French Tricolour Hound
Francia FCI 219 - Large-sized Hounds

French Tricolour Hound

It is an unusual breed and little known outside of France.

Content

History French Tricolour Hound

The true ancestry of French Scent hounds it will probably never be discovered as most early breeders didn't bother to keep any breeding records. However, it can be stated with quite certainty that the breed was created by mixing live and now extinct breeds of French and English Scent hounds.

The French Tricolour Hound it is a breed of recent creation (1957), probably comes from the crossing of the Great Anglo-French tricolor hound with the Poitevin hound, the Billy and possibly the Great Gascony Blue. The standard is of the year 1965.

The French Tricolour Hound was kept solely for hunting in large herds. Its largest quarry were large wild animals such as deer, the wolf and the boar. A group of several hounds detected the scent trail of one of these mammals and chased it, barking loudly so the hunter could go after them. Depending on the type of animal pursued, the dogs were to corner him or kill him immediately.

The number of specimens decreased dramatically after two world wars. French hunting enthusiasts managed to save her, although many unique French breeds were lost to the world during these terrible times.

At present their breeding and therefore their population are supported only by the French hunting community.. In general, the future of French Tricolour Hound you will be fairly insured as long as there are fans of dog hunting in your homeland.

Physical characteristics French Tricolour Hound

The French Tricolour Hound he is a distinguished dog, elegant, well built and muscular. The head is not too imposing, but rather elongated; the occipital protuberance is marked. Eyes are big and brown, sometimes with black border. The look is smart. The ears are larger than the Poitevin hound, placed at eye level, a little forward, not too flexible; pulled forward, it is preferred that they reach the base of the muzzle, but it is accepted that they are two fingers shorter. The queue is quite long, carried high and gracefully.

  • Hair: Short and quite fine.
  • Color: tricolor, with a more or less extensive coat. Shades of red preferably bright, that can reach the leather. Dark spots on the eyes and cheeks should be avoided, and the blue or tan spots on the limbs and body.
  • Size: 62 a 72 cm for the male and 60 a 68 cm for female.
  • Weight: approx.. 30 kg
  • Character and skills French Tricolour Hound

    The only function of the French Tricolour Hound is hunting, making it difficult to make a generalization regarding their behavior patterns and temperament in a home environment. However, it is not necessary to suggest that a socialized specimen can become an educated and balanced family pet. Like most scent hounds, he is gentle with children and likes to be a part of their various activities.. This dog is probably too energetic and playful to be a suitable companion for a child.

    The French Tricolour Hound tends to become somewhat distant and reserved in the presence of strangers. However, will never show open aggressiveness unless they suspect that something or someone threatens their family. Some of these dogs are vigilant enough to perform surveillance duties. This sociable and caring breed will make a terrible guardian, that he would rather greet an intruder by wagging his tail than resorting to necessary actions.

    Canine aggressiveness is considered a major defect in the temperament of hounds, that were developed for herd hunting. For this reason, members with the slightest hint of this undesirable trait are immediately excluded from the breeding program. The French Tricolour Hound is known for its exceptional tolerance towards other canines. Despite its excessively peaceful nature, also requires early socialization in this regard. It is worth remembering that the breed has a very powerful drive to hunt down and kill other species of animals., especially stray cats. You can get along with individual family pets if you have been raised with them since your puppy.

    French Tricolour Hound Health

    The most common problems for the breed include:

    – canine hip dysplasia;
    – elbow dysplasia;
    – eye problems;
    – sarna demodex;
    – skin infections;
    – skin allergies;
    – chronic ear infections;
    – bloodhound ataxia.

    Caring for the French Tricolour Hound

    The French Tricolour Hound Needs a negligible amount of maintenance. Regular brushing will be enough to keep his short, graceful coat in reasonably good condition..

    The ears of this breed are highly susceptible to irritation and infection, so its systematic examination and cleaning should become an essential part of care routines. Apart from that, the master must cut the emails of his French Tricolour Hound at least every two months.

    French Tricolour Hound Training

    The training of French Tricolour Hound poses a considerable challenge. The breed is a natural hunter and requires basic training in all that concerns its original hunting duties.. Unfortunately, his persistence in the search for prey turns into stubbornness in training. In addition, cannot stay focused on the same boring task for long and is easily irritated by its multiple repetitions.

    The best training strategy for this dog should include abundant rewards in the form of praise and tasty treats.. Negative reinforcement doesn't work with French Tricolour Hound and must be avoided at all costs.

    Exercise with French Tricolour Hound

    The French Tricolour Hound it is an athletic and robust hunting dog, easily adapts to extremely strenuous physical activity. At a minimum it should be taken on a brisk walk of 45 minutes. You should always wear a leash when you are outside, as it is very difficult to call you back once you have been lured by some interesting trail.

    The French Tricolour Hound behaves calm and relaxed once exercise requirements have been fully met. Keep in mind that a poorly exercised dog will gradually develop unpleasant behavior problems such as continuous barking, internal hyperactivity or destruction. This breed is best suited for suburban life in the house with a large, secure yard.

    French Tricolour Hound videos

    Chien Français Tricolore ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??Chien Français Tricolore ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??
    Französischer Laufhund – Mady- Vermittelt!!

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 219
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.1: Large sized hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI Standard French Tricolour Hound

    French Tricolour Hound FCI French Tricolour Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chien Français Tricolore (English).
      2. Français tricolore (French).
      3. Französischer Dreifarbiger Laufhund(German).
      4. français tricolore (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso francés tricolor (Spanish).

    Photo: brit-petfood.com

    Japanese Terrier
    Japón FCI 259 . Small sized Terriers.

    Japanese Terrier

    It hardly enjoys diffusion and is practically to be discovered.

    Content

    History

    In the middle of the Edo era, about 1700, a small dog appeared in Japan that looked a lot like the terrier type. It was the result of a cross between small Japanese dogs with English Fox Terrier Smooth, which was brought to the port of Nagasaki by Dutch sailors. At that time the port of Nagasaki was the only port open to western countries, especially the dutch. After several generations, some descendants of these dogs were bred as a type of Italian Greyhound.

    Around 1900, al final de la era Meiji, some of the best of the aforementioned dogs were seen in the Kobe district and called “Terriers de Kobe”. His type was something between modern Fox Terrier Smooth and the modern Japanese Terrier. They were the first terriers to be bred in Japan. This “Kobe Terrier” and some of their ancestors were also called “Oyuki Terrier” and “Mikado Terrier” and it is said that they were lovingly cared for by locals and also by foreigners.

