English Springer Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 125 . Flushing Dogs

The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.

Content

History

The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.

Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius described the descendants of these dogs from the Iberian Peninsula in his Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.

However, litters used to be a mix of both types, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; his job was to detect and flush out the animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. The current names of the breeds derive from these hunts.: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel excelled at finding, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.

In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, so that the lines of dogs differed from region to region. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.

This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, and the breeding program became stricter.

Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other leading organization in the United States. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. However, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, when they were almost born 13.000 each year.

The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. This figure had previously doubled in just a decade., since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.

The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, based on the number of annual registrations in the organization. The UKC also produces a classification based on the number of births reported to it, in which it is among the 20 first.

Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. However, there is a real difference in morphology between individuals in lines destined for dog shows and those whose specialty is hunting and field trials: the former are much more massive than the latter

In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.

The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, but now docking is prohibited in most countries.

The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.

The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, but it also protects you from the various thorns and twigs that could hurt you in the undergrowth. The individuals of the working lines, however, generally have shorter hair than those of the beauty lines.-

His fur is black and white or liver and white, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.

Last, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
    ▷ female size: 48 – 49 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
    ▷ female weight: 18 – 19 kg

Varieties:

From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel have tended to distinguish between lines intended for dog shows and those intended for hunting or company.

In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, selecting their players either for their aesthetics or for their physical abilities.

In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. However, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: no standard distinguishes between show dogs and working dogs.

Character and skills

The English Springer Spaniel he is incredibly sociable, open and loving. They love the company of humans in general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.

On the other hand, can express his joy at seeing his master come back urinating on the carpet. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. Therefore, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.

If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. Therefore, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, with which you can spend hours running and playing in the garden. However, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.

His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Anyone who adopts this dog while keeping chickens or ducks in the garden will quickly understand why his hunting skills are unanimously recognized.…

To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. One hour of intense physical exercise (footing, games…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.

Although they have a reputation for being less active, dogs on show lines should also exercise for a minimum of one hour a day.

As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: you better have access to a garden. You better have access to a garden, but this must be well fenced to prevent it from escaping if it sees birds or follows a friendly passerby who gives it a treat. In any case, you shouldn't spend most of your time alone in the garden: its place is inside, with his family.
It also, physical exercise is not enough for it to be balanced: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, throwing things or digging in the garden.

Dog sports are a great way to keep your dog engaged both physically and mentally. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, track and search.

Last, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.

Education

Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, runs the risk of becoming shy or, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.

It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, as well as teaching him not to bark untimely. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.

With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. However, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.

In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, since they could traumatize him. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.

Health

The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.

Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Their undercoat is more or less dense depending on the climate of the region in which they live., and are equally resistant to cold and heat. However, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.

Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
  • Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
  • The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, In most cases, does not affect vision;
  • The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. This problem can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.;
  • Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. However, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
  • Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.

Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina and the very rare and surprising rabies syndrome (not to be confused with rabies disease), when a peaceful dog is suddenly overcome by an attack of hyperagression for no apparent reason.

It also, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.

However, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, most of which are very rare. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.

In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., as well as the data of the administered vaccines, registered in your health or vaccination card.

However, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog ​​with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.

Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. They should be scheduled at least once a year to detect the beginnings of a potential health problem and to make sure your dog is up to date on his vaccinations.

Life expectancy

Of 12 to 14 years

Grooming

The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.

It also, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, so it can be useful to bathe him after a hunting trip or a particularly muddy trip to the forest, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Then you have to be careful to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs., at the risk of damaging your skin.

In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.

It also, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. Therefore, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.

Your floppy ears deserve special attention, since this morphological characteristic makes moisture and dirt easily accumulate in them, with an increased risk of infection. Therefore, should be examined and washed at least once a week.

Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, and clean them with a damp cloth if they are not.

Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more often..

Last, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, could get in the way of walking, or even break and hurt you, so they need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.

