all. It is important to create and maintain trust, that the Hovawart wants to show his pack leader. By the way, pack leader: One Hovawart usually test thoroughly, who will take this position. Here its owner must assert himself with the consequent insouciance, then he will follow faithfully and with good behavior and accept the leadership of his humans without problems.

One must bring with him time and knowledge for an intensive education and, the best of all, training. If one loses the basic elements of education, you will hardly be able to go for a walk with him without stress. Then your self-confidence could even become a leadership statement.. Otherwise, the Hovawart it's the ideal companion dog image. He wants his humans to guide him, but without ever being submissive. The Hovawart maintains its own head and its own will. For some people this is perhaps too much of their own personality. But only this profile of the Hovawart can be an excellent basis for a respectful and intense human-dog relationship.

Hovawart Health and Care

The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Except in times of coat change, twice a year, needs to be brushed regularly but not every day, because his coat does not tend to tangle due to the low amount of undercoat.

The Hovawart it is considered a completely healthy breed. Hereditary diseases are systematically fought, such as knee joint cartilage disease (OCD), which is more common in Hovawarts. Dysplasia of the hip joint (HD) "often a problem especially with large dogs" has been under control for a long time.

Nutrition / Food

The Hovawart they don't make any special demands. He is consistently straightforward. For a dog of its size and strength it needs little food.

Hovawart life expectancy

The Hovawarts can reach 12 years and not rarely even more with a good physical condition. It is a good life expectancy for such a large dog.

Buy a Hovawart

Puppies should only be purchased from an FCI registered breeder. For a puppy you should plan to 800 to 1000 EUR. The adult dogs of Hovawart they can also be taken out of shelter or emergency aid and offered a loving home..

Images "Hovawart"


1 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hovawart-perro-perro-de-raza-pura-2611448/
2 – Hovawart black and tan by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
3 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-hovawart-negro-marrón-1194081/
4 – The three permitted colours of the Hovawart by Oxborrow / Public domain
5 – Blond Hovawart female (10 months) by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
6 – Hovawart by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xxpba

Videos "Hovawart"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2.2: Molossoid, mountain type. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • UKC – Watchdog

FCI breed standard "Hovawart"


Date of publication of the valid original standard:


Utility dog

General appearance:

It's a working dog, powerful, medium-sized, slightly elongated and long-haired. The difference between the sexes is clearly recognizable, especially in the head shape and body structure.

PROPIMPORTANT ORTIONSS: The length of the body comprises at least one 110 yet 115% the height at the withers.

Behavior / temperament:

It is a recognized versatile working dog, friendly and balanced disposition. Has protective instincts, He has a lot of self-confidence and has the ability to withstand stress.; is of medium temperament, combined with an excellent sense of smell. The proportions of his balanced body and special devotion to his family make him an excellent companion., guardian, defender, savior and tracker.


The nasal cavity is straight and parallel to the skull. The muzzle and skull are approximately the same length. The skin of the head is tight.

Cranial region:
  • Craging: The powerful head has a broad, rounded forehead.
  • Depression links (Stop): Well visible.

facial region:

  • Trufa: The nostrils are well developed. In black and black dogs with fire the pigmentation is black; in blond dogs the pigmentation is black, although the « snow nose » is allowed (loss of temporary pigmentation).
  • Horcico: Strong, Slimming down slightly when viewed from above and in profile.
  • Belves: Tight.
  • Jaws / Teeth: Strong scissor bite complete with 42 teeth, according to the teething formula. The teeth are at right angles to the jaw. Caliper bite is accepted.
  • Ojors: Oval, nor protruding, or sunk. Dark to medium brown color. Tight eyelids.
  • Obars: Triangles and falls; loose along the cheeks; tall and widely spaced, giving the optical illusion of skull widening. They reach in length at least the lip corners; the tip is slightly rounded. When the dog is at rest it keeps them hanging; when the dog is on alert carry them by directing them slightly towards the forehead. Its front edges are located approximately half the distance between the eye and the muzzle..


Strong, long Middle. The skin is tight.


  • Espalda: Straight and firm.
  • Itmor: Strong, somewhat longer than the rump.
  • Rump: Medium long, leaning slightly.
  • Breast : Width, deep and strong.


With abundant hair, reaching below the hocks, but not even to the ground. depending on the mood, worn high above the back or low.


PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Strong, straight and vertical, viewed from the front and from the sides.

  • Hormbros: Very well muscled. The scapula is long and well oblique to the back.
  • Brazo: Long, well glued to the body.
  • Elbows: Glued to the chest.
  • Articulation of the carpus: Strong.
  • Metacarpus: Moderately inclined.

LATER MEMBERS: Strong and, seen from the back, vertical. Well angled.

