Russian Harlequin Hound
Rusia Hound not recognized by the F.C.I.

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog found almost exclusively in Russia.

Content

History

In the 18th century, a hound native to Russia began to develop naturally, but it wasn't until around 1900 that selective breeding started in earnest, and the first breed standard for the Russian hound was developed in 1925. The breeders then crossed to the Estonian Hound with the English hounds. The result was the Russian Harlequin Hound, a slightly squarer looking dog with tricolor spots on a white body. The voice of the Russian Harlequin Hound is much deeper and melodic than that of a Estonian Hound, and frequently have black marks on the saddle.

Until 1951 This new breed of hound was known as the Anglo-Russian hound, but when he was accepted as a separate race from his own, he was known as the Russian Harlequin Hound. This breed was well known, not only for their melodic voices, but also for its speed and resistance when tracking its prey. They were frequently used as red hunting dogs, which means they were chasing foxes and wolves, traditionally known as red game, and they are rarely found outside the Soviet Union.

The breeders of the Russian Harlequin Hound they are still in the process of improving both the type and the uniformity of the breed and the breed is now seen sometimes at Soviet dog shows, and is considered equal in quality to the best Estonian Hound. The Russian Harlequin Hound It was also used by William Dunker when he developed his namesake the Dunker, sometimes also known as the Norwegian Hound.

The Russian Harlequin Hound It is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Photo: simonaaa93

Physical characteristics “Russian Harlequin Hound”

The Russian Harlequin Hound he is a muscular dog, medium-sized, which stands about twenty-four inches tall and weighs between 18 and 31 kg, with a square build, long, straight legs and a strong tail that has a slightly curved or saber-like shape. They also tend to have a somewhat broad, square head with a straight, square muzzle., that always ends with a black nose. They have slightly hanging lips, oval shaped eyes, usually dark brown, and medium-sized pendant ears that sit high on the head and hang down to the sides to frame the face.

The characteristic short coat of the Russian Harlequin Hound is mostly white with tricolor markings on the head, face, back and tail, and is typically quite dense; this coloring is particularly useful when hunting with this Russian hound as it makes it much easier to differentiate the hunting dog from its prey.

Character and skills “Russian Harlequin Hound”

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog found almost exclusively in Russia. A mix of the Estonian Hound and the English Foxhound, this scent hound is known for its ability to track the game traditionally known as red game, like the fox and the wolves. They tend to be friendly and outgoing with almost everyone they meet., both human and canine, but they have a high prey drive and may not be safe around cats and other small animals. This breed is not well adapted to apartment living due to its high activity levels and vocal nature..

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Rumanía FCI 357 - Sheepdogs

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children

Content

History

Natural breed known for centuries in the Bucovina region, in northeastern Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd was brought to light for the first time in 1934 by G. Radulescu Calafat, publisher of the first Carpathian Sheepdog standard, who mentioned in an article published in the journal Vet Sciences another molosser type sheepdog named “Dulau” or “Capau”. Until then, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd had been compared to him Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, smaller.

While the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd has long been used as a guard dog for flocks of sheep against large predators in the Carpathians, like bears, wolves and lynx, it has also been used for many years by Romanian farmers as a guard dog.

In 1982 the Romanian Cynological Association, the reference canine organization in the country, developed a first standard that described the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd. It was updated in 2001 and 2002 in accordance with the FCI requests (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) with a view to their recognition of the breed, what actually happened provisionally in 2009.

In 2019, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI. On the other hand, not yet recognized by the British reference organization, The Kennel Club, nor by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC).

In fact, it is still very rare outside its country of origin and some neighboring countries, like Ukraine or Serbia. In Romania there have been 6.000 copies in the Romanian Origin Book, but only the breeding of 300 females and 200 males, as Romanian law imposes many restrictions on the breeding of dogs.

Photo: Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier – YouTube

Physical characteristics

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are huge dogs with a body slightly longer than the tall, powerful lower limbs and a horizontal, muscular back. Placed high on the body, its long tail is carried hanging at rest and rises in the back in a slightly upward curve when in the gazebo.