Utility

The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. They are still used for hunting around the world, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.

They are also excellent companion dogs., loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.

His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. However, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.

When not used for hunting, physical and mental qualities of English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.

They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.

It is also common to find them as rescue dogs and search for accident victims., either in the mountains or in urban areas.

Last, his closeness to humans and his sociable nature also make him a very good therapy dog, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.

Price "English Springer Spaniel"

The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values ​​that go from about 500 euros for dogs with characteristics that are far from the standard, up to approximately double for those with prestigious ancestry and intended for dog shows.

The price varies depending on the reputation of the breeder, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all its intrinsic physical characteristics.

Characteristics "English Springer Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Springer Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "English Springer Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – English Springer Spaniel by Heinz Höfling, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Coffee, English-Springer-Spaniel, 8 Months by photo taken by Heinz Höfling [User:Hhoefling], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A black English Springer Spaniel named Oliver. by racermd5, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – English Springer Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-englisch-springer-spaniel-317039/
5 – Mimi, English Springer Spaniel by Pedro Lopez
6 – Tallinn, Estonia, duo CACIB 2013 August 17-18 by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "English Springer Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"

FCIFCI - English Springer Spaniel
Springer

Alternative names:

    1. Springer Spaniel (English).
    2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
    3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
    4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
    5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (español).

English Water Spaniel
Inglaterra Extinct

Content

History

English Water Spaniel (Water Dog) It is a breed of dog that has been extinct since the first part of the 20th century, fue visto por última vez en la década de 1930. Is of English origin.

He was very famous for his skill in hunting waterfowl and being able to dive like a duck. Se describía como similar a un Collie or a cross between a Poodle and Curly-coated Springer Spaniel y por lo general era de color blanco con manchas color hígado o marrón.

The English Water Spaniel is prior to Irish Water Spaniel (Whiptail). Historians of the race, They claim that they have been mentioned by Shakespeare en su obra “Macbeth”, and they believe that they have influenced genetically in several modern dog breeds, including therein to the American Water Spaniel, the Curly-coated Retriever and the Field Spaniel, Although it is unknown if the race was involved in the creation of Irish Water Spaniel.

In 1570, the Dr. John Caius wrote a description of the English Water Spaniel. But the race is officially mentioned by name in 1802, en el “Sportsman’s Cabinet” (organization that nuclear all hunting sports), where they describe the English Water Spaniel como un perro “natural hair is long and curly, and compact, not loose and messy”, la descripción fue acompañada de un grabado en el que aparecía un English Hair Spaniel color blanco con manchas hígado. This shows that the English Water Spaniel is prior to Irish Water Spaniel, not developed as a breed recognized until the Decade of 1830.

During the first half of the 18th century, the English Water Spaniel It was used for hunting ducks in East Anglia.

The Kennel Clubinitiallytenía una clasificación específica en la que se agrupaban todos los “Non-Irish water dogs”. Ese estándar fue creado específicamente para el English Water Spaniel by Hugh Dalziel in one of his books dedicated to the races of water dogs.

En un artículo suyo publicado en el año 1897, Hugh Dalziel, ensured that, no creía que la raza se hubiese extinguido, on the other hand, aseguraba que aún había muchos ejemplares de la raza distribuidos a lo largo y ancho del país, and keeping alive the race passed through motivate breeders from the most important clubs and canine committees, in the perpetuation and improvement of the breed. But later, Dalziel, regretted the fact that while the Irish Water Spaniel became famous, the English Water Spaniel was absorbed by other breeds of spaniel, under the eye of the most important clubs and canine committees, until you reach the extinction…

In 1967, the author John Fawcett Gordon (y político de Irlanda del Norte) decía: “Después de dos siglos de cría el English Water Spaniel has become extinct. No se ha vuelto a ver ningún ejemplar en los últimos treinta años”.

