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Kromfohrlander
Germany FCI 192 . Kromfohrlander

Kromfohrlander

The Kromfohrlander (nicknamed countries or Krom) It is a breed of companion dog originating in Germany..

Content

History

The Kromfohrlander it is a modern breed, born of the intervention of the United States in Germany after World War II. The exact story varies. A story tells that the founding dog of the breed, Peter, was a scruffy canine mascot that was found by American troops in northern France. Your ancestry could be a mix of Grand basset griffon vendéen and Fox Terrier (wire).

Somehow, Peter parted ways with the troops, but he was rescued by a woman named Ilse Schleifenbaum. She adopted him, and in the natural course of things, Peter had an affair with Fifi, a Fox Terrier (wire) black and white. Her cubs, Shaggy y Witch, they were very similar to their father in appearance and temperament. Ilse decided that his qualities were worth reproducing and called the dogs “krom fohr” (“crooked groove”), by the local landscape.

Another version of the history of the race is that Peter traveled with the troops and they handed him over to Frau Schleifenbaum. She raised him with her own dog, described as resembling a Fawn Brittany Griffon, producing five litters bearing their father's stamp. Be that as it may, the International Cynological Federation recognized them as a distinct breed in 1955.

The first Kromfohrlander imported to the United States was Button von der Britzer Muhle in 1997. A female followed, Finca vom Kahlharz, in 1999. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed a few years earlier, in 1996, classifying it originally as Terrier, but then reassigning her to companion dog status in 2013. But, was not up 2012 when the Kromfohrlander began to be registered with the Stock Service of the American Kennel Club Foundation (AKC FSS).

Currently, in Germany, a few 200 dogs of Kromfohrländer per year are under the umbrella of the VDH. Faced with the problem of inbreeding, in 2010 the breeding association was founded ProKromfohrländer e.V., you want to systematically counteract with selective crosses and other measures. These may include, the Dansk-Svensk Gårdshund, a very similar Danish-Swedish dog breed provisionally recognized by the FCI, is being crossed to improve the breeding base. Taking into account the history of the breeding of the Kromfohrländer and the physical and psychological characteristics of both breeds of dogs, it seems that it is a good way. By the way, name Kromfohrländer comes from a valley near Siegen, that it's called Krom Fohr = Krumme Furche.

The Kromfohrländer It is one of the newer German dog breeds, practically unknown outside its borders.

Physical characteristics

The Kromfohrländer It is a breed of medium-sized companion dog. . There are two different types of hair: rough hair (Rauhaar) and smooth hair (Glatthaar). This is what the provisions of the standard say about the general appearance. The standard says about the color of the coat:

Basic color white; Light brown markings, reddish brown to very dark brown in the form of spots of different sizes or like a saddle. Black hair ends with brown undercoat are allowed. In the head: light brown spots, reddish brown to dark brown on the cheeks, above the eyes and in the ears. Largely symmetrically subdivided with white markings extending to the forehead or nape (symmetrical mask with glow).

As a result of extreme inbreeding, the dogs in practice became increasingly pale in terms of their brown tones. That is why the Fox Terrier (wire) they crossed in the decade of 1960 to enhance colors. One Kromfohrländer has manageable dimensions, matching her cheerful charisma, friendly and lively .

Weight and height

  • Male size: 38 – 46 cm.
  • female size: 38 – 46 cm.
  • Male weight: 11 – 16 kg
  • female weight: 9 – 14 kg
  • Character and skills

    The Kromfohrländer purebred is an adaptable dog, sensitive and with terrier blood.

    It is a true family dog. He follows her where he can. At the same time, presents features of “unique dog”. Within his town there are always one or two people to whom he is especially attached. Especially close friendships can develop here., even intimate, if your humans allow it. So the world is alright for the dog, yes and while these your faithful friends are there. He is faithfully dedicated to them. Without them he is restless and only looks towards the door, when the master or loves her finally arrive.

    With a little good education and guidance, he is a very sociable family dog, who is also very good at living with children. At the same time, he is quite reserved with strangers.

    Some bark very discreetly, others report each movement. Both on the leash and on your own turf, the Kromfohrländer sometimes tends to megalomania. This appears to be an inheritance from the Terrier. Here your caregivers must show clear leadership. Only with the development of your own personality, usually at two years, becomes more relaxed in dealing with the outside world. Another advantage of Kromfohrländer is that he barely has hunting instinct. This makes walks or hikes in nature with him very relaxing.

    Health

    The Kromfohrlander is generally healthy, with a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years.

    All dogs have the potential to developgenetic health problems, Like all people, they have the potential to inherit a particular disease. – Do not walk – from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee to their puppies, to tell you that the race is 100 percent healthy and having no known problems or telling you that their puppies are isolated from the main body. home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems in the breed and the incidence with which they occur in their lines..

    Health problems that can be observed in the breed include:

    • Autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroid disease)
    • Cistinuria, a genetic defect that allows the accumulation of cystine, an amino acid, in urine.
    • Epilepsy
    • keratosis, hardening of the footpad caused by an excess of a protein called keratin
    • Patellar luxation, an orthopedic condition that involves the kneecap slipping out of place

    Ask the breeder what problems they have experienced in their lines. Problems like autoimmune thyroiditis may not show up until the dog is middle-aged or older..

    Careful breeders test their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and most attractive specimens., But sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in many cases, thedogsthey can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what caused their deaths.

    If a breeder tells you that they do not need to do these tests or that their dogs do not need health certifications because they have never had problems in their lines, that your dogs have been vet checked or you give any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing. dog, walk away immediately.

    Remember that after you have brought a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: theObesity.Keep a Kromfohrländer at a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming

    The coat of the Kromfohrländer can be rough or smooth, and each type of coat can vary in length. Wire-haired dogs, or rough fur, they always have beards, which makes them look pretty and scruffy. The hair is thick and rough in texture. Beneath him is a short soft cape.

    Smooth-haired dogs have feathers in their ears, chest and legs and a nice feathered tail. Your body hair can be short or long, and finishes off a short and smooth undercoat.

    The Kromfohrländer lose hair, but not in excess. People who live with dogs say that regular sweeping and vacuuming is enough to keep their fur under control.

    Fur tends to shed dirt easily, and dogs don't usually smell unless they've wallowed in something that smells bad. Bathe them when necessary. Depending on whether a Kromfohrländer spends a lot of time outdoors, as well as in your furniture, that can mean weekly, monthly or quarterly.

    The rest is basic care. Trim your nails every week or two, or when necessary. Brush teeth frequently - with a veterinarian approved pet toothpaste- for general good health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Kromfohrlander"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kromfohrlander" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Kromfohrlander"

    Photos:
    1 – "Kromfohrlander" by Ellarie, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – One "Kromfohrlander", wirehaired subtype, lying on the grass. by Marc Runger, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – "Kromfohrlander" Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrländer-raza-de-perro-4417896/
    5 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrländer-otoño-4417894/
    6 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrländer-raza-de-perro-4417897/

    Videos "Kromfohrlander"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 10: Kromfohrlander
    • AKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Kromfohrlander"

    FCIFCI - Kromfohrlander
    Kromfohrlander

    Alternative names:

    1. Länder, Kromi (English).
    2. Kromfohrländer (French).
    3. Kromfohrländer (German).
    4. Kromfohrländer (Portuguese).
    5. Länder, Krom (español).

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    King Charles Spaniel
    England FCI 128 . English Toy Spaniels

    English Toy Spaniel

    The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.

    Content

    History

    Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. He had many, who came and went as they pleased through the corridors of the Royal Palace. They even had a privileged status!!

    Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. He had managed to make himself indispensable to the Court..

    But, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.

    Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spaniel is based on standards that were last revised in 2010.

    Physical characteristics

    Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. The jaw is slightly lower, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.

    ▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Among 25 cm and 35 cm.
    ▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Among 3,5 kg and 6 kg
    ▷ Hair of the King Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.

    Character and skills

    It is difficult to find a dog that is easier to live with. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. So, No need to wait for it to come to you and anticipate its needs!!

    He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.

    It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..

    More reserved than his cousin the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, remains gentle and calm in all circumstances.

    Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, the king charles spaniel enjoys the company of children. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.

    In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. As long as she can snuggle with her master and show her joy whenever she feels like it., will be happy. Older people like it a lot.

    Education

    Your sense of smell, his hearing and his intelligence make him not only a pleasant dog to live with, but also relatively easy to train. It is enough to indicate the limits that it should not cross and offer it good socialization so that it is an excellent life partner.. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: take advantage of this trait to hone their education and strengthen your bonds.

    Health

    With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, ears, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. You may also have problems with ear irritation and breathing and/or heart difficulties.. Last, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.

    Grooming

    The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.

    For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, using an iron brush without bristles or a soft brush, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, making sure to use a special dog shampoo and previously remove the knots.

    Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "King Charles Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
    2 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
    3 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=281620&picture=king-charles-spaniel
    4 – King Charles Spaniel sitting while looking up, during the dog show in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. by Pleple2000 10:18, 5 April 2006 (UTC), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – King Charles Spaniel by Universe876 at Italian Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – King Charles Spaniel named blenheim by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "King Charles Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - King Charles Spaniel
    King

    Alternative names:

    1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
    2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
    3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
    4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
    5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Continental Toy Spaniel
    Francia Bélgica FCI 77 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

    Papillón

    The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. The variety of drooping ears is called Phalène.

    Content

    History

    The Continental Toy Spaniel (in French: Butterfly), water dog is a breed of dog of the type. One of the oldest of the Toy Spaniel, It is named after its resemblance to the butterfly, in its ears, large with long hair and fringes, It emulates open wings of a butterfly.

    The history of Continental Toy Spaniel is traced through various works of art. The first Toy Spaniels which resembles the Continental Toy Spaniel you are in italy. Vicelli Tiziano painted these small dogs in many famous paintings, about 1500, as the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other renowned artists to have painted these small dogs are Watteau, González Coke, Fragonard, Paolo Veronese, and Mignard.

    A painting of the Wallace Collection, London, appears a Continental Toy Spaniel portrayed with the family of Louis XIV. As well, Papillon dogs appear in paintings of European royal families and the families of merchants of the time paintings. The race was very popular in England, France and Belgium, which are considered countries of origin by the FCI.

    The history of Continental Toy Spaniel and its long association with royalty have led to many stories about the breed. Marie Antoinette is said to have gone to the guillotine, clinging to her small dog under her arm, a Continental Toy Spaniel. But, Tradition says that Marie Antoinette's dog was a small dog belonging to the Water Dogs which had been brought to the French court from Spain on the back of pack mules. according to history, her puppy was saved and was treated in a building in Paris that, currently called the Papillon House.

    The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. In the news, the Continental Toy Spaniel can be seen competing in obedience and agility.

    Physical characteristics

    Colors

    • S – black and white
    • S – Lemon and white
    • S – White and Red
    • S – Sable and white
    • S – Black and white as

    Colors

    • A – Brown black and white
    • A – Black red and white
    • A – Brown and white
    • A – Black & Fawn
    • A – Red

    Colors

    • A – Red, Sable and white
    • A – Sand
    • A – White
    • A – White and Brown
    • A – Silver and white

    Markings

    • A – Black marks
    • A – Mask black
    • A – red marks
    • A – Sand
    • A – the marks fire
    Phalène
    PHALENE, Vittoria’s Come Along

    To the Continental Toy Spaniel with floppy ears it is called Phalène (from French: moth). His small head is slightly rounded. The snout is a little short, fine, narrowing towards the nose. The eyes are dark, size medium, round, with a thin black border that, often extends into the Union of the eyelids to ears. The large ears may be erect or fall with the rounded tips.

    They have the long tail of high insertion, covered with long, fine hair. The hair is smooth, long, fine, a single layer, and on the chest, the ears and the back of the queue have longer hair, as if it were a wheel.

    The color of the coat is white with patches of any color. A mask of a color other than white covers both ears and the eyes from back to front..

    The most distinctive of Continental Toy Spaniel it's his big fringed ears, It seems to the wings of a butterfly. They can also be registered, the American Kennel Club supports the following colors and markings, the types specified as S-standard, or A-alternative for use in shows and competitions:

    There are two variations of this race, that of the fully erect ears of the Continental Toy Spaniel more common, and the lop-eared Spaniel type (ears of Phalène). But, the American Kennel Club and the International Cynological Federation consider variation Phalène and the Continental Toy Spaniel common, as the same race. The height is of 20 to 28 cm., and the weight of approximately 3.5 kg.

    Observations

    in brood, a specimen of the variety should never be crossed Continental Toy Spaniel with variety Phalène, because there is a considerable risk that arise with ears semierguidas either mixed puppies.

    This detail, It must be taken into account for those people who wish to participate in show ring since that difference in the ears is penalized as a serious lack.

    Character and skills

    The temperament of Continental Toy Spaniel is very affectionate, docile and even at times, absorbent.

    Is - by definition- a service dog is will be looking for pampering continuously, which makes it an ideal dog for older people, Since his love everyday waste and their small size are an infallible weapon against loneliness.

    In general, is a quiet dog, is very patient and just ladra.

    It adapts with total tranquility to any situation, the only thing that will interest him is to be next to his owner.

    While they will not display aggressiveness to strangers, nor give exaggerated signs of love. They should not be shy or aggressive, that is not common in the breed.

    They need a daily walk. The game really like, and it is good that there is time for fun, but long walks are necessary to be a good state of health.

    Life expectancy Continental Toy Spaniel round the 16 years.

    Y, as last detail, is an excellent Hunter of mice.

    Education

    The globally obedient and loyal character of the Continental Toy Spaniel makes you a good candidate for a first adoption. In particular, his intelligence makes him quickly understand and memorize the association between orders and actions. This makes it easier to learn the basic commands, but it also makes him an ideal student for a master who wants to go further and teach his dog tricks. Very intelligent, the dog Continental Toy Spaniel trains easily.

    But, to use your intelligence and learn, must be willing to do it. In fact, pampered and treated like a prince for centuries, has maintained a certain propensity to do only what he wants. So, special emphasis should be placed on learning obedience early in your education, as it is the key to unlocking everything else and exploiting its full potential. But, it's not a matter of rushing: given its sensitivity and its closeness to its humans, punishing the dog for being recalcitrant would have every chance of backfiring, by weakening the bond that binds him to his master. Better to see it upside down, and reward him (with stimuli, treats or even caresses) every time he does what is expected of him. This is the very basis of the positive dog training method., and the value you place on everything that comes from your human referent only makes the use of rewards more effective. Like this, knowing how to show firmness (and if patience is necessary) to set and enforce limits upon arrival at home, it is better to share beauty with gentleness and rewards to make your education a success.

    It also, the fact that he is sociable both with humans and with other animals does not exempt him from being socialized from his earliest age, at the risk of behaving differently. Make you meet lots of people (friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and get used to meeting other animals (dogs, cats, rodents, birds…) it is essential to avoid any tendency to aggression once he is an adult and to hope to at least partially curb his hunting instinct. At the same time, exposing him to all kinds of noises and smells in all kinds of places allows him to be calm and balanced afterwards, and therefore perfectly capable of finding and holding its place alongside humans.

    Health

    Despite her fragile appearance, the Continental Toy Spaniel it is generally quite robust. Most people have few health problems and enjoy a good life expectancy, at least equal to that of other dogs of this structure.

