Romagna Water Dog
Italia FCI 298 . Water Dogs

Romagna Water Dog

The Romagna Water Dog not suitable for sedentary people or living in the city.

Content

History

The Lagotto Romagnolo, or “Romagna Water Dog”, descended from the Italian dogs that were used to recover game from the water. In fact, your name means “Dog of the lakes of Romagna” in Italian, reflecting its original use and the northern Italian region from which it came, the Romaña.

It was used at least since the Italian Renaissance for this task, especially in the swamps and lagoons present in his native region. Además de hacer compañía a sus amos y vigilar sus casas, he was also very good at recovering dead ducks that were in the water. They are the Italian equivalent of the Spanish Spaniel and the Irish Spaniel.. Many specialists believe that Romagna Water Dog is the oldest breed of Retrievers and that it is the distant ancestor of many more recent races, as the Golden Retriever, the Portuguese Water Dog and the Poodle. It is also believed to be one of the oldest Italian dog breeds.

The first trace of a similar animal dates back to the 15th century, and more specifically to 1474, in a fresco called Parete dell’Incontro, painted by italian Andrea Mantegna. It was also described by the philosopher Erasmus (1466 – 1536) and appeared in some works of the engraver Marcantonio Raimondi (1480 – 1534).

Later, in the XVIII century, the famous naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) describió un perro de aguas mediterráneo que se parecía mucho al Romagna Water Dog.

Towards the end of the 19th century, much of the marshes in the area were drained into farmland, leaving the Romagna Water Dog jobless. However, los agricultores y otros propietarios pronto descubrieron que tenía un gran talento para encontrar trufas, muy apreciadas en el mundo de la gastronomía. In fact, this dog's excellent sense of smell, combinado con su espeso pelaje que le protegía de las ramas, brambles and other weeds, lo hacía muy eficiente. This change of use also implied certain changes in the traits of the breed: his primitive hunting instinct weakened, mientras que desarrolló una férrea concentración muy útil en la búsqueda de trufas. These two facts were combined so that you would not be distracted by the game when you were working.

However, el número de personas dedicadas a la búsqueda de trufas era mucho menor que el número de personas que cazaban. As a result, the breed's population decreased dramatically, so that by the middle of the 20th century there were only a few Romagna Water Dog. What's more, truffle hunters weren't really interested in developing a breed in their own right: as long as the dog was good at his task, les parecía bien. Consequently, at the beginning of the 20th century there was a certain decrease in interest in the selection of this dog and several poorly thought-out crosses were made with other breeds.

The rescue and diffusion of the breed in the 20th century

Over the years 70, some thought that the Lagotto Romagnolo había desaparecido por completo. However, aún quedaban algunos en Italia, and some passionate breeders took important steps to preserve them. The group was led by Quintino Toschi, breeder and judge of Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), la principal organización canina del país. With the support of the veterinarian Antonio Marsiano and from another lover of the Lagotto, Lodovico Babini, se puso en marcha un programa de selección para salvar al perro de la extinción que se cernía sobre él. In 1988, they founded a breed club, the Club Italiano Lagotto, and they did a great job to get the breed to develop again in good condition.

The work carried out by this group was a success and allowed the Lagotto Romagnolo was recognized by the ENCI in 1992.

Then it began to be known and spread abroad, particularly in Europe (France, Switzerland, Germany, Finland, Great Britain…), but also much beyond, as in Australia and the United States. Aunque en algunos de estos países las trufas no son tan abundantes como en Romagna, the Lagotto encontró su lugar en las familias como perro guardián y de compañía. It is also possible to find them - although much more rarely- in the water courses, as hunting retrievers.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally in 1995. Ten years later, in 2005, granted him full recognition.

In 1997, was founded the Unione Mondiale dei Club Lagotto Romagnolo (Lagotto Romagnolo Club World Union), in view of the worldwide expansion of the breed. Chaired by the Dr. Giovanni Morsiani, permitió preservar los rasgos originales de la raza y coordinar programas de cría de calidad en todo el mundo.

That same year a breed club was founded in the United States., the Lagotto Club of America.

In 2001, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to enroll the Lagotto in its Foundation Stock Service, a prerequisite for full recognition that occurred in 2015. The other reference organization in the United States, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized her in 2006.

in Canada, the Lagotto Romagnolo debuted in 1999. El primer ejemplar importado al país procedía de un famoso criadero italiano llamado Farnie. Ese mismo año se creó una primera cría en Alberta. Others followed him in 2000 and 2004, respectively in Ontario and Nova Scotia. Aunque estos criaderos pioneros ya no existen hoy en día, contributed greatly to the spread of the breed in the Canadian territory. The breed was provisionally recognized in 2012 by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), and then definitely in 2016.

Finally, en el Reino Unido, the romanian spaniel was accepted by the prestigious Kennel Club in the year 2000.

Photo: “Lagotto romagnolo” of 6 meses by XTY78, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Distribution and popularity

After having been on the verge of extinction half a century ago, the Romagna Water Dog parece ser hoy en día tan popular en su país de origen como lo fue en algunos momentos de su historia, and it is even more and more successful.

Like this, mientras que el número de registros anuales en el Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) was around the 1.500 early in the decade 2010, reached the 2.000 in 2014 and even approached the 2.500 at the end of the decade.

In France, the Romagna Water Dog has quickly conquered hearts. At the beginning of the 21st century, el número de perros inscritos cada año en el LOF (Libro de Orígenes Franceses) se podía contar con los dedos de una mano. A midyear 2000 he was already in his fifties, and then shot up to exceed 300 at the end of the decade. The success of Lagotto did not stop in the decade of 2010, quite the contrary: they ended up with some 500 births per year.

In Switzerland, the Lagotto is also well represented. Según las estadísticas de la base de datos oficial Amicus, in 2017 fue la 28ª raza más representada en el país, at around 3.500 animals.

On the other hand, in the UK it is much more discreet, although it seems that it begins to break through. Since the decade of 2000 until early next, there was no more than 20 or 30 births per year registered in the Kennel Club. However, this figure reached about 50 in the mid 2010, and then tripled in no time, to the point of ending the decade with more than 150 by year.

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is also small in the United States. The Lagotto Romagnolo se encuentra en la mitad de la clasificación de la raza según el número de inscripciones anuales en el AKC, around the post 100.

However, la raza se ha extendido por todo el mundo en las últimas décadas, con un éxito en algunos países que no era fácil de imaginar. This is the case of Australia, where the first records in the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) go back to the year 2000. Just fifteen years later, in the middle of the Decade of 2010, the organization already counted between 300 and 400 annual births.

Physical characteristics

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a small to medium sized dog, solid build and rather square profile. In fact, its length should be approximately equal to its height at the withers. They give an overall impression of robustness and strength.

The back is straight and muscular, with a strong and slightly convex loin. The chest is well developed and reaches to the elbows.

La cola está cubierta de pelo lanoso y rígido. It is not too high or too low and reaches the level of the hocks.

The front legs are well muscled with a fine but robust bone structure. Their feet are rounded and compact, with clenched fingers. As for the hind legs, they are very powerful, while still being well proportioned. The feet are a little more oval than the front ones, with slightly less arched fingers. On all legs, the pads are very resistant, the claws well curved and solid.

The skull is quite wide and slightly convex when viewed from the side. Neck is strong, muscular and much more massive in males than in females.

The ears are medium-sized and triangular in shape, but rather rounded at the tips. Son colgantes y llegan al nivel de las mandíbulas del perro.

The eyes are round, large and quite far apart. Its color can be ocher, dark brown or hazelnut. Then already Romagna Water Dog a very attentive and lively expression.

The muzzle is quite wide and slightly shorter than the skull. Finish off with a nose that can range from flesh-colored to dark brown., it is quite large and has large nostrils.

The lips are rather thin and covered with long and somewhat bristly whiskers.. Cubren unas poderosas mandíbulas en forma de tijera.

The skin is quite fine and pigmented. Goes from very light to dark brown, según el color del pelaje.

The coat consists, first, in a highly water resistant underlayer. It is covered by a very dense top layer, curly and woolly. The tight curls give the impression that the dog is disheveled all over the body. The curls are a little looser on the head, showing the beard, the mustache and bushy eyebrows.

The coat can be whitish, white with brown or orange highlights, orange red, brownish red or completely brown (in any shade of this color). Tan markings are also allowed in all shades, regardless of the dog's coat color.

It is worth mentioning that the fur of the Lagotto Romagnolo tarda en adquirir su aspecto característico, since it is not until 2 or 3 years of age. In effect, her curls form only very gradually; cuando todavía es un cachorro, its fur is very soft.

