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Spanish Alano
España Not recognized by the FCI . (Molossoid, Bloodhound)

Alano español

The Spanish Alano it is a breed endorsed mainly for its enormous bravery

Content

History “Spanish Alano”

Breed of gripping or prey dog ​​of very ancient origins. Medium in size and considered to be breed of Spain. When mixed other races are created as the Bull Dog in Spain, the alano of vautre (grip) in France, the Old bulldog in England, the extinct Bullenbeisser in Germany, or own Dogo Argentino.

Molosser light dam and corridor. The traditional functionality It is the handling of cattle bravo and semibravo, Iberian trunk, in extensive regime. Big game hunting was also used., as tooth dog for holding deer and wild boar. Its modern implementation is care and defence, as well as for guarding livestock against any type of predator.

Some authors consider Spanish Alano desciendiente the old dog named Alaunt, Alans used by both war and for handling cattle.

The existence of Alans dogs Spain dates back several centuries ago, Although it is not very clear what its origin was. Some believe that this race was extended by moloso Europe by the alano in the fourth century and was taken to the Iberian Peninsula and to the north africa by the hooligans.

In 1350 publishes the rey Alfonso XI their “Book of the Monteria”. In the fifteenth century it is published “Monteria Treaty”, anonymous, which performs a deep somatic description of the dog.

When he is talking about perro Dane everyone knew that it was a running dam that to justify its name had to meet certain features:

With strong head, of longilinear proportions, high rump and good bones. Also your character It was clearly defined by its function gripping dog. “No taking by hunger or award, but by right nature gave Dios” (we call it today prey).

Videos "Spanish Alano"

Of which there is no doubt is that these dogs were very extended, as evidenced by his appearance in paintings. There is a alano that plasma Velazquez in the hole hunt, which it is in the National Gallery de Londres, those of Goya in his Capturing a bull or those of an engraving of the French romantic Blanchard. They are also appointed by Cervantes and Lope de Vega Alans of Thirds.

It is believed, according to the most probable hypothesis, they reached the Iberian Peninsula, accompanying the Alano people, shortly after the fall of Roman empire, about him V century. The alano used primarily for war, hunting and ranching, They were robust and primitive specimens. Later, his unbeatable psychophysical qualities (robustness, bravery and loyalty) They make the Alano play a remarkable role as a member of the Spanish armies, especially during the conquest of the Americas.

The first written references to the Alano They appear in the Medievo, Hand Gonzalo de Berceo, in 1247.

More complete data can be found in 1347, in the book of the hunt, gift Alfonso XI "The Justice". Other mentions of importance on Alano, worthy of mention occurs in Utrera in 1603, by Fray Francisco de Tamayo.

In the conquest of New world dogs played a key role, animal unknown to the natives. These, coupled with the horses, armor and arquebuses contributed to the victory.
They were the terror of the natives, thus the stories of the time did not spare impressive descriptions such as the following:

The Friar Bernardino de Sahagun refers to testimonies of Indians attacked by "huge dogs, with ears cut, fierce yellow eyes Bloodshot, huge mouths, hanging languages and teeth in the form of knives, wild as the devil and spotted like jaguars¨. The description has an inevitable tone of admiration and fear; let us not forget that in pre-Columbian times (before the arrival of the conquistadors) the Indians had dogs of small size and small body. In this way, the indigenous called the dogs of the Spaniards "a diabolical invention.

Bartholomew Columbus and Fontanarossa, brother of the discoverer and Adelantado and governor of Hispaniola, they say the Chronicles employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alans, It was the "debut" of the Alans in the Conquest of America.

The Spanish Alano It is supported primarily by its huge courage, with special mention when dealing with wild pig, disregarding even his own life. Its functions have changed little during these centuries. War Dog, livestock (especially for the beef and veal), big game hunting and nursery. It is in the eighteenth century when they appear the first written evidence of Spanish Alano, on their participation in the bravo bull party.

His qualities will cross the Spanish borders, becoming very significant exports, both American continent as to countries of Europe as France, England or Germany in order to improve their own races, especially the Bulldog and the Dogue de Bordeaux. even the international press echoes its characteristics, as happened in 1873, in the british press, where a Spanish prey specimen is described in detail (Alano), called Toro and says so: “…fighting holds his opponent only by the head, is silent and immune to pain…”.