    Around 1916 An ancestor of the Japanese Terrier appeared in the Nada district, near Kobe, a so-called dog “KURO” (born in 1913 in Kobe), that means “black” in Japanese. This dog was a cross between a English toy terrier and Bull Terrier miniature, both imported from western countries. These pups were raised with dogs of the aforementioned Kobe Terrier. The result was a very short haired dog, slim and small of the Terrier type and was called JAPANESE TERRIER (NIHON) since then. In those days, Osaka County's top breeders engaged in inbreeding and line breeding to consolidate appearance. Thanks to your efforts, the breed was firmly established in 1930.

    In 1932 NIHON TERIA CLUB was founded under the presidency of Tamara KIKUJIRO. The JAPANESE TERRIER was ideal for city dog ​​breeders and became fashionable.

    In 1940, where cities were built everywhere and with these cities grew the demand for a smaller and more active dog than the large guard dogs, the JAPANESE TERRIER became very popular. However, in all its history, this breed was twice threatened with extinction. The first time, during WWII and again, about 1948, due to loss of popularity among the Japanese, since other western races were more fashionable.

    Although the JAPANESE TERRIER was recognized by the F.C.I. (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 1964, this breed was practically unknown outside of Japan.

    According to the documents, three basic lines of JAPANESE TERRIER were mentioned: “LANDMARK” (by Mr.. Nobuaki Shigematsu, Yamaguchi Prefecture), “APPLY” (by Mr.. Sumiko Amano, Hamamatsu City) and “TAMA TAKAHARA” (by Mr.. Jun Takahara, Such).

    Around 1985, there was less than 50 bitches available for breeding throughout Japan. After the great efforts of some volunteers, who were aware of the need for immediate protection of the race, the number of dogs had reached about 400 breeding dogs after seven years.

    Therefore, special mention must be made of the efforts of Mr.. Jun TAKAHARA, whose commitment made the JAPANESE TERRIER known beyond the borders of Japan.

    The breed was not seen in European countries until 1991, when a couple of Japanese Terriers arrived in France at the request of Mrs.. Luisa González de Castejón. Their dog names were “Kuroyuri Maru de Tama Takahara” (male) and “Keshinome Brains de Tama Takahara” (female).

    Another European breeder had also joined this adventure in the years 90: The Sr. Roberto Verde from Naples (Italy) he also owned three beautiful Japanese Terriers.

    Time and time again there have been and still are some breeders who care for this breed, but unfortunately it was not possible to establish a stable population in Europe.

    After 2 years of establishing contact with the Japanese breeder Mr.. Thoshihide OZAKI was able to import the FIRST JAPANESE TERRIER on 4.11.2014 to AUSTRIA. “YODOGIMI de OZAKI FARM JP” Born 28.06.2014. This dog was registered with the Austrian Kennel Club (ÖHZB) con JAPT 1.

    In order to create a breeding base, more dogs have been imported from Japan in recent years. In total 4 females were brought to Austria and two males (Ozaki Farm JP’s HIBIKI Swiss / 2017 & Ozaki Farm JP’s SHIN / 2018) were transferred to Switzerland. In 2017 the first Japanese Terrier was registered in Switzerland.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a small dog, elegant in appearance, and a defined and compact configuration.

    Shoulder height: 30 cm. – 33 cm.; Weight: a few 5 kg

    Fur: Short (2mm) smooth, dense and glossy; the coat does not need any additional care;

    Color: Head: Tricolor (fire and white); Body: Basic color white with small black or tan spots.

    The breeders of the JAPANESE TERRIER are very demanding in terms of appearance and color markings, that are sometimes considered more important than your sports skills. The ideal colors and markings in a Japanese Terrier are black, chocolate brown and beige: The head, ears and nose bone should be dark in color, black or chocolate brown. The muzzle to the nose and on each cheek and above each eye should be light brown. The lower jaw will be white. A clear “V” is visible on the neck. Occasionally there are also dark gray heads with light brown markings. However, this is considered to be the worst of the color variations. This is different with the deep black heads. This black color is allowed, because it reminds one of the old kobe dogs.

    Character and skills

    The JAPANESE TERRIER is not only a very intelligent puppy, but also mischievous and full of terrier temperament. Knowing him means loving him for his great sensitivity. Has a cheerful character and will participate in games with pleasure and joy. It is a one-man dog whose devotion flatters its owner. As an attentive house dog will warn of the approach of a stranger but without being aggressive. It is very easy to train and can learn all kinds of tricks. His greatest effort is to please his owner. As a sports partner he has great skills and innate instincts. Has an excellent sense of smell and good eyesight, but still has no hunting ambitions. It's never quarrelsome, She gets along well with other dogs, especially with his own race.

    It is an independent puppy, whose characteristics make it a pleasant “partner”. It is suitable for young people, for both athletes and the young at heart. And one thing is especially important for the little terrier: snuggling with its owner.

    Attitude: The Japanese terrier is a small dog, but still needs enough activity. It is the ideal companion for active people. Likes to learn and is therefore also suitable for mind games or dog sports that are suitable for small breeds.

    It is a “perro faldero” in the positive sense. But that's only if you're tired of the many races!

    With the kids:

    The JAPANESE TERRIER is very attached to its owners and enjoys a good snuggle. However, he is not a babysitter dog. As in all small dog breeds, small body size has advantages when traveling, but it becomes a disadvantage with – and I say it with affection – the clumsy hands of children. This means that when they have children, make sure children handle the dog with care. Offer the dog an area where he can retreat if he becomes too heavy for him. If this is observed, nothing stands in the way of positive cooperation.

    The correct nutrition of the Japanese Terrier

    Proper nutrition is extremely important to avoid diet-related diseases. It is important to have a balanced diet that suits your beloved. Due to its active nature, the Japanese Terrier has its own nutritional requirements. It is very agile, so you need to pay attention to a sufficient power supply.

    High-quality whole foods are precisely tailored to your dog's nutritional needs. This ensures a supply of all the nutrients your dog needs.. High-quality prepared foods have the advantage that no feed additives are needed.