At least, It is believed that the English Water Spaniel ha dejado su legado en razas descendientes…

Some authors include within these races the American Water Spaniel which was also developed using additional genetic material from the Irish Water Spaniel and of the Flat-coated Retriever. The Curly-coated Retriever is considered to have descended from Poodle, of the Setter, of the extinct St. John’s Water Dog and of the English Water Spaniel.

The records for the origin of the modern breed Field Spaniel are more precise and show that one of the four parent dogs used in the creation of the breed was a English Water Spaniel crossed with a Cocker Spaniel officially registered as a Sussex Spaniel, debido a sus manchas color hígado. ¿Es lioso, truth?

Physical characteristics

The English Water Spaniel se parecía más a una versión de pelo rizado del Springer Spaniel, with some features of the Collie, Pudelhund, and Setter.

De pelo blanco y manchas color hígado (brown), medían unos 51 cm in height to the cross. They were thin, de patas largas características de algunos Spaniel, with the tail and long ears, White under belly and Brown dorsum. With a head long and narrow small and those long ears covered with thick and very defined curls. The body was moderately thick, barrel-shaped, but not as much as the Field Spaniel.

Due to the colors of the English Water Spaniel (hígado o marrón y blanco), it has been suggested that breed may have been the source of the colors that modern breeds have English Springer Spaniel and Welsh Springer Spaniel.

Alternative names:

  • Water Dog, Water Rug
  • English White Terrier
    Inglaterra Extinct

    The English White Terrier (White English Terrieris a breed of dog extinct, of English origin.

    Content

    History

    The name of "English White Terrier” fue inventado y adoptado a comienzos de 1860 by a group of breeders willing to create a new breed of dog, inspirados en los típicos Terrier de trabajo pero con una mayor agudeza de oído. This premature intention was born later the Fox Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Sealyham terrier and, later, in United States the Boston Terrier and the Rat Terrier.

    With the passage of time (and not much) the authorities of the Kennel Club they decided that the English White Terrier, debía ser considerado como una raza y fue admitido, pero la gran cantidad de problemas genéticos del perro llevaron a que su popularidad cayera en picado…

    All these vicissitudes led to the life and history of the English White Terrier, durara muy poco… a los 30 years of appearing on the stage of the Kennel Club, the English White Terrier había caído en la extinción. However, before disappearing was crossed with the English Bulldog generando así los primeros albores de las razas Boston Terrier and Bull Terrier.

    In fact, working and small Terrier breeds have existed at least since the end of the century in United Kingdom 18. These dogs have always been very variable in size and shape, podían encontrarse perros Terrier with a height at the withers that ranged from 25,4 and 31 cm., con las orejas caídas u orejas rectas, de capa lisa o pelo duro…

    With the rise of the show ring over the years 1860, enthusiasts of the new races that were emerging, they made possible by naming them and improve them, the Terrier were the first of their lists. A partir de allí fueron naciendo perros Terrier de trabajo que hoy conocemos como Fox Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Parson Russell Terrier and Sealyham terrier.

    In the vortex of creation and claim of new dog breeds, los diferentes grupos criadores competían despiadadamente, a veces ponían nombres distintos para una misma raza, también era una práctica común inventarse historias sobre razas –totalmente- fictitious they advertised as part of a campaign by declaring a new strain of a race, or a new race, eso daba cierta distinción personal y caché al criador y por supuesto… sus ventas subían. Ese era el verdadero sentido…

    Physical characteristics

    In 1894, for as long as he English White Terrier finally disappeared from the scene of the canine clubs (que siempre fue más bien una mascota de compañía y perro de exposición, as a working dog) a scholar of the race, Rawdon Lee Briggs, señaló que “los últimos ejemplares vistos en Londres, eran de tipo “Toy”, small dogs that were not above the 7 kg, with a rounded skull, o los llamados ‘cabeza de manzana’, lo cual se debería a un efecto de la endogamia”. Según el estándar oficial, the English White Terrier weighed between 6 and 9 Kg.