At the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th, begins the decline of the alano, motivated by multiple factors:

Exclusion of hosts, Changes in the tradition of hunting and livestock activity, definitive exclusion from the Festival of the bull and custom. This resulted in the gradual replacement of alano other imported breeds, in most of the times, in an unjustified way. Years later, you get even speculate about the possible disappearance of alano, since his last public appearance took place in Madrid, in the year 1963 (exhibition at the Retiro Park).

But they weren't gone, some population gaps remained in certain marginal areas, difficult to access, as are certain mountains Cantabria, Basque Country, Burgos and Salamanca. These remnants of the population managed to survive thanks to its functional qualities, as for the farmers and hunters in the area, outside all fashion and with an enviable sense of practicality, there was simply no better animal for such tasks than the Spanish Alano.

Physical characteristics “Spanish Alano”

Today, and thanks to the excellent recovery work of some professionals and public bodies, the Spanish Alano practically, remains unchanged, It's a medium dog of prey, strong, agile and very serious. Specially equipped for the handling of cattle, for hunting and for custody.

Little barking by nature, very resistant to pain and disease, he is usually suspicious and distrustful of strangers and submissive and very affectionate with his owner and family.

AlanoBouCorsoDogo CanarioSpanish MastiffBullmastiff
Height60,5 cm.56,5 cm.66 cm.63 cm.59,5 cm.60,5 cm.
Weight35 kg36,5 kg47,5 kg58 kg47,5 kg59 kg
EyescleardarkdarkdarkEntire rangedark
Lines c/fParallelParallelLig.convergParallelLig.converg
Snout36%33% 33% 40% 30%

Character and aptitudes Alano

The Alano is an animal slow in their development, reaching maturity, physical and mental, about two years. From that moment you will find a powerful animal, determined and very noble. As it's a dog selected primarily by their willingness to work, there is a certain variety of “types”, from the lighter Alans, gifted for hunting, even the heaviest, suitable for grazing and save (cattle lines or old bulldog).

Perhaps in recent times less attention is being paid to the latter, in favor of the most appropriate lines for hunting. Perhaps the lovers of this type of alano (Bull Dog), have to consider its viability as a separate race.

In 1880 the fate of “dogs the bull” and for this reason the bullrings stopped keeping dogs.

On the other hand, by ceasing to practice "round hunting", the montería is organized in a different way so that it is no longer interesting that the cattle fall grabbed by the dogs, but that they arrive at the posts where the huntsman is stationed, who is who pays the entertainment. Due to these circumstances, the Rehalas got rid of the Alans who had.

In the old days a dog was useful if it carried out some task. The Spanish Alano “stopped having a job” after the selection of more docile cattle breeds, thus this race regresses at breakneck speed until it reaches extinction.

Images “Spanish Alano”

Videos “Spanish Alano”

Spanish Alano of Darkness

Type and recognitions:

  • Molossoid, Bloodhound
  • Federations: Recognized in 2004 as a breed by the RSCE​ (Royal Canine Society of Spain)

Alternative names

1. Spanish Alaunt, Spanish Bulldog, Spanish Alano, Alano (English).
2. Alano espagnol (French).
3. Alano español (German).
4. Alano espanhol, Buldogue espanhol, Alão espanhol (Portuguese).
5. Alano español, Bulldog Español (español).

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Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Francia Belgica Spain FCI 215 . Bichons

The owner of a Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) You should avoid leaving it alone, suffers from anxiety when you're alone.

Content

Characteristics "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

It is said that the Bichon Frise, also known as Bichon à  poil frisé, is the product of a cross between the Maltese and other small dogs, including Barbet (French Water Dog), ancestor of Poodle.

Very present on the shore of the Mediterranean during the 14th century, would have been introduced to the Canary Islands by merchants and sailors who traveled the seas. At that time, the curly-haired Bichon was called Tenerife, by the name of one of the Canary Islands.

It was at the beginning of the 16th century when the Bichon Frise made its appearance in France, more specifically under the reign of Francisco I (1494-1547), that made him her favorite companion. Later, King Henry IV (1553-1610), that he was a great admirer of the breed, made it a very popular companion dog and requested by the ladies and gentlemen of the Court.

