Deville's Parakeet
Pyrrhura lucianii


Deville's Parakeet

Description:

21-23 cm.. height.

The plumage of the Deville's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii) is generally Green, darker in underparts, the crown is dark brown, the forecrown and face is brownish red in colour; cheeks brick red, faded of blue, ear-coverts brownish yellow, neck and chest with the typical scales very visible by the black and yellow contrast of the feathers. The ventral coat of arms, reddish, is well defined; in flight the dark red spot is notorious for the abdomen. Well defined are the reddish marks on the rump and in his long tail; the flight feather they are blue.

It has periocular ring Of course, irises brown, bill Blackish and legs grey pink.

Note:

Until recently this species was included along with the Pyrrhura subandina, Pyrrhura caeruliceps, Pyrrhura pantchenkoi within the species Pyrrhura picta.

  • Sound of the Deville's Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra of Bonaparte.mp3]
Habitat:

Found in altitudes of 800 m, in forests Terra firm and várzea, including forest margins and close to clear with tall trees. In forests low humid semi, up close 100 m.

Seen in pairs, groups of three or flocks of up to 20 individuals.

Reproduction:

Little is known about the reproductive cycle of this species, probably nesting in large trees, in cavities or in nest of woodpeckers abandoned, with one laying estimated in 5-7 eggs.

Food:

With feeds a wide variety of fruits, flowers, seeds and algae, possibly.

Distribution:


Size of the distribution (breeding/resident): 47,200 km2

Restricted to the State of Amazon in the Northwest Amazon of Brazil.

This species is supposed fairly common within its range, However, This can not be confirmed since this time rare remote region is visited by researchers.

Conservation:

• Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Decrease

The status of their populations is unknown, but for the good condition of the habitat, it can be assumed that they are in good state of conservation.

While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, do not believe that the decline is fast enough for approaching the threshold of vulnerable under the criterion of population trend

In captivity:

Although he is a parrot rare in captivity, its potential as a domestic fowl is excellent, provided there are hand raised and socialized from an early age. The newly imported birds are usually shy and nervous and often they remain reserved.

It is usually inquisitive and active, enjoy flying and requires plenty of exercise and a spacious cage. Usually, It is not too noisy unless it is excited (as it is usually the case of all species Pyrrhura).

Once acclimatized, These parrots are quite robust. Enjoy with the bath by what are them must provide a dish of water little deep to daily. Also the love chew branches fresh.

Alternative names:


- Deville's Parakeet, Bonaparte's Parakeet (inglés).
- Conure de Bonaparte, Conure de Luciani (francés).
- Bonapartesittich, Prinz Luzians Rotschwanzsittich (alemán).
- Tiriba-de-deville (portugués).
- Cotorra de Bonaparte, Ñángaro de Deville, Perico de Deville, Cotorrita barriguiroja (español).
- Perico de Bonaparte (Perú).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura lucianii
- Citation: (Deville, 1851)
- Protónimo: Conurus Lucianii

Images Deville's Parakeet:

WikiAves

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Deville's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Maracana luciani Dev. & Cast. Pyrrhura lucianii = (Deville, 1851) by Francis de Laporte de Castelnau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Daniel Lane (Xeno-canto)

Crimson-bellied Parakeet
Pyrrhura perlata

Crimson-bellied Parakeet

Description:

24-25 cm. of length and weight 85-94 g

Crimson-bellied Parakeet

The Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata) has the lores and cheeks of color yellowish-olive with dye Brown; The forecrown, the crown and back neck Dark Slate with velvety probes, giving a mottled appearance, especially in parts where increases the blue at the bases of the feathers.

The upper mantle is blue; robe bottom up to the uppertail-coverts green. Scapulars green at the base, blue down; the lesser wing coverts, olive green; the medium-sized and large coverts, with a predominance of the color blue. The flight feather, blue top, secondaries with green in the outerweb; slate grey dark below.

Underwing-coverts bright red. Sides of the neck, the throat and the top of the chest, with a predominance of brown color, with some brands blue and tips velvety, giving a scaly appearance; The under chest and most of the belly bright crimson; Flanks, the thighs and undertail-coverts, Blue with greenish tint. Upper, the tail, with predominance of color Brown, shades of green and some blue feathers; below, the tail, dark gray.

The bill brown-black color; eye ring whitish grey; Iris dark brown; legs black slate.

Both sexes similar.

Immature lack of the colour Crimson shining on them underparts; Sometimes with dark margins in the scapulars.

The Pyrrhura perlata was formerly known as Pyrrhura rhodogaster.

  • Sound of the Crimson-bellied Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Crimson-bellied Conure.mp3]
Habitat:

They usually inhabit humid forest from the Mainland, clear forest, secondary and probably drier formations in the North of Mato Grosso and have been registered also dominated by fig trees in eastern forests of Bolivia.

Usually views in small flocks and, sometimes in mixed groups with the Golden-winged Parakeet and Painted Parakeet. Larger family groups have been reported previously. Often they had been down to rivers and streams to bathe and drink.

Reproduction:

With reproduce between August and November, probably in April and June, They nest in tree cavities. Incubation period: 24-25 days.

The put in captivity is of 3-9 eggs, being 5 the average.

Food:

Reported foods include catkins Cecropia, small fruits of Trema micrantha, fruits of the ficus, Eugenia and Zanthoxylum, and flowers of Bertholletia excelsa and Dioclea glabra.

Distribution:

Can be found in Brazil, in the area of the great South-Central Amazon basin, in West For and in the western area of Amazon, in the basins of the rivers Madeira and South of the Tapajós, to the extreme north of Mato Grosso, Rivers Roosevelt and Aripuanã.

Observed in adjacent parts of Bolivia and probably widely distributed East of the river Mamoré in Beni and Santa Cruz.

In general common, but perhaps decreasing due to the loss of forests in some parts of its area of distribution (for example, along the river JI-Paraná in Rondônia, Brazil).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend:

It is suspected that this species has lost 23-30.3% of habitat within its distribution area for three generations (18 years), based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of species the hunting and capture, they suspected that the population of Crimson-bellied Parakeet decrease by ≥ 30% during three generations.

In captivity:

It is not very common in captivity. Its diet idónea sería a base de frutas tales como: Apples, Pears, oranges, bananas, grenades, cactus fruits , which form the 30 percent of their food, vegetables, such as: carrots, celery, Green beans, pea in the pod, fresh corn, green leaves, such as: Chard, lettuce, Dandelion, chickweed, healer, millet; a mixture of seeds as such: Canary Islands, small amounts of wheat and millet, oats, safflower and hemp, Sunflower, cooked beans and vegetables and cooked corn.