    Terriers are often susceptible to allergies based on gluten-containing grains. In this case, you must ensure that the food contains other sources of carbohydrates. Rice or potatoes are a good alternative here. Food intolerance can lead to skin rashes, inflammation and digestive problems.

    It is recommended to feed your terrier several times a day in small portions. After each feeding, a pause in digestion must be ensured. You should refrain from eating before planned sports activities.

    Japanese Terrier Care

    Your Japanese Terrier's coat is extremely easy to care for, since it only measures about 2 cm long. Don't lose much, but you will enjoy removing loose hairs with a silicone glove. Even dandruff can be removed and the blood circulation of the skin is stimulated.

    Your terrier's hair doesn't grow too thick. Therefore, it is recommended to put on a coat during the cold months. If you stay outdoors for a longer period of time, protect your stomach and nose with sun milk.

    When caring for your terrier's teeth, you should make sure not to feed him any food that contains sugar. These damage teeth, which in turn can lead to serious digestive problems.

    The Japanese Terrier has a highly developed musculature, but its bone structure is quite fine. Therefore, the use of a dog harness is recommended instead of a collar. If you stay home alone for a while, chewing bones of an appropriate size can be used as a toy.

    Images of the Japanese Terrier

    Photos:

    1 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pleple2000
    2 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorsk by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    4 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski. by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    5 – A Japanese Terrier by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    6 – Bernie Lindsey, my dog by Bernielindsey44 at en.wikipedia / Public domain
    7 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier. by Paweł Gąsiorski / CC BY-SA

    Videos of the Japanese Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 259
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 2: Small-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
    • Japan Kennel Club – Terriers
    • FCI Japanese Terrier Breed Standard

      JAPANESE TERRIER FCI JAPANESE TERRIER FCI

      Alternative names:

        1. Nippon Terrier, Nihon Teria, Nihon Terrier, Kobe Terrier, Mikado Terrier, Oyuki (snowy) Terrier (English).
        2. Nihon teria (French).
        3. Nippon-Terrier, Nishon-Terrier (German).
        4. nihon, nippon terrier (Portuguese).
        5. Nihon teria, Terrier Nipón, Terrier Japonés (Spanish).

    Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier
    Irlanda FCI 302 . Large and medium sized Terriers

    Glen of Imaal Terrier

    This Terrier is generally believed to be less excitable than the others, although it takes action immediately when prompted.

    Content

    History

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier originates from the Irish east coast, in county wicklow, which is in the ravine (=Valle) the Imaal. From this rough and wild valley this very old breed got its name. It was first mentioned around 1575.

    Like old farm dog, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier he had a very busy life and worked hard for his master. Their job was to catch rats and mice on farms and operate smaller work machines such as churns and shredders., where I had to run with leather straps. He also accompanied his master on the fox hunt, the Badger and Otter. He worked in silence and if necessary he fought to the death. Before it was banned in Ireland, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier also used in questionable dogfights. Of course, he was also the most loyal friend and guarded the house and the yard, never shied away from facing a much bigger and stronger opponent.

    For its owner, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier was as important as his daily bread, although undemanding, frugal and tough enough to share the barren life of farmers. This harsh life brought with it a ruthless selection. Only the toughest and most frugal Terriers survived, what characterizes the breed until today.

    The pedigree of Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it's an irish secret to this day. In Ireland itself, this Terrier has never been numerous and did not leave his ancestral home until 1980, when the owners preserved him as a true child of nature, marked by great courage, skill and endurance. In 1933 the breed was officially recognized by the Irish Kennel Club ( I.K.C.). The international recognition of the F.C.I. continued on 1981.

    Physical characteristics

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is small but strong and robust and weighs up to 16 kilograms with a maximum height at the withers of 36 centimeters. Its relatively small forward leaning ears are notable.. Its coat is medium length and consists of a rough top layer and a smooth bottom layer. It can be wheat colored, tabby blue or in different shades of red and gold. In the case of a dark colored coat, a black-blue mask is common, which can also show as stripes over the ears, along the back and tail, so these marks become clearly clearer with increasing age.

    Character and skills

    Today the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a gentle and docile family dog. Its balanced and faithful nature, as well as his average temperament make life with him very pleasant. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is very affectionate, always happy and in a good mood and preferably “in the middle”. Enjoy all the attention and care, but without demanding anything. Rather, follows her around with her alert gaze and once she has gained attention, shows his joy for it with strong tail blows. If the joy is particularly great, his temperament can also run away with him.

    Children are welcome as playmates, if they show him the respect that he shows. Pets are accepted by him without problems when they get used to each other. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier she is always friendly with strangers, and with his contagious joy, her charm and her irresistible gaze quickly has all the sympathies on her side. After all, it is a terrier that radiates a lot of personality. He is open-minded and not afraid to learn new things. He likes to be everywhere with his nose. In general, everything that is new – Weird people, new environments, an object that has not been there before – it is very interesting and has to be examined very carefully. The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is a particularly attentive observer. Along with her charming nature and her desire to do everything right, is very adaptable and develops a very close relationship with his family. He likes to accompany them whenever possible. Like a very people-oriented terrier, I would defend them in an emergency, even to death. Feel more comfortable in your proximity.

    What characterizes him Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is his great courage, his self-confidence and his intelligence above average. Sufficient workload and intellectual work are important to the intelligent four-legged friend. Enjoy almost all activities, be it sports with dogs, search games or learning tricks – is available for all kinds of fun.

    Despite its short legs, it is very agile, due to his muscular physique, a small power. Its special features are its slightly curved front legs with the legs turned outwards, his big head and his pronounced chest. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a very balanced dog, that radiates great calm on the one hand, but on the other hand you are immediately ready for action and, if required, vigorously watches over and defends your home and family.

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier – the little irish with a big heart

    Like a silent working terrier it hardly barks. It is also less excitable than other terriers. Sometimes you can see the Irish stubbornness, but the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier not resentful. Due to its origin it does not tolerate heat very well, he likes harsh weather and when the wind blows around his nose. But if the chemistry is not correct, or if the other dog brazenly approaches him, you will receive the message – “Glen doesn't like your attitude”. Therefore, it is important to socialize with other dogs from the beginning and to have contact with many dogs of different ages.

    Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier Care

    Because the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier still very original and not over-bred, still a very healthy and robust breed. Its coat has a rough top coat with a smooth undercoat that needs to be trimmed. In all other respects, his self-cleaning coat is very easy to care for. Coat color is wheat or Brindle (Blue striped).

