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Hungría FCI 56 - Sheepdogs.


The Pumi is a rustic dog, docile, independent and very protective with their own.



The Pumi It is a herding dog size medium of the Terrier group, originally from Hungary.

The Pumi has been used as a "general farm dog", in grazing sheep not only, but also cows and pigs, and also for catching small rodents. Originated from the 17TH and 18th century, When the grazing done by dogs Terrier, brought to Hungary from Germany and France, it was common. These Terrier-type dogs, they were mixed with native Hungarian sheepdogs, and the result of such crossing gave rise to the sympathetic current Pumi, It is a dog of Terrier blood but with the heart of dog. He was raised as a working dog, an autonomous and free animal.

The breed was developed until the of 1970, and within their ancestors or, in the crosses which gave rise to the Pumi, other Hungarian dogs such as the Puli and Mudi.

The Pumi received recognition Federation Cynologique Internationale in the year 1966. The breed was largely unknown outside of Hungary until the year 1970. In 1973, the first Pumi were exported to Finland, and in 1985 to Sweden. Later, they were also exported to Germany, Netherlands, Italy, and in the Decade of 1990 to United States. In 2004 the Pumi was accepted by the American Kennel Club, the registry was created and the American Club of the Hungarian Pumi was founded. The 1 in January of 2011, The Pumi was accepted into the AKC's "Miscellaneous Class" group. Group which includes several different races.

The Pumi, originally, It was used as a grazing dog, but currently, most of them are used for other purposes such as various dog competitions (Dog Agility, Dog Dancing, Obedience) and for other purposes, like search and rescue or wild boar hunting, for example.

In the news, the Pumi is still, relatively, unknown outside Hungary, but in Sweden and Finland are registered each year about 100 copies of Pumi every year.

in both countries, They are used as companion dogs and in canine Agility competitions., They can be seen almost every year in important Championships of each country.

Physical characteristics

The Pumi is a dog of body light, with a long, thin head. The snout is a 45% the length of his head. The stop is quite pronounced and the skull is flat seen from one side. The eyes are small, dark, very lively and slightly oblique.

The males of the Pumi race measure of 41 to 47 cm. to the cross and weigh in 10 to 15 kg, the females measure of 38 to 44 cm and weigh in 8 to 13 kg.

Most Pumi are gray, any gray-scale is accepted at the dog shows. The grey Pumi are born black but begin to gradually where starting at the 6 u 8 weeks. The final color can predict the color of their parents. They are also accepted colors black, white or “maszkos fakó” (It is a color between yellow and Brown with a darker mask).

The the mantle is double layer, a looped collector external of thick hair of, approximately, 7 cm length, and a soft smooth internal layer. It should combed every few weeks and cut each 2 or 4 months (If necessary). The layer of hair is constantly growing (As of the Poodle) and, If not maintained a regular toilet, the hair can be damaged.

The leading brand of the Pumi are their ears, always warning she takes them upright and with the tip bent down. They are coated in perlo longer than in the rest of the body.

It is a dog that is in good health and has a life expectancy of between 12 and 14 years, Although known cases with 19 years of life to the dying.

Problems known are the hip dysplasia and luxation, but it is not a race at risk for hip dysplasia, at least not contained in the Ranking of dogs affected by hip dysplasia. Best health records are found in Finland and Sweden and the 80% of the Pumi are born with healthy hips.

Pumi: Standard FCI

HEAD: Relatively long and narrow. The shape of the head is marked by the extended snout.


  • Skull: The Crown area is relatively broad and domed. The forehead that is long is little vaulted, profile view is flat. Supraciliares arches are moderately developed.
  • Depression links (Stop): Barely perceptible. The surface of the front runs between the arcades orbital passing long and continuing in the nasal helm.


  • Truffle: Narrow, with blunt edges and black in all varieties of the mantle.
  • Snout: The nasal helm is straight. The extended facial region close to the truffle although it will never be pointed.
  • Belfos: Adherents to the bite, pigmented dark.
  • Jaws / Teeth: Powerful JAWS. The teeth, strong and well developed white. Hand in hand, According to the tooth of the dog and bite in scissors and complete formula.
  • Cheeks: Forelegs well.
  • Eyes: To medium-distance one from the other and placed slightly obliquely, medium-sized, oval, torn, dark brown. The look is lively and intelligent. The edges of the lids firmly support the eyeball and are well Pigmented.
  • Ears: The ears are erect and high insertion. The upper third is bent forward. Are size medium, symmetrical and have an inverted "V" shape. Their movements are active.

NECK: Long Middle, little arched and well muscled. It is positioned at an angle between 50º and 55º in relation to the horizontal. The skin of the neck is firm, dry, without wrinkles.

BODY: The muscles are well developed, dry, especially strong and resistant. It is an extremely gaunt race and a harmonious picture.

  • top line: Straight.
  • Cross: Well marked long and tilted back.
  • Back: Straight, short and firm.
  • Pork loin: Short, firmly attached, straight.
  • Rump: Short, slightly tilted, half-width.
  • Breast : The front of the chest is flat, No broadband, rather deep. The ribs are little arched, rather flat. The rib cage is long, deep and reaches the height of the elbows.
  • bottom line: companies, collection backwards.

TAIL: High insertion, It forms a wide circular curvature on the rump. The fur on the underside of the tail is a long between 7 cm and 12 cm., wire, Open, with little internal NAP. Anuran dogs nor dogs with tails cut or birth are not supported.


PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Seen from the front, previous members holding the body as columns, they are straight, parallel and not too far apart.