Es una ave muy playful a la que le encanta bañarse, so it would have to provide toys and a bowl shallow water.
Moderate voice, but when are they excited can be somewhat noisy. It is not aggressive with other species.
Price per couple: 500-600 EUR

Alternative names:


- Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Crimson bellied Parakeet, Crimson-bellied Conure, Pearly Conure, Pearly Parakeet, Rose-bellied Conure, Rose-breasted Conure, Rose-breasted Parakeet (inglés).
- Conure à ventre rouge, Conure perlée, Perriche à ventre rouge, Perruche à poitrine cramoise, Perruche à ventre rouge (francés).
- Rotbauchsittich, Blausteißsittich, Blausteiss-Sittich, Rotbauch-Sittich (alemán).
- Tiriba-de-barriga-vermelha (portugués).
- Catita cola granate, Cotorra Ventirroja, Cotorra Ventrirroja, Perico de Pecho Rojo, Perico Perla (español).
- Catita cola granate (Paraguay).

Johann Baptist von Spix
Johann Baptist von Spix

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura perlata
- Citation: (von Spix, 1824)
- Protónimo: Aratinga perlatus

Crimson-bellied Parakeet images:

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Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata) also called the Crimson-Bellied Conure By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Juan_Caparrós_cabeza. JPG: Juan Caparrós [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Crimson-bellied Parakeet (also known as the Crimson-bellied Conure) captive by Pyrrhura_perlata_-captive-8a.jpg: Nori Almeidaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Crimson-bellied Conure in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Cotorra ventrirroja by pixabay
(5) – Pyrrhura perlata by Florin FeneruFlickr
(6) – Conurus rhodogaster=Pyrrhura perlata by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Xeno-canto

Blaze-winged Parakeet
Pyrrhura devillei


Blaze-winged Parakeet

Description:

Blaze-winged Parakeet

It measures 25 to 28 cm. and 70 weight GR.

The Blaze-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura devillei) has the forecrown with thin red line; crown and neck Brown; collar grey; cheeks green; bend of wing red

In flight notorious is the armpit Red with yellow line at the end; Red patch in the belly. The tail is opaque red.

Was formerly considered as a subspecies of the Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis), of crown brown, darker underparts, and underwing-coverts especially red and yellow.

Bill black; eye ring naked white; irises brown. Tail long.

It has no sexual dimorphism.

  • Sound of the Blaze-winged Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Pyrrhura_devillei.mp3]
Habitat:

It lives in the Woods, on the clear and marshy edges, until the 1000 m.

It is a species tolerant of disturbance of the habitat.

Fly in flocks between 6 to 12 individuals.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow of trees and is plays between October and December.

Food:

Feed a wide variety of dried fruits and fruit.

Distribution:

Is distributed between the South of Brazil (Mato Grosso from the South), North of Paraguay (Northwest of Conception and Southeast of Alto Paraguay) and Southeast of Bolivia.

In Brazil only it is known in Mato Grosso from the South, where is limited to the mountain ranges of Bodoquena and Maracayu, in the Ecotone between the Planalto and the lowlands of the Pantanal, and along the River Taboco in the municipality of Aquidauana. It has a very limited range in the Paraguay, from where the records of them last is limited to the Gallery of forests along the Apa River.

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population Blaze-winged Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species has been described as “rare“.

This species is suspected that they have experienced a moderately rapid decline due to the extensive loss and degradation of its habitat range within. Now survive in a highly fragmented landscape. Its area of distribution in Brazil It has suffered a great loss and degradation of forests through agricultural expansion and coal production. The forests of the North of Conception and those who are in Chaco, in the easternmost area of Paraguay, are being subjected to a pressure increased and have seen a considerable deforestation in the past 10 years (R. Clay in litt., 2009).

There is one hybridization apparent with the Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis) observed in the Apa River (R. Clay in litt., 2009).

The trade is apparently minimal (pit et to the., 1997).

In captivity:

These small parrots are very rare in captivity, Although its potential for pets is excellent. Are birds animated and soon procured confidence with its owner. They often enjoy bath and are not hard chewing. They are mostly calm and they shall only be loud when they are excited. They can be aggressive toward other birds. Playful and curious and generally resistant.

Alternative names:


- Black-winged Parakeet, Black-winged Conure, Blaze winged Parakeet, Blaze-winged Conure, Blaze-winged Parakeet, Deville's Conure (inglés).
- Conure de Deville, Perriche de Deville, Perruche de Deville (francés).
- Devillesittich, Deville Sittich, Deville-Sittich (alemán).
- tiriba-fogo (portugués).
- Chiripepé ala anaranjada, Cotorra de Deville, Perico de Alas Naranjas, Periquito alianaranjado (español).
- Periquito alianaranjado (Bolivia).
- Chiripepé ala anaranjada (Paraguay).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura devillei
- Citation: (Massena & Souancé, 1854)
- Protónimo: Conurus Devillei

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Blaze-winged Parakeet (Pyrrhura devillei)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Blaze-winged Parakeet, Pousada Aguape, Mato Grosso Sul, In Brazil Flickr by Wildlife Travel
(2) – Iconographie des perroquets :Paris :P. Bertrand,1857 biodiversitylibrary

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Black-capped Parakeet
Pyrrhura rupicola

Black-capped Parakeet


Black-capped Parakeet

Description:

25 cm. length and 70 g. weight.

The Black-capped Parakeet (Pyrrhura rupicola) has the lores, the forecrown and the Crown, blackish brown; cheeks, ear-coverts and supercilii area, of color olive beige; back of the neck brown with narrow pale edges.

Upperparts green. External primary coverts, alula and leading edge of the wings bright red; other coverts mainly green. The flight feather, mainly bluish green, by top with narrow black tips; grey dark below.

Underwing-coverts green. The throat feathers, sides neck and top of the chest, Black base with wide white margins, becoming yellowish-white at the bottom of the chest and almost no formation of continuous pale band; belly and undertail-coverts green with brown stain in the center of the belly. Upper, the tail mainly green.

The bill slaty-grey; Cere pale grey; bare periophthalmic off-white; irises brown; legs blackish.

Both sexes similar.

The immature has primary coverts almost completely green, as well as the leading edge of the wings.

  • Sound of the Black-capped Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Pyrrhura rupícola.mp3]
Subspecies description:
  • Pyrrhura rupicola rupicola

    (Tschudi, 1844) – The nominal

  • Pyrrhura rupicola sandiae

    (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1944) – It differs from the species nominal much closer to the Gray margins to the feathers of the throat and the front of the neck. These pale fringes measure only 2-2,5 mm. wide (specimens with the plumage new) in comparison with the 4-5 mm of the nominal species. Like this, the dark basal portion of these pens is more prominent. In addition, the whitish edges to the feathers of the back of the neck they are practically obsolete and the sides of the neck much smaller.

