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Japón FCI 319 - Asian Spitz and related breeds


Less stubborn than the other Spitz breeds, the Shikoku, he is very little known outside his native land, Japan



Ceramic figures from Japan that show representations of dogs have been preserved since ancient times., that look like this Japanese breed. The current breed dates back to crosses with the now extinct inu Japanese. The original field of application of these dogs was hunting, more precisely hunting in the prefecture of Kochi on isla de Shikokupor eso la raza es a veces llamada «perro Kochi«. But, name Tosa-Inu, which is used in part in Japan, it's misleading, porque bajo el nombre «Tosa» también hay otra raza japonesa. It also, three varieties of Shikoku, which were named after the respective region in which they live: pity, Hongawa and Hata. As the Hongawa region was the most difficult to access in the past, This variety is considered to be the least modified by other influences and the closest to the ideal of Shikoku. Today, the Shikoku It is considered the national dog of Japan along with the Akita.


1 – «Shikoku Inu» by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1589477

Shikoku Physical Characteristics

the typical silhouette Spitz characterizes the Shikoku: It has relatively small, erect ears and a compact body. The tail is well placed and curled over the back. This medium-sized breed with a height at the withers of about 53 cm is located between the Akita bigger and the Shiba Inu smallest within the Japanese family Spitz. For many laymen in Europe this four-legged friend is also reminiscent of a dog which is seen much more often here, the Siberian Husky. The Shikoku coat can be black sesame or white sesame. The dense coat consists, as is typical in dogs of the type Spitz, on a long, hard top coat over a soft, dense undercoat.

Shikoku character and abilities


The loyalty, intelligence and a certain stubbornness form the character of this dog with an agile nature. He is vigilant and behaves in a neutral manner to the point of distancing himself from strangers. When they meet conspecifics, conflicts can occur, particularly with males, because the Shikoku tend to dominate. As a hunting dog it is characterized by its corresponding sharpness.

His original behavior can also be seen in his dealings with people – he likes to lick his reference people and looks for physical contact. Sometimes shows a conspicuous preference for unpleasant odors from the human point of view. The Shikoku He is very agile and likes to be outdoors – however impetuous it may be on the move here, a Shikoku busy behaves calmly and pleasantly indoors, where he appreciates quiet hours and pampering. Although he is a stubborn dog, not as strong as the other races of Spitz from Japan. But: The special character of Spitz not suitable for all dog lovers.


2 – Shikoku, female. Colour: sesame by https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shikokusesame1.jpg

Shikoku Care

The coat of this Japanese hunting dog is robust and easy to care for, but it must be brushed regularly, especially during coat change twice a year. advice: If you brush your dog every day during this time, reducirá enormemente la pérdida de pelo en su casa y también acortará la «fase peluda» en unos pocos días. Outside these few weeks of the year, grooming every few days is enough. Check your ears right now too, so you can clean them with dog ear cleaner if needed. You must bathe your dog very rarely, at most every few months, and then use a mild dog shampoo. But, it makes sense to get the puppy used to bathing. But, it is usually sufficient to simply remove the dried dirt from the coat. Check the length of the claws – especially with older dogs – to shorten claws that are too long with special pliers. This is how injuries are prevented.

Shikoku Education

If he Shikoku respects his two-legged pack leader as a wise and just leader, will gladly follow your instructions. But, first you need to earn the respect of this dog. Be consistent and bring some tolerance to the small, thick skull of this four-legged friend, that will never be completely subordinate.

Screaming or harshness will not help you and will destroy your relationship with this loyal companion.. A thorough knowledge of dog training is needed to direct the dominance and hunting instinct of dogs. Shikoku in regular courses. Please, keep in mind that only a well-trained breed of dog can make a well-behaved friend, otherwise you will look for another job.

Attending classes with dog trainers in general can be of great benefit, so that the Shikoku that tends to dominate, get stronger in social affairs and learn to get along with other dogs. Male dogs in particular can face challenges that need to be countered from puppyhood. So do not underestimate the importance of the socialization phase, because any omission can only be corrected with difficulty.

Shikoku Health

These robust dogs are considered tough and persistent. They hardly have a genetic disposition for disease, if the breeding is done responsibly. It goes without saying that you should only buy puppies from a reputable breeder who belongs to a club.. The breeder will give you competent information about the care of your animal and show you the corresponding tests. In good health, Shikoku reaches an average age of about 13 years.

Where can I find my Shikoku?