The heyday of Bichon Frise lasted until the 18th century, two centuries marked by the interest of the great painters of the time for this little dog. We find it for example in 1770 in the work of the painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The sweet ticket, depicting a woman with a magnificent bichon frize. In 1795, Francisco Goya painted The Duchess of Alba, with a Bichon Frise lying at his feet. Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), Louis XV's favorite (1710-1774), would have had several Bichon Frise.

During the Second Empire (1852-1870), the Bichon Frise, always in fashion, progressively left the halls of the aristocracy and became very popular with the general population. Appreciated for his intelligence and agility, accompany the entertainers in the streets, to jugglers and other organ players.

Unfortunately, as with many breeds of dogs, World War I was a severe blow to the Bichon à  poil frisé, and during the interwar period, the breeders of Bichon Frise almost entirely disappeared.

Fortunately, a passionate Belgian breeder and lover of the breed allowed it to survive by organizing several reproductions in the decade of 1920. France officially recognized the breed in 1933.

World War II and its terrible consequences, in both human and animal terms, were a second blow to the race, you had to wait three decades before seeing a new boom.

In 1960, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the Bichon à poil frisé, giving him Belgian and French origins, but it wasn't until the decade of 1970 when his popularity really started to grow.

In United States, the Bichon Frize Club of America was created in 1964, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1973.

In France, el Club of Bichons and Small Dogs Lions trabaja desde 1947 to defend and improve the Bichon Frise, but also the Bichon Maltese, the habanero, the Bichon Bolonais and the Little Lion Dog.

  • Japanese canine Club: Recognized the dogs miniature group in 1972.
  • Organization International Dogshow: Recognized in the Group of Companion Dogs in 1972.
  • American Kennel Club: AKC (United States). Entered into regular classes in 1973.
  • Canadian Kennel Club: CKC (Canada). Classified in the Group of dogs not hunters in 1975.
  • United Kennel Club: UKC (United States). Recognized in 1981.
  • The Kennel Club: KC (Great Britain).

These associations allow having useful references to estimate the popularity of the breed, Learn about the effort to keep defined, get advice for purchasing a purebred puppy and see this race to compete.

Physical characteristics

The Bichon Frise it's a small dog, light and very elegant. His skull is flat, his stop is not very marked and his nose is quite black. His round eyes are dark (between dark brown and black) and his ears are thin, falls and with a lot of hair. The tail is carried erect and gracefully curved, but not curled.

Their coat is fine, soft, silky, slightly curly. Relatively long, of 7 to 10 cm.. It has an inner mantle of wool.

Hair color can be white or brown very clearly. The height at the cross in the males is of 24 to 26.5 cm and the females of 23 to 30 cm.. The standard weight of the Bichon Frise lies between 3 and 6 Kg.

Life expectancy

They tend to live in 12 to 15 years.

Character and skills

Happy, lively and fearless, the Bichon Frise He is a small dog who easily expresses and communicates his joie de vivre. Very cuddly, loving and playful, he likes to be taken care of, and his mischief makes his charm. Very attached to his master, he is a dog that loves family life.

So that, the Bichon Frise It is an ideal companion dog for all age groups., as playful with children as kind to the elderly. He also likes to be around active people, with which you can share some canine sports activity, like caniVTT or agility.

Living in an apartment suits you just as well as living in a house with a garden, as long as your need for exercise is met with at least one walk a day.

Well mannered, tolerate loneliness wisely and without barking for hours, although he undeniably seeks the company.

Very sociable, gets along as well with humans as with other animals, including cats. Like this, the Bichon Frise he's a bad watchdog, although it can alert to the presence of a stranger through some barking.

Education

The Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) easy to educate as long as clear and precise hierarchical references are given from a young age. His master must be firm, but without excesses or brutality, patient and consistent.

Sometimes it can be a cheater, but he knows how to do it to get what he wants. Like this, its owner should not be overwhelmed, because a badly mannered dog that only does what it wants is a dog that is not comfortable with itself, In addition to being difficult for its owner to live with.

Naturally docile, vivacious and intelligent, the Bichon Frise is the ideal candidate for learning tricks or for obedience, because he quickly assimilates what is expected of him.

Health

The Bichon Frise he is a robust dog, cold and heat resistant. It is even one of the longest-lived dogs, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.

But, this does not prevent you from being predisposed to certain diseases such as cutaneous lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, joint disorders (dislocation of patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease, etc.) or eye disorders (cataract, stromal corneal dystrophy, etc.).