Habitat:

It is found in the Amazon rainforest, including formations of várzea and the Mainland, below 300 m. Visits have been recorded in the East of the Andes. Fly in flocks of 30 individuals, or small groups in reproductive age.

Reproduction:

It is believed that it can nest in the months of February-March, Although the copulation of observed during the month of September. Sunset until the seven eggs in captivity than hatch during 23 to 24 days.

Food:

Usually feed in the canopy but there is no specific information about the diet and breeding.

Distribution:

Can be seen in the Western basin of the Amazon. There has been in the East of Peru from the South of Loreto until Mother of God and Puno, and in the North of Bolivia in Pando.

Also distributed in Peace and the Yungas and in the lowlands of the North of Beni, from the East to the border with Rondônia in Brazil, with a record until the date in the extreme west of Brazil (Rio Branco, Acre).

In general common (Perhaps more scarce on the edges of the range), but it can be locally decreasing due to the alteration of its habitat.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Pyrrhura rupicola rupicola

    (Tschudi, 1844) – The nominal

  • Pyrrhura rupicola sandiae

    (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1944) – Southeast of Peru, West end of Brazil and North of Bolivia.

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Parrot Capirotada world population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the. (1996).

This species is suspected that may be losing from the 13,7 to the 15,5% of their habitat within its distribution over three generations (18 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Given the susceptibility of this species to be hunted or trapped, leads to the suspicion of a probable decline in population close to the 30% in three generations.

In captivity:

Should be noted that until the year 1981, the Black-capped Parakeet It was considered a rarity in aviculture. From that date began to be imported in quantity although at a very high price.

Their behavior Active, his sympathetic character, their robustness and ease of reproduction attached to the made of own a voice very little annoying, they make an excellent animal for those poultry producers who are initiated into this wonderful hobby. These qualities allow guess that being reared by hand might be a few lovely pets. It is sad to observe that, too often, the maximum principal that justifies to poultry"play to preserve"is converted into"play to sell”.

Alternative names:


- Black-capped Parakeet, Black capped Parakeet, Black-capped Conure, Rock Conure, Rock Parakeet (inglés).
- Conure à cape noire, Perriche à cape noire, Perruche à cape noire (francés).
- Schwarzkappensittich, Schwarzkappen-Sittich (alemán).
- tiriba-rupestre (portugués).
- Cotorra Capirotada, Perico de Frente Negra (español).
- Wewey, Aboro gushóus (Chimane).

Tschudi-Johann Jakob of
Tschudi-Johann Jakob of

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pyrrhura
- Nombre científico: Pyrrhura rupicola
- Citation: (von Tschudi, 1844)
- Protónimo: Conurus rupicola

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Black-capped Parakeet (Pyrrhura rupicola)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Pyrrhura rupicola sandiae by pedroduarte
(2) – Maroon-tailed Parakeet ssp. (in front); and Pyrrhura rupicola, Black-capped Parakeet (behind) by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

Barred Parakeet
Bolborhynchus lineola

Catita Barrada

Description:

They measure 17 cm. long and weigh between 47 and 55 g.

The Barred Parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola) has a size similar to the of a Sparrow. The tail and wings they are pointed. Slightly different sexes: in males, the eyes they are brown, the eye ring grey, the bill and legs flesh-colored. The head and underparts they are bright green, with a tenuous beaming on the sides and the tail coverts. The wings they have very marked black bars at the shoulder and patch black(not always visible), the upperparts they are green with a beaming widely dispersed black in the nape and back.

The females and juveniles they present a beaming more pardo. A wide black border and dark green bottom; the irises Dark coffee and legs pink (Howell and Webb, 1995).

  • Sound of the Barred Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Barred Parakeet.mp3]
Subspecies description:
  • Bolborhynchus lineola lineola

    (Cassin, 1853) – The nominal

  • Bolborhynchus lineola tigrinus

    (Souance, 1856) – Dark green, Crown and bright green front and the rough black is more intense.

Habitat:

Rare and unpredictable. It is found in humid forests, subandinos and Andean cloud forests, open areas, from 900 at 2900m. They are nomads, with numerous flocks (150 or more individuals) following the fruiting of the "chusque" (This chusquea). In small groups or in pairs during the dry season in Central America.

Reproduced in elevations of 1500 meters or more and, like the majority of parrots, they prefer to raise their chicks in a hollow tree or limb trunk. In the winter after the breeding season, the Barred Parakeet often descends to lowland forests. This season, Many feed on partially cleared areas, areas cultivated and in them sheets.

Registered at altitudes from 900 to 2.400 m. in Mexico; by under 1.500 m. in Honduras, Although below 600 After the playback meters; above 1.500 m especially in the West of Panama, Although there are records there and in Costa Rica below the 600 m; between 900 and 1,500 m. in Venezuela, between 1,600 and 2,600 m. in Colombia, and until 2.900 m. in the South of Ecuador.

Little known about the habits of these small wild parrots. Since they are small, they like to live high in the treetops, and they are very well camouflaged in their environment, still very difficult to observe in nature. In addition, they are not as noisy as other parrots, What makes them difficult to detect. Most frequently observed during the flight, because they often emit a chirp while flying, What can attract the attention of an observer of birds.

Reproduction:

It nests colonies, in tree hollows, Although you can to occur in crevices in Rocky escarpments, probably during the dry season in Costa Rica; during the month of December in Panama; July-August in Colombia.

Food:

Reported foods that make up their diet include Myrtis, Heliocarpus and Miconia, catkins of Cecropia and seeds of bamboo; they occasionally forage in cultivated areas, where has observed them is consuming maize.

Distribution:

Distributed in South of Mexico to western Panama and separated by the Andes, from Venezuela until Peru.

In Mexico they can be observed on the Atlantic slope, in the Highlands of Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas and possibly (There is only a record) in Warrior, also seen in the South of Guatemala (a record from time to time) and in the Highlands of Honduras, with a single bird observed in Nicaragua, specifically in Santa María de Ostuma; also registered in those areas mountain of Costa Rica (not seen in areas of the Northwest, for example in the Cordillera de Guanacaste) and in the West of Panama (apparently absent from Central and Eastern).

Distributed through them Andes, to the Northwest of Venezuela in the Federal District, Táchira and Merida; scattered locations of Colombia, in subtropical areas of the Western Andes, Central and Eastern and in the massif of Santa Marta; Ecuadorian Andes, with records recent in the South; Peruvian Andes, in Huanuco, Ayacucho and Cuzco, with birds, possibly of this species, observed in the North.

