The Havanese or Habanés is a breed of dog type Bichon, home company and small. It is renowned for its fine silky fur, In addition to being a cheerful and active dog. Its name comes from the French Bichon which means "lap dog", and habanero, or Habanés, similar to the Habanos in particular colour. Bichon Habanero comes from the Western Mediterranean region and was developed along the coast Spanish and Italian.
It seems that these dogs were introduced early in Cuba by Italian masters of the great vessels. By mistake, the main dish color of these dogs (wetwood tobacco colour) It has given rise to the legend that this would be a breed of Havana, capital of Cuba. The historical events of the island led to the complete disappearance of the old bloodlines of Habaneros in Cuba, Fortunately, Some descendants survived in the United States of America, After having left the island of smuggling.
We can now find these dogs mainly in the United States, Canada, Mexico and in some countries of South America.
These dogs were developed from the now extinct day Bichon Tenerife, introduced in the Canary Islands by the Spanish and later in other islands and Spanish colonies by pirates and seamen.
Havanese is a small vigorous dog bass on short legs, long-haired, abundant, soft, preferably wavy. Their movements are alive and elastic.
Its height to the cross is of 21 to 29 cm., with the ideal of breed between 22,9 and 26,7 cm.. Its height is slightly smaller than the length from the shoulder to the hind legs, that should give the appearance of being slightly longer than high. A unique aspect is its back line, straight but not horizontal. Their weight is between the 3,6 and 6,8 kg.
The truffle is black, the eyes are very large, in the form of almond, never round, Brown most obscure. It has a friendly expression. The contour of the eye should be dark brown to black. The ears are medium in length, implemented relatively high, falling along the cheeks forming a fold that elevates them slightly. Its tip is a bit strong tip. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Nor distant as windmill blades, or glued to the cheeks. It takes the high tail, in the form of pastoral staff (with the curved upper limb, in the form of scrolls) o, preferably, wound on the back; It is equipped with a fringe of long silky hairs.
With regard to their coat, the inner layer lanosa, is poorly developed; is often absent altogether. The layer of coverage is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy, and it can be curly, wicks.
There are two varieties of color:
- Pure completely white, Fawn in different shades of the Griffon clear del habano (wetwood tobacco colour); spots of the mantle in these colors, sometimes slightly carborane.
- White coat colors, light tawny to Brown, with black spots, black cloak. With the black nose and dark pigment around eyes, except for the chocolate-colored dogs, It can have dark brown pigment around the nose.
Mantle's hair should be long, soft, fluffy, silky and should be brushed frequently so that you do not enrede and form knots.
Many people consider the Havanese a hypoallergenic dog.
Provided that carried his dog an aesthetic Center, remind the professional stylist to revise the ears of your dog so that clean excess match, dust and dirt that might be present; as well as remove excess hair that grows in the ear hole. More deep ear cleaning them can do only the veterinary doctor.
It is important that you as owner review ears and ears of your dog at least once a week to avoid more serious problems. See where this is necessary for inspection and care to the veterinary doctor. Professional stylists must inform the owners of pets who care about the possible problems of the ears so that they are cared for properly.
The nails should be cut each 3 to 4 weeks on average, their nails should measure approximately 1 cm., counting the root (You must measure up to half a centimeter). It is recommended that the cutting of nails do the veterinary doctor or the professional stylist. The owners if they don't have the proper experience should ask advice to learn how to cut them; always using the tools in good condition and appropriate. Never cut the nails of your dog if you don't have special healing powder to control accidental bleeding that might be present. It is important that the dog is confident, post which tends to be aggressive in defending their legs.
The hair is very thin and fine. It is recommended to consistently styling each 2 o 3 days to avoid forming knots or lint. In addition, the hair helps to get rid of the unhealthy hairs. The breed standard provides for a cut of hair around their feet to avoid that look like a round pie and a small cut around the eyes for hygienic reasons, but no more court to participate in canine competitions.
The hair of the Cubs is different from adult dogs, for this reason the agreement differently may be necessary. Check with your professional stylist. Remember your stylist to clean the anal glands of your dog as part of the routine of aesthetics; a veterinarian can also and recommend him to you each time this procedure must be your dog. The problems of anal glands are risky and uncomfortable.
They are very playful and good dogs with older people, rather than with the children. They love to jump on the furniture and are of the smaller breeds of company that exist.
Havanese is exceptionally awake, It's easy to educate as alarm dog. Affectionate, cheerful nature, is nice, warm, funny, playful and even a little jester. He wants his entire family, including parents and children, and play endlessly with them. Rarely behaves aggressively, It is user-friendly and is rarely shy or nervous with people, but it's still distrustful with strangers.
Ready and active, Havanese has a walking light and elastic (physically given by your body), enough showy and agile as to emphasize their nature happy, also tends to be proud and conceited. It has movement free the forelimbs which move straight forward and the rear giving thrust in a straight line. It would always seek care through tricks as running from one room to another as fast as possible. You don't need too much exercise. This is a very people-oriented variety; They also have the habit of persecuting people without being possessive and play without attack.
The key word of this race is natural. The standard of the American Kennel Club speaks of one playful character rather than decorative and should reflect a Toy by its size and by playing with children and do tricks, not to be lying on a Silk Pillow.
Due to their nature, These dogs are used in therapy with animals, as for the deaf and in detection of termite among other assistance dog.
- Alternative names: Havanese Cuban Bichon / Bichon Havanais / Bichon Havanês / Havaneser / Havanezer / Bichon Habanero
- Group 9 / Section 9 – Bichones y afines
Dogs breeds: Havanese