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Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Little Lion Dog

Content

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and states that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it descends from dogs that came from Tibet via Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics claims that his name is not a reference to the king of animals, but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought-after companion dog in the Middle Ages.. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

So that, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. However, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen what we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

However, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. However, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. However, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the line of the back, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top layer. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog can perfectly keep its long hair on the whole body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. However, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. Therefore, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. However, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. It also, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy is sure to delight singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and unlimited attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him., and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. As such, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

However, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

It also, if he can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then he will have to raise a lion's mane skin, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out in the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 to 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush it every two or three days to keep its beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, taking care to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

It also, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so that you can show off the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. However, it must be remembered here that the dog's coat allows him to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

However, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Images "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-l%C3%B6wchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Löwchen (English).
    2. Löwchen (French).
    3. Petit chien lion (German).
    4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
    5. Löwchen (español).

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Lucerne Hound
Suiza FCI 59 . Medium-sized Hounds

Lucerne Hound

The Lucerne Hound is a lively dog, but gentle and docile. Very attached to his master.

Content

History

The breed was originally bred in the Lucerne area, Switzerland. Already in appearance it is closely related to the dog Bloodhound. It can be assumed that the Small Blue Gascony may also have played a role in the development of the breed: Striking colored coat with speckled pattern suggests this. It is one of the four Swiss Hounds, that have been combined by the FCI under a single breed standard, but they are judged separately in the exhibitions. The other varieties of the breed are:

Physical characteristics

Height at the withers up to 59 cm..
The ears are far back, very large, heavy, bent and turned.
Fur: Short, thick and thick, Fox fur
color: blue, of a combination of black and white hairs, very mottled, with black spots or a black chair.

Character and skills

The Lucerne Hound is a lively dog, but gentle and docile. Very attached to his master.

Like all dogs Swiss hounds, this breed is also relatively small. This is partly due to the fact that environmental conditions in the mountains, where were these dogs born, they are extremely hard, so animals with low energy requirements survived better than larger dogs. The Lucerne Hound used for a wide variety of hunting, from wild boars to deer and hares. Although the dense fur protects the dog from the cold and he likes to live outdoors, look for comfort; therefore he feels comfortable in the city, but needs a lot of activity and enough exercise. There is an almost identical breed with shorter legs – the Small Lucerne Hound, one of the varieties of Small swiss hound. It is suitable as a working dog, hunting and company.

Characteristics "Lucerne Hound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Lucerne Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos "Lucerne Hound"

chiens courant lucernois entrainement 2
chiens courant lucernois entrainement 1

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds


FCI breed standard "Lucerne Hound"

FCIFCI - Lucerne Hound
Hound

Alternative names:

    1. Lucerne Hound (English).
    2. Courant lucernois (French).
    3. Blausprenkel (German).
    4. Sabujo Lucerna (Portuguese).
    5. Perro sabueso suizo de Lucerna (español).

Varieties of “Swiss hounds”

The four varieties of Swiss Hounds have their own specific hunting characteristics.:

– The Bernese Hound, with her beautiful throat (“the howler of the Jura”), demanding, mainly used for hares;
– The “Jura Hound“, an excellent recuperator
– The “Lucerne Hound”, reminiscent of Small Blue Gascony, he is an active and passionate dog that hunts deer very well;
– The Schwyz Hound, less widespread outside of Switzerland, is reserved for rabbits and hares.

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Lapponian Herder
Finlandia FCI 284 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

Lapponian Herder

It barks a lot, especially when he is working.

Content

History

The similarities of Lapponian Herder with the Finnish Lapphund they are big: The ancestors of both races served the Sami, who were also called “Lapps” in honor of his native Lapland in times past, like hunters and watchdogs.

Como la cría de renos era particularmente importante para muchos samis, this breed next to this town and with the increasing domestication of reindeer, developed more and more in herding dogs. The agile and intelligent ancestors of the Lapponian Herder they mastered this task brilliantly. En la cría aún no coordinada, it wasn't so much appearance that mattered, but rather the character and herding abilities of the dogs. As a result, there was no uniform appearance for a long time. In the middle of the 20th century the first standards were developed. But at that moment, the Lapponian Herder and the Finnish Lapphund todavía eran considerados como una sola raza.

Only in december 1966 the Lapponian Herder was recognized as an independent breed. However, its importance as a reindeer herding dog diminished more and more with time and with the advent of snowmobiles. Hoy en día la raza es en gran parte desconocida fuera de Escandinavia. In his homeland., However, there are some friends of these dogs, who appreciate this breed as a member of the family. Estos perros son mayormente mantenidos como perros de compañía, pero algunos de ellos todavía realizan fieles servicios de pastoreo.

Physical characteristics

“Like a mix of Border collie and German Shepherd” – así es la apariencia de un Lapponian Herder. However, the trained eye recognizes above all the similarity with other Nordic races such as the Alaskan Malamute.

The Lapponian Herder is a slim and athletic dog of the type Spitz with a height of about 51 cm at the withers in males and about 46 cm in females. It weighs some 25 kg, the weight is not fixed in the standard. This breed is rather long than tall, which means that the length of the body exceeds the height at the withers by one 10 per cent. The Finnish Shepherd of Lapland wears his ears pricked, the long hairy tail hanging at rest, slightly curved when moving. El color del pelaje varía entre el negro y varios tonos de gris y marrón. White markings on the neck are allowed, chest and legs. The breed's coat consists of two layers: una capa interna densa y fina y la capa externa más rígida y larga.

Character and skills

The Lapponian Herder they are great for heavy work like herding dogs. They unerringly track lost cattle and have repeatedly proven themselves to be perfect assistants to herders and cattle breeders.. Animals are considered to be very eager to learn, they are smart and they bark. Due to their pronounced attention they are also excellent watchdogs.. In addition to the courage attributed to him, these dogs are also agile and strong. They are considered good dressage dogs and can also be kept in families. It should be noted, However, that the Lapponian Herder requires a high degree of exercise and effort.

Health of the Lapponian Herder

This parent breed is considered robust and hardy and almost never causes inherited diseases.. Si está buscando un perro así, definitivamente debería apoyar los esfuerzos de los criadores serios y sólo comprar un cachorro de uno de ellos. Because responsible breeders place importance on caring for the health of parents, así como al tipo y al carácter. Because the coat is adapted to the Nordic climate, the dog should never be asked to perform at its best in temperatures above 15 degrees. Basically, in summer it is advisable to change the longest exercise units to the morning and afternoon hours. Representatives of this breed reach an age of twelve to fourteen years.