Grooming

The Bichon Frise, whose molt is almost non-existent, it is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

But, their coat requires a lot of maintenance. In effect, you have to brush it every day, at the risk of having so many knots that it is necessary to take it to a hairdresser to be sheared.

It is also a good idea to bathe your dog once a month with a nourishing dog shampoo., followed by an equally nourishing conditioner, to facilitate daily detangling and keep her beautiful white coat looking perfect.

To avoid the stripes that brown the pure white fur of the Bichon Frise, it is also necessary to clean the eyes every day.

It also, croquettes are preferable to other types of food, as they prevent whiskers from turning brown.

You should also take special care with your dog's ears and, in particular, prevent hair from growing on them, as it could allow moisture to settle in them and cause ear infections. Hair in the ear canal can be easily removed with tweezers.

Last, it is advisable to take the Bichon à  poil frisé to the groomer three or four times a year to get her long curly locks shortened.

Images “Bichon Frise”

Videos “Bichon Frise”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • ​KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

FCIFCI - Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Bichon Frise (English).
2. Bichon à poil frisé (French).
3. Bichon Frisé, hannover’scher schweisshund (German).
4. Bichon frisé (Portuguese).
5. Bichon de pelo rizado, Bichón Tenerife (español).

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Dogo Canario
España FCI 346 - Molossoid . Dogo

Dogo Canario

The aggressiveness of Dogo Canario should not be overly stimulated. It is an optimal guardian and defender without the need for training.

Content

History

The Dogo Canario It is a classic moloso. It is the offspring of an ancient and in this ancient form is only rarely found in Central Europe today.. It has many names: Presa Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario. Dogs of the current type Dogo Canario they existed still ago 200 years everywhere. They were the old saupackers, bear teethers, guard dogs, butcher dogs, the ancestors of the current great danes, bulldogs, boxers and mastiffs. They are extremely strong and bulky dogs, that even today are summarized as molossers. They were already bred in ancient times and have always been highly appreciated. They were used on large farms, with livestock herds or for example on merchant ships such as guard and protection dogs, served as herding dogs and as hunting dogs for wild boar or bear. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs, they had them carved in stone in full recognition does 3700 years.

Due to its strength, courage and determination, have been used as fighting dogs in the arenas of animal fighting since Roman times. Molossians have a commanding head with a rather short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molossian have remained essentially the same for thousands of years, but in recent centuries and especially due to modern dog breeding, the classic type of molosser has been lost to some extent. In extreme cases strange shapes have been bred with many extremely short folds or snouts such as bulldogs or giants like him Great Dane or the Mastiff. The Dog is still raised in his homeland only for his performance at work.

So, chances are that the Dogo Canario still personify the type Molosoide as was common in the old days. It is clearly recognized as trotting, but does not suffer from cultivated exaggerations of any bodily characteristics or traits. Can only hope it stays that way. Unfortunately, breeders are very much at odds with Dogo Canario. They haven't even managed to agree on a name and a registry office. Since 1991 has been officially considered as “The Canary Presa Dog” among the natural symbols of the Canary Islands. Meanwhile in 2001 the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture recognized these dogs as a national breed also under the name of Dogo Canario, the same dogs were then provisionally recognized as Dogo Canario by the world federation FCI in 2001 and finally in 2011. Other names are Perro de Presa y Alano. Alano It is an old word that means Great Dane.

Physical characteristics

The Dogo Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario – all designations for the same four-legged friend – he is an elegant dog that radiates athletic power. He is an athletic, muscular, elongated but nevertheless typical molosser.

The skull-muzzle ratio is approximately 6:4. The upper lip rests a little flaccidly on the lower one. The eyes, medium-sized, they are oval and hazelnut, the ears, high, they are separated from each other and are shaped like a button; they are only amputated to remember their original function as a combat dog. The neck, long and muscular, shows a slight dewlap. The tail is implanted high: thick at the base, is tuned to the extreme. the belly is retracted, but the last ribs stand out only slightly, giving a harmonious harp shape. Limbs are sturdy, muscular and perfectly plumb; angulation of the hind limbs is not very marked.

The difference between male and female bulldogs desired by the FCI standard is therefore unnaturally large. In any case, desires of this standard for outward appearance should not be taken so seriously.