    A consistent but loving upbringing makes the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier a faithful companion, nice and gentle, which is easy to handle.

    Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier Life Expectancy

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is considered an original dog breed, that is in good health and robustness due to the absence of hereditary diseases caused by breeding. If maintained in a species-appropriate manner, will live an average of twelve years.

    Images of the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier

    Photos:

    1 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    2 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – Adult w:Glen of Imaal Terrier by photo by Scoo / CC BY-SA
    4 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    5 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    6 – Glen of Imaalinterrieri by Sami Kronqvist / CC BY-SA

    Videos of the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 302
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • AKC – Terriers
    • ANKC – Terriers
    • CKC – Terriers
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    FCI standard of the breed Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier

    IRISH GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER FCI IRISH GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier, Wicklow Terrier, Glen, Glennie (English).
      2. Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (French).
      3. Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (German).
      4. Glen of imaal terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Glen, Wicklow Terrier, Glen of Imaal Terrier, Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (Spanish).

    Brazilian terrier
    Brasil FCI 341 - Large and medium-sized Terrier.

    Brazilian Terrier

    Due to his easy training and physical abilities, the Brazilian terrier in Brazil it is used as a circus dog.

    Content

    History

    Although the Brazilian terrier was originally from Brazil, his ancestors did not come from South America, but mainly from Europe. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Brazilian youths studied at European universities, especially in England and France. It was not uncommon for them to come home married and their wives sometimes brought small terrier dogs with them. These were mixed with the native males and females, so a breed of dog developed, whose members looked different and literally strange.

    But in a few generations the phenotype of the Brazilian terrier. It is believed to be the result of crossing Pinscher, Chihuahua and Jack Russel Terrier.

    By the way, the Brazilian terrier became familiar with the different living conditions in Brazil: At first families with their dogs lived in the countryside before being attracted to the big urban centers, that gradually developed. The Brazilian terrier used to serve primarily as a rat hunter. In the meantime, However, its field of application has been expanded: they are excellent guard and family dogs.

    Selective breeding of this breed of dog, highly appreciated in Brazil but almost unknown in Europe, started around 1970. The Brazilian terrier was provisionally recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1995 and from 2007 is completely included as a breed in the catalog of the largest cynological organization in the world. Bears the standard number 341 and is in the group 3 (terriers), section 1 (Large and medium-sized terriers).

    Physical characteristics

    The Brazilian terrier is a dog's size medium, slim and harmonious construction. Its square body with rounded outer lines is firm but not too heavy. The weight of an adult animal is a maximum of eight to ten kilograms. This applies to both males and females, although the height at the withers is different in both: While reaching 35 a 40 centimeters in males, it's just 33 a 38 centimeters in females.

    Interesting and unusual is that Brazilian terrier have different tail lengths from birth: From a rudimentary stump on a medium long tail to a full tail, you can find the most varied expressions. This characteristic characteristic of the breed gives the Brazilian terrier an individual appearance and does not detract from its charm, on the contrary.

    The dog also owes its special charisma to the small folded ears, as well as the big round blue eyes, green, brown, Bluish gray or reddish brown with an open and lively look. The head seems very expressive. It has a triangular shape and is wide at the base. The face narrows noticeably from the widely spaced ears to the tip of the nose. Due to the relatively distinctive groove on the forehead, seems thoughtful.

    The short coat, smooth, fine and tight dog feels very nice, a bit like the hair of a rat. No underwear. Especially soft areas are found on the head, the ears, the bottom of the neck and the inside of the front legs. As a rule, a Brazilian terrier it's tricolor. The basic color is always white. It is flanked by black marks, blue and / or brown red, they provide a distinctive pattern. Over and over you hear and read that the Brazilian terrier has strong similarities to Fox Terrier. This is undeniable, but there are visible differences: the Brazilian's muzzle is much shorter and the body contours appear more rounded, while the body of the Fox Terrier is more angular.

    Character and skills

    The character of Brazilian terrier can be described, justly, as little complicated. Their social behavior is once again much better than that of other types of terrier. For example, the stubbornness of Russel and I shake it off Fox Terrier are much less present in South America. He is very friendly with the people he meets and in relation to contact with their owners, one can use terms like “loving” and “Tender”. Also with other dogs the Brazilian terrier usually gets along smoothly.

    Like your relatives in the terrier family, the Brazilian terrier it is extremely spirited, and therefore active and lively. You could also say: a real brazilian. As a result, need plenty of exercise. He loves to accompany runners and hikers and frolic with children., but is content with fun adventures in the park without complaining. But please, pay attention to the variety: The dog finds both pleasure in ball games and recovery. It moves freely and elegantly. Typical are the short and fast steps.

    The Brazilian terrier is considered a smart dog – but of course this requires a certain amount of activity, not just outside, but also inside the house or the apartment. Its high level of attention and the fact that it is initially reserved towards strangers, his above average barking often qualifies him as a watchdog. It is also worth mentioning the dog's ability to empathize in almost any situation..

    In short, It is an excellent dog for home and family or social, which can be easily trained with a successful mix of gentle and patient guidance. Canine sports enthusiast (agility, fly-ball). In addition, gets along very well with horses, making it an excellent companion for horse owners. Thanks to his pleasant character, the Brazilian terrier also suitable as a beginner dog for people who have had little or no experience of active dog ownership to date.

    Considering its origin, the Brazilian terrier is naturally used to tropical temperatures. For this reason it is recommended to give up the breed if you live in very cold and rainy climates.

    Care and health of the Brazilian Terrier

    The maintenance of Brazilian terrier it's comparatively easy. This is mainly due to the short, smooth coat without undercoat. The dog hardly loses hair, so it is also suitable for allergy sufferers who have to do without the four-legged friends of other races for health reasons.

    Talking about health:

    Another positive aspect is that the Brazilian terrier they are particularly resistant to diseases and have a high life expectancy. On average, they live on 12 a 15 years. Only with respect to the ears is necessary caution: Dogs have what are known as slanted ears, which means that the ear canal is angled. This makes ventilation of the inner ear somewhat more difficult., which promotes the settlement of bacteria and fungi and significantly increases the probability of a dangerous ear infection. For this reason, the ears of the Brazilian terrier must be cleaned regularly and thoroughly. To do this, earlobes and special ear cleaners are used. These agents help loosen dirt and wax from the ear and, therefore, keep the quadruped healthy. Important: Never use cotton swabs. They would have a counterproductive effect.