    Lee described the English White Terrier como “el más frágil y delicado de todos nuestros Terrier. No es el típico acompañante de un deportista, pero sí es un perro ideal para habitar en una casa bonita, en la que reciba una considerable cantidad de mimos y cuidados”.

    Though 1894 el perro aún seguía existiendo, la gente vinculada al mundo canino podía ver ante su ojos que la posible extinción del English White Terrier era ya una cruda realidad… Pero lamentando la decadencia de la raza, se consolaban pensando que quizá debían dar lugar a nuevas razas (assuming the inevitable), and they thought developing breeds better adapted to the needs and comforts of the historic present.

    There was, a male specimen of the breed English White Terrier born in 1876, He was very famous, was owned by Alfred Benjamin, se llamaba ‘Silvio’. Se considera al día de hoy una muestra fidedigna y privilegiada de la raza.

    In 1877, Silvio fue el campeón de un evento de ‘Conformation Show’ (Demonstrations of conformation, also known as a demonstration race), is a competition, o bien… un evento en el cual un juez familiarizado con una determinada raza de perro, evalúa individualmente a cada ejemplar y determina cuáles perros son de raza pura o bien, which conform to the breed standard. Silvio I weighed nineteen kilos.

    Esa exposición se llevó a cabo en el “Royal Agricultural Hall” en el año 1878, en lo que hoy conocemos como el l “Business Design Centre” que es un centro de exposiciones sito en el distrito de Islington, in London.

    Alternative names:

  • White English Terrier
  • Old English Terrier
  • British White Terrier
  • Sussex Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 127 . Flushing Dogs

    Sussex Spaniel

    The Sussex Spaniel it is a meek and thoughtful dog when it is at rest.

    Content

    History

    The Sussex Spaniel gets its name from the county of England where it was favored as a hunting dog. It comes from the farm of Rosehill Park, where it was developed in the 18th century, and it was already mentioned in 1803 in a magazine called Sportsmen’s Cabinet.

    The Knights of Sussex created a dog adapted to its heavy clay soil, to the dense undergrowth and thick hedges, a dog that could spend all day barking with bell tones to alert hunters that they were on the right track. The dogs were exposed in the dog show of the Crystal Palace in 1862 and they were among the 10 first breeds admitted to the registry of the American Kennel Club in 1884.

    Because they were primarily confined to the county of Sussex, the Sussex Spaniel they were necessarily inbred, with only an occasional brood with the Field Spaniel to bring new blood. With the passage of time, the hunters developed new interests and the Sussex stayed on the road. could have been lost to history, like so many other dogs, but the breeders Moses Woolland y Campbell Newington intervened to bring them off the brink of extinction and even improved. The breed again faced extinction during WWII, but it was saved thanks to the efforts of the breeder Joy Scholefield.

    Today the Sussex still weird, but in no danger of disappearing. Occupies the position 155 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The Sussex Spaniel It is a short dog with a compact and rectangular body and a weight between 16 and 20 kg. It stands out for the color of its fur, a deep golden liver, and for his big sad hazel eyes, so typical of the spaniel family. Historically, However, there have also been examples of Sussex black, black and tan, and liver colored gold and white.

    The fur is thick (sometimes with a slight wave), with fringes on the chest, legs and ears and consists of a weather-resistant underlay, the outside being silky.

    The long, silky ears are lobe-shaped, typical of Spaniel, and are moderately low

    In the countryside, it's slow but steady, making his way through the thick canopy to make the birds disappear and retrieve for a hunter on foot.

    Character and skills

    Appearances can be deceptive when it comes to the Sussex Spaniel. Under a gloomy and serious expression hides a friendly and cheerful dog with a placid character. Loves being around people and joins any activity with controlled enthusiasm. More than many Spaniels, the Sussex has a protective character, always keeping her big sad eyes on her family to make sure all is well. She loves the children, and his calm demeanor makes him an excellent therapy dog.