Because fortunately this originally preserved dog breed, robust and healthy has set its standard “By herself”, more exactly for their performance at work, and has kept it in the practice of life until today. People, who now wants to put him in a standard of modern pedigreed dog breeding, don't even agree to the principle, as we can see in its history of the breed. Modern pedigreed dog breeding has done no breed of dog any good, both in terms of health and character. In old times, the Bulldog fitted with pleasure to the ears, so that they protruded upwards. This is now prohibited. Today they show large down-hanging ears..

  • Fur: short, without Undercoat, pretty hard.
  • Color: leonado or atigrado. The tabby specimens have a wide range of colors, from very dark to a light gray with a rather cold tone.
  • Size: males, of 61 to 66 cm.; females, of 57 to 62 cm..

Character

The Dogo Canario is a quiet dog, balanced and self-assured. He is a powerful and defensive athlete who can show his performance at any time. Like all molossi, he is extremely kind, has strong nerves and a high stimulus threshold. But, he is more eager to move and not as lethargic as most molossers today bred only as companions. One Dogo Canario well socialized is friendly to people who know and like children. It is very sociable. Towards strangers is at first a little distant without fear. He is an incorruptible guardian, fearless and protective of his family without being aggressive himself. The FCI standard describes the character desired by the breed:

Calm appearance; alert look. It is especially suitable as a watchdog… His temperament is even-tempered and he is very self-confident.. Deep barking. He is docile and kind to his family members and with strong ties to his master, but you may suspect strangers. Self-assured demeanor, elegant and somewhat distant. When you are alert, his attitude is confident and alert.

It must be added that the Dogo Canario rarely barks. But if it barks once, it's pretty awesome.

Fitness

The Dogo Canario is undemanding in terms of external conditions. Of course: a small apartment in the big city would not be optimal for your attitude. But other than that it's easy to maintain. It is also a working dog, a guard, a driver, a hunting dog for hunting wild boar. The Dogo Canario it is suitable as a family dog ​​only on the condition that it is well socialized, well educated and physically fit. You also have to take into account a fact: It is considered a “dangerous dog” in many countries.

Dogo Canario Education

The Dogo Canario can be trained well, but still not a beginner dog. It is intelligent, very sociable and eager to work. But at the same time he is very powerful and assertive. In case of doubt, always the strongest end of the strap. So, his master or caretaker should not leave doubts about his role as leader and this on the basis of natural authority. So this dog will gladly leave the leading role to his bipeds without reservation.. But it must be filled. The Dogo Canario it is even suitable for demanding tasks such as training as an assistance or protection dog. The basic requirement is that it comes from a serious breeder and that it has already been socialized there..

Dogo Canario health and care

The Dogo Canario has no special demands on your care.

Typical diseases

Breed-specific diseases are not known.. Due to his still short career as an official pedigree dog, it can be assumed that the population of the Dogo Canario, Presa Dog or Presa Canario – Whatever this ancient breed of dog is called – enjoys robust health.

Nutrition / Food

The Dogo Canario has no special demands on their diet.

Life expectancy Dogo Canario

There are no reliable figures on life expectancy. Seriously raised, the Dogo Canario should be able to live off 10 to 12 years.

Buy Dogo Canario

Before making a purchase, be aware that the restrictive attitude of the State can cause many problems in daily life and additional financial burdens. The Dogo Canario it is a large and powerful dog that belongs to the hands of an experienced teacher or lover. The cost of a Dogo Canario is of some 1200 EUR.

Characteristics "Dogo Canario"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dogo Canario" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Dogo Canario"

Photos:

1 – Canarian Presa Dog – Dogo canario by Kamen rider snipe / CC BY-SA
2 – Presa Canario dog – Dogo Canario by Basil Dragon / CC BY-SA
3 – Presa Canario by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/732874
4 – Canary bulldog, edited by Canecorsodog (en.Wikipedia) edited by Caronna 12:25, 6 February 2008 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
5 – Zai-Kan de Irema Curtó. Canary prey perro byManuel Curtó Jr. / CC BY-SA
6 – Presa Canario by Wikipedia
7 – Presa canario dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/75916

Videos "Dogo Canario"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Dogo Canario"

FCIFCI - Dogo Canario
The press

Alternative names:

1. Canary Mastiff, Canary Catch Dog, Canarian Dogo, Presa Canario.Dogo Canario, Presa (English).
2. dogo Canario (French).
3. Presa Canario, Kanarische Dogge (German).
4. Perro de presa canário, Dogo canário (Portuguese).
5. Perro de presa canario (español).