The breed is one of the very rare breeds outside of Japan. Consequently, find a puppy of Shikoku can be difficult if you have decided to have one as a new member of the family. But don't despair, because there are a handful of serious breeders in Europe who are dedicated to this breed. The first official litter outside of Japan was in 2000 in the Netherlands, where the breeders of Shikoku continue to regularly deliver litters to responsible hands. But, you may have to accept a longer trip before you can give your puppy a hug from Shikoku. No matter how rare the breed is, don't reduce the demands you can and should make on serious parenting. Learn about puppy care, of your health, ask the breeders and ask them to show you the appropriate tests, for example, in connection with exams for hip dysplasia. Of course, the breeder must also belong to a club. Will be happy to give you some good advice, but in return you will also have some questions to see if you can offer a good home to one of your protégés.

If you are looking for a Shikoku adult, you will need a lot of luck in europe. It is more promising to look for crosses of type Spitz in animal shelters and also get an impression of the breeds of Nordic Spitz.

Characteristics "Shikoku"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Shikoku" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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hair loss strength ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Power level ?

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Videos "Shikoku"

Shikoku Ken / Shikoku Inu play
Shikoku ken in Japan Spring 2014 四国犬

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.
  • CKC – [Without Miscellaneous]

FCI breed standard "Shikoku"


Date of publication of the valid original standard:


Perro de caza y de compañía.

General appearance:

It is a medium-sized dog; y su musculatura es bien balanceada, bien desarrollada y bien definida. Las orejas son erguidas y la cola es enroscada o en forma de hoz. Su estructura es fuerte, compacta y de huesos sólidos.

IMPORTANT PROPORTION : The ratio of the height at the withers to the length of the body is 10 : 11.

Behavior / temperament:

Es un perro de gran resistencia, vivaz con un sentido del olfato y del oído agudo. Es enérgico y muy alerta, además de un cazador entusiasta. Con su amo se muestra dócil.



Cranial region:
  • Skull : Wide forehead.
  • Depression links (Stop) : shallow, aunque definida.

facial region:

  • Nose : Black.
  • Snout : Más bien largo y en forma de cuña. The nasal helm is straight.
  • Lips : Tight.
  • Jaws / Teeth : Strong teeth. The joint is in the form of scissors.
  • Cheeks : Well developed.
  • Eyes : Relatively small, de forma triangular y bien separados. Su color es castaño oscuro.
  • Ears : They are small, de forma triangular y se inclinan levemente hacia el frente. Se presenten bien erguidas.


Grueso y fuerte.


  • Cross : Alta y bien desarrollada.
  • Back : Straight and strong.
  • Pork loin : Wide and muscled.
  • Breast : Deep. The ribs are well sprung.
  • Belly : Well collected.


High implementation, es gruesa y llevada sobre la espalda firmemente enroscada o curvada como una hoz. La punta casi alcanza el corvejón cuando la cola está hacia abajo.



  • Shoulder : Moderadamente inclinados y de músculos desarrollados.
  • Elbows : They are well attached to the body.
  • forearms : Rectos y bien definidos.
  • Metacarpus : Slightly inclined.

LATER MEMBERS : They're strong, de músculos bien desarrollados.

Hock : Medianamente anguloso y muy firme.

FEET : Well together; los dedos son bien arqueados. The pads are hard and elastic. Las uñas son duras y negras, o de un color oscuro.


Elastic, de zancadas pequeñas, aunque livianas. El movimiento es rápido, y es posible observar una rotación rápida.


HAIR : La capa externa de pelos es áspera y recta. The undercoat of hairs is soft and dense. El pelo de la cola es más bien largo.

COLOR : Sesame, sesam negro y sesam rojo.

Definición del color sesam :

• Sesam : Proportionate mix of black and white hairs.
• Sesam negro : More black hairs than white.
• Sesam rojo : Coat color red, mixed with black hairs.

Size and weight:

Height to the cross :

  • In males : 52 cm..
  • In females : 46 cm..

A tolerance of +/- 3 cm..


Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault and the severity of this is considered to the degree of the deviation to the standard and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog..

• Inverted sexual characteristics.
• Leve prognatismo superior o inferior.
• Wide.
• Shyness.


• Aggressive or fearful dog.
• Pronounced upper or lower prognathism.
• Orejas que no se presentan erguidas.
• Hanging tail, short tail.

Any dog ​​showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified..


Males should have two normal-appearing testicles fully descended into the scrotum..

Source: F.C.I - International Cynological Federation

Alternative names:

1. Kochi-ken, Shikoku-ken, Shikoku inu (English).
2. chien de Kōchi, shikoku-inu, kochi-ken, Shikoku inu (French).
3. Shikoku inu, Kochi-Ken, Shikoku-ken (German).
4. Shikoku inu, kochi-ken, Mikawa Inu, Shikoku-ken, cão-lobo japonês (Portuguese).
5. Kochi-ken, Shikoku-ken, Shikoku (español).

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