    As a hunting dog, the Sussex moves at a slower pace than other sporting dogs, but that doesn't mean i'm lazy or i don't need a lot of exercise. Not much less. He loves to hunt and has a lot of energy and stamina. Thanks to its ability to avoid the thicket, it is an excellent companion for walks or excursions, wagging the tail all the time. If you are a bird watcher, will help you find your prey. With its great olfactory capacity, you might like to put a tracker title or two on it.

    It is a very intelligent dog that is not always easy to train. Can be stubborn, but his soft Spaniel nature can make him cringe at any correction. Be firm but kind, rewarding the behavior you like with praise, games and goodies. Keep in mind that it matures slowly. You will not be instantly trained, and that includes home training. It is a breed that requires patience to get the best of itself, not to mention a sense of humor for the times when he makes fun of you or embarrasses you, that there will be.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even with 8 weeks of age, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait until he is six months old to start training him, or you will have to deal with a bigger and stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a trainer when he has between 10 and 12 weeks, and socialize him.

    Talk to the breeder, describe exactly what you are looking for in a dog and ask for help selecting a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Sussex, look for one whose parents have a pleasant personality and who has been well socialized since he was a puppy.

    Education

    He is very smart, but can be stubborn, so it is not always easy to train. Having said that, if the right motivation is found - how to take advantage of your great olfactory capacity- can be taught to Sussex to do almost anything. Train him with positive reinforcement techniques. He especially likes food rewards. Be patient in training. One Sussex, especially the females, it may take a long time to be reliable in this regard.

    The Sussex walks at a slow pace and doesn't require the frantic levels of exercise some other sporting breeds need, but he's not a couch potato either, at least not when he's young. You will enjoy moderate or long walks or hikes, although not the companion of a runner or jogger. Its versatility and athleticism make it suitable for a number of dog sports, like hunting trials, freestyle, obedience, the rally and the crawl. The Sussex easily learn to recover, making it a great playmate for the kid who likes to play ball. Once it reaches maturity, his calm demeanor makes him a natural for therapy work.

    When a Sussex Spaniel grows up with children, both usually go together like strawberries and cream. However, the puppies of Sussex can be too unruly for families with young children, and Sussex Spaniel adults unfamiliar with children may not feel comfortable with them.

    like most dogs, the Sussex Spaniel get bored when left alone, and the damage they can do is considerable. Do not give them control of the house until they have reached trustworthy maturity.. Cubs Sussex tend to develop slowly, so they may not reach maturity until 2 or 3 years of age. And keep your Sussex busy with training experiences, play and socialization. One Sussex boring is a Sussex destructive.

    Health

    The Sussex Spaniels they are healthy in general, but some conditions can be worrisome, especially if you are not careful when buying. These include some heart problems, such as cardiomyopathy and pulmonary stenosis, as well as an exercise intolerance syndrome called pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency (PDH). Hip dysplasia has also been reported, deafness and eye problems (such as entropion and retinal dysplasia). Females may have difficulty giving birth and often require cesarean sections.

    PDH deficiency is present in the 20 percent of Sussex Spaniel, but there is a genetic test to identify normal dogs, carriers and affected. Ask the breeder to show proof that at least one of the puppy's parents is free of PDH deficiency.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents are free of health problems that affect the breed.. Veterinary examination of dogs is not a substitute for genetic health tests.

    Grooming

    The Sussex has thick fur, smooth or slightly wavy, with fringes on the legs and tail and a nice curl under the neck. The coat can be cared for by brushing it at least once or twice a week to remove tangles or mats and distribute skin oils. Bathe him when necessary. The Sussex changes moderately, and daily brushing will reduce the amount of hair that falls on the floor, the furniture and clothes.

