Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Francia España FCI 137 - Molossoid . Mountain

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims.

Content

History

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an ancient watchdog of the mountainous world of the Pyrenees. Allí se llama oficialmente Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées. The people of the Pyrenees call him the cute little one Patou. The pyrenees, like a vast, deserted and rugged, previously inaccessible mountain range, form the natural border between France and Spain. Aquí había y hay lobos y osos, with the consequent problem for ranchers. What's more, las ovejas solían ser uno de los pocos medios de vida de la gente de aquí. Mientras que en Alemania y otros países de Europa Central la gente lamenta el regreso del lobo y se queja de los daños causados a la caza y a los rebaños de ovejas, in the Pyrenees dogs such as the Patou from time immemorial. And there are no complaints. Guard dogs are an integral part of every flock of sheep in the Pyrenees mountains.

On the French side, they are officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées or Pyrenäenberghund, on the Spanish side Perro de montaña de los Pirineos or Gran Pirineo. In addition to protecting herds against thieves, wolves and bears, también protegía las grandes propiedades. His powerful figure, his determination and ability to attack in an emergency were not without effect. La impresión debió ser tan duradera que su trabajo ya estaba documentado en escritos de la antigüedad y la Edad Media. Se informa que los perros habrían reconocido a las personas de lejos por su ropa. In 1391 it is said that the Count of Foix did a test. Si venía disfrazado de vagabundo, the dogs attacked him from afar without hesitation. Si venía vestido como un conde, he wasn't bothered.

The Patou was not a uniform race in the past. En los valles muy remotos a menudo había razas locales, genetically isolated, optimized for your job task naturally, but in the end the same dogs came out with a very similar appearance and character, aunque podrían haber estado separados genéticamente durante generaciones. Extremely harsh living conditions obviously outweighed the disadvantages of inbreeding. La cría moderna de perros con pedigrí se interesó en estos impresionantes perros muy pronto. Already at the first dog show in France, in 1863, a separate class was established for the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

An attempt was made to establish the Patou also outside the Pyrenees as a watchdog and protection. In 1907 the first standard was established in France. However, debido a las dos guerras mundiales y al período de hambre asociado, the population of Patou outside the mountains suffered serious setbacks. In 1955 obtained the official recognition of the FCI – International Cynological Federation.

Physical characteristics

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a big dog, imposing, powerful and at the same time athletic and agile. Doesn't seem clumsy or massive, but rather elegant piecework. It has a medium length coat, very dense and flexible, which can be slightly wavy. The bottom layer is also very dense. To the colors that the official standard says:

White or white with gray spots (badger gray or wolf gray), pale yellow or orange (rusty) in the head, ears and base of tail, sometimes also in the body.

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it has a majestic height at the withers 70 and 80 centímetros en los machos y de 65 a 75 in females. The weight must be between 60 and 70 kg. The measurements are quite similar to those taken by the Conde de Bylandt when he first described the breed in 1897, when he just called the dogs “Chien des Pyréneés“. The head of the Patou remember the contours of a molosser. Shows a very alert and attentive facial expression. Es un perro que descansa en sí mismo, who first of all observes everything, seemingly listless. This is underlined by his eyes, they're supposed to be sweet and dreamy, with its dark amber color.

Character and skills

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims. He looks cute and calm looking, sublime and imposing almost like a blank teddy bear, but you must not be wrong. It has a strong character combined with a very own but clear idea of ​​how it should behave – and the others in their domain. This idea is naturally shaped by its use throughout the centuries, where he had to defend his flock to life or death as a guard without the presence of the shepherd and, therefore, had to make decisions independently. The official standard classifies his character qualities as follows:

Since the dog was used exclusively to protect herds against attacks by predators, su selección para la cría se basaba en su idoneidad como guardián, their respectable appearance and also their relationship with the herd. Las características resultantes son la fuerza y la agilidad, así como la dulzura y el apego a sus protegidos. This watchdog has a tendency to independence and initiative, which requires some authority from his master.

One Pyrenean Mountain Dog should only be held by an experienced and mentally strong person. First of all, not a family dog. However, puede llegar a serlo si tiene una guía extremadamente competente de su amo o cuidador y si las condiciones externas son las correctas. Only then can he be a good family dog ​​and lovingly protect all members of the family., including other four-legged friends. What's more, is a good guardian and extremely reliable protector of the house and all those who, in your opinion -which should be clarified-, belong to it. Towards strangers he is suspicious.

Fitness

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it is extremely undemanding in its maintenance – if one ignores the aforementioned restrictions due to its nature as a watchdog. Es poco exigente en su nutrición así como en su alojamiento. You can spend the whole year outside without problems – as long as you have a suitable hiding place and “suitable” does not mean neither kennel nor chain, because he must be able to move in his territory. Este perro grande y seguro de sí mismo es bastante sensible y da gran importancia a un estrecho vínculo emocional con su familia humana. You need a trusting relationship with your master or caregiver.

Gracias a la moderna cría de perros con pedigrí, the Patou is better prepared for a big city life than other herd protection dog breeds like the Kangal or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. Así que si tienes una propiedad grande y bien cercada en el campo, si tienes alegría, fun, experience and the possibility of getting involved with these dogs, you can experience a particularly impressive and beautiful facet of the human-dog association.

Pyrenean Mountain Dog Education

The education of Pyrenean Mountain Dog belongs to the hands of a teacher or lover with deep experience and canine knowledge. Like any other race, Pyrenean mountain dogs must be well socialized and educated since they are puppies. Sería irresponsable querer mantener a un perro así como un principiante.

Care and health of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Absolutely easy to care for and undemanding. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog generally enjoys very robust health. Some health problems may include hip dysplasia; problemas cardíacos como la displasia de la válvula tricúspide; cancers like osteosarcoma (bone cancer); eye problems such as persistent pupil membranes, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts; dissecting osteochondritis (an orthopedic problem), patellar dislocation (dislocation of the patella) and swelling.

Nutrition / Food

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog no tiene ningún problema en su alimentación.

Life expectancy of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog have a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years relative to its size.

Characteristics "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Pyrenean Mountain Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Photos:

1 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/774692
2 – Pyrenees Mountain Dog, XI International Dog Show in Kraków by I, Lilly M / CC BY-SA
3 – Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog by HeartSpoon / CC BY-SA
4 – Pyrenees mountain dog by Arnaud 25 / CC BY-SA
5 – Pasture of Anterne, Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval, Pyrenean Mountain Dog among the sheeps by Jérôme Bon from Paris, France / CC BY
6 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by Emma.Martinet / CC0
7 – Pyrenees mountain dog by I, Beninho / CC BY-SA

Videos "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 137
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2: Molossoid - 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. Without working trial..

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Sheepdogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


  • FCI breed standard "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

    FCIFCI - Pyrenean Mountain Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Great Pyrenees, Patou, Montañés del Pirineo, Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos, Can de Montaña de os Perinés, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Pyr, GP, PMD, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. montagne des Pyrénées, pastou, patou (French).
      3. Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Patou (German).
      4. Chien de Montagne des Pirénées (Portuguese).
      5. Gran Pirineo, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Gigante de los Pirineos, Gran Pirineu, Muntanya dels Pirineus, Patou (español).
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