Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer
Hungría FCI 57 . Braque Type

Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer

The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer They are very affectionate dogs and very attached to their family.



The long history of Hungarian Pointer (often called Vizsla, as in your country of origin) is inseparable from that of the Magyar tribes. In effect, the latter were already accompanied by their ancestors when their migrations through the Russian steppes and the Carpathians ended in the 9th century and they settled in the Carpathian basin, region corresponding to modern Hungary.

Writings dating to the period of King Adelbert III (1235-1270) they already refer to a “yellowish dog named Vizsla“, used by the Hungarian people for hunting. Illustrations that appear in a 14th century Carmelite book, as well as a gothic engraving from the 15th century, are considered the first representations of this dog. In the 16th century, it had become common among the Hungarian aristocracy and nobility, who used it both for hunting and for companion dogs.

Numerous crosses between hunting dogs took place since the 16th century and gave the Vizsla your current appearance. There is no clear information on the different breeds used, but several sources, including the reference book The Hungarian Vizsla, written by Gay Gottlieb and published in 1985, they mention Setter, German Shorthaired Pointer, Serbian hound, English Foxhound, English Greyhound, Sloughi and Romanian dog breeds. In any case, the goal was always to keep an aspect close to their ancestors, as evidenced by his yellow color and brown nose. The latter distinguishes it from most other breeds of pointers., who have a black nose.

In 1924 a breeding club was formed in Hungary and the first individuals were registered at that time. In the Decade of 1930 the development of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer made fear that the characteristics of the race would be lost, but a rigorous breeding program under the aegis of the breed club made it possible to separate the breeds and prevent their characteristics from being diluted through inappropriate crossings..

Like many other races, the Vizsla suffered severely during World War II, but he quickly regained his health. Already in 1954 was recognized by the International Cynological Federation (FCI), which oversees the national organizations of a hundred countries, including France, Belgium and Switzerland.

It was also in the decade of 1950 when a first specimen was imported into the United States, despite the cold war context. This led to the recognition of the breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) already in 1960.

The world's leading dog associations followed suit, like the British Kennel Club (KC) in 1971 and the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1984. El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), as well as a great majority of national organizations around the world also recognize it.


Known all over the world, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer enjoys some popularity in general. However, There are, of course, important differences between countries.

In hungary, their country of origin, It's very common. With a total of more than 8.000 individuals registered in the “Magyar Ebtenyészt?k Országos Egyesületeinek Szövetsége“, the reference body of the country, it is even by far the most widespread indigenous breed. Its representatives are three times more numerous than those of the “Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer“.

In France, made significant progress in the last decades of the 20th century. The number of births recorded each year in the French Book of Origins (LOF) in the early decade of 1970 increased from about 40 to more than double at the end of the decade. Exceeded 150 at the end of the Decade of 1980, and then entered the new millennium with more than 200 births per year. The number has been practically stable since then, fluctuando between 200 and 300 annual records, with sometimes significant variations from one year to another. These figures are still relatively modest: to the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer struggles to make a name for himself among the most popular hunting dog breeds, although it is much more popular than its wire-haired counterpart. The “Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer” does not usually have more than 50 births per year.

They are also quite discreet in Switzerland, since the statistics from the Amicus database show that they are not among the 50 largest dog breeds in the country.

The situation is very different in Britain, where is an important and growing success. Has grown from around 1.000 annual registrations at the Kennel Club in the mid-1990s 2000 - 1.500 early in the decade 2010. This digit, already estimated, then doubled over the decade, to the point of approaching 3000 births per year.

It is also a great success in the United States, occupying the position 30 (almost 200) in the most popular breeds according to annual AKC registration statistics. His wire-haired counterpart is far behind, finishing near the bottom of the rankings at around 160th place.

It is also successful in some countries far from its homeland, like Argentina, where there is more than 4.000 specimens.

In any case, el ngo> Hungarian Shorthair Pointer is generally much better established than its descendant the “Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer“. Perhaps the only exception is the Czech Republic, where there are some 5.000 of each race.

Physical characteristics

The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer it is a medium sized hunting dog. He looks a lot like his descendant the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer, but with a shorter coat and a slightly less voluminous silhouette.

His body is almost square, slightly longer than tall, with lean, well-defined muscles that leave no room for superfluous curves. The legs are made of solid bones, well muscled and ending in slightly oval legs with brown nails.

The tail, set a little low and descending to the hock, is wide at the base and then gradually tapers towards the tip. Using this dog for hunting means that it has long been shortened by a quarter of its length to reduce the risk of injury. This practice of cutting off a dog's tail (tail docking) is still practiced in some countries, but is currently banned in an increasing number of territories, including France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec.

The head has a broad skull, moderately domed with a moderate stop. The ears, located on the back, they are quite long (about three-quarters of the length of the head) and hang along the cheeks. The eyes are oval and brown in color, as dark as possible. The snout, pretty short, is truncated (not pointed in any way) and ends in a big brown nose, darker than fur.

The top layer is, of course, short, as the breed name suggests, but also very close and rough to the touch. However, is finer and silkier on the face and ears, a little lighter on the belly and a little longer under the tail. It's important pointing that, unlike in the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer does not have undercoat.

Whether it is short haired or wire haired, the Vizsla should have a uniform golden wheat color throughout the body except the ears, which are darker in color. Red tones are not desired, brown or discolored. A white mark on the chest or throat is acceptable, but should not exceed 5 cm..

At last, sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Vizsla, the male being significantly larger and larger than the female.


The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer appeared in the decade of 1930 as a result of a cross between two females of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer and a male of German Shorthaired Pointer. Although they are very close, They are considered two separate breeds by international and national canine organizations that recognize them, and not two varieties of the same breed.

Aside from her longer hair and signature goatee, the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer are very similar, if they are not identical, to their ancestors.

However, specialists have found that on average they are slightly larger and heavier than their short-haired counterparts. This difference is also reflected in the rules of the American Kennel Club, that describes the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer as an average of 1 cm smaller than its descendant. On the other hand, the norm of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) -which is used by the national canine organizations of reference in France, Belgium and Switzerland- does not mention that difference.

Therefore, if there are some more or less subtle differences in terms of appearance, the same cannot be said in terms of character: in this field, the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer hardly differs from his alter ego the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer.

Character and skills

The temperament of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer does not differ according to the length of the coat. The Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer has the same character traits.

They are very affectionate dogs and very attached to their family. However, they always feel closer to a particular member of the household, who then becomes his favorite human, and they don't try to hide their prejudice.

In any case, is much less sociable with people who are not part of the home: he is not aggressive with them, rather, he prefers to ignore them and act as if they are not there… at least as long as they don't represent a danger to him. In fact, his closeness to his family makes him protective of both his family and his territory. Reprimands in a deterrent way when a threat approaches, and does not hesitate to intervene if necessary.

With the kids, his attitude is similar: he is close and tender with those who live with him, for whom it is an excellent playmate, but ignore his friends who come to the house, or those you meet in the park. Even worse, if you mistakenly perceive certain games with the little one of the family as an aggression on their part, your protective instincts can lead you to react violently, mostly because he's always on the prowl. In any case, know it or not, you should never be left alone with a small child, without adult supervision. This is true for any dog, regardless of race.