Last, the breed is characterized by a certain sexual dimorphism. In addition to having a more solid neck than the female, the male is usually taller and more massive than the female.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 43 – 48 cm.
    ▷ female size: 41 – 46 cm..
    ▷ Male weight: 13 – 16 kg
    ▷ female weight: 11 – 14 kg

Character and skills

The Lagotto Romagnolo is smart and lively, but he is also close to his family, with which he enjoys.

This is especially true of the very young., which makes it a very good dog breed choice for children. Su alto nivel de energía le permite pasar horas jugando con ellos sin cansarse. However, as with any of his peers, should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que tiene un nivel de energía relativamente alto y podría, for example, unintentionally pushing or even knocking down your young partner.

The Romagna Water Dog he also gets along very well with other dogs, whether they live in the same house or just pass each other on a walk. Having largely lost the strong hunting instinct of a few centuries ago, they can also get along with other animals such as cats, rodents and birds. If you have to share your home with one of them, coexistence is so much easier as it is established as soon as you get home. In any case, it is important to socialize him well from an early age and get him used to meeting representatives of other species: así tendrá menos ganas de perseguirlos a lo largo de su vida. In any case, if he is not well socialized and his hunting instinct tends to prevail, or if you do not respond perfectly to the call for attention, it may be preferable to walk it on a leash than in freedom.

El sentido del olfato no es el único que es muy agudo en este perro. In fact, también tiene un excelente oído, that allows you to hear from afar anyone who approaches you. What's more, fully fulfills the role of alert dog, barking and warning his owner as soon as an unknown person approaches his house. However, su papel termina ahí: as it is not one of those who threaten or impress, not really a good watchdog.

The Lagotto Romagnolo tends to keep some distance from strangers at first, even if they are invited by their master and the introductions are done correctly: puede pasar un tiempo antes de que confíen. However, once well socialized and educated, he ends up getting used to their presence and is very friendly with them. In fact, some of the breed representatives are open enough to be used as psychological support dogs, visiting hospitals, schools or even prisons, and bringing comfort wherever they go.

To accept new people, you have to be comfortable in your own home, así como en sus patas. To do this, debe realizar actividad física durante al menos una hora diaria, for example, through walks, juegos, puzzles or dog sports like agility or flyball. Sus habilidades físicas y su resistencia también le permiten acompañar alegremente a los señores deportistas en sus carreras, mountain bike rides or hikes. However, it can also be a good match for retired people, siempre y cuando se mantengan lo suficientemente activas y puedan sacarlo lo suficiente todos los días. In any case, how you tend to get bored easily, It is convenient to offer you varied activities and regularly change the places of your walk.

Swimming is also a great way to get your dog to exercise.. In fact, the centuries that it has spent being used as a waterfowl retriever explain that it is a dog that loves water. Le encanta nadar y disfruta de cada momento que pasa en un lago o un río. One of his favorite games is to go to find and recover the objects that his master throws into the water..

If you are not given enough opportunity to exercise and get bored, or if it suffers a lack of attention from its owners (either because they are absent too often and for too long, or because they neglect him), the Romagna Water Dog is likely to develop a number of undesirable behaviors. In particular, may start barking untimely and become excessively loud. Si tiene acceso a un jardín, can start digging holes to search for objects or food under the ground. Degrading objects or stealing food are also part of their history. All these behaviors are the sign of a psychological distress that is important to treat, and for which the owner is often responsible.

On the other hand, siempre que se respeten sus necesidades de atención y actividad física, the Romagna Water Dog he is a very affectionate companion, that he does not stop appreciating the most cuddly moments and that he is very calm.

What's more, as long as I have enough outings and activities, can be fully adapted to life in the city and in an apartment, aunque el entorno ideal para él siga siendo una casa con acceso a un jardín. However, no es cuestión de relegarlo al fondo del jardín, for example in a kennel: difícilmente lo toleraría y sería muy probable que aparecieran síntomas de ansiedad por separación.

Last, It should be noted that the female of the Lagotto Romagnolo reaches psychological maturity long before the male.

Education

The Lagatto Romagnolo he is intelligent and devoted: very eager to please, he has in his heart to understand what his owner wants, and meet your expectations. This makes it an easy dog ​​to train and suitable even for a beginner..

The most experienced people can go a long way in their education, because it was selected to quickly understand complex commands. It is not by chance that he often shines in obedience competitions.

Having said that, the practice in which you can excel the most is, of course, la búsqueda de trufas, allowing you to exploit your developed sense of smell. This does not require a great effort, since it is very easy to train a truffle dog, as long as you know how to do it.

Whatever your future mission, it is best to base the training of the Romagna Water Dog en ejercicios lúdicos y variados. In effect, his intelligence and alertness mean that he can get bored quickly if the sessions are repetitive. It is also important not to go for methods that are too strict for your taste.; it is better to bet on positive reinforcement, that motivates you to learn and makes things easier.

In any case, the fact that he is docile and obedient does not exempt you from having clear house rules, and to teach you quickly. As with any dog, You have to decide from the beginning what you can do and what you are not allowed to do., and try to keep it after, that is to say, be consistent over time. This consistency should also apply from one family member to another.: everyone must enforce the same rules, uniformly. If these conditions are not respected, the child is likely confused, having difficulty understanding what is expected of him, what is and what is not allowed.

Health

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a generally resistant dog: cuando no experimenta ningún problema de salud importante, can live long enough until 17 years, which is significantly above the average of its congeners that have such a template.

What's more, its thick coat protects it not only from water and humidity, sino también del frío.Por lo tanto, it can live very well in significantly less accommodating climates than its native Italy., sus orígenes explican que no sea particularmente sensible a las altas temperaturas.

A pesar de su buena salud general, It, like all races, particularly susceptible to certain diseases, in this case, is about:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a disease whose onset may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, which especially affects medium to large sized dogs.This is an abnormal conformation of the hip joint, that can cause pain, lameness and some difficulty moving.It also promotes the formation ofosteoarthritis aAs the animal ages, if the problem is detected early, algunas cirugías pueden retrasar los efectos de la enfermedad o aliviar los síntomas;
  • The Dysplasiadelcodo, a developmental problem of the elbow joint that causes pain or lameness., also leads to the development ofosteoarthritis.Like hip, una predisposición hereditaria puede aumentar la probabilidad de que ocurra.Es posible limitar las consecuencias gracias a una intervención quirúrgica, to be done as soon as possible;
  • The juvenile epilepsy, an inherited disease of the nervous system characterized by seizures, generally observable from the first 5 a 9 puppy weeks.In most cases, los síntomas desaparecen por sí solos alrededor de los 4 months of age, aunque algunos perros con la enfermedad continúan experimentando episodios ocasionales de convulsiones hasta la edad adulta.The gene that originates it is particularly widespread in Lagotto Romagnolo: según los datos facilitados por los laboratorios que realizan las pruebas que permiten identificar la enfermedad (Optigen in the United States, Mydogdna in Germany and Genoscoper in Finland) 46. % of the representatives of the tested breed carry it., only 3% de la población total padece realmente los síntomas de la enfermedad;
  • The ataxia cerebelosa, a neurological disease causing an inherited movement coordination disorder., it is also a source of involuntary muscle contractures problems.There is no treatment forla ataxia cerebelosa, cuyos síntomas empeoran y conducen a ladog euthanasiaabout two years after its appearance;
  • Abiotrofia cerebelosa, una afección nerviosa que puede heredarse y es causada por la degeneración de ciertas células cerebrales.Sus principales síntomas son temblores y movimientos inapropiados, especially when facing an obstacle.There is no cure for this disease, pero no causa sufrimiento físico al perro.Sin embargo, as the situation progressively worsens, there comes a time when the disability is too severe, so euthanasia is recommended;
  • Distrofia neuroaxonal, which corresponds to an accumulation of various substances in neurons. It is the particular cause of head tremors, trastornos del equilibrio o incluso caídas.Estos síntomas suelen aparecer en el primer mes del cachorro.No existe tratamiento contra esta enfermedad potencialmente hereditaria, which very often leads to the euthanasia of the animal;
  • Lysosomal storage disease, an inherited neurological disorder that often leads to euthanasia., está en el origen de movimientos descoordinados y pérdida de equilibrio.Según un estudio publicado en 2015 en la revista científica PLOS Genetics y tituladoMissense in the ATG4D gene links aberrant autophagy with neurodegenerative vacuolar storage disease“, approximately 12% of the Lagotti are carriers of the genetic mutation at the origin of this disease There is no cure and things are only getting worse;Therefore, an affected subject dies very young or ends up being euthanized.
  • The waterfall, a disease causing progressive loss of vision due to clouding of the lens, sometimes inherited and mainly affecting the elderly, se puede curar con una operación quirúrgica;
  • Infections ofoído (otitis, etc.), due to the hanging shape of his ears.

What's more, the Romagna Water Dog also poses a risk of being overweight. Not to be taken lightly, since being overweight can lead to various health problems, pero también agravar patologías ya presentes en el animal afectado.