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Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Francia España FCI 137 - Molossoid . Mountain

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims.

Content

History

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an ancient watchdog of the mountainous world of the Pyrenees. There it is officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées. The people of the Pyrenees call him the cute little one Patou. The pyrenees, like a vast, deserted and rugged, previously inaccessible mountain range, form the natural border between France and Spain. Here there were and there are wolves and bears, with the consequent problem for ranchers. It also, sheep used to be one of the few livelihoods of the people here. While in Germany and other Central European countries people lament the return of the wolf and complain about the damage caused to game and sheep herds, in the Pyrenees dogs such as the Patou from time immemorial. And there are no complaints. Guard dogs are an integral part of every flock of sheep in the Pyrenees mountains.

On the French side, they are officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées or Pyrenäenberghund, on the Spanish side Perro de montaña de los Pirineos or Gran Pirineo. In addition to protecting herds against thieves, wolves and bears, also protected large estates. His powerful figure, his determination and ability to attack in an emergency were not without effect. The impression must have been so lasting that his work was already documented in writings from antiquity and the Middle Ages.. It is reported that the dogs would have recognized people from afar by their clothes. In 1391 it is said that the Count of Foix did a test. If he came disguised as a tramp, the dogs attacked him from afar without hesitation. If he came dressed as a count, he wasn't bothered.

The Patou was not a uniform race in the past. In very remote valleys there were often local breeds, genetically isolated, optimized for your job task naturally, but in the end the same dogs came out with a very similar appearance and character, though they might have been genetically separated for generations. Extremely harsh living conditions obviously outweighed the disadvantages of inbreeding. Modern pedigree dog breeding took an interest in these impressive dogs very early on. Already at the first dog show in France, in 1863, a separate class was established for the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

An attempt was made to establish the Patou also outside the Pyrenees as a watchdog and protection. In 1907 the first standard was established in France. But, due to the two world wars and the associated famine period, the population of Patou outside the mountains suffered serious setbacks. In 1955 obtained the official recognition of the FCI – International Cynological Federation.

Physical characteristics

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a big dog, imposing, powerful and at the same time athletic and agile. Doesn't seem clumsy or massive, but rather elegant piecework. It has a medium length coat, very dense and flexible, which can be slightly wavy. The bottom layer is also very dense. To the colors that the official standard says:

White or white with gray spots (badger gray or wolf gray), pale yellow or orange (rusty) in the head, ears and base of tail, sometimes also in the body.

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it has a majestic height at the withers 70 and 80 centimeters in males and 65 to 75 in females. The weight must be between 60 and 70 kg. The measurements are quite similar to those taken by the Conde de Bylandt when he first described the breed in 1897, when he just called the dogs “Chien des Pyréneés“. The head of the Patou remember the contours of a molosser. Shows a very alert and attentive facial expression. It is a dog that rests in itself, who first of all observes everything, seemingly listless. This is underlined by his eyes, they're supposed to be sweet and dreamy, with its dark amber color.

Character and skills

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims. He looks cute and calm looking, sublime and imposing almost like a blank teddy bear, but you must not be wrong. It has a strong character combined with a very own but clear idea of ​​how it should behave – and the others in their domain. This idea is naturally shaped by its use throughout the centuries, where he had to defend his flock to life or death as a guard without the presence of the shepherd and, therefore, had to make decisions independently. The official standard classifies his character qualities as follows:

Since the dog was used exclusively to protect herds against attacks by predators, its selection for breeding was based on its suitability as a guardian, their respectable appearance and also their relationship with the herd. The resulting characteristics are strength and agility., as well as the sweetness and attachment to his protégés. This watchdog has a tendency to independence and initiative, which requires some authority from his master.

One Pyrenean Mountain Dog should only be held by an experienced and mentally strong person. First of all, not a family dog. But, it can become so if it has extremely competent guidance from its master or caretaker and if the external conditions are right. Only then can he be a good family dog ​​and lovingly protect all members of the family., including other four-legged friends. It also, is a good guardian and extremely reliable protector of the house and all those who, in your opinion -which should be clarified-, belong to it. Towards strangers he is suspicious.