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

The head, which is wide and carried slightly higher than the body, blends in with the voluminous and moderately long neck, which forms an angle of 100 - 110 degrees with the rest of the body.

The muzzle is black, the eyes are relatively small in relation to the head, the powerful jaw is chisel-shaped and the V-shaped ears with a rounded tip fall along the cheeks.

While the head and the front of the legs are covered with short hair, the rest of the body is covered with dense hair, long (6 - 10 cm.) and quite stiff. The coat is predominantly white, marked with black spots, gray or leonadas well defined. However, the standard of Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it also recognizes unbleached, uncoloured specimens that are completely white, white as snow, gray like ash or black.

Sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, being the male larger than the female.

Character and skills

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children, what can make it an ideal dog for a family. On the other hand, especially distrust strangers, so it is important to socialize him from an early age with the people with whom he can come into contact: friends, neighbors, postmen…

Used to guarding herds in the company of other dogs, coexists perfectly with its congeners and other pets that share its territory.

It is not aggressive at all, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are not prone to attack without reason. On the other hand, their very protective character makes them react in a very intimidating way if they perceive an intrusion into their territory. However, his growls and especially his serious and powerful barks are just a way to scare “invaders” and they are rarely precursors of offensive action. However, if you feel that your “family” (which is simply the herd that is in charge, if he has always lived like a sheepdog) is threatened, this extremely brave and protective dog risks going on the attack, without even backing down in front of a bear or a pack of wolves.

Independent and used to wandering alone in the wild mountains of Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd tolerates loneliness quite well and can be left alone for a few days without too much trouble, although he obviously prefers the company of his family. However, your ability to keep busy depends on having enough space to walk freely.

Due to its size, his resonant voice and his need for great spaces, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd They are not dogs that can live comfortably in apartments and are not recommended for urban areas. They greatly prefer sparsely populated areas, where they can patrol their territory in peace and quiet without risk of unwanted encounters.

A very active and resistant dog, needs daily physical activity and is happy to accompany his master on long walks in the countryside.

Education “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
Dog of the months

The puppy's socialization phase is of primary importance for the puppy. Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, and it is very important that you meet your family very soon, to possible other household pets, as well as the other people and animals that you will meet regularly during your life. In effect, once adult, find it difficult to accept a new person in your environment (including for example a prospective dog handler or dog behaviorist), although this is not impossible.

As an intelligent and obedient dog, can be easily trained and trained for his future role as a sheepdog or watchdog from his first birthday. Despite its independent nature, responds very well to positive reinforcement methods, but the teacher must ensure that he always maintains a strong and authoritative demeanor.

In addition, instead of a long daily training session, it is advisable to opt for several short sessions spread throughout the day.

Health “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it is a particularly healthy and resistant breed.

However, like most large breeds of dogs, are prone to hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. To reduce risks, make sure they don't overdo physical activity during their growing season.

Gastric dilation of the dog is another problem that can affect this breed. Due to ingestion of food too fast, especially if they are dry, can be life-threatening and requires urgent intervention by a veterinarian. To minimize this risk, it is recommended to leave large amounts of water available when the dog eats, divide his daily ration into at least two meals and let him rest after these meals.

Grooming “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are long-haired dogs that need to be brushed once a week, and even more often during the shedding period. Losing her hair galore, not recommended for people who do not like to find dog hair all over the house and always have a perfectly clean interior.

In addition, at the end of winter, it is advisable to cut the hair between its pads to protect your dog from heat.

It is not necessary to bathe your dog unless, of course, is particularly dirty. In any case, no more than 2 or 3 times a year, as this can damage the natural protective layer of the skin.

On the other hand, the inside of the ears needs to be checked regularly, since it is common for external parasites to hide there, and clean them well to avoid any risk of infection.

The dog's claws should be checked monthly and trimmed if natural wear and tear is not enough.

Food “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

If he Romanian Bucovina Shepherd he has always been fed what his pastor used to prepare for him, good quality commercial kibbles are an ideal solution today, If and when, of course, the manufacturer's recommendations are followed.

Bones are important in this dog's diet, so it may be helpful to give him a bone to gnaw once in a while. However, chicken bones and other poultry should be banned as they can cause serious damage to the digestive system.