However, Many of the diseases to which the breed is exposed are or may be of hereditary origin., the utmost vigilance is required when choosing acreator of Lagotto Romagnolo.A professional worthy of the name, as well as ensuring that your puppies benefit from good socialization from their first weeks, se compromete a maximizar las posibilidades de que estén sanos y se mantengan así.Para lograrlo, is in charge of carefully selecting its breeders, making them pass various genetic tests to avoid any transmission to their descendants of a possible hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of such tests, that may also have been done on the little ones themselves., must present a veterinary certificate attesting to the good health of the puppy whose adoption is being considered, así como su historial de salud o vacunación, este último en particular confirma que el animal ha recibido las diversas vacunas requeridas.

Una vez que este último regresa a su nuevo hogar, It is worth remembering that a dog is particularly vulnerable during its first few months., las actividades físicas inadecuadas (too long and / or too intense) can easily cause injury, but also affect the proper development of bones and joints, with potentially long-lasting consequences., it is better to wait for him to reach adulthood to take him for long walks or hunt for truffles for hours, por ejemplo.Esto es aún más cierto que esta raza es particularmente propensa a algunos problemas articulares (Hip Dysplasiaandelbow dysplasia).

From then on, no es porque sea un adulto por lo que ya no debería preocuparse por su salud.A lo largo de su vida, debería beneficiarse como cualquier perro de un seguimiento riguroso, including a visit to the vet once a year, and even more regularly when you are older, this allows the professional to perform a complete check-up of your health, y en ocasiones detectar un problema que un ojo menos informado como el del propietario no podría, todavía, This is also the perfect time to take any booster dose.

Además de las enfermedades contra las que estos últimos lo protegen, it is also necessary to ensure that you are permanently protected against parasites and the risks they imply.Therefore, It is the responsibility of the owner to renew the antiparasitic treatments of his companion throughout the year.Esto es aún más importante para las personas que pasan mucho tiempo al aire libre.

Life expectancy

13 years

Food

Feeding a Romagna Water Dog no es especialmente difícil: a balanced and good quality industrial feed is perfectly adequate. However, it is important to choose products and establish portions adapted to their age, salud y nivel de actividad física.

Este último puede variar significativamente durante el año, especially in the case of an individual used for truffle hunting during the winter season. Es necesario entonces ajustar al alza la cantidad de alimento que se le da cada día, so that you benefit from a sufficient energy supply and can work in good conditions. On the other hand, once the period in question has ended, servings should return to normal level, to prevent you from suffering from overweight problems.

When the dog is young, the ration must be adapted to the growth period in which it is. Esto es especialmente importante porque una dieta inadecuada podría ser perjudicial para el desarrollo físico del cachorro: if the food is too rich or is given in too large quantities, podría crecer demasiado rápido, lo que podría provocar problemas articulares. Otherwise, una alimentación insuficiente podría provocar carencias y problemas de crecimiento.

This is especially true because the Lagotto Romagnolo is easily prone to obesity. That is why it is important to pay attention to the evolution of your weight and weigh it twice a month.. If a discrepancy is observed, which is confirmed or even increased in the following measurements, it is necessary to visit the vet. Only a professional can safely determine the cause of weight gain, which may not be related to the dog's diet or activity level, but with a disease or a treatment, for example. Once the cause of the problem has been identified, the vet will be able to advise how to remedy it and return the dog to a healthy weight.

In any case, the fact that the Romagna Water Dog being prone to obesity implies that some caution should be exercised regarding the use of treats, aunque pueden resultar muy útiles, especially in the context of training. Lo ideal es optar por productos bajos en calorías y deducir su aporte calórico de su ración diaria.

This propensity to be overweight also justifies dividing your daily ration into multiple meals.: even if I have a sweet tooth, less likely to order food when you know another is waiting for you later.

Last, like any dog, the Lagotto Romagnolo a bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to you.

Grooming

The Lagotto Romagnolo is covered in thick, curly fur that needs a lot of maintenance.

First of all, it is necessary to brush it about twice a week, to avoid knot formation. The longer the coat, more important is to take the opportunity to examine it to remove dirt and other weeds, and undo the knots, especially around the joints: this will prevent injury or irritation caused by rubbing. También es conveniente acostumbrarse a examinar su pelaje después de un largo periodo en un entorno húmedo o con una vegetación muy densa.

On the other hand, muda muy poco y no tiene períodos de muda estacionales. If we add to this that he does not drool much, This makes it an especially appreciated companion for people who are very attached to cleanliness., but also for those who suffer from allergies. Thus, are often presented as a hypoallergenic dog breed, but you have to remember that none of them is 100% hypoallergenic and that the amount of allergens emitted can vary significantly from one individual to another, even within the same race. Therefore, there is nothing to replace a test in real conditions, consistente en pasar unas horas en compañía del animal cuya adopción se está considerando.

Regarding the bathroom, a monthly frequency is adequate to keep the dog's coat clean. Lagotto Romagnolo, without affecting its natural ability to resist water and inclement weather. However, es importante utilizar un champú suave especialmente diseñado para perros, otherwise your skin will be damaged, and do not dry or brush it after bathing, lo que podría dañar sus hermosos rizos.

What's more, their hairs grow quickly and require regular trimming, at the rate of some 3 or 4 times a year. Esto último puede ser realizado por un peluquero canino profesional o directamente por su dueño, if he knows how to do it.

Ears of the Lagotto Romagnolo require rigorous maintenance, since its hanging shape and the hairs that grow around it constitute fertile ground for the development of infections caused by the accumulation of moisture and dirt. Therefore, it is imperative to examine and clean them weekly, así como después de cada salida larga en la naturaleza. Esto es especialmente importante si el animal ha estado en un ambiente húmedo o ha estado nadando, and it is important to dry it well. What's more, se recomienda recortar regularmente el pelo alrededor de las orejas para evitar que la cera y la suciedad se depositen allí.

You should also check your eyes weekly and clean the area around them if they are dirty.. El vello alrededor de los ojos puede hacer que se desarrollen infecciones allí también. If to that we add that they can obstruct the vision of the dog, the interest of cutting them regularly is easily understood.

Regarding the teeth, they must be brushed regularly to avoid the formation of dental plaque, que puede ser en sí misma la causa de muchos problemas bucales. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better not to brush less than once a week. In any case, it is advisable to systematically use a toothpaste intended for the canine species.

The claws of the Lagotto Romagnolo they tend to be much less demanding in terms of maintenance, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors: this usually allows them to file naturally. However, es conveniente asegurarse de que realmente es así. In fact, if they get too long, can hinder the dog's movements, and even hurt you a lot if they break. If you hear them rubbing against the ground when walking on hard surfaces, It is a sign that you have to cut them manually.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or even claws, take care of a Lagotto Romagnolo requires mastering a series of gestures. If they are not necessarily complex, better make sure you do them correctly, not only for good results, but also and above all so as not to risk hurting your partner, or even injure him. Therefore, the first time it may be wise to make an appointment with the vet or a groomer, to learn from a professional how to proceed. In any case, it is advisable to accustom your pet to this type of manipulation as soon as possible, Since, otherwise, las sesiones de mantenimiento podrían resultarle especialmente desagradables.

Utility

Originally, the Lagotto Romagnolo used -and selected- para recuperar la caza que caía al agua. This selection explains its particularly waterproof coat and its very pronounced taste for swimming..

Since the end of the 19th century, after the drying up of many swamps in its Romagna natal, se dedica en cuerpo y alma a la búsqueda de trufas. Today, es la única raza de perro que se cría específicamente para esta tarea. Her highly developed sense of smell and her innate propensity to search by digging holes make her a true expert in this field..

También es un excelente perro de compañía hoy en día, that is sociable and easy to train. They are suitable for beginners and are especially suited to families, especially those who are quite active. They are especially popular with those allergic to dogs, ya que sueltan muy poco pelo y sólo liberan una pequeña cantidad de proteínas alergénicas. However, ningún perro puede considerarse 100% hypoallergenic, therefore compatibility cannot be guaranteed: there is nothing to replace a trial period of several hours with the person whose adoption is being considered.

Wide awake, the Lagotto Romagnolo It is also an excellent alert dog that does not hesitate to bark when an unfamiliar person approaches its home. On the other hand, can't really take on the role of watchdog, since they are not aggressive or threatening to strangers, y sería muy improbable que los ahuyentaran.

On the other hand, His excellent sense of smell obviously works wonders in crawling competitions and, of course, in the romps. También pueden distinguirse en los deportes caninos que destacan su gran energía e inteligencia, like agility, flyball or obedience.

Last, due to his friendly and always uniform temperament, sometimes used as a therapy dog, for example in hospitals, schools or prisons.