The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer he is very sociable with his companions, whether they live under the same roof or with strangers you meet on a walk. Having him share your home with another dog is a good way to avoid boredom if his handlers are regularly absent..

The same cannot be said for a cohabitation with a small animal, that would quickly turn sour. If you have been used to being around the domestic cat from an early age, he has every chance of being considered a full member of your family, and therefore to be left alone. On the other hand, A bird, rodent or reptile is likely to awaken the hunting instinct that has accompanied it for generations. A small animal unknown to him and who would have the bad idea of ​​passing by during his pilgrimages would also have every chance of suffering a sad fate. For the same reason, it is advisable to keep it on a leash in places where the probability of such encounters is quite high.

Bred for centuries to hunt in the wild, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer they are active dogs that must be able to spend at least an hour a day to feel comfortable in their paws. But their resistance allows them to go much further, if given the opportunity. Daily walks are the best part of the day for him, and long weekend outings that allow you to spend several hours in the desert are probably the highlight of your week. If there is a lake or a river on the way, feel free to make a stop there: without being particularly fond of either, loves water and is a good swimmer. Hunting is undoubtedly the activity that most allows you to mobilize your independent spirit and your remarkable sense of smell. It´s, with much, his favorite, but you can also excel in dog sports that also allow these qualities to be expressed, like crawl or cavity. He is also perfectly capable of learning other disciplines, so much so that it is not uncommon to see representatives of the breed on the podiums of obedience or agility competitions.

Even more, its physical qualities and stamina also make it a great companion for those who want to run with their dog, ride a bike with him and take him for a ride. On the other hand, given your significant need for exercise, not recommended at all for elderly or overly sedentary people.

In any case, best kept on a leash in urban or residential areas to avoid drama if small animals pass by, on the other hand, remove it in the wild, so you can run free and vent. This assumes that the withdrawal orders are perfectly acquired, but even when this is the case, it is difficult to fully trust your propensity to return without delay as soon as you are asked to do so. Therefore, it is advisable to equip your dog with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily find it if you venture a little too far, especially since he might not be able to find his way back.

As long as you are able to exercise enough each day, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer it is perfectly suitable for apartment living, If and when, of course, is the right size for your build. Having said that, the ideal for him is still a house with a garden. It goes without saying that the garden must be perfectly closed, to prevent any attempt to chase an animal. In addition, although he greatly appreciates being able to go outside at any time to stretch his legs, this dog is not cut out for spending most of his time outdoors: although he can sleep outside, appreciates the comfort of home and the proximity of his family.

However, They are not the type of dog that will follow your wishes with finger and eye. Centuries of hunting with a high degree of autonomy have made it quite independent, which can be problematic if you are faced with an inexperienced owner or one who is not able to be firm enough to command respect for your dog.

Having said that, this independence of mind does not mean that you appreciate being left home alone for long periods of time. You can tolerate your family being normally absent during the day as long as they pay attention to you at night, but risks destructive behavior if left alone for a whole weekend.

Last but not least, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer has a powerful voice, but rarely heard. Usually, barks only when threatened, or feel that something really important should be reported.


The training of a Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer can be problematic for a caregiver who does not know how to command respect and authority. With his independent character and his intelligence above the average, this dog can quickly turn things around and take control if given the opportunity.

Clear rules that are established at the beginning and that are consistent over time and among family members help establish discipline that is easy to understand and respect.. Establishing and enforcing these rules is crucial to having a dog that knows what is expected of him and follows it.. However, should not be done in one way; in particular, traditional training techniques should not be used, as they can traumatize the dog and cause blockages. On the other hand, educational methods based on positive reinforcement give much better results.

At the end, the training of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer generally does not present any difficulties, not even for a beginning caregiver, as long as the hierarchy is well established. This is all the more true since he is not one of those who question it systematically afterwards.

Therefore, learning how to call back should be a priority, so that it can be allowed to run freely when the environment is suitable (forest, etc.), instead of having to keep it on a leash at all times. Having said that, it is difficult to expect complete reliability in this matter, given the strength of his hunting instinct.

Like any other race, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer you should start socializing as soon as you get to your new home. This is generally done without problems, his curious and open nature helps him to quickly get acquainted with different people, animals and situations you may encounter, either occasionally or more regularly. This period should be used to get to know people (friends, neighbors, veterinary, etc.) and the human beings you will meet more or less frequently in your life. It is also the right time to get him used to meeting all kinds of unfamiliar humans and dogs., so you know how to behave in all circumstances.


The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer they are generally robust, with a life expectancy of around 12-14 years, what is in line with the average for dogs of his size.

Their short coat protects them from both heat and cold, allowing them to live in a wide variety of climates. However, not adapted to extremes, and can't sleep outside when freezing, for example, or run in the sun in the middle of a summer heat wave.

No dog is immune to disease, and the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer is no exception. In this case, to which it is most exposed are ..:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a joint problem often favored by a hereditary predisposition, causing pain and difficulty in movement, as well as osteoarthritis with age;
  • Elbow dysplasia, a malformation of the joint, which is also possibly related to a predisposition inherited from parents, and that also causes pain and lameness;
  • Epilepsy, a nervous system disease of often hereditary origin, responsible for more or less frequent and intense seizures. The disease cannot be cured by itself, but your symptoms can be relieved with the help of medication;
  • Addison's disease, a hormonal deficiency that is usually inherited from the parents and manifests itself in various ways: weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, weightloss… The most severe form of the disease is usually fatal, while the chronic form can be kept under control with lifelong treatment;
  • Hemophilia type A, an inherited disorder that prevents blood from clotting properly, and that affects men more than women. May manifest in heavy bleeding, bruising or blood in the urine;
  • Hyperuricosia, a disease also inherited from the parents. Corresponds to an excess of uric acid, leading to the formation of crystals in the urine, which in turn can cause bleeding and kidney failure;
  • Allergies, that can be caused by factors as different as food, the environment or parasites. Allergies can be caused by factors as different as food, the environment or parasites, and most of the time they manifest as itching and redness of the skin;
  • Ear infections, as in most lop-eared dog breeds.

The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer it is also particularly susceptible to various diseases of the eyes:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a degeneration of eye tissue that causes irreparable loss of sight, first at night and then also during the day;
  • Entropion, a defect in the position of the eyelid that can be inherited and causes irritation of the eyeball. The problem can be treated with surgery;
  • Ectropión, an eyelid curl problem also inherited from parents, which also causes eye irritation. Also in this case, an operation remedies the problem;
  • Glaucoma, often hereditary, which is a painful increase in the pressure inside the eye. This leads to blindness if it is not operated as soon as possible.

In addition, people who are used to hunt are particularly exposed to the risk of injuries that this activity implies.

Since many of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, the adoption of a strict breeder of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer maximizes the probability of getting a healthy animal, and one that stays that way. In fact, a professional breeder not only ensures that puppies are well socialized from their first weeks of life, but also that they do not inherit a hereditary defect from their parents. To achieve this goal, causes various genetic tests to be systematically performed on the breeding stock in question, and excludes all those who may present a risk. You can also have the resulting puppies examined to confirm the absence of a hereditary condition.. In any case, must be able to present the results of the tests performed, plus a certificate of good health from a veterinarian and the puppy's health or vaccination record, that includes all vaccines that have been administered.