In addition, as with any dog ​​at high risk of bloating-twisting stomach, the daily ration should be divided into 2 or 3 meals and ensuring that the dog remains calm during and after these meals. This means, for example, make sure he sees his food coming instead of discovering it in front of him when he wakes up, avoid having another animal around you when you eat, and do not stimulate him during his meal or in the following hour.

In addition, is essential for Romanian Bucovina Shepherd have large amounts of fresh water available at all times.

Price “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

A puppy Romanian Bucovina Shepherd usually sold between 500 and 1000 EUR, but prices have tended to rise as the breed has been the subject of some interest after its recognition by the FCI. Males tend to be more expensive than females, and the price is higher when the animal has a smooth coat.

It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and check the documents with the Romanian Canine Association. From 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

Characteristics “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier
Shepherd of Bucovina – Ilie Forest 2018

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 357
  • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”
    Romanian Shepherd from Bucovina FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bucovina Sheepdog, Bucovina Shepherd, Southeastern European Shepherd (English).
      2. Berger roumain de Bucovine, Berger de l’Europe du Sud-Est (French).
      3. Ciobănesc Românesc de Bucovina (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina) (Portuguese).
      5. (en rumano: Ciobănesc de Bucovina) (Spanish).

    Istrian Coarse-haired Hound
    Croacia FCI 152 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Istrian Coarse-haired Hound

    The Istrian Coarse-haired Hound it is an excellent hound for hunting hare and fox.

    Content

    History

    His story matches that of Istrian Shorthaired Hound, but the iconography in words and images is much more limited, as long-haired dogs are generally less attractive for renderings due to their outward appearance. However, the Istrian Coarse-haired Hound was described in detail by B. Laska in 1896 and 1905: under the name of “barbini” these hard elo hound dogs were put up for sale in the Pazin and Buzet area in Istria. During World War I the breed was almost extinct. From 1924 these dogs were registered in the Croatian Stallion Book. The FCI recognized the breed in 1948. The first standard dates back to 1969.

    Photos:

    1 – Istrian Wire-haired Hound by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1583815

    Physical characteristics

    The Istrian Coarse-haired Hound has strong and robust bones. With a stern expression, gives the deceptive impression of being a dark and taciturn animal. His somewhat hairy appearance was the cause of his near disappearance, as it is physically repulsive to some due to its coarse fur. However, its deceptive appearance hides a wonderful character and very beautiful qualities.

    HEIGHT
    Between 45 and 58 cm. (17,72 - 22,83 inches) for the male
    Between 45 and 58 cm. (17,72 - 22,83 inches) for the female

    WEIGHT
    Between 16 and 24 kg (35,27 - 52,91 pounds) for the male
    Between 16 and 24 kg (35,27 - 52,91 pounds) for the female

    COLOR
    Its fur is white with orange spots, more or less big, on the body and often at the beginning of the tail. Their ears are generally orange.

    HAIR
    Her hair is straight, hard and pointed. It usually measures between 5 and 10 cm long.

    MORPHOLOGY
    Its head has a domed skull and a slightly pointed cap. His big eyes are dark. Its slender ears are well set on the cheeks and tend to flare towards the middle. His nose is black. Its tail is quite long and reaches the hock.

    Character and skills

    His character is that of a gentle dog, obedient and calm at home, while hunting is active, independent and passionate. His temperament is moderately lively, expression indicative of a calm and balanced nature, the look is gloomy. His bark is loud, moderate to deep.

    He stands out for his immense diligence, it is resistant and persistent. Can perform excellently even in the toughest terrain and weather conditions. The track never leaves. It is mainly used for hunting wild boar, Deer, foxes and hares.

    Training / Education:

    Education is not that simple. Because when hunting he always depends on himself and cannot wait for the hunter's instructions, is suitable for a wide autonomy, the owner cannot avoid the servile obedience of this breed. You need in this direction a little understanding from the owner or coach.