    The rest is basic care. Trim nails when needed and keep hanging ears clean and dry. Good dental hygiene is also important. Brush teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Sussex Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Sussex Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Social need ⓘ

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    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

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    Images "Sussex Spaniel"

    Sussex Spaniel
    Sussex_spaniel at the World Dog Show in Poznan by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Sussex Spaniel
    Group 8 SUSSEX SPANIEL, Marquell Replay MyDOG, The largest dog event in the Nordics: www.mydog.seby by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Sussex Spaniel"

    Sussex Spaniel / Dog breeds – Dog Breed
    Bean the Sussex Spaniel wins the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show Sporting Group | FOX SPORTS

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Sussex Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Sussex Spaniel
    Sussex

    Alternative names:

      1. Sussex (English).
      2. Sussex (French).
      3. Sussex (German).
      4. Spaniel de Sussex (Portuguese).
      5. Sussex (español).

    El Collie y sus diferentes líneas

    El Collie y sus diferentes líneas

    Content

    Meaning of the term Collie

    The term Collie It refers to many dog breeds that have originated in Scotland and Northern England. The exact origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it comes from:

    • El término ‘Col’ o ‘Coll’ del escocés antiguo que significa ‘black’.
    • O del inglés ‘coal’: ‘carbón’.
    • As well, It is possible that it is a deformation of the word Colley It was as they called the sheep (face and Black-legged), These dogs pastoreaban.
    • The Anglo-Saxon regional term collie, que significa ‘[thing] útil’.
    • So it has been called in several ways: Coll, colly, collie, Colley, Pastor of Scotland

    The Shetland Sheepdog, for example, It is erroneously called Collie miniature, While aesthetically (with the exception of the size) they are identical, they are two different races… Though, We should not forget that, el ancestro más directo del Shetland Sheepdog o “Sheltie” como se suelen apodar, is the Border Collie.

    Collie breed history

    The high mountains of Scotland are the natural home of this breed. It is not known if you run Roman blood in his veins, pero sí sabemos que los romanos conquistaron Escocia en el siglo VI a. C. Then, the Collie was known for his great abilities of grazing, capable of driving up 500 sheep at a time. Unlike the current Collie, no tenía el pelo tan largo y bonito. The Collie was crossed with Setter Irish and with the Borzoi, y desde ahí fue obteniendo las características del Collie de la actualidad. William Shakespeare wrote about this dog, calling it Collied Ski. The first illustration of this breed dates back to the year 1790.

    While collies have used this dog for a long time and since the beginning of the race, as ovejero dog, the different forms varieties were developed in England at the end of the 1800.

    The ancient race Collie was referred to as Scottish Collie in the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. Scottish Collie were heavier than the current. Their modern ancestors were exhibited for the first time Scotch Sheepdogs (foresee Scots) in 1860, in Birmingham (England), in a dogshow.

    In the 19th century, esta raza no era muy conocida aún, but with the first dog shows, its popularity began to grow to their highest point. Today remains one of the breeds of dogs most popular. South Africa still used as pastor, but in this case, large flocks of ostriches, his sense of monitoring is very developed.

    Lassie, the character of the television that popularized this race, is a Rough Collie.

    Collie dog has two varieties. The first is the Rough Collie, más fácilmente reconocible debido a su gran utilización en películas y la televisión (e.g.: Lassie). This variety has pretty hair in neck, tail and legs. It has a double cover, with small hairs lining the body. The second variety is the Smooth Collie, It has two coatings but the outer coat is short and smooth.

    Características de la raza Collie

    Collie dog has long body in relation to height. Its height of cross is of 56 to 61 cm. the male and 51 to 56 cm. females. They weigh in 18 to 29 kg. He has Brown eyes, almendrada and slightly oblique way. Their ears are small and are played back, or forward when the dog is alert. The snout is long and flat, with black truffle. Its tail is long and abundant hair, and the fur is dense, hard to the touch, soft and bright if it is taken care of very well. It can be color caramel and white, tricolor or blue dark. This dog's life expectancy is of 12 years.