In addition, from the moment he arrives home until the end of his life, it is essential to allow your dog to be regularly examined by a veterinarian for a complete health check. This is necessary at least once a year, and more often as you get older, as it allows early detection of a potential problem and action accordingly. These visits are also an opportunity to have immunizations increased when needed.. At the same time, It is also necessary to ensure that antiparasitic treatments of the “child” are renewed throughout the year, so you are never unprotected at this level.


The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer it is an easy dog ​​to keep, especially when it comes to fur. A quick weekly brushing is enough to keep the coat clean and healthy. However, the frequency should be increased during the two seasonal moulting periods, in spring and autumn. To help remove dead hairs, daily brushing is recommended.

It is also necessary to bathe from time to time, although the frequency required depends largely on the lifestyle of the animal. If your dog often lives in the woods for long hours and gets very dirty, bathing every month can be helpful. On the other hand, if you spend most of your time in parks and have little exposure to the elements, bathe him 2 or 3 times a year is potentially sufficient. In all cases, it is imperative to always use a shampoo designed specifically for dogs, since the pH of your skin differs from that of humans.

Your ears are the part of your body that requires the most vigilance, since its fallen shape facilitates the accumulation of dirt and humidity, and therefore the development of infections (ear infections, etc.). Therefore, must be checked and cleaned every week, as well as dried every time you have bathed in a lake or river or returned from a long period of time in a humid environment.

The weekly maintenance session of the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer should also include an exam and, if necessary, cleaning the eyes, to prevent dirt from building up and causing infection.

In addition, like all the other dogs, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer is not immune to tartar and its accompanying problems: bad breath, oral diseases… Brushing the teeth with a toothpaste for canine use is necessary at least once a week, but even more frequent brushing is recommended, even daily.

The claws of the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer they are particularly hard and therefore do not wear out much, even though he is very active. Therefore, they need to be trimmed every month or so to prevent them from getting in your way or even hurting you. In any case, as soon as you hear them rubbing on the ground when you walk, it's time to take care of them.

At last, another good habit to adopt is to check their fur, ears and pads after every long walk in nature, to detect any cuts or scratches, parasites, thorns…

Take care of a Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer not particularly complex, but knowing how to do it well allows you to be more efficient and at the same time minimize the risks of hurting your pet, or even hurt her. Therefore, it may be a good idea to learn them the first time from a professional groomer or vet. In any case, it is advisable not to wait to accustom your pet to these different manipulations, so that you accept them without hesitation throughout your life.


The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer fits very well with commercially available industrial dog food. Both the choice of products and the definition of the given daily ration must be determined by age, the health status and activity level of the animal.

The latter may vary from one period to another, particularly in the case of individuals used for hunting. Servings must be adjusted accordingly, to ensure that the animal always provides all the energy it needs. However, this applies both up and down: for example, for a hunting dog, it is essential to return to normal portions once the hunting season is over, otherwise, overweight individuals may become overweight.

Obesity is not common in the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer, but no dog is immune, especially if you've been spayed or neutered. A good habit is to weigh it every month. If the weight gain is confirmed or even accentuated by the following measures, it is necessary to visit the vet. In effect, only the vet can reliably determine the cause (it may not be related to your diet or activity level, but it may be caused, for example, due to illness or reaction to drug treatment), and propose a solution based on it.

In addition, it is better to divide your daily ration into at least two meals: this makes digestion easier and reduces your propensity to claim, since then he knows he will be fed again later in the day.

It is also important to avoid giving your pet food intended for humans randomly, although it is very imploring when its owners are at the table, for example. In effect, unless you are sure that this is so, it is likely not meeting your nutritional needs and, therefore, cause more harm than good, especially, of course, if it contains dangerous foods for the canine population.

Last but not least, like any of their races, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer must be able to quench their thirst at will and have permanent access to fresh water.


Historically, the main function of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer it was hunting. Can be used as pointers, runners or recuperators and are capable of working on all types of terrain, without hesitation to get into the water if necessary. In addition, can attack both animals and game birds, acting alone or in tandem. However, it's unusual to find her performing in a pack. In any case, its hunting qualities continue to seduce and be used around the world today.

They also allow you to shine in certain canine sports disciplines, starting with the crawl, obedience or agility.

His popularity can also be explained by his attachment and energy, that make it a wonderful companion dog for a sporty family. A caretaker adept at hiking, on horseback riding or mountain biking you will find in him a tireless companion always ready for new adventures. On the other hand, its need for activity makes it much less suitable for the most sedentary or elderly.

Last but not least, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer it is also an effective watchdog, whose very protective instinct compensates for a less impressive size than that of some of its races also capable of fulfilling this role.

Buy a “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer”

The price of a puppy Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer is an average of 900 EUR, for both males and females. However, some exceptional individuals fetch much higher prices – until 2.000 euros for those with exceptional characteristics and pedigree.

In any country, and as in all dog breeds, the price charged depends largely on the more or less prestigious ancestry of the animal, as well as the reputation of the kennel that offers it. However, its intrinsic characteristics are still the main determinant of the price of a puppy of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer. Individuals with the best character traits and physical characteristics closest to the standard are the most sought after, which explains why there can sometimes be significant differences within the same litter.

Characteristics “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer”

Videos “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.


  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • AKC – Group 1 (Sports)
  • CKC – Group 1 (Sports)
  • ​KCGun Dog
  • NZKCGun Dog Group
  • UKCGun Dog Group

FCI breed standard “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer”

FCIFCI – “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer”
Hungarian Fur Coat FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Vizsla, Vizslak (English).
    2. Vizsla, (en hongrois rövidszőrű magyar vizsla) (French).
    3. Vizsla, Magyar Vizsla Kurzhaar, (ungarisch Rövidszőrű magyar vizsla) (German).
    4. Vizsla, (em húngaro: Rövidszörü magyar vizsla) (Portuguese).
    5. Vizsla, Braco húngaro (Spanish).

Italian short-haired Segugio
Italia FCI 337 - Medium-sized Hounds

Italian short-haired Segugio

The Italian short-haired Segugio it is a dog with a stable temperament, of a soft but not very outgoing expression.



The Italian hound It, according to the vast majority of authors, a dog with very ancient origins. It is believed, in fact, descended from hunting dogs that lived from ancient Egypt, they reached the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and therefore also to Italy, thanks to the Phoenician merchants. Many Egyptian drawings dating from the time of the pharaohs show the presence of dogs very similar to the current one Italian hound.

His best period is the Renaissance, when its level was improved and its great diffusion began. The race then underwent a slow and inexorable decline until, from the beginning of the 20th century, the Italian hound it became very popular again.

The modern history of Italian hound started on 1920, year in which the Technical Committee of the Society of Hound Hobbyists drew up the first breed standard that a few years later, in 1929 to be exact, was approved by the Italian Kennel Club. At that time there was a single standard that unified the Italian Rough-Haired Hound and to the “Italian short-haired Segugio“; in 1976 came the prohibition of mating between the two varieties; then, in 1989, the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana) passed two different standards, standards that were later also recognized by the FCI which classified them in the group 6, among hound-type dogs, and related breeds.

The Italian short-haired Segugio probably has the same origins as the “Italian Rough-Haired Hound“; in fact, in almost the entire peninsula both varieties of hounds have always coexisted.