    No harsh training methods, it would only interrupt her relationship with the man, what would be a double shame. Requires a certain amount of patience and empathy, benign and yet a totally consistent approach to both education and training. More than punishment it will help stimulate the positive voice (compliment, stimulus) and the material (a treat).

    Care and health

    This robust and resistant dog does not suffer from any genetic disease or any particular pathology associated with the breed. His health is excellent and he rarely gets sick.

    WATCH OUT

    Its rough appearance requires regular brushing to maintain its coat and ensure good health.

    Images Istrian Coarse-haired Hound

    Photos:

    1 – A female Istrian Hound, Coarse-haired. Colour: white & orange by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Istrian Wire-haired Hound by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1583811
    3 – Istrian Wire-haired Hound by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1583803
    4 – Istrian Wire-haired Hound by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Istrian_hound2.jpg
    5 – Istrian Coarse-haired Hound at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – ISTARSKI OSTRODLAKI GONIC by www.youtube.com

    Videos Istrian Coarse-haired Hound

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 152
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthound Group

    FCI standard Istrian Coarse-haired Hound

    Istrian Coarse-haired Hound FCI Istrian Coarse-haired Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Istrian Rough-coated Hound, Istrian Wire-haired Hound (English).
      2. Chien courant d’Istrie à poil dur (French).
      3. Rauhhaarige Istrische Bracke (German).
      4. Em croata: istarski ostrodlaki gonic (Portuguese).
      5. En croata, istarski oštrodlaki gonič (Spanish).

    Rafeiro of Alentejo
    Portugal FCI 96 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Rafeiro of Alentejo

    The Rafeiro of Alentejo It is an excellent watchdog in the haciendas and houses of the Alentejo.

    Content

    History

    The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Alentejo Mastiff), as its name suggests, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, which extends south of the Tagus river to the Algarve. The pedigree dog, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.

    In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. In addition, the intrepid four-legged friend protected the flock entrusted to him by reliably avoiding attacks by wild animals or rustlers. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, but also as a status symbol of strength and power.

    As industrialization progressed and large estates declined, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. However, a small circle of enthusiasts ensured that the breed was preserved. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.

    Physical characteristics

    When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: Who would want to mess with such a big and powerful dog?

    With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.

    Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.

    The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, Grey Wolf, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., as well as the brindle specimens according to the breed standard.

    Character and skills

    At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, his good nose and his excellent ears. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.

    Like a purebred dog, whose only task is to accompany and protect his family, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, his innate sharpness is difficult to control even with a consistent education. After all, the smart and self-confident Rafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. However, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.

    Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejo it must be able to offer you a large territory in which you can live your vigilant and protective instincts according to your mood. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Clearly shows you who is holding the reins in their hand and where their limits are. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.

    Buy a “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

    Those interested in a Rafeiro of Alentejo Purebreds sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. However, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, should refrain from buying it. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Who wants to make it into a family friendly companion dog, he does himself and the dog no favors.

    Health and life expectancy of “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

    The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known due to the low spread of the breed. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 - 14 years. However, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.

    The diet of the “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

    In principle, this breed has no specific dietary needs. However, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. Therefore, following the high-energy puppy diet, a fairly low protein food should be given first to prevent the young dog from growing too fast. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, through which the necessary amount of animal protein is absorbed, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 96
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Rafeiro of Alentejo breed

    RAFEIRO OF ALENTEJO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Alentejo-Mastiff, alentejo mastiff (English).
      2. mâtin de l’Alentejo, mastiff de l’Alentejo (French).
      3. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rafeiro, Alentejo-Mastiff (German).
      4. Mastim Português, Mastim do Alentejo (Portuguese).
      5. Mastín del Alentejo (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Rafeiro of Alentejo by https://brit-petfood.com/hr/node/8006

    Redbone Coonhound
    Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

    Redbone Coonhound

    The Redbone Coonhound It is commonly used for hunting bears, raccoons and pumas.

    Content

    History

    Redbone Coonhound It is a breed of dog of American origin which, Since its inception it has been used for hunting of bears, raccoons, and even, Pumas. Physical characteristics and agility allow Redbone Coonhound hunting in swamps, in mountains and some tend to be used as water dogs (bailiffs).