    Images of the Brazilian Terrier

    Photos:

    1 – Brazilian terrier – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    2 – Juliana Lopes / CC BY by Brazilian Terrier, uploaded from Flickr
    3 – Matt Hidalgo / CC BY-SA by Filomena and one more of their faces =) (Brazilian Terrier)
    4 – Terrier brasileño by Sini Merikallio / CC BY-SA
    5 – The 4 genetically possible colours of Terrier Brasileiro. From left to right: Tricolor black, tricolor brown, tricolor blue, tricolor isabela by TerrierBrasileiroDaPedraFilosofal / CC BY-SA
    6 – Terrier brasileño by https://brit-petfood.com/en/breed-catalog/terriers/brazilian-terrier
    7 – Terrier brasileño by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1188027

    Videos of the Brazilian Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 341
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers. Section 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • CBKC

    FCI Standard of the Brazilian Terrier breed

    BRAZILIAN TERRIER FCI BRAZILIAN TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Fox Paulistinha (English).
      2. terrier brasileiro (French).
      3. Terrier Brasileiro (German).
      4. Fox paulistinha, Foquinho (Portuguese).
      5. Fox Paulistinha, Terrier Brasileiro (Spanish).

    Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog
    Bosnia & Herzegovina CroaciaFCI 355 . Molossoid . Mountain

    Pastor de Bosnia-Herzegovina y Croacia

    The Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog It is a very sensitive and quiet dog.

    Content

    History


    The Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog, also called Tornjak, it is an ancient breed of dog, and its exact origin is lost in the meanders of history. Most specialists agree that it is one of the descendants of the Tibet Mastiff, that arrived in Europe several thousand years ago.

    Some accounts suggest that it already existed in the Dinaric Alps (in present-day Bosnia) at the time of the Roman Empire, almost ago 2000 years. However, the first descriptions of a dog corresponding to the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog can be found in documents of the Bosnian Catholic Church dating from 1067.

    Three centuries later, in 1374, Petar Horvat, then bishop of Dakovo, Croatia, also described a dog that looked like the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog in all aspects, size, color and function. At that time it was called Canis Montanis (“mountain dog”) and I was already working with the shepherds, leading flocks of sheep in the mountain pastures and, above all, protecting them from the attacks of wolves.

    The name Tornjak first appeared in 1752 in the writings of Father Petar Lukic, member of the Dakovo Catholic Church. It is said to derive from the Croatian word “Tor”, which could be translated as “flock of sheep”.

    This dog was found mainly in present-day Bosnian territory, and to a lesser extent in Croatia. The first scientific references to him date back to the beginning of the 20th century, and more precisely to 1905, when Austrian dog fan Franz Laska accurately identified a mountain dog seen in Bosnia, call Tornjak by the locals. However, the Tornjak remained confined to the mountains for a long time. It even declined sharply in the following decades as lifestyles changed and grazing decreased.. Its population grew from several thousand in the nineteenth century to just under a hundred in the decades of 1960 and 1970, when a few Croatian and Bosnian enthusiasts conducted a census to preserve the breed.

    If most of the specimens identified then came from Bosnia, It was in Croatia that a breeding program was established in the late 80. In 1979, in Zagreb (Croatia), the Yugoslavia Canine Association officially recognized the breed, and in 1982 the first litter with a full pedigree was born as a result of this breeding program. Despite this almost rebirth, the Tornjak he was not at the end of his problems, since the explosion of Yugoslavia in 1991 and the civil war that followed caused him many difficulties.

    The new Croatian Canine Association decided to identify a breed Tornjak croata, while his counterpart in Bosnia-Herzegovina spoke of the Tornjak bosnio. Although these dogs were in all respects the same, the fact that they were considered two separate breeds prevented them from breeding each other, for example.

    Was not up 2003 that the two organizations unified their standards under the name of Tornjak. In 2007, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) provisionally recognized the Tornjak, that took the name of Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog. At that time, had 1800 specimens registered in Croatia, and 2700 in Bosnia.

    After this recognition, the breed timidly began to make a name for itself outside the countries of the former Yugoslavia. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) accepted it in 2011, while the American Kennel Club (AKC), the other reference organization in the country, included it in 2012 in his Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a preliminary step before full recognition, what has not yet been produced to date. The first specimens arrived in Great Britain in 2013, and steps were taken to gain recognition from the prestigious and influential Kennel Club (KC), the reference body of the country. Have not yet succeeded. In canada, the Canadian Kennel Club (KC) does not recognize the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog. However, year 2017 marked its final acceptance by the CFI.

    Very popular in his home region, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog struggles to win over his audience beyond his native region. It is extremely rare in North America, and it is not very common in Western Europe either. In France, He came in 2010. At the end of this decade, there were on average about fifty registrations per year in Livre des Origines Français (LOF).

    Physical characteristics

    Great and powerful, the Tornjaks retain above-average agility and flexibility for a mountain dog.

    They have an almost square shape, with strong bones that are not heavy, giving them a harmonious overall appearance. The tail is long, very mobile and bushy. When falling to rest, rises well above the level of the back when in action, which is rare in mountain dogs. Legs are powerful, parallel and raised.

    The head is elongated, with a slight stop. The muzzle is rectangular and ends in a dark nose with wide nostrils.. The eyes are also dark and almond-shaped. The ears, triangular and hairy, stand tall and fall along the cheeks.

    The undercoat is dense and thick, with a woolly texture in winter. Rigid top layer is long throughout the body, except on the face and front of the legs. It is particularly abundant on the neck, forming a mane that protects it from predator bites.

    The Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog and the Croatian Sheepdog are the ones that most often have a particular color, although there are white subjects, with only a few small spots of color. White is the most common background color, with markings of various colors: black, brown, cervato… More rarely, some individuals have a black coat stained with white.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is well marked in this breed: the female is not only smaller on average by about 5 cm., but also less massive.

    Character and skills

    The Tornjak he is surprisingly outgoing and caring for a shepherd who has worked for centuries in the mountains. He likes to spend time with his family, and is willing to play with older and smaller animals. In fact, he is a dog that adores children, and can spend hours entertaining them – The opposite also is true. However, due to its size and power, could easily inadvertently push a small child, so it is better if you are already a certain age, especially since then he is more likely to learn to behave with an animal and to respect it. In any case, a young child should never be left alone with a dog, regardless of race.