Scattered records, e irregular, as well as a strong nomadic tendency (movements, perhaps related to the planting of bamboo) they indicate that their appearances may be continuous.

Apparently, is one local and rare species over much of its range, Although according to reports, is quite common in Honduras and even locally abundant in the Talamanca mountain range in Costa Rica.

Deforestation in parts of its range, Although these birds travel on cleared land and distributed (at least from time to time) in protected areas, which suggests a low risk population at present.

There is a specimens in captivity outside their countries of origin.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Bolborhynchus lineola lineola

    (Cassin, 1853) – The nominal

  • Bolborhynchus lineola tigrinus

    (Souance, 1856) – Mountains of the Northwest of Venezuela and Colombia to the South of Peru

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Partners in Flight estimated the total population of Barred Parakeet in a number that ranges between 50,000-499,999 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008).

The population This species is suspected of being stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

In captivity:

It is of a species that is has adapted well to the life in captivity, tough enough, its reproduction is expanding.

They are perfect apartment birds due to its arrangement and you need only basic things of life. Are kind and happy of being with the people, but they can be kept entertained with toys and swings when there is nobody around.

Is an Ave. moderately long-lived and if is of good health, Food and hygiene can live during 12 or 14 years.

Limited ability for speech.

They have developed many and striking mutations of color in poultry, including blue, olive, cobalt, Slate (or mauve), turquoise, lutino (bright yellow with red eyes), cremino, cinnamon, Silver, purple …

Alternative names:


- Barred Parakeet, Catherine Parakeet, Lineolated Parakeet (inglés).
- Toui catherine, Perruche catherine, Perruche rayée (francés).
- Katharinasittich, Katharina Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-catarina (portugués).
- Catita Barrada, Catita Manchada, Chocoyo Listado, Perico Barrado, Perico Listado, Perico rayado, Periquito Barrado, Periquito Listado, Periquito saraviado (español).
- Periquito Barrado (Colombia).
- Perico Listado, Periquito listado (Costa Rica).
- Perico rayado (Honduras).
- Perico rayado (México).
- Chocoyo Listado (Nicaragua).
- Perico Barrado (Perú).
- Perico Barreteado (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Bolborhynchus
- Nombre científico: Bolborhynchus lineola
- Citation: (Cassin, 1853)
- Protónimo: Psittacula lineola

Barred Parakeet pictures:

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Barred Parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Barred Parakeet (also known as Lineolated Parakeet) in captivity By Timo Helgert (originally posted to Flickr as greenguy.) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Two pet Barred Parakeets (also known as Lineolated Parakeet) perching on a parasol By Lisa Lenscap (originally posted to Flickr as sistas) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Barred Parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola) also known as Lineolated Parakeet or Catherine Parakeet By Lisa Lenscap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Perruche Catherine de couleur mauve By Weena (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds:

Maroon-fronted Parrot
Rhynchopsitta terrisi


Cotorra Serrana Oriental

Description:

Between 40 and 45 cm.. length and 300 g. of weight.

The Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi) It has a size slightly larger than the Thick-billed Parrot. Its bill is large, hooked and curved black. Of tail short in comparison to other members of the family, by high green and below Brown gray. Upright perching, legs short but strong and the fingers toes zigodactilos, i.e. two toes forward and two backwards. Is bright green, slightly more clear and yellowish on the cheekbones and ears. It has a patch Brown in the forecrown, red spots on the shoulders and in the the thighs.

The color of the irises in adults is yellow amber, While in juveniles is coffee. The eye ring is yellow. Below the wings they have red border. The rest of the inside of the wings darker Green is. The legs they are greyish.

Both sexes of similar shape and color.
Immature with eyes Brown and bill paler.

Often treated as the same species as the Thick-billed Parrot.

  • Sound of the Maroon-fronted Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra Serrana Oriental.mp3]
Habitat:

It lives in temperate with dry winter climates, to high altitudes ranging from the 1,900 to the 3,000 m, exceptionally a 1.300 meters and 3.700 m, in mountainous regions with pine forest (Pinus duranguensis, Pinus ayacahuite, and Pinus arizonica among others), forest of Pine-oak (Pinus spp.. and Quercus spp..), isolated forest fragments of pure FIR (Abies spp..), or mixed forests of oyamel, firs (Pseudotsuga spp..) and poplars (Populus tremuloides). Forests may be at the top of the mountains, open areas or be part of abrupt cliffs and crags land.

The Maroon-fronted Parrot is a Diurnal with activity social. To the nestsr meets in large flocks, at times of until 100 individuals and to build their nest, Unlike in the Thick-billed Parrot, don't use holes in trees but cavities and cracks in the rock of the cliffs. With pairs once a year with a single partner throughout the reproductive season. Form flocks to find their food. These groups tend to fly at low altitude moving long distances in search of trees with fruits and seeds that can be eaten. It is also possible to find lonely couples looking for food. They sleep in community, flocking on inaccessible crags. Individuals within the flock to communicate by means of strong vocals similar to harsh squawks and squeaks, While they are looking for food or to warn of threats. In general, the species of this family are known to be noisy, especially when they are in groups.

You know when these birds are approximated by the noises that make, the Group flies in a flock that forms an open "V". The reproductive colony You can move up to 30 km to find food, If it is scarce. With enough food available near the nests, just move in 3 to 5 daily km.

Reproduction:

The breeding season It between July and November. To build the nest using cracks and voids in high limestone crags and they tend to use the same sites year after year to nest. The colony nests above the 1,300 and 1,700 m.

They put between 2 and 5 eggs (average is 2.7) between mid-June and late July. When is food scarce, drastically reduces the production of broilers. The female incubates eggs between 24 and 27 days which hatch between early September and late October. Since they are born until they fly chicks they remain in the nest for approximately two months, being fed and cared for by both parents. Of all the eggs laid and incubated in the colony only the 60% fledged young occur. The chicks are bred in sync with the maturation of pine seeds, It usually occurs in late summer and autumn.

Food:

They eat mainly seeds of conifer cones, especially of pines (Pinus durangensis, Pinus leiophylla, Pinus ayacahuite, Pinus arizonica, Pinus gregii, Pinus teocote, Pinus montezumae, Pinus cembroides and Pinus engelmannii) and bur-marigold (Pseudotsuga menziesi).

Its beak is specially adapted to extract seeds from the cones (pine nuts) of Pine. When are pine seeds scarce, include in your diet oak acorns (Quercus spp..) and Guatemalan FIR seeds (Abies spp..). Their diet also includes fruits of capulin (Prunus capuli) and flowers of Agave Nectar. In general the diet of both species, the Eastern Mountain Parrot and the Thick-billed Parrot es similar. The Maroon-fronted Parrot has the habit of eating dirt (geophagy) in clay banks.