Nutrition of the Lapponian Herder

The Lapponian Herder it is a muscular animal that likes to move. Así que ajusta la cantidad de comida a su constitución y su carga real. La información del envase sólo puede ser una guía. Keep an eye on the slim waist so that you can take measurements in time if you Finnish shepherd start eating bacon. Dale al cachorro hasta cuatro porciones por día. One Lapponian Herder adult can get by on two meals.

Important:

Give your dog a break after his ration, así que siempre aliméntelo después de hacer ejercicio. It's not just the amount that counts: Asegúrate de usar un alimento para perros de alta calidad donde la carne sea el ingrediente principal. You can recognize this by the fact that meat is at the top of your diet and cheap fillers like grain have been avoided.. This applies to both dry and wet foods..

To meet your dog's chewing needs, can offer you regular dry dog ​​chews, like cow's ears. Like candy or other snacks, remember to include them in your dog's daily ration to avoid overweight. When it comes to snacks, opte por golosinas sin azúcar como porciones de carne seca o recompensas con beneficios adicionales como aperitivos para el cuidado dental. Your pet should always have access to cool drinks.

Lapponian Herder care

The Lapponian Herder has many thick hairs, that it shares relatively generously with its surroundings, that is to say: misses. However, the more often you use a brush, less hair will end up on your four walls. During the change of coat twice a year she loses a lot of hair, but brushing shortens the “hairy period”. Better to comb dirt from the coat when it is dry. You should only bathe your reindeer dog when absolutely necessary. Entonces usa un champú suave para perros. Regularly check the length of eye hairs, los oídos y la longitud de las garras y, if required, utilice limpiadores de ojos y oídos o tijeras de garras de perro. Especially dogs that walk a lot on soft ground can tend to have long claws, which can cause them to get painfully stuck.

Activities with the Lapponian Herder

Of course: all dogs love being in nature. The Lapponian Herder it's a true all-rounder in this sense. When you have grown up and have had proper training, makes a wonderful jogging companion, cycling or horse riding – and of course on long and extensive walks. Dog sports in a club can also be a lot of fun with the Lapponian Herder: La agilidad, obedience, olfactory work or use as a rescue dog often suits him well. Try what you and your Lapponian Herder enjoy more. Of course, the breed is also predestined for the tasks of herding dogs. Es importante acostumbrar al amigo de cuatro patas a períodos regulares de descanso, despite proper use of the species, so you don't try too hard and stay balanced.

¿Dónde puedo comprar a mi Pastor finlandés de Laponia?

¿Estás decidido a que se mude contigo un Lapponian Herder and you can offer him everything he needs for a happy and complete dog life? ¡Felicidades! However, puede que todavía tengas un obstáculo que superar, because: The Lapponian Herder are very rare outside of Finland and Scandinavia. Find out more about potential breeders of a Nordic dog club to make your first contacts. If only overseas breeders are considered, first read the basics of adopting a puppy from abroad and the entry conditions. Although it may be a long way, definitivamente deberías elegir un perro de un criador de buena reputación para apoyar la cría sana y responsable de la raza. Si la búsqueda de un cachorro de esta raza te parece demasiado complicada, también deberías buscar otras razas o perros en las protectoras de animales. Similar to the Lapponian Herder It, of course, the Finnish Lapphund, que tampoco es común fuera de Escandinavia, but at least not as rare as its close relative.

Characteristics "Lapponian Herder"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Lapponian Herder" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss strength ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..


FCI breed standard "Lapponian Herder"

FCIFCI - Lapponian Herder
Pastor

Alternative names:

    1. Lapland Reindeer-Dog, Reindeer Herder, lapinporokoira (Finnish), lapsk vallhund (Swedish) (English).
    2. Lapinporokoira (French).
    3. Finnischer Lapplandhirtenhund, Lapinporokoira (German).
    4. Lapinporokoïra, Pastor de renas da Lapônia (Portuguese).
    5. Lapland, Perro pastor finlandés, Pastor lapón (español).

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Leonberger
Alemania FCI 145 - Molossoid . Mountain

Leonberger

Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.

Content

History

The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, because it has been specifically bred to the standard since 1846. The Leo It, therefore, one of the oldest dog breeds in modern breeding. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. Most other pedigree dogs have a long history and originated from ancient working dog breeds..

The Leonberger, However, has a different and unique story. Among 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. Everywhere people wanted these big dogs and they were (and they are) really big dogs.

Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. So quite a few dog dealers from southwestern Germany helped out without further ado.. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. The pups that looked like a St. Bernard they were sold as such, but for the others there were at most a few potatoes from a farmer. The dog trade was – as it still is today – a lucrative business and some sold hundreds of puppies a year and became rich.

Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. He created a brand out of the puppies that he could not market as St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Thus was born the Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. Also in the official world of dogs these hybrids went unnoticed for a long time. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, he does not even mention the Leonhardiner in his two-volume work “The breeds of the dog” (dog breeds) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

The Leonberger should be a success in all respects. Today it belongs to the primitive rocks of the world of purebred dogs., that no dog lover wants to miss. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, who still represents the Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, peaceful and totally suitable for families.

Physical characteristics

The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

“In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. It is characterized by a harmonious build and a self-assured calm with a lively temperament.. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. The shapes of your physique should be recognizable. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. During the study period, life expectancy had even decreased in 1,5 years in the last three decades. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 years would be normal. The breed has recognized these warning signs and is now focusing more on the health and extension of the life expectancy of these large dogs..

Character and skills

The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

as family dog, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion dog it is a pleasant companion., obedient and fearless in all life situations.

The strength of character required includes above all: self confidence, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. His very high stimulus threshold as well as his stoic composure are the necessary counterpart to his enormous strength.. These two poles thus characterize the nature of Leonberger. Here and there is something stubborn. Only good persuasion and pleading will help., then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, a fascinating dog!

Fitness

The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, a small apartment on the nth floor would not be for him. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. prefers the cold. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. It also, should have considered before buying what to do if the dog is sick and may need to bring 80 kg or more. Last, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Here one must take real responsibility and honestly look in the mirror if all the conditions for a happy coexistence with dogs are met. Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

Leonberger's Education

It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, the leash is just a symbol of control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness.. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Because that would cause the exact opposite of education and end in disaster..

Leonberger care

Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

Nutrition / Food

You need a lot of high quality food. A raised bowl is useful to counteract the risk of stomach twisting. Always pay attention to the weight.

Leonberger Health

As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone tumor in dogs, It is also very common in Leonberger.

Leonberge life expectancy

Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 to 9 years. The breeding is working to recover the possible natural life of a healthy dog. He is accompanied here by a research project of the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover.