Price

In France and Belgium, the price of a puppy Lagotto Romagnolo ranges between 800 and 1.500 EUR, and the average is about 1.100 EUR.

in your country of origin, Italy, you have to tell about 600 a 1400 EUR. For a person who doesn't live very far, import may be an option to consider, ya que hay muchas más explotaciones allí, and therefore a greater offer.

in Canada, breeders usually ask for an amount that is around 2400 canadian dollars. However, patience is often necessary, ya que el reducido número de criadores en el país hace que sea habitual encontrarse en una lista de espera. This is especially true if you are looking for a puppy of a certain color..

The amount to pay to adopt a puppy from Lagotto Romagnolo in the United States it ranges from 1.800 and 2.500 American dollars.

In the case of an import from abroad, It is advisable to bear in mind that additional costs must be added to the purchase price: administrative expenses, quarantine, transport…

In any case, sea cual sea el país, the price that is asked depends on the prestige of the kennel and the lineage from which the puppy comes, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, en particular en el plano físico, that is to say, its greater or lesser conformity with the standard. What's more, it is this point that explains why important price differences are sometimes observed within the same litter.

Characteristics "Romagna Water Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romagna Water Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Romagna Water Dog"

Photos:

1 – “Romagna Water Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/lagotto-romagnolo-perro-cachorro-4272671/
2 – “Romagna Water Dog” en la Exposición Canina Mundial de Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Romagna Water Dog” La Gottis Campione by Flickr
4 – “Romagna Water Dog” by Rdo01, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Romagna Water Dog” during the dog show in Katowice, Polonia by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Romagna Water Dog” hembra de 2½ años by Entheta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Romagna Water Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASIFICACIÓN FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Romagna Water Dog"

FCIFCI - Romagna Water Dog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Lagotto Romagnolo (English).
    2. Lagotto Romagnolo, Lagotto (French).
    3. Lagotto Romagnolo (German).
    4. Lagotto romagnolo (Portuguese).
    5. Lagotto romagnolo, Lagotto de Romagna, Perro de laguna de Romagna (español).

Italian Spinone
Italia FCI 165 . Griffon type.

in some countries, the Italian Spinone It doesn't get the publicity it deserves., because faster breeds of dogs with more olfactory capacity are preferred.

Italian Spinone

Content

History

As the name suggests, the Italian Spinone -or “Italian Griffon” – is originally from Italy, more specifically from the Piedmont region, en el norte del país. It is a very old breed of dog, y quien busque sus orígenes exactos encontrará más preguntas que respuestas. However, it is generally accepted that it is the result of various crosses over the centuries between Italian Setters, Griffons from France, White Mastiffs and Dogs of Greece.

There is evidence that their ancestors already hunted in the Alps and Apennines more than 2000 years. However, the first clear reference to the breed dates back to the Middle Ages, more specifically to the fifteenth century, in the form of a fresco by Andrea Montegna (1431-1506) inside the Ducal Palace of Mantua (Italy), which represents an Italian Spinone. Two centuries later, Jacques Espée of Sélincourt, evoca en su manual The Perfect Hunter (1683) an Italian Griffon from Piedmont.

Popular for centuries in Italy, the Spinone suffered greatly during WWII. The end of hostilities did not mean a notable improvement in their situation, as Italian hunters began to prefer breeds imported from abroad.

In 1949, The doctor. Paolo Branzi and Dr.. Ezio Caraffini founded La Famiglia dello Spinone -which has since become the Italian Spinoni Club- and they had 59 representatives of the breed throughout Italy. They chose 10 de ellos para iniciar un programa de cría destinado a reconstruir la población y estabilizar sus características. They drew up a first standard and contacted the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), organismo de referencia del país, to initiate the necessary procedures for the recognition of the breed.

His work paid off, so that in 1955 the Spinone Italiano was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Then it began to spread internationally, although it took a while, especially in North America. Thus, until 1995 el United Kennel Club (UKC) American did not grant him his recognition. The other reference organization in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2000. The Canadian Kennel Club did the same in 2006.

In fact, aunque es bastante común en su país de origen y es el segundo perro de caza más popular en ese país, its international distribution remains limited. However, is quite successful in Britain, where the Kennel Club registers between 400 and 500 births every year. This is far from the case in France.: con menos de diez inscripciones anuales en el Libro de Orígenes Francés (LOF), it is clear that he is far from having conquered the hearts of French hunters.

In United States, las estadísticas del AKC la sitúan en torno al puesto 110 (of 195) en el ranking de las razas más populares del país.

Photo: I came across this adorable dog while walking around Dorset. Took a photo and then got really scared of the camera. by Caroline Granycome, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Italian Spinone it's well built, con músculos bien desarrollados y huesos fuertes.

Her body, as high as long, is square in shape and ends in a thick bushy tail. The tail hangs at rest and is horizontal when in action. The legs are solid and end in compact round legs.

The head is egg-shaped, with a curved skull and a muzzle the same length as the skull. El color de la nariz varía entre el rosa de los perros blancos y el marrón de los perros ruanos. The eyes are round, big and far apart. They are of a more or less dark ocher color. Triangular shape, the ears are rather long and fall along the cheeks.

The body of the Spinone está enteramente cubierto de un pelaje rígido y denso, about 4 a 6 cm long, that protects it when it slides through the undergrowth, pero también cuando se lanza al agua fría. It is shorter at the top of the head and at the front of the legs. In the face, a dense coat of thick eyebrows and a full beard, típica de la raza, which also protects it from brambles and bushes. Beneath this top layer is the dog's fur, which has the peculiarity of not having undercoat.

The coat can be plain white, white with orange spots, chestnut or brown, or roan with orange spots, chestnut or brown. Tricolor or black-haired dogs are not accepted by the breed standard.

Last, sexual dimorphism is marked: the male is larger and above all significantly more massive than the female.

Size and weight

    Male size: Of 60 a 70 cm.
    female size: Of 58 a 65 cm.
    Male weight: Of 32 a 37 kg
    female weight: Of 28 a 30 kg

Character and skills

Generally easier to live with than other pointers, the Spinone Italianos they are affectionate and close to their family, they love to play and spend most of the time with them. Although they are hunters, They are not the kind that jump into the open sea and disappear as soon as potential prey catches their eye: they never stray too far from their master, preferring to always have it in sight.

Your affection, patience and playful character make them an ideal breed for a child. He loves children and is an excellent playmate for those old enough to have learned to behave in the presence of a dog. Less recommended for younger children, as it is large enough to inadvertently push them down. In any case, regardless of race, interactions between a dog and a young child should always take place in the presence of an adult.

The Italian griffon also it is sociable with other dogs Griffon, those who are often willingly adopted as playmates. Small animals, as cats, rabbits and other rodents, have more to worry about and are more likely to be hunted as potential prey. However, they may live with a cat if they have been raised with them, pero es probable que este último siga siendo perseguido en el jardín de vez en cuando.

As for humans who are unknown to him, the Spinone is generally cozy with them, especially if he's been well socialized from his early months. In fact, used to living with humans for centuries, es más del tipo que busca activamente su compañía. Also easily suffers from loneliness: although you can spend a few hours alone at home without difficulty, it is not advisable to leave it all for a weekend. Adoptar un perro más puede ser una buena forma de ofrecerle compañía para ayudarle a evitar la soledad cuando su familia está fuera.

He is as active in the early years as he is calm and collected afterward.. This can be seen in his hunting style, that is calm and methodical.

Having said that, if you like to rest on the living room rug, this does not mean that you do not need to exercise. So that you feel comfortable and calm when you get home, your daily walks should total at least one hour. Although they are slower than other signaling breeds, they are very resistant and can adapt to many types of terrain. For this reason, if the opportunity arises to take a long walk of several hours, he is delighted. Durante este último, does not tend to stray far from his master, so it can be walked without a leash. Puede vivir en un apartamento siempre que salga dos o tres veces al día, but its size makes it unsuitable for a small studio.

Prefiere una casa con un jardín en el que pueda retozar y del que se deshaga con gusto de cualquier bicho indeseado. However, it is not convenient for you to live abroad: you need to be in contact with your family and should be able to spend as much time as possible with them.

On the other hand, It is an intelligent breed of dog that likes to be mentally stimulated. Más bien terco y mostrando poco interés en actividades que le parecen inútiles, necesita un líder que le ofrezca ejercicios motivadores. Obedience exercises, agility or hunting are a great way to get his attention and stimulate him. The rapport is also something instinctive in him, and you will not be asked to carry the ball or bat thrown by your master. He does not hesitate to do the same with the toys scattered around the house when he wants to show him that he wants to have fun.

It is also important to know that your beautiful beard gets wet every time you drink. He tends to pour water all over the house whenever he quenches his thirst, so it may be a good idea to put your bowl outside and not inside the house.