    Collie dog character

    Healthy by nature, It is also known that he has very few known congenital problems. The most delicate part of the body tends to be your eyes, they should be frequently cleaned through a piece of absorbent cotton impregnated simply with warm clean water.

    Known to be sweet and protective. They are easy to train due to her intelligence and innate please desire. Desarrollan un vínculo fortísimo con sus amos. They are excellent foresee dogs, buena compañía para la familia y para otros perros. They are very loyal and faithful, aunque desconfían de los extraños si no les caen bien. They are also very playful and love to children. She loves to charge monitor children. It is sweet, good very attentive and vigilant: a suitable dog to leave a child in his charge. With babies is treated as a stuffed animal, and a baby can learn to walk if he grabs her hair. This dog will be careful to avoid it to fall. It also, It will avoid that the baby will go with strangers.

    On the beach, It will be devoted to monitoring the smallest, and if something happens, They cry or fall, do not hesitate to act. He does not fear nothing. No es un perro miedoso o tímido. In case of danger, defends the family. And it is able to stay a whole night warning, to pounce to lower noise. Every time that the members of the family discuss, It stands always because he hates disputes.

    Before a rebuke sometimes it can be susceptible, and away to a corner to grumbling. But if the owner gets to look for him there is nothing spiteful: jump to your arms. It is active and disciplined. You must be educated with affection and without resorting to force.

    Collie breeds ancestry

    Existen muchísimas razas de perro con ascendencia de Collie, as for example, to get an idea…:

    • Australian dog: utilizado en Australia para la cría de ganado. Dogs of this type are also known as Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler. Heeler, significa “talonero”.
    • Australia Collie or “Bordaussie”: It is not really a recognized breed, but a cross between two popular breeds: Australian Shepherd and Border Collie.
    • Australian Kelpie: Desarrollado en Australia a partir de perros Collie traídos de Escocia y el norte de Inglaterra. De orejas erectas, shorthair, usually black, black and brown or red and Brown and white feet.
    • Australian Shepherd: Developed in United States, with crossing of British dogs, German and Spanish, but they are in other parts of the world (including Australia).
    • Stumpy Tail: Usado en Australia para la cría de ganado. erect ears, shorthair, mottled grey or red without white. With a very short tail or no tail.
    • Bearded Collie: Now largely animal home and exhibition, pero aún se utilizan como perros de trabajo en granjas. Long and silky hair (included in the face and legs), color negro, grey or beige, and white on the shoulders.
    • Blue Lacy: Gris, shorthair, orejas caídas. Derived in part from English Pastor, with other races that descend from the Collie but aren't Collie.
    • Border Collie: The most famous race for grazing sheep around the world. Originally developed in Scotland and Northern England. According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more than 200 work of the AKC judges ("The Intelligence of Dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), el Border Collie es el Nº 1 from the list.
    • Cumberland Sheepdog: An extinct breed similar to the Border Collie and, possibly, absorbed by this race. An ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. Ears erect or semi-erectas, dense fur, Black with white only on the face and chest.
    • English Shepherd: Developed in United States from a farm Collie originating in Great Britain. It should not be confused with the old English Pastor.
    • Farm Collie or farm Collie: It was any dog grazing is encuontraba for farming in Britain or United States (descendants of British dogs), and perhaps in other places.
    • German Collie: Developed in Australia, probably from British Collie dogs, but they may have included Germany and Spain dogs. The name of “German Collie” also applies to a cross between a German Shepherd and Border Collie).
    • Huntaway: New Zealand developed from a mixture of races, probably including some Collie – but it is not a breed of the Collie type. Es más grande y más corpulento que la mayoría de los Collie.
    • Warren hound: It is not a race, but a Collie cross (or other grazing or Terrier dog) with a hound or Greyhound. Obtained in a traditional way for poaching, with the speed of a hound, but more obedient and less visible.
    • McNab Shepherd: Developed in United States from British Collie dogs. Ears of variable size, upright or semi-erectas, shorthair, black or red, usually with some white on the face and chest.
    • Old English Pastor: Derivative of the ancestors of the Collie Barbudo. Son más grandes que la mayoría de los Collie, with a lack of tail, hair is long and silky (included in the face), usually grey and white. It should not be confused with the English Shepherd.
    • Scottish Collie, in its two varieties, Rough Collie and Smooth Collie: They were created by crossing dogs working with other races Collie (especially dogs Borzoi).
    • Shetland Sheepdog: comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
    • Smithfield: a breed of British dog that has been terminated, It was like a great Collie, strong, white or black and white color that is used to guide cattle in South East England, especially the Smithfield market (an area of the city of London).
    • Welsh Sheepdog: a native of Wales. Ears erect or semi-erectas, short or silky hair, red, black, black and fire or Blackbird, usually with white over shoulders.