Buy a Leonberger

The purchase of a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to be able to spend many wonderful years with this giant.. If you are looking for a puppy, you should make sure above all that the dogs are not bred too much. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. You should see an FCI affiliated breeder Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

Images "Leonberger"

Photos:

1 – Leonberger bitch by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

Videos "Leonberger"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Leonberger"

FCIFCI - Leonberger
Leonberger

Alternative names:

    1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. Chien Leonberg (French).
    3. Leo (German).
    4. Leo (Portuguese).
    5. Leo (español).

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Lurcher
Inglaterra Irlanda Not recognized by the FCI

Content

History

The Lurcher is a dog Hound of English origin whose name derives from “lur” that means thief in Gypsy language. Always it has been acknowledged as the dog of the poachers so occasionally is called Poacher’s Dog (dog of fugitive).

As a result of its appearance (hairy and scruffy) It is not admitted in competitions but for many it is a dog to enhance. In general, it can be said that the Lurcher is a cross between a Sighthound and working dog, What gives rise to many opportunities: English Greyhound and Golden Retriever; Whippet and Border Collie.

Physical characteristics

The Lurcher It is a hybrid dog similar to a Greyhound with short fur, medium long or long or straight hair in all colors.

The type of layer will be variable and will depend on the crosses made. Then, the types of fur can be: short and smooth like the Sighthounds, a bit long and thick as of the Boxer, or rough and hard as the of the Border Terrier, for example.

Character and skills

In case you want a Lurcher with more features than Sighthound what of working dog it is usually crossed for the second time with a dog Greyhound type. With this you get a dog faster than a working dog, but with the strength of this. The character of Lurcher is derived from the best of its parents and, some, They define it as quiet and affectionate.

The temperament, also variable, It will depend on the influence of ancestors, but as with all dogs, temperament will be modified by the socialization of the puppy and received education.

In general, the objective of the different crossing was to create a hound with more intelligence, an animal cunning and appropriate for the original purpose of the hound: hunting poaching rabbits, hares and birds. With the time, have gone underway several crossing, always pursuing the objective of improving the speed and intelligence.

The Lurcher he is a versatile dog, It has various uses that depend on the different crossing to which have been subjected, but they are usually used as hunting dogs with different styles. most of Lurcher today it is used for general pest control, Rabbit, hares and foxes, although some of the larger types have been successfully used for hunting large game such as wild boar and deer.

Insisting on the use of the can has much to do with the objective of the Hunter and the cross from which is derived, It is good to take this post to remind you that unfortunately, some breeders - no ethical- in the search for the "perfect dog" they usually kill or abandon everything Lurcher that does not fit your needs, because he is not a good hunter or has a physical or behavioral problem.

The Lurcher, It has also proved to be very good in canine sports, such as obedience and agility, where they are becoming increasingly popular due to its speed and willingness to please.

Because the Lurcher is not a pure breed they are not recognized by any canine club. However, North America has recently created the “Lurcher and Longdog Association” to serve as a registration body for dogs Lurcher and Longdog in the United States and Canada.

Beyond the different objectives of the crossing, What is certain is that the Lurcher It is an excellent companion dog that adapts very well to home life., and it is very grateful to received love, She loves to be with people but it needs vigorous walks outdoors, like all dog.

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Longdog
Irlanda Not recognized by the FCI

Longdog

Content

History

The Longdog It is a breed of dog of the sighthound type with origin in Ireland whose name literally means "long dog”referring to the elongated shape of its limbs.

Authors like the colonel Ted Walsh define it as a cross between two hunting dogs, What distinguishes it from the call Lurcher, race created from crosses between sighthound dogs and working dogs.

Currently no distinction is considered between the Lurcher and the Longdog and both are included within the Lurcher.

Physical characteristics

Because of that are the product of different crosses, the Longdog varies in appearance depending on the breeds that were used in the cross. They can be so light as a Greyhound or as robust as a Wolf dog. Their coats can also vary depending on the playback. Some have short fur, Some have long fur and some have hard coat.

Common crosses of Longdog usually: Saluki with English Greyhound, Scottish Deerhound with Greyhound (English Greyhound), and Whippet with Greyhound (English Greyhound). These dogs tend to be raised to (some of the) same purposes as the Lurcher, but they generally have a higher speed compared to general endurance and a higher training capacity than the Lurcher.

Each of these crosses carries distinctive characteristics...

  • Saluki crossed with Greyhound: It is especially appreciated as a Hunter dog of hares in the United Kingdom and, for short time, in United States. The best copies shared resistance to high temperatures which possesses the Saluki and the capacity for acceleration and strength of the Greyhound.
  • Deerhound crossed with Greyhound: specialist in hunting foxes and deer in United Kingdom, It has great body resistance and the ability to adapt without problems to different climatic characteristics., You can live outdoors. In United States, the blood of this can, He has contributed to the development of the American Hound (specialists in the pursuit of coyotes).
  • Whippet crossed with Greyhound: highly appreciated by its balance is, Acceleration, agility, tenacity, heat resistance and, especially, by his rapid recovery. Depending on each dog, It can be used successfully in all kinds of hunting, but in the United Kingdom, stand out, especially in hunting rabbits.

The Lurcher (first cousins ​​of the Longdog) they were initially raised to catch rabbits when they were expelled from their burrows, but in the Decade of 1950, myxomatosis killed off most of the rabbits.

The myxomatosis, It is an infectious disease of rabbits, swellings on the skin and membranes of these animals, particularly in head and genitals. It is then often evolve into acute conjunctivitis, and sometimes blindness. The rabbit becomes listless, lost appetite and develops fever. In typical cases where the animal does not have resistance, death happens on average in 13 days.

Video "Longdog"

Queen, dont stop me now, mix coursing longdogs

It was discovered in Uruguay at the end of the 19th century, in rabbits imported from the genus Sylvilagus. It was subsequently extended by the South American populations of wild rabbits. This was however a less virulent strain than introduced in Australia in 1950, that he slashed the population (of 600 to 100 million in two years).

For decades Britain's scientists, Germany and France sought a remedy against the plague that rabbits had become, but it was the French physician Armand Delille which believed the solution. It was introduced artificially in France in 1952 a few rabbits inoculated with the virus producer the myxomatosis and quickly spread to the European continent in a natural way, through arthropod blood sucking and decimated the French population in 2 years (90% mortality). The myxomatosis, together with viral hemorrhagic pneumonia, is the cause of the decline of the rabbit in the Iberian Peninsula, What has caused the decline of the iconic animals to the point that in the Spanish imperial Eagle were lost the 70 % nests and the Iberian lynx is found without their basic livelihood.

The mode of transmission is the flea and other sucking arthropods of blood in Europe, Although for example, in Australia is transmitted through mosquito.