Fitness

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it is extremely undemanding in its maintenance – if one ignores the aforementioned restrictions due to its nature as a watchdog. It is undemanding in its nutrition as well as in its accommodation. You can spend the whole year outside without problems – as long as you have a suitable hiding place and “suitable” does not mean neither kennel nor chain, because he must be able to move in his territory. This large, self-confident dog is quite sensitive and places great importance on a close emotional bond with his human family.. You need a trusting relationship with your master or caregiver.

Thanks to modern pedigree dog breeding, the Patou is better prepared for a big city life than other herd protection dog breeds like the Kangal or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. So if you have a large, well-fenced property in the country, if you have joy, fun, experience and the possibility of getting involved with these dogs, you can experience a particularly impressive and beautiful facet of the human-dog association.

Pyrenean Mountain Dog Education

The education of Pyrenean Mountain Dog belongs to the hands of a teacher or lover with deep experience and canine knowledge. Like any other race, Pyrenean mountain dogs must be well socialized and educated since they are puppies. It would be irresponsible to want to keep such a dog as a beginner.

Care and health of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Absolutely easy to care for and undemanding. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog generally enjoys very robust health. Some health problems may include hip dysplasia; heart problems such as tricuspid valve dysplasia; cancers like osteosarcoma (bone cancer); eye problems such as persistent pupil membranes, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts; dissecting osteochondritis (an orthopedic problem), patellar dislocation (dislocation of the patella) and swelling.

Nutrition / Food

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog he has no problem with his diet.

Life expectancy of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog have a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years relative to its size.

Characteristics "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Pyrenean Mountain Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Photos:

1 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/774692
2 – Pyrenees Mountain Dog, XI International Dog Show in Kraków by I, Lilly M / CC BY-SA
3 – Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog by HeartSpoon / CC BY-SA
4 – Pyrenees mountain dog by Arnaud 25 / CC BY-SA
5 – Pasture of Anterne, Sixt-Fer-a-Cheval, Pyrenean Mountain Dog among the sheeps by Jerome Bon from Paris, France / CC BY
6 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by Emma.Martinet / CC0
7 – Pyrenees mountain dog by I, Beninho / CC BY-SA

Videos "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Sheepdogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


  • FCI breed standard "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

    FCIFCI - Pyrenean Mountain Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Great Pyrenees, Patou, Montañés del Pirineo, Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos, Can de Montaña de os Perinés, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Pyr, GP, PMD, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. montagne des Pyrénées, pastou, patou (French).
    3. Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Patou (German).
    4. Chien de Montagne des Pirénées (Portuguese).
    5. Gran Pirineo, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Gigante de los Pirineos, Gran Pirineu, Muntanya dels Pirineus, Patou (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Basque Shepherd Dog
    España Not recognized by the FCI

    Pastor Vasco

    There are two varieties of Basque Shepherd Dog: the “Gorbeiakoa” and “Iletsua“.

    Content

    History

    The Basque Shepherd Dog (in Basque: Euskal Artzain Txakurra) It is a breed of Spanish dog originating in the Basque Country.. Is a breed traditionally used as a sheepdog and guard livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and Iletsua.

    The breed was officially recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995. The official name of the breed is not "Basque Shepherd", as it is known mostly, sino “Basque Shepherd Dog”.

    From the official club of the breed is referred to “Basque Shepherd Dog” to the mestizo wool dog that can be seen in the villages of Basque Country, mostly white, Tan or black, have nothing to do with the reddish or tawny of the pure specimens of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

    The “Shepherd dog” is the oldest dog. Since that man evolved from nomadic farmer and livestock has been using dogs to the work of grazing. Some bone remains found in Neolithic caves attest that, 12.000 years ago, the farmers in the region were using these animals to grazing. We can find the “Euskal Artzain Txakurra” in Basque popular mythology. Later, had it been recognized in various pictorial frescoes of the 16th century, witnessing a popularity that came to transcend from rural environments to the highest circles of the Court of the time. From the 18th century they appear painted or drawn on the canvas of Paret y Alcazar, Doré, Guiard, Arrue and others.