    His coat lacking undercoat, However, makes it little resistant to cold. On the other hand, has less difficulty in strong heat.

    The health problems to which you are particularly predisposed are:

    • hereditary cerebellar ataxia, a rare genetic disorder whose outcome is usually fatal;
    • progressive retinal atrophy, which gradually causes the dog's weight due to neuronal degeneration of the eye responsible for vision.It is an incurable hereditary disease;
    • the opening of the fontanel, when a soft spot on the top of the head does not close completely.This genetic problem means that a head injury can be fatal;
    • von Willebrand's disease, an inherited condition that affects platelets and leads to a bleeding disorder: Therefore, a simple cut can cause excessive bleeding;
    • patellar luxation, which can cause pain in the knee of the animal and promote the development of arthrosis. Continental Toy Spaniel explains why you are predisposed to this problem;
    • the waterfall, giving the eye a milky or crystalline appearance, and can cause blindness. In some cases, corrected by surgery;
    • entropion, a malformation of the eyelid that causes painful lesions of the cornea in the animal;
    • collapsed windpipe, an irreversible condition that causes breathing problems and worsens over time;
    • follicular dysplasia of the black hairs, a skin condition that causes hair loss (alopecia);
    • dental problems, like all dogs of this size., the small size of its mouth favors the formation of tartar, and all the troubles that go with it (gingivitis,periodontosis…);
    • broken bones, especially in puppies, that are particularly fragile and must be handled with care;
    • hypoglycemia, which is characterized by a decrease in blood sugar levels. The animal is then in a state of great weakness and fatigue. In the most severe cases, may fall into a coma.

    The fact that many of these conditions are inherited underscores the difference that adopting from a serious breeder Continental Toy Spaniel.In fact, a professional worthy of the name should be able to provide not only a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccinations received by the animal (recorded in your health record or immunization record), but also and especially the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or the child on these diseases.

    Having said that, making sure you adopt a healthy puppy is of little interest if you don't do everything you can to keep it that way. In this sense, prevention plays a fundamental role: wear it regularly (At least once a year) to a veterinarian for a health check allows, in particular, make sure you are up to date on your vaccinations, but also detect a possible problem as soon as possible.

    Life expectancy

    Of 14 to 15 years

    Grooming

    Although the Continental Toy Spaniel it's a long-haired dog, the absence of undercoat makes their coat relatively easy to maintain. In fact, this particularity implies that very little is detached, except during their molting periods, in spring and autumn. Daily brushing is necessary during these periods, but twice a week is more than enough the rest of the time.

    As long as the coat is brushed enough, does not tend to get dirty or smell bad. So, unless it got especially dirty, wash the dog 2 or 3 times a year is usually enough. Always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is not the same as that of humans.

    As in the case of any dog, their ears should be checked and cleaned once a week to reduce the risk of infection.

    Since they are especially prone to eye diseases, your eyes should also be thoroughly cleaned weekly.

    It also, regular tooth brushing, at least once a week, It is essential to limit the formation of tartar and avoid all the risks that this entails. Do not neglect this maintenance, as it is prone to dental problems.

    Last, your nails grow quickly: therefore, generally need to be cut once a month. Otherwise, run the risk of disturbing or even breaking and injuring you.

    Of course, all coat maintenance, the eyes, the ears, the dog's teeth and nails should not be done randomly: it is important to know how to proceed. It is important to know how to do it well. The first time, It may help to see a veterinarian or professional groomer to learn how to do this..

    It also, so that the sessions go as well as possible, it is important to accustom your pet to all these manipulations from an early age.

    Food

    The Continental Toy Spaniel can be fed industrial dog food, as long as it is of good quality and adapted to their age, size and activity level, so that it provides you with all the nutrients you need.

    Even if your dog is not predisposed to being overweight due to his activity level, you have to make sure that his daily intake does not exceed his needs and weigh him regularly, for example, Once a month. In the event that a discrepancy is confirmed or even worsens from one moment to the next, it doesn't take long to take him to a vet: he will be able to identify the medical origin (disease, side effect of a medication…) or dietary origin (unsuitable products or given in excessively large quantities) of the problem, and define how to remedy it. By the way, It's important to put attention on 300 or 400 grams of extra is not much for a human, but they represent for a small dog like Continental Toy Spaniel a significant percentage of your weight, and therefore clearly require to be alarmed.

    By the way, treats can work wonders in the context of your education, but they can also work against you by promoting weight gain if given in large amounts. To limit this risk, the ideal is to deduct your caloric intake from your daily ration. Last, like any dog, the Continental Toy Spaniel must have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

    Use

    Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were originally developed for hunting or herding, the Continental Toy Spaniel has served from the beginning as an ideal companion dog, being gentle, affectionate and calm. From the 15th century, they were the perfect companion of noble ladies in the royal courts of Europe.

    This role of faithful companion dog is still the most frequent today, and needs to be very close to his family. But, not to be confused with a lap dog that spends most of its time sleeping: has a lot of energy, and needs a master active enough to allow him to spend it every day.

    His past and present success as a companion dog owes much to his attractive appearance.. It's no wonder that many owners try to display them at dog shows, so it is common to find them as sample dogs.

    His intelligence and physical abilities are above average for a dog of his size., which makes them ideal competitors in dog sports such as agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

    It also, His level of vigilance and the fact that he is not one of those who spend hours sleeping during the day make him a good alert dog., that does not stop warning in case of unusual presence.

    Last, His closeness to humans and ability to quickly become friends with them combine with his sensitivity to make him an excellent therapy dog., gifted to calm the most fragile people with his simple presence. They can be found in hospitals, mental health centers and rehabilitation centers.

    How much does a “Continental Toy Spaniel”?

    The price of a puppy Continental Toy Spaniel it's average 1200 EUR.

    But, there may be a more or less important difference from one individual to another, based on your lineage, the prestige of the kennel from which they come, its intrinsic characteristics (and, in particular, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, which means that within the same litter there may be significant price differences), as well as their sex, since females tend to cost more than males.

    Characteristics "Continental Toy Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Continental Toy Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Continental Toy Spaniel”

    Videos “Continental Toy Spaniel”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Continental Toy Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Continental Toy Spaniel
    Continental Toy Spaniel

    Alternative names:

    1. Epagneul Nain Continental, Papillon, Butterfly dog, Squirrel dog (English).
    2. Papillon (French).
    3. Ursprünglich Epagneul Nain Continenta, Schmetterlingshündchen, Papillon und Phalène, Für den Papillon (German).
    4. Borboleta, Papillon (Portuguese).
    5. Epagneul papillón, Spaniel continental enano, Spaniel Continental enano de compania (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Small Munsterlander
    Alemania FCI 102 . Spaniel type

    Münsterländer Pequeño

    The Small Munsterlander, is playful, joyful, Active, docile and learn very fast.

    Content

    History

    The Little Münsterländer, It is a breed of dog in German, Spaniel type. Born in the region of Muensterland from where derives its name.

    About the year 1870 they met in Münsterland, many dogs of Spaniel type Germans that very self-assured animals, very good trackers and bailiffs. But the needs of the aristocracy and his fondness for hunting unleashed a series of changes in the canine world…

    In the year 1906 the poet Herman Lons, dedicated himself to investigating everything related to the -then- so-called Roten Hannoverischen Heidebracke o “Red Hanoverian Heath Hound”. In an abbreviated manner, they called it "Heidewachtel”.

    Count von Bevervörde – Lohburg and Principal Master Reitmann of Burgsteinfurt, at the same time they achieved the first results with its crianzas. In the following years the “Dorsterer Schlag”.

    Y, in March of 1912 was founded theSmall Münsterländer Pointing Dog Association”. The objectives of the Association were: “to promote the purity and high-level breeding of the small long-haired pointer as it has been bred in Münsterland for decades”.