There is a viral vector vaccine for domestic rabbits, While in wild specimens Europe have developed immunity and gradually extend.

As we said above, in the decade of 1950, myxomatosis killed off most of the rabbits, but the disease did not affect the hares.

Y, This led to the need to develop the race to achieve faster dogs to be able to catch hares. A Hare can run at speeds of up 72 km/h.

The need for, he is born Longdog, developed to get a dog appropriate to the preferred style of hunting and the need of the moment.

Y, Although they are not a pure breed, you cross them with him Greyhound (English Greyhound) purebred, He has carried that are highly valued within the “elite” canine sports.

Because the Longdog it is not a purebred are not recognized by any dog ​​club. However, North America has recently created the “Lurcher and Longdog Association” to serve as a registration body for dogs Lurcher and Longdog in the United States and Canada.

Character and skills

Similar to the Lurcher, beyond the different objectives of the crossing, What is certain is that the Longdog It is an excellent companion dog that adapts very well to home life., and is very grateful for the care received, She loves to be with people but it needs vigorous walks outdoors, like all dog. Y, above all, very large spaces to savor the aftertaste of freedom.

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Lhasa Apso
Tíbet FCI 227 - Tibetan breeds.

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn.

Content

History

Originally from Tibet, the Lhasa Apso es conocido en su país de origen como “Apso Seng Kyi”, that means “dog with the roar of a lion”, seguramente en referencia a su ladrido tan característico y a su aspecto bastante parecido al de un león en miniatura.

DNA studies have established that it is one of the oldest domestic dogs: los primeros ejemplares habrían aparecido varios miles de años antes de nuestra era. They have also shown that it is one of the dog breeds most closely related to the wolf, although its appearance does not necessarily suggest it.

For a long time they were mistaken for the Tibetan Terrier, until separate rules were established that facilitated their differentiation. La distinción se hacía principalmente en base al tamaño, being the Tibetan Terrier bigger and, Therefore, more of a deterrent as a guard dog.

Considerado sagrado en su país de origen, tenía prohibida su venta y era criado exclusivamente por nobles y monjes para vigilar y proteger palacios, Isolated Buddhist temples and monasteries in the Himalayan mountains. Su trabajo consistía en dar la alarma en caso de intrusión o peligro potencial, while his cousin, the Tibetan Mastiff, ponía toda su imponente estatura para disuadir a los individuos malintencionados de ir más allá. Los monjes creían que cuando el dueño de un Lhasa Apso moría y aún no estaba preparado para el Nirvana, his soul was reincarnated in the body of his animal.

También se acostumbraba a usarla como regalo para los líderes extranjeros. It also, only the Lhasa Apso regalados por el Dalai Lama podían salir del país. They always happened in pairs, to bring luck and prosperity to the recipient. Así es como se introdujeron los primeros súbditos en China hacia 1583, al comienzo de la dinastía manchú.

The international diffusion of Lhasa Apso

It was not until the dawn of the 20th century that the Lhasa Apso came to europe, and more specifically in 1904. It was then that the first import to the UK took place., cuando los soldados británicos que regresaban de la expedición al Tíbet dirigida por Francis Younghusband trajeron de vuelta representantes de la raza. However, was not up 1964 when the Kennel Club, the main canine organization in the country, officially recognized the breed.

In France, was introduced in 1949 by Miss Violette Dupont.

The Lhasa Apso first set foot in North America in 1933, when Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933), the XIII Dalai Lama, offered one to the explorer and naturalist Charles Suydam Cutting (1889-1972).

It took the American Kennel Club only two years to officially recognize the breed, as he did in 1935. La otra organización canina más importante del país, el United Kennel Club, waited until 1975 to do the same.

The International Cynological Federation (FCI), que coordina las organizaciones de un centenar de países, recognized the Lhasa Apso in 1969.

Popularity

The Lhasa Apso is now very popular and is present all over the world.

In United States, ranks 70 (of something less than 200) en el ranking de razas establecido por el American Kennel Club según el número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. This marks a certain decline compared to the first years of the 21st century., when he was rather in the position 40.

In the United Kingdom, the breed is also in sharp decline, after having peaked. Like this, mientras que el número de nacimientos anuales registrados por el Kennel Club se situaba en torno a los 4.000 in the middle of the Decade of 2000 and exceeded 4.500 early in the decade 2010, then collapsed, to the point of dividing by three, with, Therefore, less than 1.500 annual records at the end of the decade of 2010.

The situation is quite similar in France, where the breed reached its peak popularity in the early years 90, with more than 1.500 births in some years. However, before the dawn of the 21st century, ya habían retrocedido por debajo del millar. The Lhasa Apso recovered in the second half of the decade of 2000, flirting with the numbers reached at their peak. However, fell back from 2012, and abruptly. Like this, during the decade of 2010, el número de personas inscritas cada año en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) divided by two, ending the decade in less than 700.

Physical characteristics

The Lhasa Apso it is a small dog with a robust and harmonious appearance. His body is longer than high, and well proportioned. Its front legs are straight. The tail is set high on the back and covered by a long lock of hair.

The skull is small and slightly rounded, with a well defined stop. The ears are soft, medium in size and covered with long hair. Very often hidden under a long fringe of hair, eyes are dark brown and oval. They have an alert expression. The snout is short, straight but not square, and ends in a black nose.

The coat of the Lhasa Apso consists of a medium density undercoat and a long topcoat, Lisa, dense and hard. Hair covers the entire body and usually touches the ground, without ever impeding their movements.

However, because they shed relatively little, they are often promoted as a breed of dog hypoallergenic, which makes them suitable for people with allergies to dogs. However, keep in mind that no breed is totally hypoallergenic: a person who is in this case should always try to carry out a test in real conditions for several hours before any adoption.

In any case, the coat can be of various colors: dorado, sand, honey, dark grey, Slate, black, white or brown. It is smooth in some individuals, and particolorada (that is to say, that mixes several colors) in others.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are very similar in size.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 20 – 30 cm.
▷ female size: 18 – 28 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 4 – 6 kg

Character and skills

The Lhasa Apso He is very loving and protective of his owners. However, a pesar del estrecho vínculo que tiene con ellos, his independent nature allows him to handle loneliness without difficulty. He is not one of those who suffer from separation anxiety when his owners are absent for a few hours.

Get along well with children old enough to have learned to interact with and respect an animal, which makes him a very good playmate. On the other hand, by not being very patient, can quickly become overwhelmed by young children who are noisy, that move a lot or that hurt you, and then he risks at any moment to react abruptly. Therefore, it is not recommended that you live with younger children. In any case, Whatever your race, a dog should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision.