Distribution:

The distribution of the Maroon-fronted Parrot is restricted in the northeast of Mexico. Confined in Sierra Madre Oriental, in the southeast of Coahuila de Zaragoza, about Saltillo, in the Centre-West of Nuevo León, including mountains to the South-West of Monterrey, and the mountains of the West of Tamaulipas.

Full range of approximately 300 km from North to South, with an average of 60 kilometers from West to East and breeding pairs, possibly, only in the North third.

Similar to the Thick-billed Parrot, ago seasonal movements (Although probably less extensive) in response to the availability of pine seeds, apparently being distributed to the South of their range only between October and April (old reports of the Thick-billed Parrot in Veracruz they may belong to this species).

Rare, very local and extinct in many areas. Now limited to restricted areas in the few pine forests that remain (probably around 7.000 km2 of forests within the 18.000 its range km², they are suitable).

The decrease in its population is mainly due to the loss of habitat by logging, the Agriculture, the burning and the grazing, Although their habits of nesting on cliffs, It avoids the need of old or dead trees. Selective logging can reduce the diversity of pine trees and therefore the availability of food.

Conservation:

In 1981 they were estimated between 2,000 and 3,000 individuals of this species.

• Red list category of the UICN current: In danger of extinction

• Population trend: Decreasing

In 1997 ranked in the The Taray sanctuary, in Coahuila de Zaragoza as the reproductive Center the species to be found there about 100 reproductive couples. A 16 Hence km, in a place known as Condos the second largest colony was located with 60 couples.

Census continued and in 1999, the population was calculated at a minimum of 2,500 individuals.

A recent census based on the large flocks threw an account of approximately 3,500 individuals of Eastern Mountain Parrot.

The main threat facing the Maroon-fronted Parrot is the destruction and modification of their habitat, mainly due to actions such as agriculture, livestock, logging (to produce wood and paper) and forest fires.

Its current Habitat is very limited, as well as the same area of its distribution endemic species that is.

The deforestation continues to decrease more and more forests mountain of the region, and unfortunately the recovery or regeneration of these forests is poor in comparison with other parts of the country pine forests, which is probably due to the layer of soil of the region is thin and Rocky and scarce rain.

In 2006, a forest fire devastated about 2,000 It has pine forest in the Sierra, destroying trees that provided food to the Parrot and causing a decrease in the number of chickens raised in the era of nidation. Additionally, When the average size of the trees that make up a forest and also the area they occupy is reduced seed production decreases and increases the number of faulty cones, Finally affecting to the Maroon-fronted Parrot that feeds on the seeds.

Existen protected natural areas on Sierra Madre Oriental that protect and preserve to the Maroon-fronted Parrot.

From 1939 was decreed the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park, in Nuevo León to protect more than 150 thousand hectares of forest, including half of the areas where the species nests. Shortly before it had decreed, in 1936, The The Potosí National Park, in San Luis Potosí.

In 1985 created the The El Cielo biosphere reserve, in Tamaulipas. And between the three Protected natural areas partially cover the rest of the known colonies and part of the winter range. Also they have formed private protected natural areas, as the The Taray sanctuary in Coahuila de Zaragoza, nail 350 has of forest, created in 1996 specifically to protect to the Maroon-fronted Parrot that contains the nidation largest colony known. This area is managed by the Museum of the birds of Mexico in Saltillo, Coahuila de Zaragoza and has been funded by the National Commission for the knowledge and use of biodiversity (CONABIO) and donations from other national and foreign organizations such as the Zoological Society of San Diego and the Fish and Wildlife Service of United Statess.

Various research projects they have been conducted from 1995 for the knowledge and conservation of the Maroon-fronted Parrot.

Recently in 2008, the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL), carried out a project on the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park. For its part, the Instituto Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM) and Pronatura After studies in the same area, they have begun to establish landscape-level conservation strategies.

In the Official standard of species at risk (NAME-059-ECOL-2001), The Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi) appears as danger of extinction.

The Convention on international trade in endangered species of Fauna and Flora Silvestres (CITES) protects it inside of the Appendix I.

The International Union for the conservation of nature (IUCN for its acronym in English) in his Red list of threatened species, granted the category of threatened to the Maroon-fronted Parrot from 1988. Category changed to vulnerable from 1994 up until the present day.

In the year 2000 the National Consultative Technical Subcommittee for the protection, Conservation and recovery of the Psitacidae, developed the Conservation project, Management and sustainable utilization of the Psitacidae in Mexico (PREP), in which we considered both mountain parrots as priorities for conservation.

The species of Thick-billed Parrot (R. pachyrhyncha) and Maroon-fronted Parrot (R. terrisi), they are considered from 2008 as priority species in the Species at risk conservation program (NATIONAL HERO) of the National Commission of natural Areas protected (CONANP). Due to their biological similarities and a common problem, both were included in a single PACE (Programmes of action for the conservation of species), After the Subcommittee on Psitacidae carried out the Workshop of species identification of priority Psitacidae to be included in a PACE, document that contains among other aspects of the biology of the species, the objectives, goals and strategies for the conservation of both Mountain parrots.

Conservation actions have also been made in the field of the environmental education.

At the end of 2008, in the framework of the Program for the conservation of species at risk (NATIONAL HERO), seven locations of the Cumbres de Monterrey National Park they conducted environmental education activities with the Maroon-fronted Parrot as a priority species.

Perhaps the most important conservation measure, the publication is the 14 in October of 2008, in the Official Journal of the Federation, the decree that reforms to the General wildlife law (Decree Art. 60 Bis 2) What It prohibits the capture of parrots and macaws of Mexico. The law prohibits the extractive use subsistence or commercial, export, import or re-export of these species native to the country. With this law is protected 22 bird species of the family Psittacidae in Mexico. The violation of the above provision, is in a federal crime that is punished with prison, through a penalty ranging from 1 to 9 years in prison and up to 12 years if the offence is committed within a protected natural area or is done for commercial purposes.

The priority regions for the species are located in the Sierra Madre Oriental: The Cumbres de Monterrey National Park, in Nuevo León, The The Potosí National Park, in San Luis Potosí, the The El Cielo biosphere reserve, in Tamaulipas and the The Taray sanctuary in Coahuila de Zaragoza.

Source: Site on the network of knowledge on birds of Mexico

In captivity:

The mountainous region of Wood, Chihuahua, It has been inhabited since makes 1500 years by building ethnic groups of "cliff dwellings", those who originally were hunters and gatherers. The archaeological remains of Paquimé, to 350 km to the Northwest of the city of Chihuahua and half a kilometer from Large houses they indicate that the region had a dedicated trade to the production of feathers from macaws, shells, ceramic and copper among others, the being first settlers in capture and breed, both the Eastern Mountain Parrot as to the Thick-billed Parrot.