Physical characteristics “Italian short-haired Segugio”

Italian Hound, Short-haired
A female Italian Hound, Short-haired. Colour: black & tan by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Italian short-haired Segugio represents perfection for those who care about physical appearance: in fact, has no fat and is very muscular. This physical characteristic, combined with a regular body, makes it particularly fast and suitable for running. It's not a coincidence, in fact, get tired only after vigorous physical activity.

Hair is shaved all over the body, dense, dense and smooth.

The allowed colors are:

– Fawn unicolor in all its gradations.
– Black and Tan.

Fawn dogs may have a white muzzle and skull, a white star on the chest, white on the neck, metacarpos, metatarsos, feet and tip of tail.

The height of the males ranges from 52 and 58 cm., that of the females between 48 and 56 cm.. The weight can vary between 18 and 28 kg.

Character and skills “Italian short-haired Segugio”

Alive and bold. Never aggressive towards humans; rarely towards other dogs. It does not bite. Suits austere food and country kennels. Not conspicuously affectionate, but constantly needs the presence and consideration of the owner, who often identifies with the one who accompanies him during the hunt.

If he is well-maintained and has a breed-appropriate lifestyle, the Italian short-haired Segugio You can live up 12 or 13 years. This is because this type of dog is not predisposed to particular diseases derived from its breed.

Those who love them say that…

“I did not choose to live with a “Hound”, I mean it was not a choice out of passion for this breed… it happened to me! It turns out that I share my life with a “Hound”. It was and still is the most amazing experience of my life. Live with a “Hound” means learning to have time, a lot of time to walk “only” exploring life, silent. It is learning that you can stay in the forest for hours without doing anything other than living and discovering the forest. And that's it. The “Hound” teaches you not to pay attention to appearances, to pursue your passions tenaciously while those who look at you think you are just sniffing. He is an extremely sensitive partner but at the same time proud and independent. Living with Chloe is an adventure, made of constant and subtle balances between sharing and the search for individuality, the desire for freedom and the need to feel close to each other, is to learn every day to discover and respect yourself”.

Silvia De Cristofaro

Videos “Italian short-haired Segugio”

segugio italiano sofiko evros 2/7/2017 Εκπαιδευτικό
Segugio Italiano fulvo a pelo raso (Alexia)-1/1

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.


  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • ​KCHoundy

FCI breed standard “Italian short-haired Segugio”

“Italian short-haired Segugio” FCI Italian shaggy hound FCI

Small Blue Gascony
Francia FCI 31 - Medium-sized Hounds

Small Blue Gascony

The Small Blue Gascony, in general, they are considered docile and very attached to their master, very friendly with children and sociable with other dogs.



The Small Blue Gascony is a short legged version of the Great Gascony Blue, his ancestor. However, although the history of the latter extends deep into the history of all of Europe and even the United States, their history has remained closely linked to their country of origin, France.

Its appearance dates back to the end of the Middle Ages, and more precisely to the sixteenth century. The development of the breed is not the result of crossing the Great Gascony Blue with smaller dogs, but simply a true selective breeding program that consists of selecting and raising the smallest individuals, generation after generation. Although they were very efficient at hunting wild boar and large game in herds, the Great Blue was nevertheless a heavy hound, and was not entirely satisfactory in tracking small game in the high forests.

The Small Blue Gascony was therefore developed for the specific purpose of hunting rabbits, hares and other small game animals. Faster than its predecessor, inherited its tracking and exploration skills from its predecessor. Its use spread in France beyond its region of origin, Gascony (in the southwest of the country). Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were decimated during these periods, did not suffer much with the French Revolution and the two World Wars. Thanks to his skill in hunting rabbits, has been able to get through these clashes in French history without too many losses, and continue to be present in relatively constant numbers despite events.

However, despite this resistance and its renowned performance in hunting small game, very little was exported, unlike his older brother, that set foot in the United States as early as the 18th century. This is mainly due to the fact that Small Blue, raised in herds, it was much less profitable to hunt than the Great Blue, that it was able to attack larger prey and thus provide more food. However, in France, despite this disadvantage, became progressively more popular than with hunters and families.

However, gained visibility on the international scene in 1963, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) officially recognized the breed. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) did the same in 1991. However, you still have a long way to go in this regard, as they have not been emulated by many other major organizations. For example, so far, nor the other great American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), nor his neighbor the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC), nor the prestigious British Kennel Club, they have taken the step.

In fact, the Small Blue Gascony today is still mainly present in its country of origin. It has even become increasingly popular there in recent decades.. This was particularly surprising in the 1990s. 1980, when it happened 50 annual entries in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) in the early years of the decade to more than 200 at the end, namely, quadrupled. The trend increased in the early 1990s 1990, and the number stabilized at around 450 per year from 1993. There is a new rise at the dawn of the 21st century, when the 550 registrations per year. From 2006 there is a steep decline, so that by the end of 2010 there are only a few 350 births per year. However, this is still more than four times the number of its predecessor, the Great Gascony Blue, can boast.

Photo: Small Blue Gascony Hound, male “Brigand od Smutne ricky” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Small Blue Gascony”

The Small Blue Gascony has an appearance very close to that of his ancestor, the Great Gascony Blue, and even its size is not that far from the latter, whatever his name is. In fact, with a height of 50 - 58 cm to the cross, is actually a medium-sized dog. The term “small” is more suitable to describe the size of the fighter for which it was designed.

The Small Blue Gascony has a noble and proud appearance and a rather gentle general expression. His body is well supported by his back, no excess length, with a slightly sloping croup and a long, open chest that falls to elbow height. Its front legs are powerful and its shoulders are muscular. In general, has a balanced musculature and bone structure, without excess. Its tail is thin and carried like a saber blade.

Head is slightly domed when viewed from the front, and the forehead is full. The stop (distance between the two eyes) it is little accentuated. The eyes are brown. The nose is very black and wide, and the nostrils are wide open. The whisker pads are not very thick and quite long: the upper lip falls back covering the lower lip. The snout (upper part of muzzle) is the same length as the skull; is strong and slightly arched, which contributes to giving it a noble look. The ears are moderately thin, dangling and curly. Very long, can reach the end of your nose, or even lower.

The skin of the Small Blue Gascony it is flexible, black or very mottled with black spots, and in any case never completely white. Their mucous membranes are also black. Its pelage is short, semi-thick and well furnished. Its fur is completely mottled, black and white, with a slate bluish glow, Hence its name.

In addition, may have more or less numerous and more or less large blackheads. For example, at head level, usually has two black dots that are not on the top of the skull but that surround its eyes and cover its ears. At the top of the skull there is a white spot with a small oval black dot, typical of the breed. The upper part of the eyebrows are marked with more or less bright tan spots. Traces of tan are also found on the cheeks, the chops, inside the ears and sometimes on the legs and under the tail.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are generally very similar in size and dimensions.

Character and skills “Small Blue Gascony”

The Small Blue Gascony he is a dog with a pleasant character, calm and affectionate. It is a very good companion dog, but requires a lot of physical exercise and wide open spaces. Your ideal space is a house with land. It is necessary to take them out for a daily walk outside of hunting season. Dogs are generally very attached to their master. They are also kind to children and sociable with other animals. (dogs, cats…).

It is a hunting dog that runs well, very diligent in his hunting style, ideal for running after hare. It also shows good qualities for hunting big game, for example wild boar hunting. At last, the Small Blue Gascony has a great voice and a fine sense of smell.