Probably because he loves his family and seeks to protect them, the Lhasa Apso It, on the other hand, suspicious of strangers. They do not hesitate to bark when they perceive a threat or a stranger approaching their home, and are usually perceptive enough to quickly determine if the person is a friend or foe of their family. Therefore, he is an excellent alert dog. However, not only uses their vocalizations to raise the alarm: it is known to bark a lot, even in situations that don't justify it. Esto se debe probablemente a su oído altamente desarrollado, que le permite oír ruidos y sonidos inaudibles para los humanos e incluso para algunas otras razas.

Living with their little fellows usually goes well, how much have they grown up together. Otherwise, for its dominant character, it can be more complicated. Given its size, it is also better to avoid living with a large dog, since it could inadvertently hurt you, for example while playing together. There is also a risk with people who are on your walks. In fact, como es muy valiente y se ve a sí mismo como más grande y poderoso de lo que realmente es, does not hesitate to play with (or sometimes face) other dogs much bigger than him, sin darse cuenta de que podrían herirle involuntariamente durante sus interacciones.

Have you share your home with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is very possible. In fact, does not have a very pronounced predatory instinct, and he is not one of those who begins to chase the small animals that are during his walks. La única excepción son los que se atreven a entrar en su territorio, por ejemplo en su jardín.

The Lhasa Apso you don't need much to satisfy your need for exercise. However, media hora al día, through two or three walks and / or play sessions, es un mínimo por debajo del cual no debes mantenerlo equilibrado. On the other hand, if you are happy to accompany your masters on short walks, its resistance is quite limited: you don't have to count on him to walk for hours. In fact, its low level of activity makes it an ideal companion for the elderly or sedentary. However, do not neglect to exercise daily, tanto por su bienestar psicológico como físico, especially since it is a breed of dog that tends to be overweight.

It also, the Lhasa Apso no sólo necesita ser estimulado físicamente. In fact, You also have to take advantage of his curiosity and his great intelligence so that he is psychologically balanced. Therefore, It may be convenient not only to vary the routes and activities of the walk, but also, for example, regularly teach him new tricks or let him play different dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally, que le permiten ejercitarse tanto física como mentalmente.

As soon as your needs are met, easily adapts to all places in life, showing himself capable of living both in the city and in the country, in an apartment like in a house. Having said that, even if you have access to a garden, su independencia no significa que pueda pasar la mayor parte del tiempo allí, away from their masters. In fact, to be happy and balanced, you need to be surrounded and interact with your family.

However, it is important to note that the Lhasa Apso is independent, stubborn and not really inclined to spontaneously obey. It also, if you don't like something, does not hesitate to express his discontent. It also, matures very slowly and can remain a puppy in your head until 3 years. Therefore, not really suitable for a person who has no experience with dogs, ya que podría darle demasiados problemas.

Education

The Lhasa Apso is an intelligent dog, but independent and stubborn. It also, matures slowly, to the point that some individuals remain puppies on their heads for up to three years. Obviously, this is not without consequences on their education: has difficulty concentrating and taking learning sessions seriously.

Everything is combined so that obeying is not necessarily the most natural thing for him, not the first thing on his priority list. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que es dominante y no duda en cuestionar las reglas y poner a prueba los límites; si percibe un defecto que le permita hacer lo que le plazca o incluso ocupar el papel de líder, does not hesitate to exploit it.

Therefore, its owner must be firm from the first months and not let it get away with it, at the risk of allowing the development of “small dog syndrome”. Esta última aparece cuando los propietarios, too moved by the pretty and harmless looks of their young companion, do not correct -or not enough- their inappropriate behaviors (grunts, barking, aggressiveness…), como harían con un perro más grande. This is the best way to make it disobedient, aggressive, perturbado y difícil de vivir. It also, después es muy difícil corregir la situación, once bad habits have been established.

This is the case, for example, of the barking, since it is known to bark excessively. No hay que esperar para intentar hacerle entender las circunstancias en las que es inútil hacerlo y aquellas en las que, on the other hand, is pertinent. You also have to teach him to stop when asked.

To avoid drifts or failures in your education, It is important that each of the members of the house is involved in it and makes sure that the current regulations are respected to the letter. These rules must be established from their arrival in the family and be constant over time and from one person to another., otherwise he runs the risk of getting lost and not being able to understand what is expected of him.

It also, ya sea para hacerle asimilar las normas o para enseñarle diversas cosas útiles, a certain regularity is necessary to obtain results, and it is better to start from your arrival in the family. Short daily sessions are great for keeping you focused on the tasks at hand, as it tends to get bored quickly. Positive reinforcement is the best training method: premiarlo con golosinas y estímulos es mucho más eficaz que un castigo severo.

Last, like any dog, the socialization of Lhasa Apso should be started at an early age, during which it is more malleable and adaptable. To become a well-adjusted adult and behave correctly in all circumstances, necesita conocer al mayor número posible de personas y animales durante sus primeros meses de vida, así como estar expuesto a todo tipo de situaciones y estímulos.

Health

The Lhasa Apso is generally robust and healthy. It is also not unusual for representatives of the breed to live to 20 years or more.

It also, sus orígenes tibetanos y su pelaje bien provisto (that is not alien) explican que sea particularmente resistente al frío y la humedad.Por otro lado, is much less comfortable when mercury peaks, or even frankly in great difficulty., your flattened face implies a markedly lower than average respiratory ventilation capacity and, Therefore, a less good ability to regulate your internal temperature by panting.Particularly prone to heatstroke, it's not done, for example, to live in a Mediterranean climate.

Although he is in good general health, es posible que padezca diversas patologías más o menos graves a lo largo de su vida.Los problemas de salud a los que así está predispuesto son:

  • the síndrome braquicefálico, Which affectssnub-nosed and star-nosed dog breeds.In fact, this morphological peculiarity predisposes the animal to various health problems, like breathing difficulties, enfermedades oculares o trastornos digestivos.Se puede considerar una intervención quirúrgica para agrandar las fosas nasales del animal y así aumentar su capacidad respiratoria;
  • the Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance may be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and inevitably progresses toosteoarthritis aas the dog ages;
  • the dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), común en perros pequeños.Ocurre cuando la rótula se mueve hacia adentro o hacia afuera de la rodilla y puede causar dolor y / the cojera;
  • the herniated disc, una enfermedad de la columna vertebral que provoca un dolor cada vez más difícil de afrontar para el animal, which can therefore be aggressive when manipulated or the door. It also has more and more difficulties to move, he even ends up paralyzed.In less advanced cases, rest and medication are usually sufficient, pero en otros es necesaria la cirugía;
  • inguinal hernia, que se manifiesta por la aparición de una masa blanda e indolora entre la cara interna del muslo y el abdomen.Afecta principalmente a mujeres no esterilizadas y se cura mediante intervención quirúrgica;
  • congenital renal dysplasia, una malformación de los riñones cuyos síntomas pueden ser muy variados: growth retardation, dull coat, lack of appetite, dirt … In all cases, it is a serious and incurable disease;
  • urolitiasis (or bladder stone), which is the formation of stones in the urinary tract., the dog experiences difficulty urinating or even gets dirty and / o la presencia de sangre en la orina.El tratamiento consiste en la remoción quirúrgica del cálculo;
  • congenital hydrocephalus, a disease of the nervous system that can have many consequences: strabismus, bulging skull, stunted growth, locomotive difficulties,epileptic attacks, vision problems … Los tratamientos médicos reducen los síntomas, pero también es posible plantearse una intervención quirúrgica para resolver el problema en la fuente;
  • type B hemophilia (or Christmas disease), a blood clotting disorder that is often inherited, affects mainly males and causes heavy or prolonged bleeding, así como la aparición espontánea de hematomas.Es una patología grave e incurable: even if thedog transfusionsare possible during severe bleeding, usually dies young;
  • the periodontics, una enfermedad inflamatoria irreversible del tejido gingival poco común en todo el canino y particularmente ensmall breeds.Aparece por mala higiene bucal y provoca inflamación de las encías.En los casos más graves, teeth eventually loosen and fall out at an early stage, thetreatment of periodontics isbased on desquamation and good oral hygiene When the disease is in an advanced stage, es necesaria una cirugía para extraer los dientes afectados;
  • the infectionsdel oído, frequent inflammation inrazas de perros con orejas caídas;
  • the dermatitis by Malassezia, a dermatological disease caused by the multiplication of the yeast called Malassezia, which usually causes redness, itching and greasing the skin of the animal;
  • the adenitis sebácea, a relatively rare skin disease destroys the sebum-producing glands, causing dry skin, pérdida total o parcial del cabello y aparición de costras que pueden desprender malos olores.Hay tratamientos disponibles para reducir los síntomas, but the disease itself is incurable;
  • allergies, either food allergies or atopy., the animal scratches repeatedly and skin lesions may appear.

The Lhasa Apso it is also particularly prone to certain eye diseases:

  • the progressive atrophy, an incurable inherited disease characterized by degeneration of the retina, resulting in progressive loss of vision, night and then day, until the individual becomes totally blind;
  • the glaucoma, una enfermedad ocular que se puede heredar.Provoca la degeneración del nervio óptico y la retina.Esta dolorosa patología para el animal progresa rápidamente a una pérdida total o parcial de la vista, unless it is seen urgently;
  • dry conjunctivitis, a disease that can be inherited due to insufficient tear production, resulting in dry eye, inflammation of the eyelids, Red eyes, repeated blinking of the eyelids, presence of scabs and / o secreción amarillenta.Todos estos síntomas obviamente causan dolor e incomodidad al animal.En casos graves, también pueden aparecer llagas y causar úlceras que pueden conducir a la perforación o pérdida del ojo.Esta afección generalmente requiere un tratamiento de por vida;
  • nictitating gland prolapse (or cherry eye), una afección oftalmológica de la glándula lagrimal.Los signos más comunes son la aparición de una pequeña bola roja en la esquina interna del ojo y ojos llorosos.Es tratada con una intervención quirúrgica;
  • the entropion, which corresponds to a curl of the edge of the eyelid towards the inside of the eye and can be inherited., irritation and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by repeated eyelash rubbing and / o pelos en partes frágiles del ojo.El problema se puede solucionar con la ayuda de una cirugía;
  • corneal dystrophy, a corneal disease often inherited in origin that results in clouding of the cornea in both eyes.There are two types of dystrophies: lípidas y endoteliales.Los primeros no comprometen la visión y no requieren un tratamiento especial.Este último, on the other hand, can cause blindness, pero es tratable mediante cirugía;
  • distiquiasis, an eye disease characterized by abnormally implanted eyelashes which may be asymptomatic or cause irritation, itchiness, redness of the eyes or even the formation of aúlcera corneal.Different techniques are used to treat affected people;
  • It also, the Lhasa Apso has a fairly high risk of Obesity.Este último puede provocar o agravar muchas patologías, and therefore have a significant impact on the health of the animal.

The list of ailments to which you are predisposed Lhasa Apso can be overwhelming at first glance, pero conviene recordar que siguen siendo raras y que la mayoría de los representantes de la raza pasan la vida libres de problemas.Esto se confirma en particular por un estudio realizado en 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians: the 32% of the deaths studied were simply caused by old age (32%), way ahead of cancers (18%) and diseases, kidneys (7%).

However, knowing that some of the diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, it is important to adopt from acreatorrigorous ofLhasa Apso.In fact, in addition to guaranteeing quality socialization to the puppies, a serious breeder routinely performs genetic testing on individuals he plans to breed (or also in the offspring obtained), to prevent the transmission of a hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of the tests in question, además de presentar un certificado de buena salud establecido por un veterinario así como el detalle de las vacunas administradas, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination record.

Once the animal is adopted, We must not lose sight of the fact that it is particularly fragile throughout its growth., particularly when it comes to your bones and joints., se recomienda encarecidamente no obligarlo a realizar esfuerzos físicos demasiado intensos durante este período, ya que correría el riesgo de lesionarse o incluso desarrollar malformaciones, with potentially long-lasting consequences.This is all the more true since this dog is predisposed to certain joint problems (dislocation of the patella and Hip Dysplasia).

Finally, whatever your age and like any other race, everything Lhasa Apso must be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete check-up, que al mismo tiempo permita asegurarse de que se mantiene al día con su retirada de vacunas.

Life expectancy

14 years

Grooming

The Lhasa Apso It is not for those who do not have time or desire to spend a lot of time caring for their dog's coat. In fact, to remove dead hair and prevent mat formation, its long coat must be brushed at least three or four times a week, with a special brush or glove. Although the molt remains moderate throughout the year, brushing should be done daily during spring and fall seasonal moult.

If it is not maintained regularly enough, hair gets tangled, preventing the skin from breathing. This favors the proliferation of bacteria and the skin problems that they can cause. It also, it is very painful for the animal - even impossible- detangle the hairs with a simple brush, y entonces suele ser necesario un paso por una peluquería profesional.