Last, although don't hesitate to bark when you see fit, the Italian Spinone it's not overly vocal.

Education

The Italian Spinone, like all dogs, must be socialized from an early age. It is important that you can meet all the people who are part of your close or distant environment (friends, neighbors, family…). You must also face all kinds of situations (walk through different places, meet other dogs or other animals, travel in different means of transport) not to be scared once an adult.

No debería pasar mucho tiempo antes de que empiecen a aprender a domar, lo que puede ser más largo y complicado que para la mayoría de las otras razas.

Given its size once adult, también es útil acostumbrarlo a ser manipulado sin inmutarse desde una edad temprana, so that the grooming sessions are a moment of shared pleasure and not torture for both protagonists.

The Italian griffon he's smart and has a strong personality. You need a firm master who knows how to earn your respect, but even if I do, does not like to do tasks that seem trivial. It's a working dog, al que le gusta ser útil y prefiere aprender, for example, to recover the game before turning around. In fact, if your master knows how to do it and has all the necessary patience, this dog can do wonders, even in obedience and agility competitions. The trick is to motivate you, above all making him understand the interest of the command.

Not surprisingly, it responds much better to positive reinforcement-based dog training methods than traditional dog training.. Know that the fulfillment of what is asked allows you to receive caresses, ánimos y golosinas es a sus ojos una razón legítima para superarse y dar lo mejor de sí mismo.

Health

The Italian Spinone is generally quite robust. Apart from the health problems common to all large dogs and a serious genetic disease, but fortunately in the process of disappearance thanks to the work of the breeders, the risks are low.

Like this, the conditions to which you are especially exposed are :

  • La ataxia cerebelosa, una enfermedad genética que ataca al cerebelo y es el problema de salud más crítico en esta raza. Puppies that have received a carrier gene from both parents die before their first birthday. However, hoy en día es extremadamente rara, ya que los individuos portadores son eliminados de los programas de cría. A breeder of Spinone worthy of the name must be able to show that parents are not carriers, based on test results;
  • Hip and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that make movement difficult;
    gastric dilation-torsion, often related to too fast a food intake, which can be fatal without prompt veterinary intervention;
  • Entropion and ectropion, malformaciones del párpado que pueden corregirse quirúrgicamente si resultan problemáticas;
    Hypothyroidism, a hormonal deficiency that causes a slowdown in bodily functions;
  • Cancer (bone, liver, base…), que según un estudio conjunto del Kennel Club británico y la Asociación Veterinaria Británica de Pequeños Animales es, with difference, the main cause of mortality in this breed, with a 45% of deaths.

What's more, las orejas caídas y peludas del Spinone they get dirty easily. They can become infected quickly if they are not cleaned every week and after each bath.

A pesar de su falta de subpelo y de sus orígenes italianos, se adapta bastante bien a los distintos climas y es resistente tanto al calor como al frío, pero las temperaturas extremas son difíciles de soportar. Es necesario un refugio para que pueda estar a la sombra cuando el termómetro supera los 30°, y no aprecia especialmente pasar la noche en el exterior cuando hay -10°.

Last, the Italian griffon not very prone to obesity, especially if you have enough opportunity to exercise. However, a responsible handler should regularly make sure that everything is in order by taking the time to weigh your dog.

Life expectancy

Of 12 a 13 years

Grooming

The maintenance of Italian Spinone is simple, but it requires some discipline, ya que puede resultar difícil y llevar mucho tiempo si no se hace con regularidad.

The absence of undercoat means that you only lose a small amount of hair. A weekly brushing is enough to remove dirt, remove dead hairs and untangle knots from their fur. The most frequent molt is not necessarily necessary during the fall and spring, since the lack of undercoat makes the shedding not very pronounced. On the other hand, if “forget” one or two grooming sessions, the situation is complicated: debris accumulates and knots form that can no longer be untangled with the brush. Then there is no choice but to undo them manually or even cut them with a chisel. Depending on the state of the coat, this can sometimes take more than an hour.

In any case, rarely need a bath, unless it is especially dirty or smelly after a trip. Except for exceptions, two or three bathrooms a year are more than enough, y cada vez debe utilizarse un champú suave para perros.

Las sesiones semanales de peluquería son también una oportunidad para limpiar los ojos de su perro y cepillar sus dientes. Neither should you neglect the care of the ears: hanging and furry ears tend to catch dirt, so the risk of infection is high. Se pueden limpiar con un paño húmedo.

What's more, beard tends to trap moisture and becomes smelly. Thus, should be towel dried often and cleaned from time to time.

Last, if you spend a lot of time outdoors, wear and tear is usually enough to file the claws of the Italian Spinone, que crecen más rápido que las de la mayoría de los demás perros. If they become too long and may bother or hurt you, deben recortarse con un cortaúñas especial.

Use

The Italian Spinone it is above all a hunting dog, a mission that has been fulfilling for centuries and in which it stands out. Your ability to point methodically, making game disappear and recover makes them very versatile hunting dogs. This is all the more true since, how your name illustrates, derived from the Italian word for bramble, are able to sneak into the thorniest thickets in search of small game. It is also very resistant.

When not used for hunting, can be used to show off their qualities in various dog sports, like agility or obedience. They are also good watchdogs, but their lack of aggressiveness and the fact that they bark very little disqualifies them as guardians. Having said that, es lo suficientemente impresionante como para que la mayoría de los malintencionados pasen de él.

Last, the Italian griffon también es un maravilloso perro de compañía, loving and totally devoted to his family. It can be the ideal companion for an active owner who wants to always have his dog by his side when going for a walk or hiking.

Price

The price of a puppy Italian Spinone is of some 800 a 1000 euros in Europe. In Canada and the United States, is usually between 1500 and 1800 $.

In all cases, there is no noticeable price difference between males and females.

Characteristics "Italian Spinone"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Italian Spinone" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Italian Spinone"

Photos:

1 – Solid white Spinone italiano. by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A brown roan Spinone Italiano by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Spinoni italiani by francesco napoli
4 – Spinoni italiani by francesco napoli
5 – Brown roan spinone italiano. Risky Business Oliver Di La Ros by Timberdoodle Kennels, Ron & Pat Rosinski (User:Rrosinski), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – This is a Spinone, an italian pointing dog. Coatcolor is white-orange by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Italian Spinone"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type
  • AKCHound
  • CKCMiscellaneous
  • ​KC – Hunting dog
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Italian Spinone"

FCIFCI - Italian Spinone
Spinone

Alternative names:

    1. Spinone, Bracco Spinoso, Italian Spinone, Italian Griffon, Italian Wire-haired Pointer, Italian Coarse-haired Pointer (English).
    2. Spinone italien (French).
    3. Italienischer Griffon, Spinone, Rauhaariger italienischer Vorstehhund, Italian Griffon, italienischer Spinone (German).
    4. Spinone (Portuguese).
    5. Espinone, Grifón italiano, Italiano de pelo duro (español).

Sardinian Shepherd Dog
Italia Not recognized by the FCI

Dogo Sardo

Content

History

The Sardinian Shepherd Dog It is a breed of dog of Italian origin used as a watchdog of properties, livestock guardian dog, combat and working dog, in general.<>

It is a rare breed and quite unknown outside Italy, the Sardinian Shepherd Dog It was developed in the towns of Sardinia like a group dog Molossoid, mastiff type suitable for all types of work. From an aggressive guardian, an excellent pastor for the protection of livestock and a delicate and careful with their flocks farmer, up a fierce wrestler.

The race Sardinian Shepherd Dog es tan valorada por la gente de Cerdeña que –habitualmente- they refuse to sell their puppies to foreigners.

El hecho de que los cachorros nazcan y se críen en Cerdeña, ha contribuido a que sea difícil determinar la herencia de la raza. Es casi seguro que su descendencia se encuentra en la misma raíz que el resto del de los antiguos perros con similares características que existieron en la Edad Media, shared legacy with the Neapolitan mastiff, Cane Corso, Calabrese Bucciriscu and others.

The Sardinian Shepherd Dog rarely seen outside of his native region, and there are no written rules, ni estándar que regule sus características, because they are not recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

For more confusion the population of Sardinia, defends that there are two separate races of Sardinian Shepherd Dog, uno sería el Fonnese Pastore that it is a Long-haired shepherd dog, and the other the real one Sardinian Shepherd Dog What, locally, is known as Pertiatzu Cani and he has short hair, similar to the Cane Corso . This confusion comes from this name Fonnese Mastino has been erroneously used to name the Sardinian Shepherd Dog.

In reality the Fonnese Mastino (or Mastín Fonnese) is the smooth-coated variety of the breed Fonnese Pastore, that was born from the crossing of a Pastor Fonnese with a Sardinian Shepherd Dog.