    According to the standard of the American Kennel Club: “The Redbone Coonhound is a balanced blend of beauty and temperament, with a notorious air security and great talents for hunting”. This beautiful race won his first record in the American Kennel Club in the 1904.

    Read more

    Black Russian Terrier
    Rusia FCI 327 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

    Terrier Ruso Negro

    The Black Russian Terrier, need plenty of exercise, and it can be hyperactive and destructive

    Content

    History

    The Black Russian Terrier, (in Russian: Чёрный терьер), abbreviated as BRT, known, also as dog of Stalin (Sobaka Stalina), It is a breed of dog developed to serve as a guard dog and dog police.

    The breed was recognized as such in July of 2004, by the American Kennel Club.

    Despite its name, the Black Russian Terrier, is not a pure Terrier: It is believed that they were used around twenty races in its development, including (among others) to the Airedale Terrier, the Giant Schnauzer, the Rottweiler, the Newfoundland, the Ovtcharka and the Moscow water dog, now extinct.

    Physical characteristics

    The Russian black terrier much more resemble a Schnauzer that to a Terrier. The head is long, with flat front. The strong muzzle. The eyes are small and dark. The trunk is solid. The limbs are straight and muscular.

    The Black Russian Terrier, gives the impression of great strength, agility and value. It is a robust dog, rustic in appearance (but not fat), and it must not appear as if his hair was sculpted or trimmed, must see bright in nature, and slightly curly.

    The coat is hard and dense, is not very smooth to the touch, It is as curly and the length of the hair will be of 4 - 10 cm.. The longest hair found in the beard and eyebrows, with a mane (not very dense but longer than the rest of the body) What, extends, slightly, the cross and the neck, most pronounced feature in males. The coat is low detachment and the color is black with some gray hair.

    According to the FCI standard (1983), the male must have a height of 66 - 72 cm to the cross and the female of 64 - 70 cm., with a tolerance of +/- 2 cm.. They must weigh between 35-70 kg.

    Did You Know?

    Although the word Terrier on their behalf, the Black Russian Terrier is a member of the American Kennel Club Task Force.

    Character and skills

    Videos “Black Russian Terrier”
    Black Russian TerriersBlack Russian Terriers
    Dogs 101 - Black Russian TerrierDogs 101 – Black Russian Terrier

    The Black Russian Terrier, is a safe dog, quiet, very intelligent, brave and loyal. It should never be shy. It may seem distant, or perhaps independent, but in their basic needs, is the human company and love of his family.

    It is a healthy dog in general and their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

    Because of his upbringing as a working dog, has a very strong instinct worker (“the work ethic”), and that is why it is good to provide the animal some games to understand work roles, will be so happy.

    Initial training is a necessity, that you will take advantage of any owner who has not been able to establish a domain course. They are very sensitive to education and often Excel at obedience competitions. Also, they are very good in various dog sports, such as agility.

    The Black Russian Terrier, need plenty of exercise, and it can be hyperactive and destructive if it does not have the opportunity to burn their energy.

    Characteristics “Black Russian Terrier”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Black Russian Terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Exercise Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Black Russian Terrier”

    Videos “Black Russian Terrier”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattle Dogs. . / Section 1.4 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer. Working trial optional.
    • FCI 327
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI nomenclature breed Black Russian Terrier
    • RUSSIAN BLACK TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chornyi, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Russian Black Terrier, Chornyi Terrier (English).
      2. Terrier noir russe, errier noir (French).
      3. Russischer Schwarzer Terrier, Russischer Schwarzer Terrier (German).
      4. Terrier preto da Rússia, Cão de Stalin, chiorny Terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de Stalin (Spanish).

    Giant Schnauzer
    Alemania FCI 181 - Pinscher and Schnauzer.

    Schnauzer Gigante

    The Giant Schnauzer is a balanced dog, sweet with children and distrustful with strangers.

    Content

    History

    The Giant Schnauzer It is a large and compact dog breed, a native of Germany. Oldest, lover of water and active, It is one of the three varieties of Schnauzer.

    The Schnauzer breed in its three varieties, It has very old and common to the Terrier origins (of those who descend).