It also, as the length of its fur makes it often touch the ground, tends to easily accumulate dirt and give off bad odors. Therefore, es necesario lavarlo con un champú adaptado a los perros, once every one or two months. However, you should not wash your dog more than this, as this will remove the sebum that protects you from skin problems. When you bathe, you must be careful not to get the inside of your dog's ears wet, since they are especially sensitive. It is also recommended to clean the dog's coat directly after bathing rather than letting it air dry, ya que esto podría restarle belleza y brillo.

To avoid the task of untangling, or to be needed less often, many owners of Lhasa Apso choose to keep their pet's hair short. Whether they do it themselves or use the services of a professional dog groomer, the coat should be trimmed with scissors or trimmed every two months to keep the coat clean.

However, even if the fur stays long, a small cut is necessary every one or two months to prevent the animal from being hindered when moving and to reduce the risk of infection caused by small plants or spikelets that get stuck in the fur.

The hanging ears of the Lhasa Apso they also require special attention. In effect, esta particularidad morfológica hace que la humedad y la suciedad puedan acumularse fácilmente allí, and be the source of infections such as otitis. Therefore, you have to inspect them and, if required, clean them once a week, y secarlos cada vez que haya estado en contacto con el agua o haya pasado mucho tiempo en un lugar húmedo.

The weekly maintenance of your ears is also the occasion to check your eyes and clean their contour, to reduce the risk of infections.

You can also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth, making sure to use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This will help prevent tartar buildup., which can cause bad breath and, above all, the appearance of oral diseases such as periodontal disease, que es muy común en los Lhasa Apso and it can have serious consequences on your health. Knowing this, the ideal is to brush several times a week, or even every day.

Looking at its claws, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them. However, when the animal becomes older and / or less active, they can get too long and bother you, or even injuring you. In this case, they need to be trimmed with a claw trimmer or special file.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or claws, maintaining a Lhasa Apso should not be done randomly. Es útil aprenderlas la primera vez con un veterinario o un peluquero en caso de duda, to know the good techniques and to be able to act effectively and safely, without hurting or harming your pet. It also, como serán muchas las sesiones de peluquería a lo largo de su vida, es conveniente que las sesiones de peluquería del perro se desarrollen con la mayor fluidez posible: getting used to it since childhood is an excellent way to achieve it.

Food

Like any dog, the diet of Lhasa Apso must suit your age, your level of physical activity and your health status. It is recommended to opt for high quality croquettes or industrial patés, to provide you with all the nutritional inputs you need on a daily basis.

In any case, its small size should not lead one to believe that it can be fed with food intended for cats. In fact, the two species do not have the same nutritional needs, y él sufriría tanto carencias de algunos nutrientes como excesos de otros.

In this case, es aún más importante estar atento, since this breed has a predisposition to being overweight. Esto es aún más cierto en el caso de un individuo castrado, because the risk of obesity is then more important. Dividir su ración diaria en al menos dos comidas es una buena manera de evitar que clame durante el día, since he knows that a second meal awaits him a little later. It is also better to avoid abusing the treats, although they can obviously be very effective in educating you. A good habit may be to systematically deduct your caloric intake from your daily allowance., In addition to, of course, optar por productos bajos en calorías.

At the same time, weighing the dog once or twice a month makes it possible to quickly detect any deviations. Si esto se confirma o incluso se acentúa en las siguientes mediciones, it is advisable to take the dog to the vet, since only he can determine the cause of the problem and remedy it. In fact, your diet and activity level are not always the cause: weight gain may be due to illness or a reaction to treatment, for example.

Last, like any dog, the Lhasa Apso debe tener agua a su disposición durante todo el día, regularly renewed so that it is always fresh.

Utility

Until the 20th century, the Lhasa Apso It was used by Tibetan monks and nobles to guard and protect palaces, Buddhist temples and monasteries. Su finísimo oído le permitía dar la alerta rápidamente en caso de peligro.

In fact, even today, its courage and protective nature allow it to stand out as a warning dog.

However, ahora lo encontramos empleado principalmente como animal de compañía. In fact, his affectionate and cheerful character makes him an endearing companion. If we add their low need for exercise, we will understand that it easily finds its place in many homes and places in life. This is especially true because they shed less hair and produce less dandruff than many other breeds., making them a great potential choice for someone with a dog allergy. Having said that, dado que puede haber grandes diferencias de un individuo a otro y que ningún perro es totalmente hipoalergénico, real-life testing is always essential by spending several hours with the animal you are considering adopting.

Its small size, its long coat and elegance also make the Lhasa Apso a regular at dog shows. However, cualquier propietario que se plantee inscribir a su perro en concursos de belleza debe disponer de mucho tiempo y de un marcado interés por la peluquería, since then a daily brushing and several hours of maintenance a week is necessary to maintain a well-groomed coat and address these events in the best conditions.

His kindness and sweetness also make him a very good hospital therapy dog, nursing homes and nursing homes.

Last, their intelligence and liveliness can be put to the test in various dog sports such as agility, obedience or rally.

Price

The price of a puppy Lhasa Apsoor ranges between 500 and 1.500 EUR, being the average of about 900 EUR, without great differences between males and females.

whatever the country, the significant price differences between the specimens are generally explained by the greater or lesser conformity of the animal with the breed standard, así como por el prestigio de la cría y el linaje del que procede.


Breeders of the breed "Lhasa Apso"

Characteristics "Lhasa Apso"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Lhasa Apso" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Lhasa Apso"

Photos:

1 – A dog Lhasa Apso, With white hair she is two years old, her name is Yuna by Yuna89bcn, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Lhasa Apso female with 6 meses by Lcfrederico, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso_Puppy_Clip.jpg
4 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lhasa_Apso,_aged_16_months.jpg
5 – “Lhasa Apso” by Flickr user lisaschaos . Photo uploaded to commons by user ltshears, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Lhasa Apso” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Skoda_new_064.jpg

Videos "Lhasa Apso"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 5: Tibetan breeds
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Lhasa Apso"

FCIFCI - Lhasa Apso
Lhasa

Alternative names:

    1. Lhasa, Lion Dog (English).
    2. Apso Seng Kyi (French).
    3. Lhasaterrier, Löwenhund (German).
    4. Nome original 拉薩犬 (Portuguese).
    5. Perro león/span> (español).

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Landseer
Alemania Suiza CanadáFCI 226 - Molossoid . Mountain

Landseer

The nature of Landseer and Newfoundland is very similar, considering the first one as something more agile.

Content

History

The Landseer was created together with Newfoundland on the east coast of Canada. The great island of Newfoundland, located off the coast of Canada, gave his ancestors his name. Just 100 years the ways of Landseer they separated from those of Newfoundland. The reason was that they wanted to keep their skin color black and white.. More on this later. Who descended from the dogs of the Vikings of pre-Columbian times, from Spain or from the dogs of the Indians, are legends that remain untested. However, according to the current genetic map of canine breeds prepared in 2017 by an international group of researchers led by Heidi G. Parker, there is a close relationship with the recuperators, What, like the Labrador, come from the same area. Probably the ancestors of the Landseer or Newfoundland arrived in North America with the first European settlers.