    Líneas de la raza de perro Collie

    De acuerdo al tipo de pelaje han nacido las diferentes líneas de Collie, among them are:

    1 Bearded collie

    Breeders of bearded Collie or Bearded Collie in Spain

    The Bearded collie It is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.

    The Bearded collie is one

    Read more

    2 Border Collie

    Border Collie

    The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of smarter dogs que existe

    The Border Collie It takes its name

    Read more

    3 Rough Collie

    Rough Collie

    The Rough Collie he is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

    The Rough Collie is one of

    Read more

    4 Smooth Collie

    Smooth Collie

    The Smooth Collie, today it is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as the United States and Canada

    The Hair Collie

    Read more

    Old working bulldog
    Inglaterra Extinct

    Old English Bulldog

    The Old working bulldog (extinct) was fierce, It was used to fight with bulls and Lions.

    The Old working bulldog (Old English Bulldog) was a breed of dog, quite fierce comparing it with the tenderness of the current English Bulldog.

    Be used for shows as bloody as fights with bulls and Lions, su especialidad era morderles el morro hasta que el animal no podía más de dolor y era derribado por el perro.

    Otros nombres: Antiguo Bulldog Inglés.

    Dogs breeds: Old working bulldog

    Read all about the race by clicking on: Old English Bulldog.

    Old English Bulldog
    Inglaterra Extinct

    Antiguo Bulldog Inglés

    Several breeders are trying to recreate the extinct breed of Old English Bulldog

    Content

    History

    The Old English Bulldog was a breed of dog, quite fierce comparing it with the tenderness of the current English Bulldog. Be used for shows as bloody as fights with bulls and Lions, su especialidad era morderles el morro hasta que el animal no podía más de dolor y era derribado por el perro.

    Historians are fairly confident that the Old English Bulldog derived from an ancient breed of dog warriors, as the viejo Mastín or Alaunt. Others believe that the true origin of the breed is not at all clear. Representations in old engravings show that the variety was, without a doubt, un mastín pequeño, with a relatively long head. The word ‘Mastiff‘ We used, finally, to describe these smaller mastiffs, in the fight with bulls, it proved be lethal, Mastiff, It was used as part of the description, by the power of the dog that joined speed in action (cosa no muy común en los Mastines de gran tamaño), transformed into a beast.

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    Bobtail
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 16 . Sheepdogs

    The Bobtail It is possibly the breed that needs the most care regarding its hair.

    Bobtail

    Bobtail (different from the English Shepherd dog breed), It is a breed of dog to family care or pastoral dogs.

    The race was created in the West of England, in the middle of the s. 19TH, to control the sheep and beef cattle in the rural area.

    Read all about the race by clicking on: Old English Sheepdog

    • Otros nombres: Old English Sheepdog / Bobtail / Berger anglais ancestral / Altenglischer Schäferhund
    • Group 1 / Section 1 – perros de pastor