Physical characteristics

Volviendo a nuestro protagonista… El Sardinian Shepherd Dog he is a very muscular and athletic dog, a working dog, differs from the Cane Corso, en algunos rasgos faciales característicos como ser su hocico largo y una piel más pegada al cuerpo. Algunos Dogo Sardo que fueron criados en zonas rurales tienen características bastante lupoides (the longer snout than normal), pero en esos casos… su pureza es cuestionable.

The body of the Sardinian Shepherd Dog he is thin and strong, con un cuello poderoso y extremidades de iguales características. The ears are usually cropped, and in some cases they are almost completely eliminated, While the tail can be cut or not.

Although there is no standard on the Sardinian Shepherd Dog, Several experts agree that these dogs have an average altitude of 56 a 68 cm to the cross and a weight of 30 a 45 kg, but not this parameter can be set, is just orientative.

It has a huge head, con músculos en las mejillas (that they are handed down), tiene el hocico –ligeramente- shorter than the skull, teeth strong and bite in scissors.

His eyes are amber (in different shades). The layer of hair is short and very thick hair (comparable al del jabalí), incluso el atigrado de la capa en uno de sus varios tonos se parece a un jabalí, they are rarely white.
The appearance of the Dogo Sardo denotes elegance, power and wildness at the same time.

It tends to be very attached to the family (especially with the children), y distante con los extraños y no toleran otros machos por su espíritu dominante. It is very good for the guard.

Character and skills

The Sardinian Shepherd Dog It, in fact, a faithful hound with an easy gait. Known for his intelligence and diligence, it is also a particularly dignified and aggressive dog, de hecho necesita mucha actividad física.

Although he is used to living alone, is not violent towards other animals or people. He is very attached to his owner, whom he protects and blindly obeys. Has excellent instincts, so it can also be said that it is a defense and hunting dog.

Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
Italia FCI 201 . Sheepdogs

The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog he will be really happy sleeping with the cattle rather than on the sofa in your home.

Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese

Content

Characteristics "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog (Maremmano-Abruzzese or Cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese), It is a breed of sheepdog native to central Italy and used for centuries by shepherds to defend their flocks from wolves.

La raza se emplea aún hoy, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo donde los rebaños de ovejas vitalizan la economía rural y los lobos son predadores protegidos (of the few areas of the planet, lamentablemente…).

The race is similar to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, to the Kuvasz de Hungría y al Akbash de Turquía (This, that more!).

También desciende de los perros de pastor que existían antaño en la región de la Maremma Toscana y en la región del Lacio. Since 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.

Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Dogs similar to Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog they are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times to the present day.

Until year 1958, the Maremma Sheepdog and the Maremmano-Abruzzese they were considered as separate races. The first Canine society of the Maremma Sheepdog was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the First Canine Society of the Maremma Sheepdog.

But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especialmente después de la unificación de Italia se dio “fusión natural” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).

Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, si bien siguen siendo ampliamente utilizados por ganaderos ovinos de Italia en las zonas donde la depredación es común, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.

But, Ironically, of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, pues sí, aunque no guste oírlo, la mano del hombre y el progreso… han dado como resultado un siniestro más: la cría de ovejas se ha reducido y el lobo está casi extinto.

Curiosities

Although it is easier for him Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, desarrollar su vínculo con ovinos y caprinos, farmers have found that, as well, son capaces de desarrollar un vínculo protector con las vacas, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. As well, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, búhos, etc.).

In Australia, se ha apostado muchísimo por el Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog. Específicamente en la ciudad de Warrnambool que cuenta con grandes bellezas naturales, and in one of them the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog es hoy en día una pieza clave para la supervivencia de otras especies.

Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, reconocida como un sitio de cría de la ballena austral. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.

In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, pingüinos y el delfín común. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.

There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island contaba con una gran colonia de pingüinos. Pero la presencia descontrolada de zorros llevó a que el número de integrantes de la colonia se redujera de manera significativa. In 2005, sólo quedan cuatro pingüinos en la colonia.

It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, primero en el mundo con estas características, introduced to Middle Island several copies of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog para proteger a los pingüinos. Este programa tan original e innovador ha sido la piedra angular del re-establecimiento de la colonia de pingüinos que en el año 2009 already had more of 100 Members.

While the use of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect an endangered species was a rare thing at first, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, it has been proven that the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog along with other breeds of livestock guardian dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, como los pingüinos, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, as well, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.

En otros países como Italia, United States and Canada, the use of dogs has also been promoted Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, así como otros tipos de perros pastores, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.

Physical characteristics

The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog is a dog from large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. También guarda armonía en cuanto a su formato (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).

The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.

The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.

The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, y cuando el perro está alerta se eleva a la línea del lomo.

The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only one supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.

Height to the cross in the males is of 65 a 73 cm and females is of 60 a 68 cm.. The weight of 35 a 45 kg in males and 30 a 40 kg in females.

Character and skills

Despite its large size, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog puede ser buen perro de compañía en hogares que cuenten con espacios abiertos, appropriate to your needs.

Siglos de cría del Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, hoy en día en un animal que se adapta muy bien a la vida hogareña se une muchísimo a su familia a quién protege como si de un rebaño se tratara, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.

In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.

Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, lejos de las líneas de propiedad del vecino y del tráfico rodado, sería un lugar ideal para este hermoso pastor. In this environment, Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, allí es realmente feliz.

In addition to its extensive use in Italy, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog lives happily performing its livestock protection duties in Australia, United States and Canada.

The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, is a very versatile dog, y capaz de generar un vínculos muy, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, pero lo más común es que se introduzcan con 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, aún de cachorros, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.

¿Qué más podemos decir del carácter del Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog? Creo que las palabras…, sobran.

Photos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

Videos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI standard of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"

FCIFCI - Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese, Maremmano, Pastore Abruzzese, Pastore Maremmano, Abruzzese Mastiff, Mastino Abruzzese, Abruzzo Sheepdog, Abruzzese Sheepdog (English).
    2. cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (French).
    3. Maremmen-Abruzzen-Schäferhund (German).
    4. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (Portuguese).
    5. Maremmano-Abrucense, Pastor de Maremma (español).

Warren hound breeds
Italia España Portugal Grecia Francia Túnez Malta Warren hound

Razas de Podenco

The different “Warren hound breeds” are characterized by being little barking, extremely clever and agile for hunting.

Content

It is called Warren hound a un tipo de perro de caza de orígenes antiguos. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.

Diversos estudios genéticos realizados en los últimos años han venido a concluir que contrariamente a la extendida creencia de que el Podenco es un tipo de perro primitivo importado hace unos 3.000 the area of middle years, These dogs really are close genetic relationship with the rest of European hunting dogs and are not more “primitive” que la mayoría de ellos.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale brings together the Podencos within section 7 (“Primitive type - Hunting Dogs”) Group v, the Pharaoh Hound which in its place of origin is used for rabbit hunting is not included in this section, If not in the section 6 (“Primitive type”).

Podenco breeds recognized by the FCI

:


Not recognized by the FCI

.

Other races, que pese a no estar reconocidas por la FCI poseen características morfológicas y de uso típicas de los Podencos, are:

Según el Diccionario de la Real Academia Española, the difference between Greyhound, Lebrel and poodle is based on the following definitions:

  • Greyhound: Lightweight dog breed, with small head, large eyes, the pointed snout, the ears are thin and hanging, the slim body and neck, the long legs and tail.
  • Sighthound: Variedad de perro que se distingue en tener el labio superior y las orejas caídas, the strong muzzle, straight back, the long body and legs removed back. It was given this name for being very suitable for hunting hares.
  • Warren hound: The somewhat lower body, but more robust than the hound, with round head, the ears stiff, straight back, moderately long hair, the coiled tail and hands and feet small, but very strong. It is little barking and extremely shrewd and Agile for hunting, by its great view, smell and resistance.

Warren hound breeds

Italian mastiff
Italia FCI 343 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Italian mastiff It is a versatile and balanced dog that can adapt to all.

Mastín Italiano

Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan mastiff, the Italian mastiff (or Cane Corso) It was used in the past not only as a Cattle Dog but also in wild boar hunting., and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog.

Otros nombres: Cane Corso / Italianischer Corso-Hund / Italian Corso Dog / Italian Mastiff

Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Italian mastiff

Read all about the race, by clicking on: Cane Corso.

Italian Pointing Dog
Italia FCI 202 . Braque Type.

Braco Italiano

The Italian Pointing Dog is a friendly dog, energetic and playful to which loves to play.

Content

History

The Italian Pointing Dog has been called the Pointer oldest european, and its history dates back to the 4th or 5th century BC.. Aunque se desconocen los orígenes ancestrales exactos, it is generally accepted that the Italian Pointing Dog was first a cross between the Italian short-haired Segugio and the Mastín Asiático, that has been extinct since then. The breed was developed in northern Italy, with two different varieties: la variedad de color blanco y naranja conocida por ser de la región del Piamonte y la de color marrón y rojizo de Lombardía.