    The lack of common characteristics of the breed had a negative influence on both the breeding and the activity of the association.

    It was from the year 1921 when a breeding program began to be carried out -mainly- consensus and supported in the standard of the breed to the Dr. Friedrich Jungklaus published his scientific work on Small Munsterlander.

    It is this study, described all breed characteristics. That description of the race is still – fundamentally- valid today and is what distinguishes the Small Munsterlander, other German long-haired and versatile hunting dogs.

    Then, summarizing…, the Small Munsterlander was born from the crossing of Spaniel with the German Longhaired Pointer in the early 20th century.

    But his selection, Although it is very similar to the of the Large Münsterländer, since they share as ancestor the German Longhaired Pointer, they have been developed separately.

    Physical characteristics

    The Small Munsterlander, is an elegant dog, your body has a structure medium-sized, strong and harmonious, balanced proportions. Elegant head. With an upright posture, shows the flowing lines of its body and tail with a flat carriage.

    Its hair bright should be smooth to slightly ondeado, not too long and bushy.

    Video of the “Small Munsterlander”
    Small Munsterlander finds to stick

    The length of the body measured from the tip of the breastbone to the ischium must be greater than the height at the cross as maximum 5 cm..

    The skin is very adherent, without forming folds. The fur is thick, long Middle, smooth to something ondeado, well glued and waterproof. Its silhouette outline should not be hidden under a too long hair.

    The hair thick should be the best possible protection against the inclement weather, influences of the ground and to avoid injuries. Is a short, smooth fur.

    The fur It should be Brown and white and Brown Roan with Brown plates – the mantle – mottled, allow a whitelist in the head, fire on the snout markings are tolerated, eyes and around the anus (Jungklaus brands).

    The height will of 52 to 54 centimeters.

    Character and skills

    The Small Münsterländer is an intelligent dog, adept at learning, temperamental and balanced.

    It is a very versatile dog, It adapts smoothly to any type of hunting, climate and terrain, It is a perfect breed both for the 'sample' and for the 'collection', It is risky and not afraid of anything or anyone.

    As a companion dog it is stable, attentive and friendly people (the family), playful, lively and cheerful.

    The Small Munsterlander learn very fast.

    Often relate well with other dogs and always retain its passionate and persevering instinct towards the dam, his multiple conditions for hunting and his tempered nerves and sharpness.

    Observations

    It is the smallest of the Pointing Dogs germans.

    Since Puppy He usually learns very quickly to relieve himself outside the house., because they have a tendency of innate to keep clean the place in which they live.

    Education

    The Small Munsterlander he is an intelligent and confident dog. They are easy to train and educate, and very rarely do they disappoint their teacher in their speed of learning. Teaching them tricks shouldn't be much more complicated than teaching them the rules of life..

    Having said that, It is recommended to start learning early and start socializing the puppy as soon as possible, especially for an individual who will live in the city, to develop your confidence and ability to resist your stalking instincts.

    If the dog is destined to hunt, must be trained for hunting through play and not through repetitive training. It is also important to teach him that he should not hunt anywhere and at any time.. Fortunately, memory learning, either by voice or gestures, works great with this breed.

    In summary, the consistency, the kindness, intellectual stimulation and assiduity are necessary to make them the perfect family companion and channel their energy.

    Health

    The Small Munsterlander it is resistant and, due to its large gene pool, has no diseases of its own.

    His only Achilles heel are his ears.: suffers from ear and ear infections a bit more often than most breeds.

    Grooming

    Take care of Small Munsterlander requires little effort: brushing your dog's coat every now and then is enough to keep his coat shiny during normal activity.

    Brushing and checking the dog's ears should be systematic after going out into the woods or fields, to make sure there is no dirt trapped between the longest hairs. Drying them well after swimming also reduces the risk of repeated ear infections..

    For sale “Small Munsterlander”

    Are needed between 500 and 800 euros to adopt a puppy from Small Munsterlander.

    The price of a puppy of this breed differs depending on the sex: a female is more expensive than a male.

    Characteristics "Small Munsterlander"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Small Munsterlander" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Small Munsterlander”

    Videos “Small Munsterlander”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • CKCMiscellaneous
    • ​KC – Hunting dog
    • UKCGun Dog


    FCI breed standard "Small Munsterlander"

    FCIFCI - Small Munsterlander
    Munsterlander

    Alternative names:

    1. Munsterlander (Small), Kleiner Münsterländer, Vorstehhund, Spion, Heidewachtel (English).
    2. Petit münsterländer (French).
    3. Vorstehhund, Spion, Heidewachtel (German).
    4. (em alemão: Kleiner münsterländer) (Portuguese).
    5. Pequeño Münsterländer (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)
    Hungría FCI 57 . Braque Type

    Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) They are very affectionate dogs and very attached to their family.

    Content

    History

    The long history of Hungarian Braco (often called Vizsla, as in your home country) is inseparable from that of the Magyar tribes. In effect, the latter were already accompanied by their ancestors when their migrations through the Russian steppes and the Carpathians ended in the ninth century and settled in the Carpathian basin., region corresponding to modern Hungary.

    Writings dating from the period of King Adelbert III (1235-1270) they already refer to a “yellowish dog named Vizsla“, used by the Hungarian people for hunting. Illustrations that appear in a 14th century Carmelite book, as well as a Gothic engraving of the fifteenth century, are considered the first representations of this dog. In the 16th century, it had become commonplace among the Hungarian aristocracy and nobility, that they used it both for hunting and for the companion dog.

    Numerous crosses between hunting dogs took place since the 16th century and gave the Vizsla your current appearance. There is no clear information on the different breeds used, but several sources, including the reference book The Hungarian Vizsla, written by Gay Gottlieb and published in 1985, they mention Setter, German Shorthaired Pointer, Serbian hound, English Foxhound, English Greyhound, Sloughi and Romanian dog breeds. In any case, the goal was always to keep an aspect close to their ancestors, as evidenced by his yellow color and brown nose. The latter distinguishes it from most other pointer breeds., who have a black nose.

    In 1924 a breeding club was formed in Hungary and the first individuals were recorded at that time. In the Decade of 1930 the development of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) raised fears that the characteristics of the breed would be lost, but a rigorous breeding program under the aegis of the breed club made it possible to separate the breeds and prevent their characteristics from being diluted through inappropriate crossbreeding..

    Like many other races, the Vizsla suffered severely during World War II, but he quickly regained his health. Already in 1954 was recognized by the International Cynological Federation (FCI), which supervises the national organizations of a hundred countries, including France, Belgium and Switzerland.

    It was also in the decade of 1950 when a first specimen was imported into the United States, despite the context of the cold war. This led to the recognition of the breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) already in 1960.

    The world's leading dog associations followed suit, like the British Kennel Club (KC) in 1971 and the American United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1984. El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), as well as a large majority of national organizations around the world also recognize it.

    Popularity

    Known all over the world, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) enjoys some popularity in general. But, There are, of course, significant differences between countries.

    in hungary, your country of origin, It's very common. With a total of more than 8.000 individuals registered in the “Magyar Ebtenyészt?k Országos Egyesületeinek Szövetsége“, the reference body of the country, it is even by far the most widespread indigenous breed. Its representatives are three times more numerous than those of the “Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer“.

    In France, made significant progress in the last decades of the 20th century. The number of births registered each year in the French Stud Book (LOF) in the early decade of 1970 increased from about 40 to more than double at the end of the decade. Exceeded 150 at the end of the Decade of 1980, and then entered the new millennium with more than 200 births per year. The number has remained practically stable since then, fluctuando between 200 and 300 annual records, with sometimes significant variations from one year to another. These figures are still relatively modest: to the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) struggles to make a name for himself among the most popular hunting dog breeds, although it is much more popular than its wire-haired counterpart. The “Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer” does not usually have more than 50 births per year.