  • Thighs and legs: Very well muscled.
  • Hock: Strong, descended.
  • PIIS: Rounded, strong and compact. Fingers are arched and together. Dewclaws must be removed except in those countries where it is prohibited by law.. Nails on black dogs with fire and black should have black pigmentation; in blonde dogs less pigmentation is allowed.


In all walks, the hovawart movement, seen from the front or from behind, It's in a straight line, covering the ground well. The trot is very extended, with a powerful boost from the hindquarters.


PIEL: In total, the skin is well glued. In black and tan or black dogs the skin presents a bluish glimpse, in blonde dogs generally a pink glimpse.

Plink: Long, strong hair is slightly wavy and glued; the inner layer of hair is poorly developed. The hair is longer on the chest, in the womb, on the tail and on the backs of the forelimbs and thighs. It is short on the head and in the anterior region of the front and rear limbs. The pelage is dense.

Colorr: There are three varieties of color: Black fire, black and blond.

  • Negro with fire: The coat is black and shiny, the color of the fire marks is medium blonde. In the head, the markings start below the nose and extend around the lip commissure to the marks on the gargant. Dot-shaped markings above the eyes are clearly visible.. The chest marks consist of two adjacent patches that can be attached. On the forelimbs, the marks seen from the side, extend from the fingers approximately to the metacarpus, Thinning at the back at the elbow level. In the hind, the marks, side view, they look under the hock in the form of a broadband, above the hock in the form of a narrow band extending from the front of the hindquarters to the height of the belly. A mark is also presented below the tail insert. Brands are well defined everywhere. Small white spots on the chest, as well as some white hairs on the fingers and on the tip of the tail are allowed. Pigmentation of the eyelids, lips and pads must be black.
  • Negro: The coat is shiny black A few small white spots on the chest, as well as some white hairs on the fingers and on the tip of the tail are allowed. Pigmentation of the eyelids, lips and pads must be black.
  • Rubinor: The coat is medium blonde, shiny and becomes lighter towards the belly and limbs Small white spots on the chest, as well as some white hairs on the fingers and on the tip of the tail are allowed. Pigmentation of the eyelids, lips and pads must be black.

Size and weight:

  • Males: of 63 to 70 cm.,
  • females: of 58 to 65 cm.


Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault and the severity of this is considered to the degree of the deviation to the standard and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog..


  • Aggressiveness or extreme shyness.
  • Any dog ​​showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified..

Apgeneral arience

  • Dogs that do not correspond to the general type of the breed
  • Females with male appearance.
  • Males with female appearance


  • Body proportions very different from those indicated in the standard

Comportamiento / Temperament

  • Aggressive dogs, fearful, apathetic, afraid of the shot.

Cthey are not coming

  • Absence of naso-frontal depression (Stop).
  • Blue eyes, gazeo eyes
  • Erect ears, semi-erected, rose-shaped or separated from the cheeks
  • Upper or lower prognathism, incisor arcade deviated.
  • Absence of more than 2 of the four PM1 (premolars 1) or of the two M3 (molars 3); absence of any other teeth.


  • Presence of a marked double chin or a lot of loose skin.


  • Back very beaten or pronounced carp.
  • Narrow or barrel-shaped chest.
  • Abnormal glue, heavily cropped or heavily coiled.


  • Hindquarters too high.


  • Mostly curly hair (ring shaped curls)


En set:

  • All non-standard colors, blue/grey, ciervuno, brown, white, spotted, smutty blonde or with mostly streaked hair
  • White patches White hairs on the inside of the thigh is not an elimination foul.

Perros black and fire

  • Gray or brown patches outside the spots.
  • Undercoat of hairs mostly a color other than black.
  • Predominant gray or white spots.

Pblack mistakes

  • Brown or gray patches
  • Undercoat of hairs mostly a color other than black.

Pblond mistakes

  • Some white hairs on the bridge of the nose do not constitute an eliminatory foul.
  • Continuous reddish-blond color without becoming slightly lighter.
  • Blonde-off-white color, even in the ears.
  • Distinctively white markings.
  • Dark patches or mask

Tby hand

  • Size smaller than that indicated in the standard
  • Size greater than 3 cm of that indicated in the standard

  • Males should have two normal-appearing testicles fully descended into the scrotum..
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with the typical conformation of the breed, should be used for parenting.

Itlatest changes are in bold.

TRANSLATION: Mauricio Martinez, Federation Canófila Mexicana, A.C.; y Dr. J-M Paschoud.

Source: F.C.I - International Cynological Federation

Alternative names:

1. Hovie (English).
2. Hovawart (French).
3. Hovawart (German).
4. Hovawart (Portuguese).
5. Hovie (español).

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