    Her attachment to the family she grew up with also means that she can hardly get used to life in a new home if the dangers of life mean she has to change ownership.. You are likely to have the greatest difficulty recovering from abandonment.

    In addition to his great closeness to his caregivers, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog he's also surprisingly personable with strangers. It barks when they approach and perfectly fulfills its guardian mission, but do not hesitate to go greet them and accept some caresses once their carer has validated their arrival.

    However, it would be a mistake to forget that your primary role is to protect your flock. Under his cheerful and friendly airs, hides boundless courage and amazing strength. However, is not aggressive and is content to bark when a threat approaches. But if the threat becomes clearer and your family is in danger, does not hesitate to force its non-aggressive nature and take action; few things can stop it. In addition, a malicious person would have no chance of persuading and corrupting him with sweets and caresses, because he is infallibly loyal.

    His sociability is also expressed against his peers, to the point that you can generally share your home perfectly with one or more dogs. In addition, has no predatory instinct, so it does not see cats or rodents as prey, and therefore is not inclined to chase them. However, the difference in size means that cohabitation can sometimes be dangerous. In practice, if there are small animals in the house, it's better for him Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog live outside.

    This would not be to displease you. In fact, used to large spaces, not really made for indoor living. You don't need to do a lot of intensive exercises every day, but must be able to move at any time, so it is not at all suited to apartment living, although his master takes it out for more than an hour a day. Needs a large enclosed garden, where I can patrol, run, to play…

    If it can be easily installed outdoors it is because, like any mountain dog, is independent and tolerates loneliness well. Can easily stay home while their owners are away during the day, and does not suffer from separation anxiety if this absence lasts for a weekend. However, under no circumstances should it be constantly left alone in the garden throughout the day. You need to spend time with your family, and two or three daily walks of at least half an hour each are ideal.

    Games and sports activities are also great ways to bond with him., while being physically and mentally stimulated. With an excellent memory that allows you to easily assimilate tricks and commands, has the potential to shine in dog sports like flyball, obedience or agility.

    However, you can't start physically demanding activities too early. In effect, given its size, when is a puppy, you experience growth spurts during which you need to slow down your burning, or at least avoid any overly intense strain on your joints and skeleton. Otherwise, there is a real risk of injury (sometimes with lifelong sequelae) or malformations.

    If you live in a residential area, the fence around the garden is better to be solid, to avoid accidents. In the same way, walks in parks and relatively crowded places should always be done on a leash, so you can hold back if you sense a threat. On the other hand, in an environment where encounters are rare (for example, in the mountains), can be free, If and when, of course, has assimilated the withdrawal orders.

    At last, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog has a serious and powerful bark that can be heard from a distance. Can be heard from a distance, and is also heard when approaching a stranger or when you perceive a suspicious noise. This is reassuring and enjoyable when living in an isolated area., but can quickly cause neighborhood problems in a residential neighborhood.

    Education

    Like all dogs, the Tornjak should be socialized as soon as you get to your new home. Give you the opportunity to meet all kinds of people, animals and situations during your first months helps you become familiar with the unknown, and to avoid being surprised or even reacting badly as an adult. Therefore, you should not hesitate to take any opportunity to meet the neighbors, friends, dealers, the vet… but also other animals, be it dogs, cats, rodents, horses, cows… You also have to deal with situations that you are not used to yet., especially the ones you will have to deal with regularly afterwards: travel by car, walk around the city, go out in a hectic environment…

    In addition, given its size, it is advisable to accustom it from an early age to being handled obediently. Brush, bathing or even clipping the claws can turn into moments of complicity with your caregiver, instead of being dreaded tests each time by both protagonists. In any case, trying to groom or bathe a dog 50 kg not accommodated can quickly become an adventure…

    Although they have the independent character of herding dogs, to the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog they like to please their owners. In addition, as his intelligence and memory are admirable, a caregiver who combines patience and know-how can go a long way in your education, even teaching them many tricks. However, although easier to handle than most mountain breeds, this does not make him a recommended dog for a novice sitter. However, it can be an interesting option for a person with a little experience who wants to face the challenge of a great independent dog.

    In any case, traditional training methods should not be used with the Tornjak, as they only reinforce their independent side instead of developing their potential. On the other hand, positive reinforcement, with the help of caresses, treats and stimuli, motivates you to want to learn more and more and allows you beautiful moments of complicity.

    The assimilation of memory is of particular importance: given its size, it is better for such a dog to obey the finger and the eye when his handler asks him to stop pulling on the leash or to return to him. This is the essential condition so that you can enjoy nature with total freedom, without being put on a leash.

    On the other hand, protection of the pack is instinctive in the Tornjak: you don't really need any training to play this role perfectly.

    Health

    The Tornjak it is an extremely robust breed of dog, with a life expectancy much higher than the average of dogs of its size, to the point that some specimens reach the 15 years of age.

    The thick, woolly coat of the Tornjak helps protect you from cold and bad weather, as well as the rays of the sun. It is clearly a dog made to live outdoors, who is not afraid of low temperatures as long as he has a place to take refuge. On the other hand, when the mercury rises and the heat wave sets in, it is better to limit your activities and make sure you have the opportunity to rest in a shady place.

    Although they are generally healthy, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog they are not exempt from certain problems, especially those that affect larger dog breeds. They are predisposed to ...:

  • Hip and elbow dysplasia, joint problems whose origins can be hereditary and which cause more or less severe locomotor difficulties;
  • gastric dilation-torsion, which often follows too rapid ingestion of large amounts of food, and it's fatal if a vet doesn't intervene quickly;
  • Protein intolerance, what can take, among other things, to a deterioration of the coat.
  • Other diseases have been reported occasionally in some subjects, but they are still exceptionally rare. These include anemia or von Willebrand disease, a hereditary condition.

    To limit the risk of having a puppy with a hereditary and / or congenital problem, nothing better than adopting from a breeder Tornjak serious and responsible. In particular, the professional must present an updated health or vaccination record, that allows to verify the vaccines received by the animal, as well as a certificate of good health signed by a veterinarian. However, the professional should also be asked to provide the results of the genetic tests performed to both the parents and the child.

    In addition, the drooping ears of the Tornjak can quickly become nests of infection if not cleaned weekly.