    They are also quite discreet in Switzerland, since statistics from the Amicus database show that they are not among the 50 most numerous dog breeds in the country.

    The situation is very different in Britain, where is an important and growing success. Has grown from around 1.000 annual registrations at the Kennel Club in the mid-1990s 2000 to 1.500 early in the decade 2010. This digit, already estimated, then doubled over the decade, to the point of approaching 3000 births per year.

    It is also a great success in the United States, occupying the position 30 (almost 200) in the most popular breeds based on annual AKC registration statistics. His wire-haired counterpart is far behind, finishing near the bottom of the rankings at around 160th place.

    It is also successful in some countries far from its homeland, like Argentina, where there is more than 4.000 specimens.

    In any case, el ong>Braco Húngaro de pelo corto is generally much better established than its descendant the “Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer“. Perhaps the only exception is the Czech Republic, where there are some 5.000 of each race.

    Physical characteristics

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) it is a medium sized hunting dog. He looks a lot like his descendant the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer, but with a shorter coat and a slightly less voluminous silhouette.

    His body is almost square, slightly longer than tall, with lean, well-defined muscles that leave no room for superfluous curves. The legs are made of solid bones, well muscled and ending in slightly oval legs with brown nails.

    The tail, set a little low and descending to the hock, is wide at the base and then gradually tapers towards the tip. Using this dog for hunting means that it has long been shortened by a quarter of its length to reduce the risk of injury. This practice of cutting off a dog's tail (tail docking) still practiced in some countries, but is currently banned in an increasing number of territories, including France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec.

    The head has a broad skull, moderately domed with a moderate stop. The ears, located on the back, they are quite long (about three-quarters of the length of the head) and hang along the cheeks. The eyes are oval and brown in color, as dark as possible. The snout, pretty short, is truncated (not pointed in any way) and ends in a big brown nose, darker than fur.

    The top layer is, of course, short, as the breed name suggests, but also very close and rough to the touch. But, is finer and silkier on the face and ears, a little lighter on the belly and a little longer under the tail. It's important pointing that, unlike in the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) does not have undercoat.

    Whether it is short haired or wire haired, the Vizsla should have a uniform golden wheat color throughout the body except the ears, which are darker in color. Red tones are not desired, brown or discolored. A white mark on the chest or throat is acceptable, but should not exceed 5 cm..

    Finally, sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Vizsla, the male being significantly larger and larger than the female.

    Varieties:

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) appeared in the decade of 1930 as a result of a cross between two females of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) and a male of German Shorthaired Pointer. Although they are very close, They are considered two separate breeds by international and national canine organizations that recognize them, and not two varieties of the same breed.

    Apart from his longer hair and his characteristic goatee, the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer are very similar, if they are not identical, to their ancestors.

    But, specialists have found that on average they are slightly larger and heavier than their short-haired counterparts. This difference is also reflected in the rules of the American Kennel Club, that describes the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) as an average of 1 cm smaller than its descendant. On the other hand, the norm of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) -which is used by the national canine organizations of reference in France, Belgium and Switzerland- does not mention that difference.

    So, if there are some more or less subtle differences in terms of appearance, the same cannot be said in terms of character: in this field, the Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer hardly differs from his alter ego the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla).

    Character and skills

    The temperament of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) does not differ by coat length. The Hungarian Wire-haired Pointer has the same character traits.

    They are very affectionate dogs and very attached to their family. But, they always feel closer to a particular member of the household, who then becomes his favorite human, and they don't try to hide their prejudice.

    In any case, is much less sociable with people who are not part of the home: he is not aggressive with them, but prefers to ignore them and act as if they are not there… at least as long as they don't represent a danger to him. In fact, his closeness to his family makes him protective of both his family and his territory. Reprimands in a deterrent way when a threat approaches, and does not hesitate to intervene if necessary.

    With the kids, his attitude is similar: he is close and tender with those who live with him, for whom it is an excellent playmate, but ignore his friends who come to the house, or those you meet in the park. Even worse, if you mistakenly perceive certain games with the little one of the family as an aggression on their part, your protective instincts can lead you to react violently, mostly because he's always on the prowl. In any case, know it or not, you should never be left alone with a small child, without adult supervision. This is true for any dog, regardless of race.

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) he is very sociable with his companions, whether they live under the same roof or with strangers you meet on a walk. Having him share your home with another dog is a good way to avoid boredom if his handlers are regularly absent..

    The same cannot be said for a cohabitation with a small animal, that would quickly turn sour. If you have been used to being around the domestic cat from an early age, he has every chance of being considered a full member of your family, and therefore to be left alone. On the other hand, A bird, rodent or reptile is likely to awaken the hunting instinct that has accompanied it for generations. A small animal unknown to him and that he would have the bad idea to pass by during his pilgrimages would also have every chance of suffering a sad fate.. For the same reason, it is advisable to keep it on a leash in places where the probability of such encounters is quite high.

    Bred for centuries to hunt in the wild, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) they are active dogs that must be able to spend at least an hour a day to feel comfortable on their paws. But their resistance allows them to go much further, if given the opportunity. Daily walks are the best part of the day for him, and long weekend outings that allow you to spend several hours in the desert are probably the highlight of your week. If there is a lake or a river in the way, feel free to stop there: without being particularly fond of either, loves water and is a good swimmer. Hunting is, without a doubt, the activity that most allows him to mobilize his independent spirit and his remarkable sense of smell.. It´s, with much, his favorite, but you can also excel in dog sports that also allow these qualities to be expressed, like crawl or cavity. He is also perfectly capable of learning other disciplines, so much so that it is not uncommon to see representatives of the breed on the podiums of obedience or agility competitions.

    Even more, his physical qualities and his resistance also make him a great companion for those who want to run with their dog, ride a bike with him and take him for a ride. On the other hand, given your significant need for exercise, not recommended at all for elderly or overly sedentary people.

    In any case, best kept on a leash in urban or residential areas to avoid drama if small animals pass by, on the other hand, remove it in the wild, so you can run free and vent. This assumes that the withdrawal orders are perfectly acquired, but even when this is the case, it is difficult to fully trust his propensity to return without delay as soon as he is asked to do so. So, it is advisable to equip your dog with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily find it if you venture a little too far, especially since he might not be able to find his way back.

    As long as you are able to exercise enough each day, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) it is perfectly suitable for apartment living, If and when, of course, is the right size for your build. Having said that, the ideal for him is still a house with a garden. It goes without saying that the garden must be perfectly closed, to prevent any attempt to chase an animal. It also, although he greatly appreciates being able to go outside at any time to stretch his legs, this dog is not cut out for spending most of his time outdoors: although he can sleep outside, appreciates the comfort of home and the proximity of his family.

    But, They are not the type of dog that will follow your wishes with finger and eye. Centuries of hunting with a high degree of autonomy have made it quite independent, which can be problematic if you are faced with an inexperienced owner or one who is not able to be firm enough to command respect for your dog.

    Having said that, this independence of mind does not mean that he appreciates being left home alone for long periods of time. You can tolerate your family being normally away during the day as long as they pay attention to you at night, but risks destructive behavior if left alone for a whole weekend.

    Last, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) has a powerful voice, but rarely heard. Usually, barks only when threatened, or feel that something really important should be reported.

    Education

    The training of a Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) can be problematic for a caregiver who does not know how to command respect and authority. With his independent character and his intelligence above the average, this dog can quickly turn things around and take control if given the opportunity.

    Clear rules that are established at the beginning and that are consistent over time and among family members help establish discipline that is easy to understand and respect.. Establishing and enforcing these rules is crucial to having a dog that knows what is expected of him and follows it.. But, should not be done in one way; in particular, traditional training techniques should not be used, as they can traumatize the dog and cause blockages. On the other hand, educational methods based on positive reinforcement give much better results.