In the conquest increased interest in capturing individuals from the family of the parrots. Starting at the 16th century, they gained greater popularity among Mexicans, mainly as pets.

During the 20th century This intense trade, In addition to the illegal traffic, has resulted from 1970 and 1982, Mexico It was the largest exporter of live birds to the pet trade from the countries of the Neotropics, exporting on average 14,500 Mexican parrots, annually a United States.

During the period of 1981 to 1985 United States imported a minimum of 703 thousand parrots; and even in 1987 Mexico It was the largest source of smuggling of wild birds. In addition only between 1982 and 1983, 104,530 individuals the family were captured in Mexico for the internal domestic market.

Sale as pets is illegal.

Alternative names:

- Maroon-fronted Parrot, Maroon fronted Parrot (inglés).
- Conure à front brun, Perriche à front brun, Perruche à front brun (francés).
- Maronenstirnsittich, Maronenstirn-Sittich (alemán).
- Papagaio-de-fronte-castanha (portugués).
- Cotorra Serrana Oriental, Cotorra-serrana Oriental (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Rhynchopsitta
- Nombre científico: Rhynchopsitta terrisi
- Citation: Moore, RT, 1947
- Protónimo: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Maroon-fronted Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– CONABIO. 2011. Priority species sheets. Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi). National Commission of protected natural Areas and National Commission for the knowledge and use of biodiversity, Mexico D.F.

Photos:

(1) – An adult Maroon-fronted Parrot in a cage By TJ Lin (originally posted to Flickr as DSC01484) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Maroon-fronted Parrot by © greglasley – inaturalist.org
(3) – Maroon-fronted Parrot by © greglasley – inaturalist.org
(4) – Maroon-fronted Parrot by Zócalo Saltillo
(5) – Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi) – Loro Parque

Sounds: Jon King (Xeno-canto)

Thick-billed Parrot
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha


Cotorra Serrana Occidental

Description:

38 cm.. of length and a weight of 300 g..

Ilustración Cotorra Serrana Occidental

The Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha) has the forecrown, the lores and a large swath in the region supercilii, bright Scarlet Red; a small patch of feathers Brown in the lores, directly in front of the eyes; the crown, the cheeks and the sides of the neck are green with yellow tinge. The upperparts Green tinged indistinct tone olive in scapulars.

Upperwing-coverts Green with red feathers in the region where bend the wings. The flight feather of color green for over, with blackish tips and margins to the vane inner, grey below. Large infra-wing coverts Yellow, other coverts green.

Underparts Green with red on the the thighs. Upper, the tail green; gray at the bottom.

The bill black; bare orbital skin yellowish white; irises yellow-orange; legs grey.

Both sexes similar.

Immature with the bill color horn, greyish the bare orbital skin, and no Scarlet feathers behind the eye or red in the region where bend the wings.

The Thick-billed Parrot is often treated as the same species as the Maroon-fronted Parrot.

  • Sound of the Thick-billed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra Serrana Occidental.mp3]
Habitat:

It inhabits in Highlands with mature pine forests or pine with other conifers in the genus Pseudotsuga, malls Populus and/or trees of the genus Quercus, in areas isolated and often rugged, sometimes are also observed in towns of lowlands.

Most are distributed at altitudes between 1,500 and 3,000 m, making breeding usually at heights between 2,000 and 3,000 m.

Its preference they are areas with Pinus arizonica and Pinus ayacahuite. In general, observed in flocks. They rest in large groups on inaccessible cliffs or trees with dense foliage. Diurnal movements of up 40 km between resting areas and feeding.

Long-lived and gregarious, they form social groups; because of this, over time the Thick-billed Parrot they return to visit forests which are of your choice.

Reproduction:

Nest in the cavities of trees, usually pine, but also, According to sources, in trees of the species Populus tremuloides and Pseudotsuga taxifolia; usually in trees partially dead or alive, with small holes excavated, for example, by woodpeckers as the Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) or caused by fungal decomposition in the Heartwood wood; sometimes very together (in the same tree) When there is available room, Although generally scattered.

The breeding season coincides with the ripening of the pine seeds; birds, usually, they reach the breeding area between the months of April and may, carrying out the mid June to end of July update. The young begin to leave the nest from early September to late October, After 59 – 65 days, Depending on their parents for a period of time after feather.

Clutch of 2 to 4 eggs, generally three, Perhaps variable with the size of the harvest of pine seeds. Care of eggs during the incubation is performed by the female and the care of the offspring is biparental.

Food:

Diet Thick-billed Parrot It is mainly composed of pine seeds (including the of the Pinus teocote and of the Pinus leiophylla) extracted from cones with their powerful beaks; They also feed, According to sources, of seeds and sprouts Conifer Pseudotsuga, fruits of the American black cherry (Prunus serotina) and acorns.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 67.100 km2

The distribution Master of the Thick-billed Parrot lies between the West and centre of Mexico, with sporadic movements towards the North and towards South.

You can see in Sierra Madre Occidental in the South of Chihuahua, South and West of Durango, the adjacent areas of the East of Sonora and Sinaloa; confirmed breeding only in the first two States.

Like other bird specialists in pine seeds, the Thick-billed Parrot wanders widely after playback, sporadically to South-West of Mexico in Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán, previously to the East up to Veracruz (Although these records are possibly involved the Maroon-fronted ParrotRhynchopsitta in terris) and, possibly, Coahuila de Zaragoza.

Formerly it was a sporadic visitor, and possibly resided and lesson in Arizona (especially in the mountains of Chiricahua, in the South) and in New Mexico, EE.UU, Although since the beginning of the century 20 not observed visits on a large scale and date back to the last reproductive data in the area of the 1938.

The presence of the Thick-billed Parrot is determined by the availability of pine seeds; the core of their playback area It seems to be the most constantly occupied area.

The decrease important in your population during the century 20 as a result ,mainly, of the loss and degradation of habitat, with the absence of these birds where the large pines were cut down, mainly by forestry. The loss of birds in EE.UU. was attributable to the hunt, but his presence there, probably, It was only in the short term, When were feeding conditions unusually favorable (or on the contrary very unfavorable in Mexico).

The recent threats in Mexico they are the trade in live birds and the continuous loss of habitat for livestock, as well as logging (the loss of old trees for nesting is a major problem that puts this species at a higher risk than the of the Maroon-fronted Parrot, When using the latter cliffs to build their nests).