    From the end of the 19th century to the first decades of the 20th century, a time of regression arose for this breed, especially in Guipúzcoa and Navarra due to the strong attacks of the wolf on the herd., reason why pastors replaced careadores dogs with the Artzanoras or mastiffs. In Álava and Vizcaya, however, this decrease was not as pronounced and they alternated grazing work with guarding and warning in the hamlets when they were not with the herds.. This know-how combining work, He was one of the keys for that race is not extinct.

    Today, the Basque Shepherd Dog has only 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.

    Later they began to organize international competitions of pastoral dogs. Due to the admiration that sparked this breed among those who witnessed his task, a plan was started via scholarship and research project to study these dogs with ethnological methodology, biochemistry, genetics, reproductive and etological in 1991. After a thorough review of more than three thousand copies of the whole Basque country, the recognition of the Basque Shepherd Dog – “Euskal Artzain Txakurra”.

    Unfortunately, the localism of a canine species generates, In most cases, Multiple obstacles to your survival.

    Photo: elexartza

    Physical characteristics

    As we said above there are two varieties in the breed Basque Shepherd Dog, the "Iletsua" and the "Gorbeiakoa" and the standard marks the differences.

    The differences between the two varieties most important morfoestructurales are as follows:

    In the Iletsua:

    • Longer hair on the back
    • Longer hair on the front limbs.
    • Greater width of the face in the female.
    • Greater width of the chest.
    • Greater cephalic index.
    • The typical color of blond or leonado coat
    • Most with floppy ears.

    As to the general appearance, has a trunk strong and rectangular. It has the body covered in a typical mantle of bristle hair, blondes or leonadas and canelas layers.

    Has the head elongated, cover of hair shorter than in the rest of the body, and uncovered eyes. The nose is always black. The snout color is more intense than the rest of the body or black cinnamon. Short hair. Firm lips, Pigmented in black. Scissor bite. Eyes oval, with black eyelids and Brown iris and amber.

    It has the limb strong and covered with short hair on the front and back fringes. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

    The fur is moderately long, rough, rustic looking. As we said above, It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

    Height in males of 47 to 63 and in females, of 46 to 58 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 33 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 30 Kg.

    In the Gorbeiakoa:

    • The male has a greater height at the withers.
    • Greater length of head.
    • Longer hair on the belly.
    • Greater width of the rump in the female.
    • Typical coat color is fiery red..

    As to the general appearance, the trunk is elongated appearance. The layer red fire, known as "red", with frequent darkening on snout.

    The head It has a pyramidal shape and is equipped with very short hair. Frequent presence of three Lunar, one next to each of the corners of the lips, and the other in the ventral and central part of the mandible, all of them with black setae of greater length than the rest of the head. Truffle always black. Snout elongated and thin, with frequent pigmentation. Eyes macaroons, Brown and amber.

    The limb they are strong. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

    The fur is moderately long and soft texture. It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

    The height males will of 47 to 61 and in females, of 46 to 59 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 36 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 29 Kg.

    Character and skills

    Regarding the temperament of Basque Shepherd Dog, we can find special characteristics of each variety (Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua):

    • Gorbeiakoa: It is safe to, balanced and above all very sociable, Sometimes it is considered to be one member of his family and his talent for grazing can be added. His instinct, as described, It focuses more on tasks of grazing.
    • The Iletsua: It has a territorial instinct, but he always maintains a strong bond with his master, as always happens with him and rarely is separated from it. His instinct, as described, It focuses more care tasks.

    All training can start with a small basic education course (the dog learn to stay quiet, sitting, that moves when the owner order). Regardless of age you can start socializing so you can get confidence with his master and others.

    The Basque Shepherd Dog lets touch, petting and running like a champion so he needs a field where he can romp freely for long periods of time. Give some walks and stay active either playing with the ball or small but intense session of game with the family. Its longevity is of 11 to 13 years.

    Images Basque Shepherd Dog

    Videos Basque Shepherd Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Basque Shepherd Dog, Basque: Euskal Artzain Txakurra, Basque Sheepdog
    Basque Herder
    (English).
    2. Berger basque, (en basque : Euskal artzain txakurra) (French).
    3. Perro Pastor Vasco, (spanisch) oder Euskal Artzain Txakurra) (German).
    4. Pastor Basco, (em basco: Euskal artzain txakurra) (Portuguese).
    5. Artzain Txakurra, Euskal Artzain Txakurra (español).