    At the end, the training of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) generally does not present any difficulties, not even for a beginning caregiver, as long as the hierarchy is well established. This is all the more true since he is not one of those who question it systematically afterwards.

    So, learning how to call back should be a priority, so that it can be allowed to run freely when the environment is suitable (forest, etc.), instead of having to keep it on a leash at all times. Having said that, it is difficult to expect complete reliability in this matter, given the strength of his hunting instinct.

    Like any other race, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) you should start socializing as soon as you get to your new home. This is generally done without problems, his curious and open nature helps him to quickly get acquainted with different people, animals and situations you may encounter, either occasionally or more regularly. This period should be used to get to know people (friends, neighbors, veterinary, etc.) and the human beings you will meet more or less frequently in your life. It is also the right time to get him used to meeting all kinds of unfamiliar humans and dogs., so you know how to behave in all circumstances.

    Health

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) they are generally robust, with a life expectancy of around 12-14 years, which is in line with the average of dogs of their size.

    Their short coat protects them from both heat and cold, allowing them to live in a wide variety of climates. But, not adapted to extremes, and can't sleep outside when freezing, for example, or run in the sun in the middle of a summer heat wave.

    No dog is immune to disease, and the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) is no exception. In this case, to which it is most exposed are ..:

    • The Hip Dysplasia, a joint problem often favored by a hereditary predisposition, causing pain and difficulty in movement, as well as osteoarthritis with age;
    • Elbow dysplasia, a malformation of the joint, which is also possibly related to a predisposition inherited from parents, and that also causes pain and lameness;
    • Epilepsy, a nervous system disease of often hereditary origin, responsible for more or less frequent and intense seizures. The disease cannot be cured on its own, but your symptoms can be relieved with the help of medication;
    • Addison's disease, a hormonal deficiency that is usually inherited from the parents and manifests itself in various ways: weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, weightloss… The most severe form of the disease is usually fatal, while the chronic form can be kept under control with lifelong treatment;
    • Hemophilia type A, an inherited disorder that prevents blood from clotting properly, and that affects men more than women. May manifest in heavy bleeding, bruising or blood in the urine;
    • Hyperuricosia, a disease also inherited from the parents. Corresponds to an excess of uric acid, leading to the formation of crystals in the urine, which in turn can cause bleeding and kidney failure;
    • Allergies, that can be caused by factors as different as food, the environment or parasites. Allergies can be caused by factors as different as food, the environment or parasites, and most often manifest as itching and redness of the skin;
    • Ear infections, as in most breeds of dogs with drooping ears.

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) it is also particularly susceptible to various diseases of the eyes:

    • Progressive retinal atrophy, a degeneration of eye tissue that causes irreparable loss of sight, first at night and then also during the day;
    • Entropion, a defect in the position of the eyelid that can be inherited and causes irritation of the eyeball. The problem can be treated with surgery;
    • Ectropión, an eyelid curl problem also inherited from parents, which also causes eye irritation. Also in this case, an operation remedies the problem;
    • Glaucoma, often hereditary, which is a painful increase in the pressure inside the eye. This leads to blindness if it is not operated as soon as possible.

    It also, people who are used to hunt are particularly exposed to the risk of injuries that this activity implies.

    Since many of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, the adoption of a strict breeder of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) maximizes the probability of getting a healthy animal, and one that stays that way. In fact, a professional breeder not only ensures that puppies are well socialized from their first weeks of life, but also that they do not inherit a hereditary defect from their parents. To achieve this goal, causes various genetic tests to be systematically performed on the breeding stock in question, and excludes all those who could present any risk. You can also have the resulting puppies examined to confirm the absence of a hereditary condition.. In any case, must be able to present the results of the tests performed, plus a certificate of good health from a veterinarian and the puppy's health or vaccination record, that includes all vaccines that have been administered.

    It also, from the moment he arrives home until the end of his life, it is essential to allow your dog to be regularly examined by a veterinarian for a complete health check. This is necessary at least once a year, and more often as you get older, as it allows early detection of a potential problem and action accordingly. These visits are also an opportunity to have immunizations increased when needed.. At the same time, It is also necessary to ensure that antiparasitic treatments of the “child” are renewed throughout the year, so you are never unprotected at this level.

    Grooming

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) it is an easy dog ​​to keep, especially when it comes to fur. A quick weekly brushing is enough to keep the coat clean and healthy. But, frequency should be increased during the two seasonal moulting periods, in spring and autumn. To help remove dead hairs, daily brushing is recommended.

    It is also necessary to bathe from time to time, although the frequency required depends largely on the lifestyle of the animal. If your dog often lives in the woods for long hours and gets very dirty, it may help to give him a bath every month. On the other hand, if you spend most of your time in parks and have little exposure to the elements, bathe him 2 or 3 times a year is potentially sufficient. In all cases, it is imperative to always use a shampoo designed specifically for dogs, since the pH of your skin differs from that of humans.

    Your ears are the part of your body that requires the most vigilance, since its drooping shape facilitates the accumulation of dirt and moisture, and therefore the development of infections (ear infections, etc.). So, must be checked and cleaned every week, as well as drying out every time you have bathed in a lake or river or come back from a long period of time in a humid environment.

    The weekly maintenance session of the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) should also include an exam and, if necessary, cleaning the eyes, to prevent dirt from building up and causing infection.

    It also, like all the other dogs, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) is not immune to tartar and its accompanying problems: bad breath, oral diseases… Brushing the teeth with a toothpaste for canine use is necessary at least once a week, but even more frequent brushing is recommended, even daily.

    The claws of the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) they are particularly hard and therefore do not wear out much, even though he is very active. So, they need to be trimmed every month or so to prevent them from getting in your way or even hurting you. In any case, as soon as you hear them rubbing on the ground when you walk, it's time to take care of them.

    Finally, another good habit to adopt is to check their fur, ears and pads after every long walk in nature, to detect any cuts or scratches, parasites, thorns…

    Take care of a Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) not particularly complex, but knowing how to do it well allows you to be more efficient and at the same time minimize the risks of hurting your pet, or even hurt her. So, it may be a good idea to learn them the first time from a professional groomer or vet. In any case, it is advisable not to wait to accustom your pet to these different manipulations, so that you accept them without hesitation throughout your life.

    Food

    The Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) fits very well with commercially available industrial dog food. Both the choice of products and the definition of the given daily ration must be determined by age, the health status and activity level of the animal.

    The latter can vary from one period to another., particularly in the case of individuals used for hunting. Servings must be adjusted accordingly, to ensure that the animal always provides all the energy it needs. But, this applies both up and down: for example, for a hunting dog, it is essential to return to normal portions once the hunting season is over, otherwise, overweight individuals may become overweight.

    Obesity is not common in the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla), but no dog is immune, especially if you've been spayed or neutered. A good habit is to weigh it every month. If the weight gain is confirmed or even accentuated by the following measures, it is necessary to visit the vet. In effect, only the vet can reliably determine the cause (it may not be related to your diet or activity level, but it may be caused, for example, due to illness or reaction to drug treatment), and propose a solution based on it.

    It also, it is better to divide your daily ration into at least two meals: this makes digestion easier and reduces your propensity to claim, since then he knows he will be fed again later in the day.

    It is also important to avoid giving your pet food intended for humans randomly, although it is very imploring when its owners are at the table, for example. In effect, unless you are sure that this is so, it is likely not meeting your nutritional needs and, therefore, cause more harm than good, especially, of course, if it contains dangerous foods for the canine population.

    Last, like any of their races, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) must be able to quench their thirst at will and have permanent access to fresh water.

    Use

    Historically, the main function of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) it was hunting. Can be used as pointers, runners or recuperators and are capable of working on all types of terrain, without hesitation to get into the water if necessary. It also, can attack both animals and game birds, acting alone or in tandem. But, it's unusual to find her performing in a pack. In any case, its hunting qualities continue to seduce and be used throughout the world today.