Confiscated and captive-bred birds were released in Arizona at the end of the Decade of 1960, with the first successful reproduction in EE.UU. shortly after, but unfortunately the birds have disappeared mostly from that area.

There are no protected areas in Sierra Madre Occidental. The Appendix I. In danger.

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: In danger of extinction

• Population trend: Decreasing

The thick-billed Parrot is found in danger of extinction due to the destruction of nesting habitat, as well as its commercial exploitation, the decrease of population who have suffered these parrots is very evident to those that, long overdue, They inhabit the timber areas of Chihuahua and Durango (Lanning and Shiflett, 1981).

The commercial logging of pine living for wood, as well as trees died standing for its pulp, they are ending with a lot of nesting sites effective and potential for these birds (Lanning and Shiflett, 1983).

The trade of the parrots It seemed to be at least until the Decade of the eighties (Lanning and Shiflett, 1981), However, It is estimated that during 1985 and 1986 between several hundred and even thousands of parrots were illegally trafficked to the United States of America (Snyder & Wallace, 1988).

To reduce these threats the species and its habitat, There are legal instruments such as the vedas and provisions in the Law-General ecological balance and environmental protection (LGEEPA) and General wildlife law (LGVS); as well as the Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2001 It lists the species of wild flora and fauna Mexican under some category of risk and the mechanisms of inclusion and modification.

The size of the population of the Thick-billed Parrot It is estimated between 2000-2800 mature individuals.

In captivity:

Its sale as a pet is illegal.

Alternative names:

- Thick-billed Macawlet, Thick billed Parrot, Thick-billed Parrot (inglés).
- Conure à gros bec, Perriche à gros bec, Perruche à gros bec (francés).
- Kiefernsittich, Arasittich, Kiefern Sittich (alemán).
- Papagaio-mexicano-de-testa-vermelha (portugués).
- Cotorra de Pico Ancho, Cotorra serrana, Cotorra Serrana Occidental, Cotorra-serrana Occidental (español).
- Cotorra serrana, Cotorra-serrana Occidental, Loro de Pico Grueso Occidental Mexicano, Cotorra de Pico Duro,
Guacamaya, Guaca
(México).

William Swainson
William Swainson

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Rhynchopsitta
- Nombre científico: Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
- Citation: (Swainson, 1827)
- Protónimo: Macrocercus pachyrhynchus

Thick-billed Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– National Commission of natural protected Areas

Photos:

(1) – Two Thick-billed Parrots at Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona, USA By Tim Lenz from Ithaca (Thick-billed ParrotsUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Thick-Billed Parrots at Twycross Zoo, Leicestershire, England By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Rhynchopsitta_pachyrhyncha_-Twycross_Zoo-8.jpg: Paul Reynolds from UK [CC BY 2.0 or CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – An adult Thick-billed Parrot at Edinburgh Zoo, Scotland By Jenni Douglas from Edinburgh, Scotland (Thick billed ParrotUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A Thick-billed Parrot at Cincinnati Zoo, USA By Rhynchopsitta_pachyrhyncha_-captive-8a.jpg: Jean from Shelbyville, KYderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Three adult Thick-billed Parrots in captivity in the USA By Joe Mazzola (LovebirdsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha). Two parrots on a nestbox By Just chaos [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Thick-billed Parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha at Cincinnati Zoo By Ltshears (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A Thick-billed Parrot in captivity By Mark Dumont from Cincinnati, USA (Thick Billed ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Thick-billed Parrot – Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha at Cincinnati Zoo By Ltshears (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Monographia Psittacorum By Wagler, Johann Georg [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Scott Olmstead (Xeno-canto)

Long-tailed Parakeet
Psittacula longicauda


Cotorra Colilarga

Description:

Of 40 to 48 cm.. length and 168 to 196 g. of weight.

Ilustración Cotorra Colilarga

The Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda) has the plumage, in general, green. The throat, the chest and the abdomen are greenish-yellow; and lores (the regions between the eyes and the beak, on both sides of the head) are bluish-black. The crown is a green dark, and the sides of the head and nape are pinkish Red. They have a black stripe in the cheeks.

The upperparts is yellowish wash of blue-grey. The lower part of the back is pale-blue. The upperwing-coverts are yellowish. The supracaudales-coverts and infracaudales, as well as the the thighs are pale green. The central feathers of the tail are blue with pale tips and outer feathers are green.

The bill top is red and the lower beak is brown-black color. The irises they are amarillos-blanquecinos, and legs are grey.

The females they have the nape green. The band to their cheeks is dark green, and cheeks superiors are an orange-red live. Their feathers of the tail they are much shorter, and the bill top and bottom are brown-black color.

The young birds they have the head variable green interspersed with orange-red. The feathers of the tail they are shorter, and both the bill top and bottom are brown.

The young male they have a tint blue in the lower part of the back and some birds can have a reddish tint in the bill top.

Immature birds reach your adult plumage When they are near the 30 months of age.

The lutino and other colorations, It is believed that they are mutations observed both in the wild and in captivity.

  • Sound of the Long-tailed Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra Colilarga.mp3]
Subspecies description:
Subspecies
  • Psittacula longicauda defontainei

    (Chasen, 1935) – Of an average length of 42 cm.. As the species nominal but but the pinkish red from the sides of the head It is deep orange-red-streaked.

  • Psittacula longicauda longicauda

    (Boddaert, 1783) – The species nominal

  • Psittacula longicauda modesta

    (Fraser, 1845) – Of 48 cm.. Plumage as of the species nominal, but the crown It has a reddish-brown core and a green at the end of feather edging, becoming pink on the back of the head and nape, causing so in the crown more Brown than green appears in many birds . The black stripe in the lores is more clearly defined, continuing in some birds to form a narrow band in the forecrown. The upper cheeks they have a deep pinkish-Red, orange-red stripes.

  • Psittacula longicauda nicobarica

    (Gould, 1857) – Of 48 cm.. As the species nominal, but the back of the head, the nape and back are greenish-yellow and slightly washed with pale blue. The ear-coverts and cheeks are deep red. The lower part of the back is green.

  • Psittacula longicauda tytleri

    (Hume, 1874) – Of 44 cm.. length. As the species nominal But back in the head, the nape and back are yellowish green washed with grisaceo-malva. The throat, the chest and the top chest they have a pale bluish tint. The lower part of the back is green.

Habitat:

The Long-tailed Parakeet distributed over all types of lowland (below 300 metres in Sumatra), Evergreen from mangrove forests, swamps, tropical forests, to plantations of oil palm plantations (Elaeis) and coconut trees. It prefers the edges of high forest, especially with large dead trees, including close cultivated areas.

Visit parks and gardens on the Islands Nicobar Islands.