En el período medieval, la raza se había establecido y la aristocracia italiana exportó el Bracco across the old world. The popularity of Bracco reached its peak during the Renaissance, y se mantuvieron en un número considerable hasta principios del siglo XX, when they faced a steep decline.
At the end of the 19th century, the Italian Pointing Dog faced extinction. Over the years, los cruces con los Sabueso y la mala cría dieron como resultado perros demasiado pesados para realizar su trabajo, and the breed suffered from various health problems. La selección y el cuidado diligente de la cría ayudaron a reconstruir la raza. In the Decade of 1920, it was decided to unify the two variations of the breed to preserve genetic diversity.

    First of all, the Piedmontese Pointer he was a lighter color and build dog, and originated in the Piedmont region of Italy, as its name suggests. This dog was used for work in the mountains, which reflected his conformation and temperament. El perro piamontés era más pequeño que su homólogo de Lombardía, and his hunting style was reminiscent of some Western European pointers, since he was traveling at a gallop. This dog was mainly white, with or without orange markings.
    On the other hand, the Lombard Pointer it was a brown dog with a heavier body type. This dog was used for hunting in the swampy lowlands, and it was a trotting breed. These large dogs were bred for both their visual appeal and their natural hunting ability..

Shortly after the race was officially unified, the working standard was written and published, and in 1949 was founded in Italy the Societa Amatori Bracco Italiano. When the Italian conformation standard was published, incorporated aspects of both race types, which resulted in notable variability within the standard. El estándar de la raza había existido durante más de un siglo antes de ser compilado en este documento único.

The Italian Pointing Dog was brought to the UK in the late 1980s 1980, but the United States did not experience the Italian Pointing Dog up to approximately 1994. In 2001, the Italian Pointing Dog was accepted into the AKC Foundation Stock Service. In 2005 the first “Meeting” national and in 2007 the Bracco Italiano Club of America was founded.

Physical characteristics

The Italian Pointing Dog It must be athletic and powerful in its appearance, more like a cross between a German Shorthaired Pointer and a hound, but in matters, differs much from the race mentioned.

It has hanging upper lips and long ears that create a serious expression. His body should be “almost square”, which means that its height to the cross should be almost the same as the length of his body. However, no debe ser en realidad cuadrado ya que esto le haría perder gran parte de su gracia poderosa. The tail can be can be cut, Although this is controversial in Italy.

The fur is short, dense and glossy. The texture must be pretty hard, Although somewhat softer in the head, the neck, the ears, legs and feet. Moulting occurs twice a year, and brushing helps in the Elimination of dead hairs layer.
The fur consists of the different combination of three colors: white, Orange and Brown, years. At that time, You can find copies of the following keys: White and orange, Orange and Brown, Brown with patches of another colour (white or orange) in the face, the ears, the base of tail and body. The black color is not supported.

The weight of the Italian Pointing Dog is of 25 a 40 kg. The height at the cross in the males is of 58 a 67 cm. and in the females of 55 a 62 cm..

Character and skills

It is a dog friendly, energetic and playful. She loves other dogs, loves to play, is an active race, es necesario que realicen ejercicio físico, to feel happy and have a balanced mind. They get along well with children.

The training of a Italian Pointing Dog requires patience and a calm nature, next to the coach.

Other British breeds of show are more likely to search for the presence of prey with high speed, However the Italian Pointing Dog it's slower, but on the other hand it can be used on any type of terrain, both mountainous and plain. It is very smart with a surprising ability to learn.

It can be an excellent pet, because of its docile nature.

Health

The Italian Pointing Dog it is a healthy breed in general, and responsible breeders screen their cattle for health conditions like hip and elbow dysplasia, anomalías oculares como entropión, ectropion and cataracts, and kidney disorders such as renal amyloidosis. To avoid orthopedic stresses on their rapidly growing bodies, the puppies of Italian Pointing Dog should be fed a balanced meal and should not run on hard surfaces such as concrete or perform repeated high-impact exercises until at least one year of age.

Revise los oídos largos y pendulares del Italian Pointing Dog para detectar infecciones de oído, y utilice un limpiador de oídos recomendado por el veterinario una o dos veces por semana para mantener el oído limpio y seco para evitar infecciones.

Grooming

The Italian Pointing Dog they are easy to prepare. Sus abrigos cortos requieren un mínimo de cuidado y sus orejas largas requieren una limpieza rutinaria para minimizar el riesgo de infecciones de oído. What's more, an occasional bath will keep them clean and in good repair. Your nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, breaking and cracking. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Exercise and training

The Italian Pointing Dog es una raza de energía moderada a alta que requiere ejercicio diario y estimulación mental. This can be accomplished by running freely in a safe, enclosed space or through scheduled exercises such as daily jogs.. Are needed at least 30 minutos de ejercicio al día, but more preferred. What's more, to be happy, necesitan tiempo cada día para estar con su familia haciendo un entrenamiento organizado o jugando.

One Italian Pointing Dog need a calm and patient coach who is gentle but firm. This breed can be slightly independent, but for the most part, they are eager to please and are excited when they see that they have made you happy. They are best suited for a home that will use their hunting skills and give them a job to do. However, instead of hunting, training for dog sports such as agility, la obediencia y el rally también puede ser una gran manera de dar a su perro el estímulo físico y mental que necesita.

Characteristics "Italian Pointing Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Italian Pointing Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Italian Pointing Dog”

Videos “Italian Pointing Dog”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI standard of the breed "Italian Pointing Dog"

FCIFCI - Italian Pointing Dog
Bracco

Alternative names:

    1. Italian Pointer, Italian Pointing Dog, Bracco (English).
    2. Braque italien (French).
    3. Italienischer Vorstehhund (German).
    4. Bracco italiano (Portuguese).
    5. Pointer italiano. (español).

Cane Corso
Italia FCI 343 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Cane Corso It is a versatile and balanced dog that can adapt to all.

Cane Corso

Content

Characteristics "Cane Corso"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Cane Corso" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan mastiff, the Cane Corso (or Italian mastiff) It was used in the past not only as Cattle dog sino también en la caza del jabalí, and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog. Estuvo muy difundido en toda la región meridional italiana y más aún en Calabria, Lucannia, Pugglia, and Sannia, until end interrelating so with history, the tradition, and local legends that, en el juego de la Lotería Real, al corso se le asignó el número 22.

Both fierce and determined appearance, as its imposing structure of all the molossians, They seem to be on the agenda of its name, therefore means powerful Corso, robust, strong, and these are, without a doubt, sus principales características.

Otros atribuyen el origen etimológico de la palabra al latín “Cohors” o guarda mayor del cuerpo o al griego «kortos», referring to the fact that he kept and watch people and animals during periods of transhumance. Finally, others see the name associated with the island of Corsica. Lo cierto es que fuera de Italia se sabe muy poco sobre el Cane Corso y que incluso en su país de origen, for years, the race has remained forgotten and ignored. He took that in 1973 Professor Giovanni Bonatti refer to the presence in the province of Puglia in a “molosser dog for short hair, different from the Neapolitan mastiff, similar to the Bullmastiff and similar to the dog's Presa Mallorquínpara que un grupo de entusiastas se pusiera manos a la obra y tratara de recuperarla y darla a conocer dentro y fuera del país.

In fact its official recognition from the ENCI (Ente Nazionale di Cinophilia Italian) has only taken place in January of 1994, Once the table of work of the società  Amatoria Cane Corso (SACC) provide sufficient documentation, photos, datos y un nutrido grupo de ejemplares típicos para defender su existencia y antiquísimo origen.

Resulta casi siempre difícil hacer Historia de la historia de una raza canina, but in the case of the Cane Corso había suficiente documentación que revelaba su presencia desde muy antiguo en la parte meridional de lo que hoy es Italia. Certainly had to be traced back to many centuries ago, Learn about the legends of the inhabitants of the Mezzogiorno, investigate its folklore and more ingrained traditions, Learn about its history, the superstitions of an entire people, but, finalmente, After many years of intense and arduous research, Professor Fernando Casolino, of the SACC, He managed to gather enough data to this impressive animal because they have been many, muchísimas las referencias escritas y pictóricas que se han encontrado sobre este perro. It should be noted some dating as far back as the 15th and 16th centuries, tal es el caso de los poemas burlescos escritos en italiano entreverado con latín del fraile benedictino Folengo o las citas en elOf Quadrupelibus“, the renowned physician and naturalist Gessner, known as the “German Pliny”, sin olvidar la detalladísima descripción del ínclito Valvassone, that showed his power and the strength of their jaws in the “Poem of the head”.