    They also allow you to shine in certain canine sports disciplines, starting with the crawl, obedience or agility.

    His popularity can also be explained by his attachment and energy, which make him a wonderful companion dog for a sporty family. A caretaker adept at hiking, on horseback riding or mountain biking you will find in him a tireless companion always ready for new adventures. On the other hand, its need for activity makes it much less suitable for the most sedentary or elderly.

    Last, the Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) it is also an effective watchdog, whose very protective instinct compensates for a less impressive size than that of some of its races also capable of fulfilling this role.

    For sale “Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)”

    The price of a puppy Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla) is an average of 900 EUR, for both males and females. But, some exceptional individuals fetch much higher prices – until 2.000 euros for those with exceptional characteristics and pedigree.

    in any country, and as in all dog breeds, the price charged depends largely on the more or less prestigious ancestry of the animal, as well as the reputation of the kennel that offers it. But, its intrinsic characteristics continue to be the main determinant of the price of a puppy of Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla). Individuals with the best character traits and physical characteristics closest to the standard are the most sought after, which explains why there can sometimes be significant differences within the same litter.

    Characteristics "Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    Images "Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)"

    Videos "Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • AKC – Group 1 (Sports)
    • CKC – Group 1 (Sports)
    • ​KCGun Dog
    • NZKCGun Dog Group
    • UKCGun Dog Group


    FCI breed standard "Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)"

    FCIFCI - Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla)
    Bracco

    Alternative names:

    1. Hungarian Short-Haired Pointer (Vizsla), Vizsla, Vizslak (English).
    2. Braque Hongrois à poil court (Vizsla), Vizsla, (en hongrois rövidszőrű magyar vizsla) (French).
    3. Kurzhaariger Ungarischer Vorstehhund (Vizsla), Vizsla, Magyar Vizsla Kurzhaar, (ungarisch Rövidszőrű magyar vizsla) (German).
    4. Braco húngaro de pelo curto, Vizsla, (em húngaro: Rövidszörü magyar vizsla) (Portuguese).
    5. Vizsla, Braco húngaro (español).

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    Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen
    Francia FCI 67 . Small-sized Hounds

    Basset Grifón Vandeano pequeño

    The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is a very strong race.

    Content

    History

    The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen It is a small size hunting dog (Petit), under (basset), hard hair (griffon) of French origin (in the region of the Vendée), mainly used for hunting rabbits with his great sense of smell.
    It was developed from the Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen, larger copy, heavy and long.

    In the past, often to raise both races together. In 1975 are prohibited from crossing them, although puppies with characteristics of both breeds could still be born in the same litter. In France, It was a popular hunting dog for nearly a century (origin s. 16TH); However, the breed is relatively new in other regions.

    Physical characteristics

    Medium-sized, its height varies between the 33 and 38 cm and his weight between the 16 and 20 kg.
    It is a small dog, rustic. Its aspect is neglected and natural. It has hard and rough hair with eyebrows, beard and whiskers woolly. White base, with black spots, Orange or grey.

    Is well proportioned and is approximately a 50% longer than high. Wide tail at base, decreasing towards the tip thickness. It keeps it erect. Their ears are covered with hair; they are long but fail to reach the tip of the nose. Large nostrils. Its back is straight and slightly arched over the lumbar area.

    It has large fame of Digger, jumper and escape expert, so you have to keep it in a safe enclosure.
    Usually, is happy, friendly and always busy in their explorations. He is intelligent and can be stubborn. It's funny and has many security. Jealous and playful. Pretty crook.

    Character and skills

    He is good with children and quite friendly with strangers and although his obstinacy, it is a bit difficult to train, is not especially dependent or independent. Their dominance is moderate.

    He is good with other dogs, but by his hunting instinct, It is not reliable with other pets. Being of small size, has a very loud bark, and tends to the howl.

    Very strong race; serious genetic diseases are not known. prone to ear infections. Times, allergies have been given to insecticides.

    It has hard hair and moved it very little, Although it needs a cleaning and brushing regularly to avoid entanglements.
    It requires moderate exercise, being a good companion to run. At home he is very active and can only live in an apartment if he is sufficiently exercised.

    As open space, a small garden is enough. Adaptable to most climates, prefer the coldest. It´s suitable for novice owners. Care properly has an average life of 10 to 14 years.

    Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen pictures

    Videos Basset Grifón Vandeano small

    Alternative names:

    Petit basset griffon vendéen / Kleiner basset griffon vendéen / small basset griffon vendéen

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • ​KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC

  • FCI breed standard "Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen"

    FCIFCI - Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen
    Basset

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    Istrian Shorthaired Hound
    Croacia FCI 151 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    There is also a “Istrian Coarse-haired Hound” and slightly larger.

    Content

    History

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound is an ancient breed of hound dog originating from Istria, whose origins are lost in dark prehistory. The frescoes (1474, Chapel of the Virgin Mary in Beram, near Pazin), the paintings (including Titian, first half of the 18th century), and the chronicles (1719, Bishop Bakic of Djakovo) bear witness to it.

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound, highly appreciated for its excellent hunting qualities, was sold from Istria to neighboring countries. The first inscriptions in the herd book date from 1924, the breed was recognized by the FCI already in 1949, but the standard wasn't published until 1973.

    Today, the Istrian Shorthaired Hound it is quite common in and around Istria and is still very popular with hunters due to its excellent characteristics.

    Photos:

    1 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical Characteristics Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound he is a medium sized running dog, who appears elegant and distinguished in his build and movements. The height at the withers in both males and females is between 44 and 56 cm., the weight of the dogs is 14 to 20 kg, the optimum is 18 kg.

    The coat of these dogs is thin, dense and, as the name reflects, short. This short-haired variant is somewhat smaller than the wire-haired version of the Istrian Hound.. The basic color of the coat is white with orange yellow tints. As a whole, the coat is shiny.

    The life expectancy of dogs is 12 – 14 years.

    Character and skills Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    The characteristic of Istrian Shorthaired Hound it's his distinctive hunting instinct. The dogs have always been used as hunting dogs and still show corresponding characteristics today.. This includes his liveliness and his passion for hunting itself.. Like most hunting dogs, these dogs have little instinct for protection and are therefore quite unsuitable for guarding and protection tasks.

    While the Istrian Shorthaired Hound be able to live your hunting instinct and feel fully occupied, has a gentle and friendly disposition. It is obedient and loyal to its owner. Your posture is nice.
    It also, these dogs are smart and insightful, so they must be challenged in this regard as well. If the dogs are not kept according to their nature, they often get stubborn and sometimes even start poaching.

    Keeping an Istrian Shorthaired Hound

    The Istrian Shorthaired Hound It, by its nature, first of all a tracking dog. It is particularly suitable for hunting foxes and hares and is used almost exclusively for this purpose in its native country.. It is important that the dogs of this breed are kept by a hunter and encourage them to go hunting and take the trail., so it should be considered as an example for animals. Despite your gentle nature, they are not suitable as pure family dogs, as their pronounced hunting instinct would be neglected too.

    Images "Istrian Shorthaired Hound"

    Photos:

    2 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia. He was underweight when the photo was taken by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia. He was underweight when the photo was taken by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound Luri in a dog shelter in Zadar. When the photo was taken, he was underweight by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound puppies at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Istrian Shorthaired Hound"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthound Group


    FCI breed standard "Istrian Shorthaired Hound"

    FCIFCI - Istrian Shorthaired Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

    1. Original name – Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič (English).
    2. Chien courant d’Istrie à poil ras (French).
    3. Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič (German).
    4. Istarski kratkodlaki gonic (Nome original) (Portuguese).
    5. Nombre original – Istarski Kratkodlaki (español).