    Y, Although the aires were very Terrier, then the breeding and selection of the Schnauzer breed focused especially on the guard and the defence.

    Read more

    Rottweiler
    Alemania FCI 147 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Rottweiler

    The Rottweiler is a quiet dog, docile and faithful family.

    Content

    History

    The Rottweiler is one of the breeds of German origin that is recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The Rottweiler is a dog trotting type.

    The history of the Rottweiler dates back to the 19th century. The city of Rottweil in present-day Baden-Württemberg was known for its livestock trade. To keep animals under control on their way to pasture, farmers and butchers had to use smart and persistent companion dogs. At the beginning, these dogs were therefore called butcher dogs, later they were finally given the name Rottweiler due to its proximity to the city of Rottweil. Other theories on the history of the Rottweiler breed say that the canine breed was already used for livestock farming in Rome and therefore arrived with the Romans through the Alps to the city of Rottweil. In the early 20th century, when people were looking for a suitable police dog, it soon became clear that the Rottweiler, with his strong, muscular stature and intrepid temperament, was particularly suitable. In 1910 the Rottweiler was officially recognized as a police dog.

    These characteristics, they made it an indispensable both for farmers and butchers Assistant.

    Physical characteristics

    The Rottweiler is a medium to large dog, muscular, sturdy and strong with powerful teeth. Although its shape is quite robust, the Rottweiler has great resistance and is very agile. According to the breed standard, the height at the withers of a male dog is 68 cm., that of a female dog 63 cm.. The weight of a Rottweiler is between approx. 42 kg ( female) and approx. 50 kg (male). Rottweiler coat consists of a black top layer and bottom layer. The black top layer is described by the VDH (German Canine Federation) as “average length, thick, dense and tight”, while the bottom layer should not protrude from the top layer. The Rottweiler's coat is slightly longer on the hind legs. Characteristic for the Rottweiler is also the so-called blight, which means clearly defined brown-red markings on the lips, the snout, the eyebrows, under the tail root and on the chest.

    In this race we can find two lines of aging, the European, considered the original and the American. The American line is characterized by examples of greater height and more stylized bodies, on the other hand, European line dogs present a more robust with a lower height and compact body.

    Character and skills

    Although the Rottweiler is a race that has been used for defence work, his work and typicity requires that they are described as friendly, happy talk, quiet, faithful, obedient and willingness to work. In recent studies of aggressiveness in races this was not among the top ten.

    In addition the Rottweiler dog is located within the ten most intelligent dogs, they are dogs of great trust and kindness, You can be glad that it will meet the desired objective.

    An important attribute that has the Rottweiler is his adiestrabilidad. It is a very intelligent and obedient dog, able to learn many tasks.

    According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Rottweiler is the No. 9 from the list.

    Its history as a shepherd, as military dog and care as well as dog obedience and exhibition, speaks highly of his versatility.

    The Rottweilers are ideal as protectors of the family and property. You agree to all the members of the family and protect both the father and the son. The Rottweilers usually do not have Favorites, Although there are exceptions. They tend to be individualists, and this is due, Once again, are creatures with discernment and lists.

    His intelligence “affects” to your adiestrabilidad. As, frequently, It is said of the cats, they are too ready to wait for repetition of an order. Once they have executed her once or twice as you like, Surely they tired of the game and seek a better output. "Why insist human to do these things so many times?"? "I have already grasped the idea the first time and was not so exciting" it seems that he thinks the Rottweiler.

    Some need more help than others, but patience is always required when you train a dog, regardless of what race.
    Please understand that nothing wrong with owning a Rottweiler there is. They are incredible dogs and wonderful pets. This is not an issue of race, but rather individuals who are involved with the canine behavior modification.