Hygiene and health of the “Small Blue Gascony”


The Small Blue Gascony often lives outdoors and requires only rudimentary grooming. If you live in the house, weekly brushing is recommended. It may also be useful to bathe him when he returns from hunting…


When you come back from hunting or walking, inspect his feet and ears Small Blue Gascony looking for thorns (herbs that get into the skin causing pain and infections). Your droopy ears can be prone to ear infections. It is advised to examine and wash them once a week.


The Small Blue Gascony he is a robust dog. You may suffer from otitis. The itchiness or odor should alert you. The Small Blue Gascony you can also be injured while hunting. A fracture immediately leads to a loss of pressure in the affected limb. Skin tears may be more inconspicuous in the coat. Inspect his wound carefully when you return from the hunt.


The dog's diet will depend on both its breed and weight and its lifestyle. The one with Small Blue Gascony must consider, among other things, your activity.

How much cost a “Small Blue Gascony”

The price of a puppy Small Blue Gascony often haunt them 650 EUR, but it can reach the 1000 euros for the best subjects.

As in any other race, the price charged depends on the prestige of the kennel, the lineage from which the dog descends and its intrinsic characteristics and, in particular, of its conformity with the standard. This explains why there may be price differences between puppies from the same litter.

In any case, the Small Blue Gascony it is difficult to find outside of France, and this is particularly true in North America, despite its recognition by the American UKC. In the case of an import from France, transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price. In addition, it is necessary, of course, respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad.

Images “Small Blue Gascony”


1 – Little Gascony Blue Hound by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, “Bella, Baron i Brigand od Smutne ricky” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from husbandry “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, male “Car z Beckova” from kennel “Od Smutné říčky”, Czech. The owner – Slavomír Hanáček by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Small Blue Gascony”

RAMBO – “Petit Bleu de Gascogne” – Unconditional love
hare with “Petit Bleu de Gascogne”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.


  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds
  • Central Canine Society
  • FCI breed standard “Small Blue Gascony”

    “Small Blue Gascony” FCI Little Gascony Blue Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Petit bleu de Gascogne (English).
      2. Petit bleu de Gascogne (French).
      3. Petit bleu de Gascogne (German).
      4. Petit bleu de Gascogne (Portuguese).
      5. Petit bleu de Gascogne, Sabueso azul de Gascuña (Spanish).

    Istrian Shorthaired Hound
    Croacia FCI 151 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    There is also a “Istrian Coarse-haired Hound” and slightly larger.



    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound is an ancient breed of hound dog originating from Istria, whose origins are lost in dark prehistory. The frescoes (1474, Chapel of the Virgin Mary in Beram, near Pazin), the paintings (including Titian, first half of the 18th century), and the chronicles (1719, Bishop Bakic of Djakovo) bear witness to it.

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound, highly appreciated for its excellent hunting qualities, it was sold from Istria to neighboring countries. The first inscriptions in the herd book date from 1924, the breed was recognized by the FCI already in 1949, but the standard wasn't published until 1973.

    Today, the Istrian Shorthaired Hound it is quite common in and around Istria and is still very popular with hunters due to its excellent characteristics.


    1 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound he is a medium sized running dog, who appears elegant and distinguished in his build and movements. The height at the withers in both males and females is between 44 and 56 cm., the weight of the dogs is 14 - 20 kg, the optimum is 18 kg.

    The coat of these dogs is thin, dense and, as its name suggests, short. This short-haired variant is somewhat smaller than the wire-haired version of the Istrian Hound.. The basic color of the coat is white with orange yellow tints. As a whole, the coat is shiny.

    The life expectancy of dogs is 12 – 14 years.

    Character and skills Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    The characteristic of Istrian Shorthaired Hound it's his distinctive hunting instinct. Dogs have always been used as hunting dogs and even today they show the corresponding characteristics. This includes her liveliness and her passion for hunting itself.. Like most hunting dogs, these dogs have little instinct for protection and are therefore quite unsuitable for guarding and protection tasks.

    While the Istrian Shorthaired Hound be able to live your hunting instinct and feel fully occupied, has a gentle and friendly disposition. It is obedient and loyal to its owner. Your posture is nice.
    In addition, these dogs are smart and insightful, so they must be challenged in this regard as well. If the dogs are not kept according to their nature, they often get stubborn and sometimes even start poaching.

    Keeping an Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound It, by its nature, first of all a tracking dog. It is especially suitable for hunting foxes and hares and is used almost exclusively for this purpose in its native country.. It is important that the dogs of this breed are kept by a hunter and encourage them to go hunting and take the trail., so it should be considered as an example for animals. Despite your gentle nature, they are not suitable as pure family dogs, since his pronounced hunting instinct would be neglected too.

    Istrian Shorthaired Hound images


    2 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia. He was underweight when the photo was taken by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia. He was underweight when the photo was taken by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound Luri in a dog shelter in Zadar. When the photo was taken, he was underweight by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound puppies at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Istrian Shorthaired Hound Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.


    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthound Group

    FCI standard for the Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    FCI Istrian Shorthaired Hound FCI Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Original name – Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič (English).
      2. Chien courant d’Istrie à poil ras (French).
      3. Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič (German).
      4. Istarski kratkodlaki gonic (Nome original) (Portuguese).
      5. Nombre original – Istarski Kratkodlaki (Spanish).

    Korea Jindo Dog
    Corea del Sur FCI 334 . Asian Spitz and related breeds

    Korean Jindo

    The Korea Jindo Dog It is the classic single master dog.



    Korea Jindo Dog

    The exact origins of this breed of dog are lost in the obscurity of history. With a probability that borders on certainty, it can be assumed that the breed is actually of Korean origin, more precisely from the island of Jindo in southwestern Korea. Due to the isolated geographic location, this kind of dog was only found here. At last, an export ban on the breed was imposed, which is still in force today.

    In his homeland., the Korea Jindo Dog is under the protection of nature and species. In 1938 the breed was declared the national animal of Korea. However, some quadrupeds have crossed the borders: In the Decade of 1980, local people smuggled specimens to the US. In 2003 took place in Great Britain the first official exhibition of a Korea Jindo Dog outside asia. In the USA., the “Korean Association of Jindo of America” is working now to preserve this breed.

    Physical characteristics

    This four-legged Korean friend is one of the best in Asia. With a weight of about 14 - 21 kilograms and a height of 34 - 47 cm to the cross, the Korea Jindo Dog belongs to medium-sized dogs. Carries its tail curled or sickle-shaped on its back. The relatively small and erect ears are also typical of the point.

    Whereas in the standardized Korean breeding only white and red coat colors are recognized, depending on the frame organization the following other coat colors are allowed: kitsch, black and tan, grey, black and Brindle.

    Character and skills

    The Korea Jindo Dog shows corresponding original characteristics. It is considered to be independent, territorial and has a strong hunting instinct, what can make living with other pets impossible, but it doesn't have to be that way with good socialization.

    The breed is not easily disturbed and is characterized by great loyalty to its keeper.

    It is reserved with strangers: When used as a watchdog, the Korea Jindo Dog indicate in a way the defense of your home your home. Many representatives of the breed do not accept food from strangers. These dogs are playful and intelligent, sometimes even “too smart”, because they can learn to open doors, for example.