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    Small Blue Gascony
    Francia FCI 31 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Small Blue Gascony

    The Small Blue Gascony, in general, they are considered docile and very attached to their master, very friendly with children and sociable with other dogs.

    Content

    History

    The Small Blue Gascony is a short legged version of the Great Gascony Blue, his ancestor. But, although the history of the latter extends deep into the history of all of Europe and even the United States, its history has remained closely linked to its country of origin, France.

    Its appearance dates back to the end of the Middle Ages, and more precisely to the sixteenth century. The development of the breed is not the result of crossing the Great Gascony Blue with smaller dogs, but simply from a true selective breeding program that consists of selecting and breeding the smallest individuals, generation after generation. Although they were very efficient in hunting wild boar and large game in packs, the Great Blue was nevertheless a heavy hound, and was not entirely satisfactory in tracking small game in the high forests.

    The Small Blue Gascony was therefore developed for the specific purpose of hunting rabbits, hares and other small game animals. Faster than its predecessor, inherited its tracking and exploration skills from its predecessor. Its use spread in France beyond its region of origin, Gascuña (in the southwest of the country). Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were decimated during these periods, did not suffer much with the French Revolution and the two World Wars. Thanks to his skill in hunting rabbits, has been able to get through these clashes in French history without too many losses, and remain present in relatively constant numbers despite events.

    But, despite this resistance and its renowned performance in hunting small game, very little was exported, unlike his older brother, that set foot in the United States as early as the 18th century. This is mainly due to the fact that Small Blue, raised in herds, it was much less profitable to hunt than the Great Blue, that it was able to attack larger prey and thus provide more food. But, in France, despite this disadvantage, became progressively more popular than with hunters and families.

    However, gained visibility on the international scene in 1963, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) officially recognized the breed. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) did the same in 1991. But, he still has a long way to go in this respect, as they have not been emulated by many other major organizations. These may include, so far, nor the other great American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), nor his neighbor the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC), nor the prestigious British Kennel Club, they have taken the step.

    In fact, the Small Blue Gascony is still today mainly present in its country of origin. It has even become more and more popular there in recent decades.. This was particularly surprising in the 1990s. 1980, when it happened 50 annual entries in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) in the early years of the decade to more than 200 at the end, that is to say, quadrupled. The trend increased in the early 1990s 1990, and the number stabilized at around 450 per year from 1993. There is a new rise at the dawn of the 21st century, when the 550 registrations per year. From 2006 there is a steep decline, so that by the end of 2010 there are only a few 350 births per year. But, this is still more than four times the number that its predecessor, the Great Gascony Blue, can boast.

    Photo: Small Blue Gascony Hound, male “Brigand od Smutne ricky” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Small Blue Gascony”

    The Small Blue Gascony has an appearance very close to that of his ancestor, the Great Gascony Blue, and even its size is not so far from the latter, whatever his name is. In fact, with a height of 50 to 58 cm to the cross, is actually a medium-sized dog. The term “small” is more suitable to describe the size of the fighter for which it was designed.

    The Small Blue Gascony has a noble and proud appearance and a rather gentle general expression. His body is well supported by his back, no excess length, with a slightly sloping croup and a long, open chest that falls to elbow height. Its front legs are powerful and its shoulders are muscular. In general, has a balanced musculature and bone structure, without excess. Its tail is thin and carried like a saber blade.

    Head is slightly domed when viewed from the front, and the forehead is full. The stop (distance between the two eyes) it is little accentuated. The eyes are brown. The nose is very black and wide, and the nostrils are wide open. The whisker pads are not very thick and quite long: the upper lip falls back covering the lower lip. The snout (upper part of muzzle) is the same length as the skull; is strong and slightly arched, which contributes to giving it a noble look. The ears are moderately thin, dangling and curly. Very long, can reach the end of your nose, or even lower.

    The skin of the Small Blue Gascony it is flexible, black or very mottled with black spots, and in any case never completely white. Their mucous membranes are also black. Its pelage is short, semi-thick and well furnished. Its fur is completely mottled, black and white, with a slate bluish glow, hence its name.

    It also, may have more or less numerous and more or less large blackheads. These may include, at head level, usually has two black dots that are not on the top of the skull but that surround its eyes and cover its ears. At the top of the skull there is a white spot with a small oval black dot, typical of the breed. The upper part of the eyebrows are marked with more or less bright tan spots. Traces of tan are also found on the cheeks, the chops, inside the ears and sometimes on the legs and under the tail.

    Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are generally very similar in size and dimensions.

    Character and skills “Small Blue Gascony”

    The Small Blue Gascony he is a dog with a pleasant character, calm and affectionate. He is a very good companion dog., but it requires a lot of physical exercise and wide open spaces. Your ideal space is a house with land. It is necessary to take them out for a daily walk outside of hunting season. Dogs are generally very attached to their master. They are also kind to children and sociable with other animals. (dogs, cats…).

    It is a hunting dog that runs well, very diligent in his hunting style, ideal for running after hare. It also shows good qualities for hunting big game, for example wild boar hunting. Finally, the Small Blue Gascony has a magnificent voice and a fine sense of smell.

    Hygiene and health of the “Small Blue Gascony”

    Grooming

    The Small Blue Gascony often lives outdoors and requires only rudimentary grooming. If you live in the house, weekly brushing is recommended. It can also be useful to bathe him when he returns from hunting…

    Care

    When you come back from hunting or walking, inspect his feet and ears Small Blue Gascony looking for thorns (herbs that get into the skin causing pain and infections). Your floppy ears may be prone to ear infections. It is advised to examine and wash them once a week.

    Health

    The Small Blue Gascony he is a robust dog. You may suffer from otitis. Itching or a bad smell should alert you. The Small Blue Gascony you can also be injured while hunting. A fracture immediately leads to a loss of pressure in the affected limb. Skin tears may be more inconspicuous in the coat. Inspect his wound carefully when you return from the hunt..

    Food

    The dog's diet will depend on both its breed and weight and its lifestyle. The one with Small Blue Gascony must consider, among other things, your activity.

    How much cost a “Small Blue Gascony”

    The price of a puppy Small Blue Gascony often haunt them 650 EUR, but it can reach the 1000 euros for the best subjects.

    As in any other race, the price charged depends on the prestige of the kennel, of the lineage from which the dog descends and its intrinsic characteristics and, in particular, of its conformity with the standard. This explains why there may be price differences between puppies from the same litter.

    In any case, the Small Blue Gascony hard to find outside France, and this is particularly true in North America, despite its recognition by the American UKC. In the case of an import from France, transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price. It also, it is necessary, of course, respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad.

    Images "Small Blue Gascony"

    Photos:

    1 – Little Gascony Blue Hound by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, “Bella, Baron i Brigand od Smutne ricky” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from husbandry “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, female “Clea z Beckova” from kennel “Le Bleu Cardinalis FCI”, Poland. The owner – Katarzyna Bujko by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Small Blue Gascony Hound, male “Car z Beckova” from kennel “Od Smutné říčky”, Czech. The owner – Slavomír Hanáček by Katarzyna Bujko, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Small Blue Gascony"

    RAMBO - Small blue gascony - Unconditional love

    RAMBO – “Petit Bleu de Gascogne” – Unconditional love
    hare with blue gascogne cubs

    hare with “Petit Bleu de Gascogne”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds
    • Central Canine Society


    FCI breed standard "Small Blue Gascony"

    FCIFCI - Small Blue Gascony
    Petit

    Alternative names:

    1. Petit bleu de Gascogne (English).
    2. Petit bleu de Gascogne (French).
    3. Petit bleu de Gascogne (German).
    4. Petit bleu de Gascogne (Portuguese).
    5. Petit bleu de Gascogne, Sabueso azul de Gascuña (español).