    Rottweiler maintenance

    Since the Rottweiler was bred as a persistent working dog and therefore needs a lot of leash in order to function properly, keeping him in the kennel is out of the question. However, due to its robustness, can stay out if there is a good family connection and corresponding workload. It is important to socialize the Rottweiler from the beginning through specific training and attendance at a dog training school and to get him used to different situations and people. Due to its character, the Rottweiler can be used very well as a service dog, guard dog, rescue dog or guide dog for the blind. Although it is not the classic family dog, living with children is usually not a problem. Due to its size and strength, wild games with children should be avoided, and children should not walk alone with the Rottweiler due to its enormous traction. Proper maintenance a Rottweiler includes not only a demanding occupation but also a good education.

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is with 8-10 years somewhat below average value. Unlike small dog breeds, the musculoskeletal system of larger dog breeds is already under great stress during the growth phase, causing signs of wear earlier.

    Buy a Rottweiler

    Before deciding on a Rottweiler, one must closely examine their attitude and character and carefully consider whether this breed is really suitable. The following questions must be answered affirmatively: Can I offer the Rottweiler enough space and exercise? Do I have time to take care of the animal enough? Do all family members agree with the dog? Do I trust the education of a Rottweiler? Can I take my dog ​​on vacation or what alternatives are there? If you finally decide to get a Rottweiler, doesn't necessarily have to come from a breeder. Why don't you visit the animal shelter?- Maybe you will find a Rottweiler there that you can give a good home. Here the purchase is also much cheaper than with a breeder.

    Rottweiler Education

    The correct education is very important for a Rottweiler to promote its generally human and balanced character.. Your position in the family hierarchy must be clear to the dog from the start, so that he learns to obey and respect his master. Consistency is extremely important in Rottweiler education, and it should be dominant, but without harshness. As a responsible dog owner, you must act with sovereignty, calm and especially with consideration when training a Rottweiler. The Rottweiler recognizes these positive leadership qualities, which ultimately makes him a loyal companion. As in the case of any other dog, training should begin at the puppy's age, where positive behavior is rewarded with praise, for example in the form of sweets. Caution: With insufficiently dominant leadership or erroneous and inconsistent education, Rottweiler can develop dangerous behavior – this shows the great role that the correct education of the Rottweilers plays.

    Rottweiler Health and Care

    Since the Rottweiler's coat is rather short to medium long, the toilet is not very complex. However, due to its agile nature, impurities can quickly accumulate on the coat, so grooming should not be neglected entirely. Occasional brushing is completely sufficient. For Rottweiler coat length, special brushes for dogs, but also cotton gloves have proven to be very effective. In addition to the toilet, foot care, as well as eye care, ears and nails should be considered as usual.

    Breed specific diseases

    As with many other large dogs, certain diseases occur more frequently in Rottweiler dogs. These include hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, both are poor development of the respective joints. Because this is due to a genetic disposition, an X-ray examination must be presented in a breed aptitude test. To prevent disease, care must be taken that the animal is not overweight and gets enough exercise. Leukoencephalomyelopathy is also an inherited disease. It leads to progressive paralysis in young animals and is not curable., although it occurs quite infrequently. On the other hand, in recent years, heart disease has been recorded more frequently in this breed. Constriction of the nerves of the heart, for example, is inherited and affects the reflux of blood from the heart, which ultimately leads to limited performance of the Rottweiler.

    Rottweiler feed

    Like any other dog, the Rottweiler needs a species-appropriate diet. To prevent overweight and resulting breed diseases, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, dog food should not be too fatty and especially low in protein. It is also important that the Rottweiler feeds in moderation and has limited access to the feeding bowl. Instead of being able to use a large portion of food, dog owners should distribute food appropriately for their “Rotti”. Whether dry or wet food is better for the Rottweiler, the dog owner must decide for himself.

    Rottweiler puppies prefer to eat what they are used to eating from their breeder. Therefore, it makes sense to continue feeding this food for the time being and only change food when the dog is older and may have different needs than its food. It's best to just try what the Rottweiler likes best: in addition to wet and dry food, also a healthy alternative to barking at the dog.

    Rottweiler reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rottweiler” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Rottweiler Images

    Rottweiler Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 147
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Group 3 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Rottweiler breed FCI standard

    ROTTWEILER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rott, Rottie (English).
      2. Rottweiler (French).
      3. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (German).
      4. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Portuguese).
      5. Rottie, Rott (Spanish).
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