    When looking for a Jindo, always look for responsible breeders – unfortunately there are also alleged breeders who have bred the Jindo for backyard dogfighting or otherwise have disproportionately promoted the aggressive side of this dog.

    Education of “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Consistent and clear communication, as well as some experience with dogs are necessary for the education of a Korea Jindo Dog. The docile dog is not only characterized by its intelligence, but also for its primitive behavior and great independence, that you must direct in a controlled way.

    As leader of the pack it is your task to make it clear that you know with confidence and confidence where to go.. The Korea Jindo Dog quickly use uncertainties and exceptions to take the helm himself. However, never confuse strong and confident leadership with toughness, as this could destabilize the Korea Jindo Dog and not just destroy educational successes, but also lastingly disrupt the bond between you and your partner.

    A dog school is a recommended opportunity to introduce the Korea Jindo Dog other dogs of the same species and to socialize them even more.

    Health of the “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Robust Spitz

    It is considered that Korea Jindo Dog it is a robust breed of dog, that he hardly has a predisposition to genetic diseases. Healthy animals can reach an average age of 13 years. The most important health precautions are already taken before birth, thanks to the experience of experienced breeders, that minimize the risk of disease by selecting suitable parent animals, including appropriate preventive exams. Accumulation of the autoimmune disease discoid lupus erythematosus has occasionally been reported (DLE). This skin disease is usually treated for life.

    In addition, there are some cases of hypothyroidism, what is the lack of thyroid hormone supply to the body. In the Korea Jindo Dog this disease usually manifests itself through aggression or apathy and changes in the coat. In all other respects, The same as us, two legged friends, sufficient exercise and healthy nutrition are other important pillars of health. Increased risk of food intolerance in some Jindos can also be counteracted with a balanced diet.

    Nutrition del “Korea Jindo Dog”

    A high-quality, grain-free, meaty diet is, Fortunately, not just appropriate for the species, but also tasty. Both are important criteria, since it is considered that the Korea Jindo Dog is relatively selective. It is best to accustom him to several varieties of the same quality from the age of the puppy. This way you won't find yourself in a situation where, due to prescription changes or delivery issues, suddenly there is no more pet food and you have no alternative. In addition, you can usually change different known foods of the same quality without your dog having digestive problems.

    Regarding the amount of daily feeding, manufacturers' information can only give approximate values. If you notice that your Jindo is gaining too much weight, adjust your diet accordingly. You should also include treats in your daily ration. It's best to stick to healthy treats, like dental care snacks or dog treats that are 100% meat. Sugar has no place in food or reward snacks. With dry chews such as special dog bones or cow's ears, which are much less greasy than pig's ears, you can satisfy your friend's chewing needs from your Korea Jindo Dog.

    Make sure he always has enough water around him to quench his thirst at any time.

    Care “Korea Jindo Dog”

    The coat of this breed consists of a soft undercoat, depending on the season, and a hard coat. Especially during the coat change twice a year, the Korea Jindo Dog lose a lot of hair. You can limit hair loss on the floor accordingly, combing daily. Outside of coat change time, a weekly hairstyle is enough. At this time you can also check your ears and eyes for dirt and if they need to be cleaned with special ear and eye cleaners for dogs..

    The dirt on the coat is better to let it dry and then comb it out. A bath is not normally necessary, but it may be a good idea to gently accustom the Korea Jindo Dog, to a bath while still a puppy, so it can be cleaned every few months. Make sure to use a mild dog shampoo to avoid damaging the dog's own skin. Take a regular look at the claws, especially with older dogs. If they are too long, shorten them with claw scissors. This will prevent your dog from getting painfully stuck with them and possibly injuring himself.

    Activities with him “Korea Jindo Dog”

    give to you Korea Jindo Dog plenty of room to run, also as a jogging partner, but always on a leash. Also for free rescue and work of search dogs not suitable due to strong hunting instinct. Some Jindos like to learn tricks and play with various toys with great pleasure., that are available in stores. By the way, the Korea Jindo Dog normally stays away from water, so the common splash in the lake should not be included in the list of possible destinations. Many Korea Jindo Dog they even avoid small streams or puddles, Refuse to cross a bridge or don't want to go outside in the rain. To enjoy travel without restrictions, should show the young dog that the water on the trail is not a cause for concern and casually, and possibly supported with treats, get used to the unwanted item. Don't force your Jindo to jump into a pond or something similar – will probably never turn into a water rat.

    Before buying a “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Few dog lovers in Europe are likely to ask this question, since the Korea Jindo Dog It's very weird. In addition, you must be a nature lover and have a house or apartment at ground level in the countryside, because this four-legged friend must have a fenced-in property at his disposal, who can monitor. The fence must be generously planned, because the breed has a clear talent for jumping. Therefore, the minimum height of a fence should be 1,80 m. But still don't lose sight of your four-legged friend: Many young Jindo, if you have been alone for too long, the urge to discover has taken hold of him: The cunning dogs have quickly learned that a path can be prepared by digging even under fences.

    Anyway, the intelligence of Jindo may be too much for fairly comfortable dog owners who are supposed to keep him physically and mentally busy. This active and above average dog will take up a lot of time on your trips together, because you need to go out, what should normally be done on a leash due to his hunting instinct.
    Can be well kept in a family, also with children. Sociable four-legged friend doesn't like to be alone, so either he should be left alone for a very short time or you keep him together with another dog. In Korea it is common for dogs to live outside the house.

    The breed is excellent as a guard dog and often recognizes family acquaintances and friends from a distance. You can also befriend the postman if you make it clear that he is one of the “good”.

    Where can i find a “Korea Jindo Dog?”

    In Europe it is not easy to find a Korea Jindo Dog; for example, in Germany not a single litter has been registered in recent years and there is no active breeder. Here it is necessary to do research to find the closest breeder. Of course, some breeders also export from abroad, for example from the United States, but this is time consuming and should only be considered for absolute connoisseurs and lovers of the breed. However, Asian breeds might be worth a look Shiba Inu and Akita, which are much more common in Europe and have some similarities to the Korea Jindo Dog. When adopting a puppy from abroad, please consider the relevant entry requirements and especially the necessary vaccinations.

    If you are looking for a Korea Jindo Dog adult, you must be on a real winning streak to find one in Europe. It is true that dog owners sometimes underestimate the time and knowledge required for education and harmonious coexistence with a Korea Jindo Dog and, therefore, they give up their four-legged friend. However, this is extremely rare in Europe due to the very small number of Korea Jindo Dog.

    Ratings of the Korea Jindo Dog

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Korea Jindo Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ?

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Can be alone all day ?

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ?

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ?

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with child ?

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bite ?

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bark ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to flee ?

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss force ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a guard dog ?

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Joy ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendliness ?

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Power level ?

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Korea Jindo Dog”


    1 – Korea Jindo Dog by
    2 – Korea Jindo Dog by
    3 – Korea Jindo Dog by
    4 – A male Korea Jindo Dog. Colour: red by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    5 – Korea Jindo Dog by
    6 – A male Korea Jindo Dog. Colour: red. by Canarian / CC BY-SA

    Videos “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Korean Jindo – TOP 10 Interesting Facts
    Jindo or Chindo Dog – Breed of dog

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.


    • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.