  • Shoulder: The scapula bone is long and slightly steep. The angle to the horizontal is of approximately 55 degrees. Top tips of the scapulae are found in one vertical with the deepest point of the chest.
  • Arm: Short and muscular. The scapula and arm forming an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.
  • Elbow: Well supported on the body.
  • Forearm: Long, enjuto.
  • Metacarpus: Steep.
  • Front feet: Cat feet, round, with fingers together to each other. The pads are elastic, strong nails, black or grey slate.


  • The later members they are very powerful. Seen in profile are something stretched backwards. Seen from behind are parallel, straight, too close together or too far apart.
  • Thigh: Muscled, long and tilted backward.
  • Knee: At the same height of the elbows.
  • Leg: Long, spandrel.
  • Hock: Lean and with a sharp outline.
  • Metatarsus: Short and steep.
  • Rear feet: As the front. The Spurs are unwanted.

MOVEMENT: Movement really lively and full of temperament. Short step, energetic, dynamic and harmonious. The porte is proud and bold. The trot is mild and harmony, the dog placed exactly their back feet in the footprints left by the previous.

SKIN: Without wrinkles, heavily Pigmented. Hair-free zones are black or slate grey.


HAIR: Wavy and curly hair is hair and is never smooth or knurled. The average of the length of the hair is of 4 to 7 cm.; gathered in larger or smaller strands, the hair is elastic, messy and dense. The mantle is composed of an outer layer of hair, fence and strong but not rude and a soft inner NAP. The hair of the ears point upwards, they are wired, rough, dense and medium long. The eyes and snout are free of long hairs. The required preparation of the mantle is done by the trimming by hand. Small corrections can be made with scissors in the head and extremities. A mantle prepared scissors in its entirety is unwanted.


  • In different shades of grey (the color is usually black in the birth becoming grey with the passing of time).
  • Negro.
  • Tawny; basic colors: red, yellow, cream (neither a shade of black or gray nor a characteristic mask is desirable).
  • A white spot on the chest of less will not be penalized for 3 cm.. diameter, or a white stripe on the fingers. The color of the hair should always be pronounced and unicolor.
  • White.



  • Males: 41 – 47 cm., ideal height 43-45 cm..
  • females: 38 – 44 cm., ideal height 40-42 cm..


  • Males: 10 until 15 kg, ideal weight 12 until 13 kg.
  • females: 8 until 13 kg, ideal weight 10 until 11 kg.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered a fault and its severity is considered to the degree of the deviation from the standard and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog..


  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Puli head-shaped or round head. Facial region and shorter snout than a 40% the length of the head.
  • Strongly marked stop.
  • Missing a tooth or more incisors, of the canine, of the 2-4 and molar 1-2 ; lack of more than two PM1. The M3 shall not be taken into consideration.
  • Upper or lower prognathism, incisor arcade deviated.
  • Erect ears in its entirety, hanging ears from his base in implementation, ears with different bearing one another.
  • Short hair, smooth, long, very tangled, stopped or hair without correct structure.
  • Chocolate brown, fur color as also every type of staining very defined (for example fire-coloured spots; formation of a mantle, etc.).
  • The measures laid down in the standard deviations.
  • Any dog ​​showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities should be disqualified..

NB: Males should have two normal-appearing testicles fully descended into the scrotum..

Translation: Lucas Rodriguez Bazzurro. Reviewed by Sr. Jorge Nallem.

Character and skills

The Pumi, It is usually a dog very Protector with his family but is suspicious and reserved with strangers, and as with all can, proper socialization will decrease their level of mistrust.

It's a race alive and active, Intelligent and quite latrans. They are - moderately- easy to train on all using toys and food.

Although he is affectionate with his family, always keeps its degree of independence, Perhaps that his character stroke coupled with his ability to exterminate rodents, one of the legacies is clearer that have left you their Terrier ancestors.


Despite the fact that its overall appearance tell us that the Pumi is a stuffed animal, We can not confuse us, It is a dog, and also with a quite marked character.

Pumi Health

The Pumi is a generally healthy breed with a life expectancy of 13 to 15 years.

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee for their puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or saying that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur in their lines..

The Pumi breed is generally healthy, but there is some incidence of hip dysplasia in the breed. Responsible breeders test DNA for degenerative myelopathy and an eye disease called primary lens luxation. Neither disease is common, but they can happen. They also look for a knee problem called a patellar dislocation and sometimes a dysplasia in the elbow..

If a breeder tells you that you do not need to do these tests because they have never had problems in their lines and their dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, then you must find another breeder who is more rigorous with genetic testing.

Careful breeders test their dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking specimens.. But sometimes mother nature has other ideas, and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in many cases, dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in his line and what caused their deaths.

Remember that after you have fostered a new puppy in your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Pumi at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life..

Pumi toilet

Pumi's coat is a combination of wavy and curly hair. It curls and curls throughout the body in an even mix of soft, insulating undercoat and a hard, protective topcoat. To brush the Pumi, comb it weekly to remove any mats or debris. Won't leave a lot of hair on furniture or clothing, but enough will come out when you comb it.

After styling it, moisten the coat and let it dry naturally to restore the curl. Never dry it, or it will look fluffy instead of curly. It usually only needs to be trimmed every three months or so. Maybe you want to find a reliable hairdresser when it's time to trim.

The Pumi does not need frequent baths, but if he spends a lot of time in your armchairs or in bed, you may want to bathe him monthly.

The rest is basic care: Cut your nails every three to four weeks, or as needed. brush his teeth often – with a vet-approved pet toothpaste – for good general health and fresh breath.

Characteristics "Pumi"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pumi" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

The Pumi pictures

Videos of the Pumi

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI breed standard "Pumi"


Alternative names:

1. Hungarian Pumi, Hungarian herding terrier (English).
2. Pumi (French).
3. Pumi (German).
4. Pumi (Portuguese).
5. Pumi húngaro (español).

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