The big dogs proved to be important helpers for fishermen and sealers in the cold waters of the North Atlantic., and were also occasionally useful in hunting bears and big game. It also, landowners or Landseers they carried loads and even as a draft dog they are said to provide exceptional services. Working with fishermen in extremely harsh weather was very demanding. The Landseer had to think, had to do heavy work on the networks, saved the lives of the castaways over and over again. In this way he developed the peculiarities of his being and his physique.. He accomplished amazing things in the service of humanity. The Landseers or landowners came to England over and over again with cod ships as early as the 18th and early 19th centuries. Here he became famous very early for his impressive achievements.

The famous poet Lord Byron put in 1808 your dear boatswain Landseer an impressive monument. He had the words engraved on his tombstone: “Here rest the bones of those who possessed beauty without vanity, strength without exuberance, courage without savagery, and all the virtues of man without his vices”. Here the greatness of character of these dogs is expressed, that can still be experienced today. The painter Sir Edwin Landseer immortalized his Newfoundlands black and white in oil several times around 1830. There is some evidence that dogs documented as Newfoundland Oh ya en Canis Earth News 1700 were predominantly black and white and that it was only later that the pure black or brown dogs that are typical of Newfoundland today. The black and white guy went out of style in England. However, Swiss and German cynologists and breeders brought the last good dogs from England and built a continental European breed.

To save these black and white dogs from Newfoundland, they were declared their own race around 1900, named after their famous painter “Landseer“. So this ancient type of dog with a great history was preserved for the world of dogs.. Since then, the Newfoundland and Landseers are raised separately. Later it is said that Kuvasz and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs were crossed to stabilize the white color of the soil.

In 1960 the Landseer (continental-european type) was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

Physical characteristics

According to the breed standard of the Landseer, You must give the impression of being a but powerful and well balanced. The legs are relatively longer than the black Newfoundland. The back is straight and strong. The hind legs and shoulders are muscular.

The upper layer must be long and as straight as possible, very dense and soft to the touch. The main color of the layer is white with various patches black in the rump, the neck, backsplash, belly, legs and the tail should be white.

The head should be black with the white snout and symmetric white extends from the snout to the head, ending with the white collar. It has a distinctive shape with a noble facial expression. The ears are medium-sized and eyes should be dark brown. the size of the Landseer will of 67 to 80 cm., and at birth weigh between 500 to 750 grams and at the age of 1 year can be reached despite 50 to 60 kg.

Like all mastiff-type breeds, the Landseer It is also grown very fast during its first year. Therefore one must be careful with the exercise, because if it becomes sedentary can suffer from overweight.

Character and skills

Throughout its development, and even at maturity (that is not until the dog is of 3 or 4 years of age), the Landseer is a very active dog who likes to do all kinds of activities. Swimming, for example, is your favorite activity. So when a Landseer smells and sees the water, already no boundaries, jump to the water.

The Landseer he is a very accommodating dog with his master. It is active, has good temperament, but it is not a nervous dog. It is a very confident dog, Intelligent, loyal to their own people, fairly mild in nature and, When they are given sufficient exercise outdoors, it attaches very well to home life. In general terms, most of Landseer they are very independent and have a mind of its own. The Landseer is very easy to train, much love and patience will be rewarded with a partner for life.

As we said in previous lines to most of the Landseer, they love water and walks, It is therefore necessary to fulfill these wishes to the dog. Being on the water takes it as a job, reason why can take advantage of these time to play to find objects, launch toy water to make it look, It can be one excellent training both for the owner and as for the dog. It is a good diver and with appropriate training, they are able to find objects in the bottom of any Lake. In this regard, It is good to note that if you want to go swimming with your Landseer you should keep in mind that, the dog will try to rescue and towed back to land. Therefore, no doubt have to be careful to do this the first time. Basic training is required so that the dog knows when you are playing, and when not. Any other activity with the family is also something that the Landseer always wants to do.

When it comes to behaviour towards other dogs, children and people there is no problem. Especially the Landseer, they love to children.

It is good to socialize with other dogs puppies, because if he is male, It can be very dominant. But with a proper education, There will not be any problem.

Landseer Education

The Landseer can be educated very well. It is intelligent, interested and quickly understand what you are allowed to do and what you are not. Sometimes he takes it easy, but a little motivated he is very cooperative and tries to make his lord and master happy. The puppy should already show itself clearly and without exception where the hammer hangs. There should be no doubt about the orientation of your humans, as well as on the intimate relationship with.

Always keep in mind that this dog is the strongest and that orientation only works through unquestionable recognition. But with praise and consequences you can basically accomplish everything with it. On the basis of a good education you can even train very well at Landseer. Many Landseer are used as rescue dogs in the water, but also on earth. For this you can pass the work tests with water in the clubs.

Landseer Health and Care

The maintenance and care of the Landseer they are complex as with all big dogs. The dense and weather resistant layer should be brushed regularly with a special brush. Should not be sheared or trimmed.

The dogs of the breed Landseer like all large dogs they tend to hip joint dysplasia, twisting of the stomach. Due to their constitution and their dense fur they do not tolerate heat well.

Nutrition / Food

Like all large dogs, the Landseer needs a lot of good food. Especially in the growth phase you need professional nutritional planning. A high positioned food bowl is useful to counteract the risk of stomach twisting. You should always pay close attention to your weight.

Landseer's life expectancy

Life expectancy is between 10 and 12 years.

For sale Landseer

You should only purchase a puppy locally from a breeder who is affiliated with the FCI. Puppies of this breed cost between 1.500 and 2.000 EUR.

Images "Landseer"

Photos:

1 – Puppy landseer – 3 months old by OdinetPietra / CC BY-SA
2 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/548945
3 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/550456
4 – Cleo 11 months by Per Jensen – Flickr
5 – Landseer at PhotoEmotions (pixabay.com)
6 – Landseer by Katrina_S (pixabay.com)

Videos "Landseer"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.


FCI breed standard "Landseer"

FCIFCI - Landseer
Landseer

Alternative names:

    1. LANDSEER (EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL TYPE) (English).
    2. LANDSEER (TYPE CONTINENTAL-EUROPEEN) (French).
    3. LANDSEER (EUROPÄISCH-KONTINENTALER TYP) (German).
    4. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEU CONTINENTAL) (Portuguese).
    5. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEO CONTINENTAL) (español).