    In addition, how you spend most of your time outdoors, their fur is likely a breeding ground for parasites: even more so than with most tornjaks, it is imperative to be rigorous in the administration of regular pest control treatments to avoid this type of inconvenience.

    Last but not least, the fact that he is generally in good health does not exempt him from wearing it regularly (at least every year) to a routine check-up at the vet, just to keep it healthy. This not only ensures that you are up to date on your vaccinations, it also allows early detection of any health problems.

    Grooming

    The Tornjak rarely poses problems regarding your health, but its maintenance requires some effort.

    First of all, its thick coat needs to be brushed once or twice a week to avoid knots and remove dirt, and its size means that this task takes some time.

    During their annual shedding periods in the spring and fall, a lot of undercoat is shed, and brushing should then become a daily routine to deal with the large amount of dead hair.

    Brushing is also an opportunity to inspect your skin and make sure it is not injured., Court, sore or irritation. Spending most of the time outdoors, You are more exposed to these types of problems than a fellow man who lives in an apartment and only goes out for half an hour each day.

    In any case, if grooming is done regularly, can remove a large part of the dirt from their fur, keeping it relatively clean and odorless. Therefore, it is not necessary to bathe your dog often. Unless, of course, got particularly dirty, you can be content with doing it twice a year, at the time of the move. It is necessary to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs each time.

    On the other hand, as with any dog ​​with lop ears, special care is required to prevent dirt from building up and causing infection. Therefore, at least once a week, brushing his coat should be followed by cleaning his ears with a clean cloth.

    You should also take the opportunity to check your eyes and clean them, to limit the risk of eye infection, Although, unlike the ears, are not particularly susceptible to it.

    To end the beauty maintenance session, a teeth cleaning is de rigueur. It´s, in effect, the best way to effectively protect them against dental plaque formation, cavities and other problems at this level. Ideally, it should be done daily. No matter how often you do it, always use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs.

    It may also be necessary to trim your dog's claws from time to time. Even if your dog lives outdoors, natural wear and tear is not always enough to file its strong claws. If you hear them hitting the ground when you walk, have been made too long and could injure or break you: it's time to cut them with a special tool.

    Although all these operations do not require any particular knowledge, it is better to learn to do them correctly, especially to avoid hurting or even injuring your partner. It can be helpful the first time to have the help of a veterinarian or professional groomer to learn the correct gestures to perform.

    Buy a “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”

    The price of a puppy Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog is of some 1000 EUR, but it's a mean: the sale price varies according to the prestige of the breeding, the ancestry of the animal, but also and above all its characteristics. On the other hand, there is not a big difference according to sex: males and females are generally priced similarly.

    Having said that, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog still difficult to find outside of the former Yugoslavia countries. Therefore, it may be wise to turn to a Croatian breeder, Slovenian, Bosnian or Serbian to find the right one. The sale price will not necessarily be much cheaper, but then import costs must be added to the budget, registration and transportation.

    It is possible to find hatcheries in the United States, but it is also still very rare there.

    Characteristics “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”

    Photos:

    1 – “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bosniantornjak.jpg
    2 – And little Tornjak. Colour: white & black by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – And little Tornjak. Colour: white & brown by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – A Croatian Tornjak (aka Croatian Mountain Dog or Bosnian and Herzegovinian – Croatian Shepherd Dog) female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – And little Tornjak. Colour: white & black by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Toro the Tornjak. Photo taken in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 355
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC(FSS)

    FCI breed standard “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”

    FCIFCI – “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”
    Pastor of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Tornjak (English).
      2. Tornjak (French).
      3. Tornjak, Bosnien und Herzegowina und Kroatien (German).
      4. Tornjak (Portuguese).
      5. Tornjak (Spanish).

    Aussie
    Australia FCI 8 . Small sized Terrier

    Terrier Australiano

    The Aussie (Australian Terrier) It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, classified in the section 2.
    It is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence, loyalty and faithfulness.

    Sometimes it might be dominant so that a good training from an early age would be the right thing.

    Read all the information in the race by clicking on: Australian Terrier.

    Dogs breeds: Aussie


    Black Russian Terrier
    Rusia FCI 327 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

    Terrier Ruso Negro

    The Black Russian Terrier, need plenty of exercise, and it can be hyperactive and destructive

    Content

    History

    The Black Russian Terrier, (in Russian: Чёрный терьер), abbreviated as BRT, known, also as dog of Stalin (Sobaka Stalina), It is a breed of dog developed to serve as a guard dog and dog police.

    The breed was recognized as such in July of 2004, by the American Kennel Club.

    Despite its name, Black Russian Terrier, is not a pure Terrier: It is believed that they were used around twenty races in its development, including (among others) to the Airedale Terrier, the Giant Schnauzer, the Rottweiler, the Newfoundland, the Ovtcharka and the Moscow water dog, now extinct.

    Physical characteristics

    The Russian black terrier much more resemble a Schnauzer that to a Terrier. The head is long, with flat front. The strong muzzle. The eyes are small and dark. The trunk is solid. The limbs are straight and muscular.

    The Black Russian Terrier, gives the impression of great strength, agility and value. It is a robust dog, rustic in appearance (but not fat), and it must not appear as if his hair was sculpted or trimmed, must see bright in nature, and slightly curly.

    The coat is hard and dense, is not very smooth to the touch, It is as curly and the length of the hair will be of 4 a 10 cm.. The longest hair found in the beard and eyebrows, with a mane (not very dense but longer than the rest of the body) What, extends, slightly, the cross and the neck, most pronounced feature in males. The coat is low detachment and the color is black with some gray hair.

    According to the FCI standard (1983), the male must have a height of 66 a 72 cm to the cross and the female of 64 a 70 cm., with a tolerance of +/- 2 cm.. They must weigh between 35-70 kg.

    Did You Know?

    Although the word Terrier on their behalf, Black Russian Terrier is a member of the Working Group of the American Kennel Club.

    Character and skills

    The Black Russian Terrier, is a safe dog, quiet, very intelligent, brave and loyal. It should never be shy. It may seem distant, or perhaps independent, but in their basic needs, is the human company and love of his family.

    It is a healthy dog in general and their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

    Because of his upbringing as a working dog, has a very strong instinct worker (“the work ethic”), and that is why it is good to provide the animal some games to understand work roles, will be so happy.