Gregarious.

Flocks of thousands of birds reported in the Islands Andaman and Borneo but smaller groups (minor's 20) they are typically, especially during breeding. They form mixed flocks with the Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) in Kalimantan.

The Long-tailed Parakeet It is a restless bird that are constantly in motion. They fly quickly around branches, moving quickly from a tree to another. Although they are usually well camouflaged in green foliage, its continuous chirp betrays its position. They tend to eat little after the sunrise and resume the search for food in the evening.

Reproduction:

The Long-tailed Parakeet nests in tree cavities, usually dead, often to a considerable height (for example, reported nest in a tree of the species Koompassia in Sumatra to 45 meters above sea level); in the Andaman Islands they commonly nest in trees of the species Pterocarpus marsupium; in the Nicobar Islands sometimes in Pandanus, some 4 meters above ground and in larger trees to 10 metres in height.

Breeds in colonies.

The nest It is full of pieces of bark and chewed wood. In the natural habitat, the average clutch consists of 2 to 3 eggs, each one measures 30,6 x 24,7 mm.

During the courtship, the male bows before the female, by spitting up, circular motions with his head and gently touching its beak.

The breeding It is between the months of December-February, Although pigeons have been observed in July in the Malay Peninsula; Feb-Mar in the Nicobar Islands and Andaman. Reports of eggs in July sunsets in Sumatra.

Food:

The nominal species diet includes plants from Borneo camphor (Dryobalanops sumatrensis) and fruit of the Dillenia; the subspecies nicobarica largely feeds on fruits as the papaya (Carica papaya) and Pandanus; occasionally feed on the outer cover of the betel nuts (Areca catechu). On the other hand, They assail orchards and fruit plantations to feed, for example, of the oil palm plantations Elaeis, grains and seeds, and they can have an important impact in the fields of ripening rice (for example in the Islas Andaman) and fruit of the oil palm plantations (for example in the Malay Peninsula).

Insects and their larvae can also be part of your daily diet; If these parrots seek them actively unknown, but they may be ingested ,probably, While they feed on fruits and flowers.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 877.000 km2

The Long-tailed Parakeet distributed by the islands of the Bay of Bengal until Borneo. The range goes from the Coco Islands and Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands (India) through Sumatra (including the Enggano Islands, Nias, BANGKA and Belitung), South of Malay Peninsula from Sungei Patani (approximately 6° N) to Singapore, Riau archipelago and Bintan, to the East, through the Anambas Islands and up Borneo including Natuna and Karimata Islands.

Resident and common in the Andaman Islands and Coconut.

On the Islands Nicobar Islands described in the century 19 as “excessively abundant ‘, but with few details today.

Resident on Malay Peninsula, but possibly passage migrant in Singapore.

You can display migratory movements in Sumatra, where probably is the decrease due to the loss in the lowlands of the primary tropical forest.

Unevenly distributed in Borneo, and in Kalimantan the numbers fluctuate through little-known seasonal movements.

Resident local in Sabah. Most common in the coastal districts of Sumatra and Borneo.

Usually unpredictable appearances, being abundant in a locality for a period and on the contrary, absent for years.

Distribution of subspecies:
Subspecies
Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population Long-tailed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but the species is described as very common and widespread in the South of Borneo, locally common in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia and common in Brunei, the Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands (pit et to the. 1997).

The destruction of forests in the lowlands of Sundaland in Indonesia, as well as in Thailand and Malaysia It has been wide (Kalimantan almost lost the 25% its perennial forest during 1985 to 1.997, and Sumatra almost lost the 30% your coverage 1985), Even so, the species is still numerous in a number of areas, due to its ability to forage away from forested areas and nest communally. Therefore, the decrease is estimated to have been of the order of 20 to 30% in the last ten years.

Conservation Actions Underway:

    – CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed:

    – Monitor the species in trade.

    – Monitor habitat trends and rates of deforestation in the lowlands of Sundaland using satellite imagery and remote sensing.

    – The ecology of the species research to improve the understanding of movements performed.

    – Effectively protect significant areas of habitat at key sites, both strictly protected areas and areas of multiple use.

In captivity:

Rare in captivity, its mortality rate is high and breeding successes are rare.

It is a bird very noisy. It is a principle very timid and slow to get your confidence. They don't bathe often, Although they occasionally sit in the rain. They enjoy gnawing fresh branches. The main problems for its captive breeding are the difficulty of matching compatible couples; the Long-tailed Parakeet they tend not to accept a partner that they have not chosen and even if you are breeding pairs, It is very difficult to keep alive the chicks. Sudden deaths no apparent cause they have been reported – possibly as a result of stress.

Some birds may refuse to eat. Have been observed Occasional attacks of females to males, coming to Peck them on the penis, causing them serious injury. In addition, These delicate parrots are hard to acclimatize. Newly imported birds are susceptible to the cold and wet conditions. During the period of acclimatization, should not be exposed to temperatures below to 24 ° C at any time below 10 ° C.

Given that these parrots are so rare, experts prefer well managed breeding programs the possibility of keeping them captive in private hands.

The size of the clutch average consists of 2 – 4 eggs laid at daily intervals, with an incubation which lasts approximately 23 days. The young leave the nest 7 weeks after hatching and are independent 2 weeks later.

The Long-tailed Parakeet, in any case, you will need a large aviary which is a very active bird and will need plenty of room to move.
It is important to place the bird in a quiet and protected, as well as providing a rest box (22 x 22 x 60 cm.) at all times.

Alternative names:

- Long-tailed Parakeet, Long tailed Parakeet, Malaccan Red-cheeked Parakeet, Malayan Red-cheeked Parakeet, Pink-cheeked Parakeet, Red-cheeked Parakeet (inglés).
- Perruche à longs brins, Perruche de Malacca (francés).
- Langschwanzsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-mustache-cauda-longa (portugués).
- Cotorra Colilarga, Cotorra de Cola Larga (español).

Pieter Boddaert
Pieter Boddaert
Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psittacula
- Nombre científico: Psittacula longicauda
- Citation: (Boddaert, 1783)
- Protónimo: Psittacus longicauda

Long-tailed Parakeet Images:

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Long-tailed Parakeet (Psittacula longicauda)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A male warning juvenile to keep away from the food while he is there in Queenstown, Singapore By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A female in Queenstown, Central Singapore on 2 December 2005 By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – feeding in Queenstown, Singapore on 2 December 2005 By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A juvenile in Queenstown, Central Singapore on 2 December 2005 By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Long-tailed Parakeets at the Botanic Gardens, Singapore By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Long-tailed Parakeet, adult male Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Mathias Ritschard (Xeno-canto)

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