    FCI breed standard Korea Jindo Dog

    Korea Jindo Dog FCI Korea Jindo Dog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Jindo, Chindo, Jindo Gae, JindoGae (English).
      2. spitz coréen de Jindo (French).
      3. Jindot-gae, KOREANISCHER JINDO (German).
      4. Jindo (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de Chindo, Jindo, Yindo (Spanish).

    Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)
    Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

    Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

    The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.



    The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) (Kleinspitz) is a variety of German Spitz, which today is available in five different sizes and in numerous colors. The exact origin of dogs spitz it is difficult to determine. In many regions there are indications of an early appearance of the breed. For example, in the terracotta pieces Mycenaean or in the Greek vases you can already find illustrations of similar dogs. From the Middle Ages, the Spitz guard and court dogs were popular, especially among the rural population. The obedient dogs took their duties as court protectors so seriously that they pinched the “intruders” on her calves. For this reason, Spitz was formerly considered a loved one.

    At the beginning of directed breeding, all representatives of the breed with a height at the withers less than 29 centimeters were summarized under the term Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz). As it was mainly in the area of Mannheim, he was also known as “Mannheimer Spitz“. Only later did the Dwarf Spitz (Pomeranian) with a height at the withers of up to 22 centimeters developed as a separate variety. Internationally the breed belongs to the group 5 from FCI “Spitz and dogs of the original type” in the section 4 “European Spitz“.

    Physical characteristics

    With a height at the cross of 23 - 29 centimeters, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) is the second smallest of the five varieties of German Spitz. Just the Pomeranian (Zwergspitz) is smaller. His pointed ears and mischievous eyes resemble those of a fox and give him a playful and mischievous look. It has a dense and protruding coat, consisting of two layers. The top layer is soft and long, while the undercoat is soft and dense. Around the neck the fur forms a mane like that of a lion and the bushy tail is carried over the back. Most of the coat color is black, brown, white, orange and cloudy gray. But some tips are cream too, cream-saber, orange-saber, black and tan.

    Character and skills

    The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented. Like all German Spitz, does not like to be alone and is glad of the full attention of their owners. They are quite reserved and distrustful of strangers. Puppies defend their territory with force and tend to bark when they are not trained. However, due to its charming nature and lack of hunting instinct, the little ones spitz they are also easy to train for beginners. With proper training you can take the dog off leash without any problem. Although he can sometimes be a bit rebellious and cheeky, the four-legged friend gets along with other dogs.

    Kleinspitz Education

    Despite its small size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a dog to be taken seriously and needs constant training. Therefore, show the puppy the basic rules from day one and do not allow him to do anything that he is not allowed to do as an adult dog. Don't let her charm and cuteness bewitch you. In the young years, dogs learn better and want to please their owner. When training the puppy, you should not rush anything and allow time for new orders. Success is best achieved with consistency and praise. Early socialization is very important, especially for the cheeky ones Spitz. In this way he learns to deal with other dogs and remains more relaxed in everyday life.. It is recommended to attend a puppy school or a trainer.

    Activities with the little Spitz

    The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a lively and attentive dog that loves to be by your side at all times. Daily walks are the order of the day with him in any weather. Dog sports such as agility are also suitable for sports workload. For the mental load you can provide with the intelligence toy. Smart tops are also known for their love of learning tricks and tricks. The loving Spitz is with a good education a pleasant companion dog. You can easily take it with you on vacation or on small trips.

    Health and care Kleinspitz

    Despite its long fur, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is not a breed that requires much care. Protruding hairs give it a natural firmness, that hardly tangles. Therefore, just comb the coat from time to time and remove any dirt. Your dog will be pleased with the extra care. However, during the coat change, the small spitz also need your help to get rid of superfluous hair. The Spitz it is also one of the least susceptible breeds in terms of health. Some members of the breed are susceptible to tartar, but it can be prevented by using chewing bone or a dog toothbrush.

    Buy a Kleinspitz

    Due to its size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is also suitable for smaller homes and will be happy both in a city apartment and in a house. The most important thing is to give him enough exercise and not treat him like a lap dog. The cheerful and affectionate dog is well suited to singles or pensioners, but also fits in a family without problems. The puppy needs one or more caregivers who take care of it daily. So you should think carefully about buying a puppy from Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) and not rush anything.

    If you are sure that the breed suits you, you have to find a serious breeder. For a purebred puppy with papers and vaccines, many breeders charge up to 1.500 EUR. A laudable alternative is, therefore, a shelter dog. As the German Spitz they only differ in size, you will also be happy with a Pomeranian or a Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).

    Kleinspitz Videos

    Puppies Spitz Aleman. Kleinspitz

    Our kennel of Kleinspitz

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

    Karelian Bear Dog
    Finlandia FCI 48 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Karelian Bear Dog

    The Karelian Bear Dog is a very independent and intelligent dog.



    The Karelian Bear Dog, which also bears the name of zyrians dog, is considered the progenitor of the breed. But the basic strain of the breed came from the Carelia de Ladoga, the Olonets and the Carelia Rusa, where these dogs were used to hunt in different ways. The breeding started in 1936 with the aim of developing a robust dog that could make noise when hunting big game. At that time it was agreed that the breed name should be Karelian Bear Dog. The first standard was created in 1945. In 1946 the first dogs were registered in the stud book. Today the breed is well established in Finland.

    Physical characteristics

    This four-legged friend has a great similarity to the Laika related to him.

    With a height at the withers of up to 60 cm., males weigh about 28 kg. Bitches are slightly smaller and should not weigh more than 20 kg. The Karelian Bear Dog has a strong trunk and generally a compact and dynamic stature. On his head there are medium and erect ears and he wears a folded tail on his back. The icing on the cake is usually a white tip. In all other respects, dense coat color is usually black with white markings. The rough top layer is very close to the dense undercoat, that glows with a slight brown hue.

    Character and skills

    The freedom-loving character

    This dog loves the vastness of the forest and its independence, a combination that combines his attitude with some challenges, because he'll take any chance to roam free. As this four-legged friend acts very independently during the hunt and must place the hunt alone, it is also, for the rest, a confident companion, who gladly takes command when the opportunity presents itself.

    He is considered brave and is always ready to defend his loved ones. Contact with other dogs can be problematic without extensive socialization, because some Karelian Bear Dog show aggressiveness when meeting other dogs. However, other owners report their dogs great balance and praise their social compatibility. It is a fact that many Karelian Bear Dog they are also working together as hunting assistants – so with good conditioning and socialization this shouldn't be a problem.

    They are excellent watchdogs, that reliably indicate intruders. Despite all the lovely nooks and edges, the Karelian Bear Dog they also have their soft sides: They are not aggressive with people, they like to be petted at home and they love to be petted by their caregivers.

    Karelian Bear Dog Education<

    Education without subordination

    Its independent nature requires a lot of knowledge, but it should be clear from the start to anyone considering having a Karelian Bear Dog: that this proud quadruped will never be subordinate. Their independence reaches such a point that many Karelian Bear Dog they disappear in the forest for days in their native country, just to show up again when it suits him.

    Harshness and yelling are absolutely out of place in training this sensitive dog, which will then retreat or crawl. However, with the right mix of positive reinforcement, empathy and consistent behavior, good daily obedience can be achieved.