In the 18th century, the count of Leclerc, Georges Buffon, mentioned you in your “Natural history” as well as did Oronzio Costa in his Treaty on “The fauna of the Kingdom of Naples”, published in 1839. Thirty years later Palumbo wrote also about our protagonist in his “Catálogo de mamíferos de Sicilia”.

Quotations continued to be frequent and already in 1900 Spalikowski mentioned him in his work “Evolution of the dog in the human society“, of essential reading for all lovers of dogs; mucho más cercanos en tiempo son los artículos y obras publicados por Fiorenzo Fiorone, Danilo Mainardi, Bonatti Mizzoli and how does not, my good friend Mario Perricone, who in the “Great encyclopedia of the dog” published by Agostino in 1987, He wrote widely on race, en el que se considera el artículo monográfico más importantes sobre el Cane Corso. Recently also of Priscus and Johson cite you in the “Canine Lexicon” referring to him as “a recreation of the old Marcellaio Cane”, bajo el epígrafe de “Sicilian Branchiero”, explicando que existía exclusivamente en Sicilia y que era conocido por su particular forma de moverse frente al rebaño, por lo que según los autores podría tener incluso relación con el bullenbeiser alemán y queen la isla funcionaba como un perro de carnicero y un conductor de rebaños de habilidades únicas” What, at a time “He could participate in bulls fighting just as did it other dogs of butchers in the continent”.

Priscus and Johson they also claim that in the eighties they arrived to the United States.UU. los primeros cachorros importados por un granjero siciliano que murió poco después y que constituyen la escasa base de cría en ese país.

They have been missing many years of work and staff of a few efforts to again talk of Italian Corso Dog, race so ancient and so deeply linked to the traditions and the history of the South of Italy and properly recover virtually from scratch. There was, in fact, muchas contradicciones sobre qué perro se asemejaba verdaderamente y encerraba en si la propia esencia del Cane Corso e hicieron falta muchos debates y muchas discusiones para ponerse finalmente de acuerdo sobre que ejemplar debían asentarse las bases de las nuevas líneas de cría.

Gone are all agreed on a male name “Dauno” que resumía la esencia misma de la raza y que trazó el camino que debían seguir quienes, with a passion beyond doubt wore years looking for precisely this path. Se decidió localizar hasta tres sujetos estrechamente consanguíneos para lograr fijar las características de la raza, tal y como la habían descrito los profesores Ballota, Bonatti and Casolina.

After exhaustive research studies and, at the end, not without major sacrifices, the recovery programme was gradually bearing fruit. In 1988, el Consejo Directivo del ENCI decidió que había llegado el momento de congregar al mayor número posible de ejemplares, produced by people not linked to that society both the scope of the SACC, and carry out a pilot trial in order to check homogeneity of type, de construcción y de carácter y su similitud con las características descritas en el proyecto de estándar que la SACC les había presentado. In three exhibitions-Bari, Florence and Milan- the judges Morsiani, Perricone and Vandoni examined fifty copies; then, in the autumn of that same year the SACC presented the ENCI the outcome of the first census carried out by the Lords Bruno and Indiveri which is didn't data out of a total of 57 ejemplares perfectamente típicos y rústicos ya registrados.

Did you know??

The Cane Corso is also known as Dogo di Puglia, that means “Dog Puglia”.

As result of this effort the ENCI promulgated the opening of a “Open book” en el que se podían inscribir todos los ejemplares adultos que hubieran sido debidamente tatuados, and therefore recognized as conforming with the standard project and in just four years became part of the same over 500 dogs, por lo que quedó claro que el programa de recuperación había tenido éxito.

Such results finally gave rise to the official recognition of the race in January of 1994.

Modernity and the decline of the work for which it was intended, no han impedido a esta raza mantener sus dotes características. Continúa siendo un perro con temperamento tenaz pero que no muerde por cualquier cosa. It is one of the best races of property protection. If you are very fond with the owner can be very sensitive to your mood.

Physical characteristics

Its skin is thick enough, with tissue limited connective and therefore virtually glued to the subcutaneous tissues of each region. The neck does not present practically double chin. The head does not have to submit wrinkles. The pigment of the mucous and the esclerosas has to be black. The pigment of the soles and nails must be dark.
The coat is short but not satin, de textura vítrea, gleaming, bright, adherent, serious, very dense, con una leve capa de sub-pelo que se acentúa en invierno, without that never reaches to emerge on the hair of coverage. His medium-length is 2/2′ 5 cm.. On the cross, the rump, and the subsequent edges of the thigh and on tail reaches the 3 cm., without ever giving rise to fringes. On the nose hair is private, smooth, adherent and not more than 1/1′ 5 cm..

It may be black, grey lead, Slate gray, light grey, Griffon clear, Red cervato, Dark tawny and striped (stripes against a background of Griffon or grey colour of various shades). En los sujetos leonados y atigrados está presente una máscara negra o gris cuya extensión no debe sobrepasar la línea de los ojos. Admitted a small white patch on the chest, at the tip of toes and on the nasal helm.

The height the cross in the males is of 64 a 68 cm., in the females of 60 a 64 cm.. With tolerance of 2 cm more or less. The weight in the males is of 45 a 50 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,71 kg per cm). And in the females of 40 a 45 kg (ratio weight /talla 0,68 kg/cm).

Salud de Cane Corso

Some of the health conditions that have been in the Cane Corso are the Hip Dysplasia, eye problems such as Entropion or ectropion, demodectic mange and the tendency to bloat.

Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Cane Corso maintain an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Character and skills

His character affable and faithful with their own. His psychological balance and extreme functional versatility that allows you to adapt to everything, He is doing to gain more followers and indeed again used you in grazing and foster as old tasks, and also in the hunt, aunque poco a poco va ganándose un puesto preferente como animal de compañía y en lo que se ha dado en llamar la terapia con animales domésticos (“pet therapy”).

However, for its size and extraordinary force Cane Corso owner should be able to educate from the first moment to always have it under control, in such a way that never conflicts surprises or, It must learn from puppy what is right and what not, What is prohibited and what is allowed, so that later there will be no setbacks, recommending further vocational training of certain circumstances, provided that the dog has acquired a certain degree of maturity, Therefore we must not forget that, in the case of molossians, su desarrollo psicológico es siempre más lento que el físico.

Aware of its size and appearance, corso usually does not express nervousness and willingly accepts to any person that his own master will accept either. When he is assigned the custody of a property his balanced temperament allows her always from a background, with great discretion, and only in the case of real necessity, actúa y ataca. Así podemos concluir que el Cane Corso es un animal impresionante, balanced and effective in any task requiring him. There is a legend made reality.

Cane Corso's Education

With patience and sensitivity
The Cane Corso is not a beginner dog and only belongs to responsible hands. Learn quickly and with pleasure if you treat it with patience and sensitivity during training. If it is to be kept as a family dog, Cane Corso's protective instincts should not be encouraged during training. Early and comprehensive socialization is especially important, so that the dog gets used to other people and animals and reacts calmly in all situations.

Care of Cane Corso

Cane Corso's coat is shiny, smooth and short, and does not require extensive cleaning. Cane Corso tiene una fina capa de fondo que puede protegerlo del frío a veces. A massage sponge or soft brush should be used regularly to stimulate blood circulation. – this ensures a healthy and shiny coat.

Nutrición Cane Corso

Only with high meat content
With prepared food, pay attention to a high meat content, low grain content and high quality. An adult dog needs enough fresh meat and vegetables for a healthy diet.. Young dogs, on the other hand, no deben ser alimentados con demasiadas proteínas. Los alimentos que son demasiado ricos en proteínas pueden promover el crecimiento demasiado rápido y fomentar las enfermedades del aparato óseo. La alimentación debe dividirse en dos comidas al día. One of them must be given directly after the daily walk. In this way the dog gets its reward after the “work done”.

The life expectancy of the Cane Corso

Cane Corso can reach a relatively high age, lo que es realmente atípico para perros tan grandes. A healthy and active dog will easily reach the age of 10 a 14 years, as long as you exercise a lot and have a balanced diet. This robustness and long life expectancy compared to other larger dog breeds are due to the strong bone structure and robust construction.

Buy Cane Corso

Los criadores serios ofrecen no sólo un pedigrí con un registro completo de los ancestros del perro, but also a complete advice that goes beyond the purchase. Before buying or reserving a puppy, exhaustive information must be obtained from the local authority to know what conservation regulations exist.

Images Cane Corso

Vídeos Cane Corso

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Cane Corso"

FCIFCI - Cane Corso
Cane

Alternative names:

    1. Italian Mastiff, Italian Corso Dog, Cane Corso Italiano (English).
    2. Cane Corso Italiano, Chien de Cour Italien (French).
    3. Cane Corso, ITALIENISCHER CORSO-HUND (German).
    4. Mastim Italiano (Portuguese).
    5. Mastín italiano (español).