    Initial training is a necessity, that you will take advantage of any owner who has not been able to establish a domain course. They are very sensitive to education and often Excel at obedience competitions. Also, they are very good in various dog sports, such as agility.

    The Black Russian Terrier, need plenty of exercise, and it can be hyperactive and destructive if it does not have the opportunity to burn their energy.

    Ratings of the Black Russian Terrier

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Black Russian Terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Exercise Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Black Russian Terrier images

    Black Russian Terrier videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattle Dogs. . / Section 1.4 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer. Working trial optional.
    • FCI 327
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI nomenclature breed Black Russian Terrier
    • RUSSIAN BLACK TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chornyi, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Russian Black Terrier, Chornyi Terrier (English).
      2. Terrier noir russe, errier noir (French).
      3. Russischer Schwarzer Terrier, Russischer Schwarzer Terrier (German).
      4. Terrier preto da Rússia, Cão de Stalin, chiorny Terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de Stalin (Spanish).

    Cesky Terrier
    República Checa FCI 246 . Small sized Terriers

    Terrier Checo
    vivacious “Cesky Terrier” It is small and like any terrier, loves to dig.

    Content

    History

    The Cesky Terrier is a small dog characterized by a long head, dull, wedge-shaped with a face bearded, drooping ears, a body and a long coat, silky gray. In 1949, The breeder Scottish Terrier and avid hunter Frantisik Horak what is now the Czech Republic crossed his Scots with “Sealyham terrier” to create what would become the “Cesky Terrier”, an elegant pack hunter terrier with a long coat, soft and silky. Horak loved hunting skills of their Scottish Terriers and personality of the Sealyham Terrier, but not the white coat Sealyham. He believed that both would produce a breeding dog get along while hunting group. Horak dogs were crossed for the first time a Scottish terrier bitch named Donka Lovuzdar, which it was both a hunting dog as a dog conformation show, and Sealyham called Buganier Urquelle, It is belonging to a herd hunting Sealyhams. In selecting the features he wanted (a dog that could go hunting on a Friday and that could be easily washed and brushed and he was ready to compete in exhibitions recognition on Saturday and Sunday), the Cruze was a dog with excellent olfactory abilities and a fur gray soft. He designed a haircut with scissors to show muscle and soft fur of the “Cesky Terrier” and give her a slim look. Horak documentation about the pedigrees of dogs and crosses that did become one of the rare breeds that can be traced back to its founders.

    Physical characteristics

    The “Cesky Terrier” It is a well-muscled hunter terrier, short-legged, well pigmented, rectangular format. It has floppy ears and wears a long coat, thin but solid, slightly wavy, with a silky sheen, not too filling. The coat comes in two color varieties: grey blue (to the puppies are born black) and light brown (to the puppies are born dark brown, chocolate). In both color varieties yellow markings allowed, gray or white. The “Cesky Terrier” It is longer than high with a top line that is slightly raised back. They are relatively similar to those of Sealyham terrier and the Scottish Terrier. The height to the cross is of 25 a 32 cm. (ideal 29 cm for males, 27 cm for females). The weight must be between 7 and 10 kg.

    Character and skills

    Like all races, the “Cesky Terrier” It is not suitable for everyone. It may be quieter than some breeds of Terrier, but still a Terrier. A puppy “Cesky Terrier” It is a very difficult dog to handle, with lots of energy. These small Terrie likes to hunt and dig them, and they need daily exercise in a safe playground. He will chase a ball and recover, and likes to go for a walk. They do not like to be left alone for long periods and can become annoying barkers if they have regular activity and company to channel their energy. The “Cesky Terrier” enjoys and excels in agility and tracking. Dog nature always on alert, their wariness of strangers and deep and loud barking it an excellent watchdog. He is loyal to his owner, but lack of socialization during puppyhood can do more reserved or even fearful of strangers. Your new puppy needs daily walks and trips to places suitable for dogs so you can meet people and see, smell and hear new things. Like most terriers, the “Cesky Terrier” I can be stubborn. That does not mean it is intelligent, but will have to use patience and guile to train. Make training sessions are short and fun. Use lots of praise and rewards as games and goodies when you do something you like. Always I am firm and consistent in what you ask for that not to be confused with what you want or think you can get away with it. However, is sensible, so avoid harsh corrections. You must be able to convey his displeasure through the expression and tone of voice, never screaming or hitting. Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer for puppies when you have between 10 and 12 weeks to socialize. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until their complete vaccination. Talk to the breeder, It describes exactly what you are looking for a dog and asks for help to select a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about your lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want a “Cesky Terrier”, look for one whose parents have pleasant personalities and has been well socialized from the first stage of the puppy.
    Did You Know? The “Cesky Terrier” It is one of those breeds developed to work a certain type of land: in your case, the forests of Bohemia. Prey ranging from duck and pheasant to the fox, rabbit and boar.

    Health of the “Cesky Terrier”

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential for inherited diseases. Flee from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that race has no known problems, or whose puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and often produced in their lines. Having said that, the “Cesky Terrier” It is a healthy breed. One of his races base, el Sealyham Terrier, it may have an eye condition called dislocation of the lens, so it is recommended that your eyes are examined annually Terrier. Some “Cesky Terrier” They may develop a condition called Scottie Cramp hereditary, occasionally it affects the gait of the dog. Usually it is not serious. Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a “Cesky Terrier” with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Take advantage of the full potential of prevention to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Ratings of the Cesky Terrier

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Cesky Terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Cesky Terrier”

    credits: 1. Cesky terrier Terrier checo by ceskyfreund36 / CC0 2. Cesky terrier by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1039221 3. English-Terrier – bitche during the international dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA 4. Cesky terrier by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1391429 5. Cesky terrier on a stone forest by trees ceskyfreund36 / CC0 6. Cesky Terrier during dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Lilly M / CC BY-SA 7. English-Terrier – bitche during the international dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

    Videos “Cesky Terrier”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 3 –> Terriers. / Section 2 –> Small sized Terriers. . Without working trial.
    • FCI 246
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • Standard FCI breed of Cesky Terrier

    • ENGLISH BULLDOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bohemian Terrier, Český Teriér (English). 2. Cesky Terrier (French). 3. Böhmischer Terrier, Český Teriér(German). 4. Ceský Teriér (Portuguese). 5. Cesky Terrier (Spanish).