    It is important to socialize extensively with other four-legged friends from puppy age onwards., since some Karelian Bear Dog are considered incompatible with other dogs of the same species, what can become problematic on daily trips. It is a challenge to keep this dog available and away from independent hunting trips. Specialists with experience in dogs of this breed are definitely needed.

    Karelian Bear Dog Health and Nutrition

    The original breed is considered very robust. If you buy it from a serious breeder and pay attention to a balanced and age-appropriate diet- plenty of exercise, your four-legged friend can reach a age up to 13 years.

    Important for a healthy dog ​​life is, of course, also the daily food content. give to you Karelian Bear Dog a high quality food with a high proportion of meat and little grain. The energy needs of your four-legged friend depend on their constitution and daily exercise. So be sure to adjust the food accordingly and keep an eye on her slim waist.

    As in humans, extra kilos increase the risk of various diseases, including painful joint problems. Always provide fresh water. On the longest trips, you should also have enough water for your partner, which is also more sensitive to heat. Visit the vet at least once a year for a checkup with your pet and talk to him about necessary vaccinations and regular deworming.

    Caring for the Karelian Bear Dog

    The skin of this weather resistant quadruped is easy to care for. However, loses more hair during coat change, so it may be helpful to brush it every day, so that less hair is spread around the house. Otherwise, brush it every few days; This ritual also reinforces the bond and should already be practiced with the puppy for a relaxed routine.

    Always check the eyes, your puppy's ears and claws and use a special eye and ear cleaner if necessary. The claws can become too long in dogs that walk a lot on soft ground – or they move too little, what in this quadruped, However, should only occur in very old or diseased specimens. In this case, shorten them with special tweezers.

    Many dog ​​owners brush their quadrupeds' teeth regularly with dog toothpaste and brush to prevent tartar and associated secondary diseases.. You can now practice this with your puppy. Alternatively, you can offer your dog dental care snacks.

    Activities with the Karelian Bear Dog

    Occupation: Go out to the forest!

    This four-legged friend's favorite hobby is clearly hunting.: extensive travels through the forest and hunting tracking are his passion. The Karelian Bear Dog seek the game to be hunted almost silently. Once you have reached your destination, barks long and persistently at the hunt to keep it in place until the hunter arrives.

    The Karelian Bear Dog sometimes they hunt in threes, so they can also keep bigger animals like bears at bay. The breed does not necessarily have to be hunted. As an alternative to hunting, the karelian bear dog also suitable for dog sports, but in this case you can only do activities that you like. If you enjoy it, Agility sports can be a good activity for a Karelian Bear Dog adult. Also suitable as a companion for jogging or cycling – but you must keep his hunting instinct in check. Most of these excellent trackers like tracking work of all kinds.

    Is a Karelian Bear Dog Right for Me?

    The Karelian Bear Dog belong to the hands of seasoned enthusiasts, preferably hunters. Alternatively, need a lot of exercise and outdoor work. Only then is it possible to keep them as family dogs. Experience with dogs should be available in any case. You must also be clear that this quadruped can only be trained conditionally. Does not belong to the group of dogs that subordinate themselves – as a dog owner you must respect this, but still be able to direct his power in a controlled way.

    The Karelian Bear Dog not in any way suitable for a city apartment. Ideally, offer you a leak-proof garden, in addition to the daily run in forests and fields, but beware: the Karelian Bear Dog freedom lover is considered a fugue artist and can jump up to two meters high.

    This four-legged friend likes to befriend children, but they should be older and have learned to treat animals with respect.

    Cats in the same household are not necessarily a good idea, not to mention rabbits or other small animals. The norse hunter you will always see potential prey in them. Of course there are exceptions to the rule and there may even be friendships between Karelian Bear Dog and cats socialized at a young age – but you won't be able to get a guarantee before you move in. So you must bring a lot of time, space and experience if you want this proud dog to move in with you.

    The Karelian Bear Dog is a four-legged friend for connoisseurs, not to be chosen as a new roommate for its rustic look. If you are not looking for a true character head, you will have little joy with this animal roommate. Of course, before moving, one-time expenses also need to be calculated (buy creator, basic team, travel expenses) and regular expenses (food, veterinary, dog tax and insurance).

    Where can I find a Karelian Bear Dog?

    This breed of dog is found naturally mainly in Scandinavia, especially in finland. Further south there are only a few dogs of this very special hunting breed. In Germany, for example, not a single cub of Karelian Bear Dog in recent years. Special Nordic dog clubs can help you find the dog of your dreams. However, There are some things to consider if you are interested in a puppy from abroad. It's always better if you can get a picture of the puppies' house and meet their parents. The Nordic Dog Experts, who you should contact through the appropriate associations, can advise you if there are possible alternatives to Karelian Bear Dog that suit you, to your life situation and your wishes. Or you can refer them to the breeders of Karelian Bear Dogs, if there is currently no one in your country who has a litter in the near future.

    Ratings of the Karelian Bear Dog

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Karelian Bear Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    He can be alone all day ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with child ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bite ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bark ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to flee ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss force ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a guard dog ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with cat ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Energy level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Karelian Bear Dog Images

    A 10-year-old male Karelian Bear Dog. Head shot with tracking collar around neck by Uusijani / CC0

    Karelian bear dog by Friesian.marcin / CC BY-SA

    Karelian Bear Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs

    FCI breed standard Karelian Bear Dog

    FCI Karelian Bear Dog FCI Karelian Bear Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Karjalankarhukoira, Karelsk Björnhund (English).
      2. Karjalankarhukoira (French).
      3. Karjalankarhukoira, Björnhund (German).
      4. Karjalankarhukoira (Portuguese).
      5. Karjalankarhukoira (Spanish).

    Karst Shepherd
    Eslovenia FCI 278 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Karst Shepherd

    The Karst Shepherd a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.



    The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor entitled «The glory of the Duchy of Carniole». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 with the name of " Iliria Shepherd »During the F.C.I general assembly. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. However, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, The Yugoslav Central Society decided to name the one from the Karst region "Shepherd of the Karst massif" and the other " Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.

    Physical characteristics

    Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, but the height at the cross accepted for breeding is the same for both breeds.

    It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, with well-developed muscles and a strong constitution.

    The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
    Hair: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.

    • Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
    • Size: males, of 57 - 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 - 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).

    Character and skills

    The Karst Shepherd is a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.

    The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
    Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherd is late developing, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.

    He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherd he's a nice companion dog, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.

    Overall Karst Shepherd It:

    • Incorruptible guard in the house
    • Does not get along with other dogs.
    • Patient, but still affectionate
    • Forgiving with children

    Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance

    Only conditionally suitable for the city.
    Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.

    Karst Shepherd Health

    The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, but suffers from some typical breed problems. On average, they reach an age of 10 - 12 years and therefore become significantly older than most German shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..

    Its claws must be shortened regularly.
    They have sensitive ears that swell quickly.
    Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
    Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..

    Buy a Karst Shepherd

    Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
    Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export.
    Pay attention to good breeding conditions!
    As the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, you will hardly be able to visit the breeder before buying. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.

    Karst Shepherd Images


    1 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
    2 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    4 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
    5 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

    Karst Shepherd Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Karst Shepherd breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. KARST SHEPHERD DOG, kraški ovčar, kraševec (English).
      2. Kraski Ovcar (French).
      3. Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor da Ístria (Portuguese).
      5. kraški ovčar (Spanish).
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